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of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of April 18, 1961 (T.I.A.S. numbered 7502; 23 U.S.T. 3227); and

(2) the terms "members of a mission” and “family” have the same meanings as is ascribed to them by paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2 of the Diplomatic Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 254a).

PROPERTY OF FOREIGN MISSIONS SEC. 205.131 (a)(1) The Secretary shall require any foreign mission, including any mission to an international organization (as defined in section 209(b)(2)), to notify the Secretary 132 prior to any proposed acquisition, or any proposed sale or other disposition, of any real property by or on behalf of such mission. The foreign mission (or other party acting on behalf of the foreign mission) may initiate or execute any contract, proceeding, application, or other action required for the proposed action

(A) only after the expiration of the 60-day period beginning on the date of such notification (or after the expiration of such shorter period as the Secretary may specify in a given case); and

(B) only if the mission is not notified by the Secretary within that period that the proposal has been disapproved; however, the Secretary may include in such a notification such terms and conditions as the Secretary may determine appropriate in

order to remove the disapproval. (2) For purposes of this section, "acquisition” includes any acquisition or alteration of, or addition to, any real property or any change in the purpose for which real property is used by a foreign mission.

(b) The Secretary may require any foreign mission to divest itself of, or forgo the use of, any real property determined by the Secretary

(1) not to have been acquired in accordance with this section;

(2) to exceed limitations placed on real property available to a United States mission in the sending State; or

(3) 133 where otherwise necessary to protect the interests of the United States. (c) If a foreign mission has ceased conducting diplomatic, consular, and other governmental activities in the United States and has not designated a protecting power or other agent approved by the Secretary to be responsible for the property of that foreign mission, the Secretary

(1) until the designation of a protecting power or other agent approved by the Secretary, may protect and preserve any property of that foreign mission; and

13122 U.S.C. 4305. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 283) added sec. 205, effective October 1, 1982. Subsequently, Sec. 127(e) of Public Law 99–93 (99 Stat. 418) amended sec. 2051 a X1) by: (1) in the first sentence, by striking out “may” and inserting in lieu thereof "shall"; (2) in the first sentence, by inserting, including any mission to an international organization (as defined in section 209(bX2))," after “foreign mission"; and (3) in the second sentence, by striking out "If such a notification is required, the" and inserting in lieu thereof "The".

132 Sec. 16210X5XA) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act. Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck out “Director" and inserted in lieu thereof "Secretary".

133 Sec. 127(0/3) of Public Law 99–93 (99 Stat. 418) added paragraph (3).

(2) may 134 dispose of such property at such time as the Secretary may determine after the expiration of the one-year period beginning on the date that the foreign mission ceased those activities, and may remit to the sending State the net

proceeds from such disposition. (d) 135 (1) After the date of enactment of this subsection, real property in the United States may not be acquired (by sale, lease, or other means) by or on behalf of the foreign mission of a foreign country described in paragraph (4) if, in the judgment of the Secretary of Defense (after consultation with the Secretary of State), the acquisition of that property might substantially improve the capability of that country to intercept communications involving United States Government diplomatic, military, or intelligence matters.

(2) After the date of enactment of this subsection, real property in the United States may not be acquired (by sale, lease, or other means) by or on behalf of the foreign mission of a foreign country described in paragraph (4) if, in the judgment of the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (after consultation with the Secretary of State), the acquisition of that property might substantially improve the capability of that country to engage in intelligence activities directed against the United States Government, other than the intelligence activities described in paragraph (1).

(3) The Secretary of State shall inform the Secretary of Defense and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation immediately upon notice being given pursuant to subsection (a) of this section of a proposed acquisition of real property by or on behalf of the foreign mission of a foreign country described in paragraph (4).

(4) For the purposes of this subsection, the term 'foreign country' means,

(A) any country listed as a Communist country in section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;

(B) any country determined by the Secretary of State, for purposes of section .66) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, to be a country which has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism; and

(C) any other country which engages in intelligence activities in the United States which are adverse to the national security

interests of the United States. (5) As used in this section, the term 'substantially improve' shall not be construed to prevent the establishment of a foreign mission by a country which, on the date of enactment of this section

(A) does not have a mission in the United States, or

(B) with respect to a city in the United States, did not maintain a mission in that city.

134 Sec. 162(0X5XB) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck out "authorize the Director to" arer may.

136 Subsec. (d) was added by sec. 161 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public law 100-204; 101 Stat 1356).

LOCATION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEC. 206.136 (a) The location, replacement, or expansion of chanceries in the District of Columbia shall be subject to this section.

(b)(1) A chancery shall be permitted to locate as a matter of right in any area which is zoned commercial, industrial, waