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EXPENSES RELATING TO PARTICIPATION IN ARBITRATIONS OF CERTAIN
DISPUTES SEC. 38.96 (a) INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS.—The Secretary of State may use funds available to the Secretary for the expenses of United States participation in arbitrations and other proceedings for the peaceful resolution of disputes under treaties or other international agreements.
(b) CONTRACTS ABROAD.—The Secretary of State may use funds available to the Secretary for the expenses of United States participation in arbitrations arising under contracts authorized by law for the performance of services or acquisition of property, real or personal, abroad.
(c)97 PROCUREMENT OF SERVICES.—The Secretary of State may use competitive procedures or procedures other than competitive procedures to procure the services of experts for use in preparing or prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal or a claim by or against a foreign government or other foreign entity, whether or not the expert is expected to testify, or to procure other support services for such proceedings or claims. The Secretary need not provide any written justification for the use of procedures other than competitive procedures when procuring such services under this subsection and need not furnish for publication in the Commerce Business Daily or otherwise any notice of solicitation or synopsis with respect to such procurement. (d) 97 INTERNATIONAL LITIGATION FUND.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.-In order to provide the Department of State with a dependable, flexible, and adequate source of funding for the expenses of the Department related to preparing or prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a claim by or against a foreign government or other foreign entity, there is established an International Litigation Fund (hereafter in this subsection referred to as the “ILF”). The ILF may be available without fiscal year limitation. Funds otherwise available to the Department for the purposes of this paragraph may be credited to the ILF.
(2) REPROGRAMMING PROCEDURES.-Funds credited to the ILF shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 34 and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures applicable to such reprogrammings. This paragraph shall not apply to the transfer of funds under paragraph (3).
(3) TRANSFERS OF FUNDS.–Funds received by the Department of State from another agency of the United States Government or pursuant to the Department of State Appropriations Act of 1937 (49 Stat. 1321, 22 U.S.C. 2661) to meet costs of preparing or prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a claim by or against a foreign government or other foreign entity, shall be credited to the ILF.
ss 22 U.S.C. 2710. This sec., comprising subsecs. (a) and (b), was added by sec. 128 of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 419).
87 Subsecs. (c) and (d) were added by sec. 123 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 392).
(4) USE OF FUNDS.-Funds deposited in the ILF shall be available only for the purposes of paragraph (1).
COUNTERTERRORISM PROTECTION FUND SEC. 39.98 (a) AUTHORITY.—The Secretary of State may reimburse domestic and foreign persons, agencies, or governments for the protection of judges or other persons who provide assistance or information relating to terrorist incidents primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States. Before making a payment under this section in a matter over which there is Federal criminal jurisdiction, the Secretary shall advise and consult with the Attorney General.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State for "Administration of Foreign Affairs” $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1986 and $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1987 for use in reimbursing persons, agencies, or governments under this section.
(c) DESIGNATION OF FUND.—Amounts made available under this section may be referred to as the “Counterterrorism Protection Fund”.
AUTHORITY TO CONTROL CERTAIN TERRORISM-RELATED SERVICES
SEC. 40.99 (a) AUTHORITY.—The Secretary of State may, by regulation, impose controls on the provisions of the services described in subsection (b) if the Secretary determines that provision of such services would aid and abet international terrorism.
(b) SERVICES SUBJECT TO CONTROL.—The services subject to control under subsection (a) are the following:
(1) Serving in or with the security forces of a designated foreign government.
(2) Providing training or other technical services having a direct military, law enforcement, or intelligence application, to or
for the security forces of a designated foreign government. Any regulations issued to impose controls on services described in paragraph (2) shall list the specific types of training and other services subject to the controls.
(c) PERSONS SUBJECT OF CONTROLS.—These services may be controlled under subsection (a) when they are provided within the United States by any individual or entity and when they are provided anywhere in the world by a United States person.
(d) LICENSES.—In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of State may require licenses, which may be revoked, suspended, or amended, without prior notice, whenever such action is deemed to be advisable. (e) DEFINITIONS.—
(1) DESIGNATED FOREIGN GOVERNMENT.-As used in this section, the term "designated foreign government' means a foreign government that the Secretary of State has determined, for purposes of section 6(i)(1) of the Export Administration Act of
paragraphubiect to the CODE CONTROL they and when
95 22 U.S.C. 2711. Sec. 39 was added by sec. 504(2) of Public Law 99-399 (100 Stat. 871). ** 22 U.S.C. 2712. Sec. 40 was added by sec. 506(2) of Public Law 99-399 (100 Stat. 872).
1979, has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
(2) SECURITY FORCES.—As used in this section, the term "security forces” means any military or paramilitary forces, any police or other law enforcement agency (including any police or other law enforcement agency at the regional or local level), and any intelligence agency of a foreign government.
(3) UNITED STATES. -As used in this section, the term “United States” includes any State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any territory or possession of the United States.
(4) UNITED STATES PERSON.—As used in this section, the term “United States person” means any United States national, any permanent resident alien, and any sole proprietorship, partnership, company, association, or corporation organized under the laws of or having its principal place of busi
ness within the United States. (f) VIOLATIONS.—
(1) PENALTIES.-Whoever willfully violates any regulation issued under this section shall be fined not more than $100,000 or five times the total compensation received for the conduct which constitutes the violation, whichever is greater, or imprisoned for not more than ten years, or both, for each such offense.
(2) INVESTIGATIONS.—The Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury shall have authority to investigate viola
tions of regulations issued under this section. (g) CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT.
(1) REVIEW OF REGULATIONS.-Not less than 30 days before issuing any regulations under this section (including any amendment thereto), the Secretary of State shall transmit the proposed regulations to the Congress.
(2) REPORTS.—Not less than once every six months, the Secretary of State shall report to the Congress concerning the number and character of licenses granted and denied during the previous reporting period, and such other information as the Secretary may find to be relevant to the accomplishment
of the objectives of this section. (h) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAWS.—The authority granted by this section is in addition to the authorities granted by any other provision of law.
PROTECTION OF HISTORIC AND ARTISTIC FURNISHINGS OF RECEPTION
AREAS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUILDING SEC. 41.100 (a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of State shall administer the historic and artistic articles of furniture, fixtures, and decorative objects of the reception areas of the Department of State by such means and measures as conform to the purposes of the reception areas, which include conserving those articles, fixtures, and objects and providing for their enjoyment in such manner and by such means as will leave them for the use of the American people. Nothing shall be done under this subsection which conflicts with the administration of the Department of State or with the use of the reception areas for official purposes of the United States Government. (b) DISPOSITION OF HISTORIC AND ARTISTIC ITEMS.
100 22 U.S.C. 2713. Sec. 41 was added by sec. 126(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204, 101 Stat. 1341).
(1) ITEMS COVERED.—Articles of furniture, fixtures, and decorative objects of the reception areas (and similar articles, fixtures, and objects acquired by the Secretary of State), when declared by the Secretary of State to be of historic or artistic interest, shall thereafter be considered to be the property of the Secretary in his or her official capacity and shall be subject to disposition solely in accordance with this subsection.
(2) SALE OR TRADE.—Whenever the Secretary of State determines that,
(A) any item covered by paragraph (1) is no longer needed for use or display in the reception areas, or
(B) in order to upgrade the reception areas, a better use
of that article would be its sale or exchange, the Secretary may, with the advice and concurrence of the Director of the National Gallery of Art, sell the item at fair market value or trade it, without regard to the requirements of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949. The proceeds of any such sale may be credited to the unconditional gift account of the Department of State, and items obtained in trade shall be the property of the Secretary of State under this subsection.
(3) SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.—The Secretary of State may also lend items covered by paragraph (1), when not needed for use or display in the reception areas, to the Smithsonian Institution or a similar institution for care, repair, study, storage,
or exhibition. (c) DEFINITION.–For purposes of this section, the term "reception areas” means the areas of the Department of State Building, located at 2201 C Street, North west, Washington, District of Columbia, known as the Diplomatic Reception Rooms (eighth floor), the Secretary of State's offices (seventh floor), the Deputy Secretary of State's offices (seventh floor), and the seventh floor reception area.
DENIAL OF PASSPORTS TO CERTAIN CONVICTED DRUG TRAFFICKERS SEC. 42.101 (a) INELIGIBILITY FOR PASSPORT.
(1) IN GENERAL.-A passport may not be issued to an individual who is convicted of an offense described in subsection (b) during the period described in subsection (c) if the individual used a passport or otherwise crossed an international border in committing the offense.
(2) PASSPORT REVOCATION.—The Secretary of State shall revoke a passport previously issued to an individual who is ineli
gible to receive a passport under paragraph (1). (b) DRUG LAW OFFENSES.
10122 U.S.C. 2714. Sec. 4603 of the International Narcotics Control Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-690; 102 Stat. 4287) added sec. 42.
(1) FELONIES.-Subsection (a) applies with respect to any individual convicted of a Federal drug offense, or a State drug offense, if the offense is a felony.
(2) ČERTAIN MISDEMEANORS.-Subsection (a) also applies with respect to an individual convicted of a Federal drug offense, or a State drug offense, if the offense is misdemeanor, but only if the Secretary of State determines that subsection (a) should apply with respect to that individual on account of that offense. This paragraph does not apply to an individual's first conviction for a misdemeanor which involves only posses
sion of a controlled substance. (c) PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY.–Subsection (a) applies during the period that the individual
(1) is imprisoned, or is legally required to be imprisoned, as the result of the conviction for the offense described in subsection (b); or
(2) is on parole or other supervised release after having been imprisoned as the result of that conviction. (d) EMERGENCY AND HUMANITARIAN EXCEPTIONS.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary of State may issue a passport, in emergency circumstances or for humanitarian reasons, to an individual with respect to whom that subsection applies. (e) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section
(1) the term “controlled substance” has the same meaning as is provided in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802); (2) the term “Federal drug offense” means a violation of
(A) the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) or the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 951 et seq.);
(B) any other Federal law involving controlled substances; or
(C) subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United States Code (commonly referred to as the “Bank Secrecy Act”), or section 1956 or section 1957 of title 18, United States Code (commonly referred to as the “Money Laundering Act"), if the Secretary of State determines that the violation is related to illicit production of or trafficking in a controlled
substance; (3) the term "felony” means a criminal offense punishable by death or imprisonment for more than one year;
(4) the term “imprisoned” means an individual is confined in or otherwise restricted to a jail-type institution, a half-way house, a treatment facility, or another institution, on a full or part-time basis, pursuant to the sentence imposed as the result of a conviction;
(5) the term “misdemeanor” means a criminal offense other than a felony;
(6) the term “State drug offense” means a violation of State law involving the manufacture, distribution, or possession of a controlled substance; and
(7) the term “State law” means the law of a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of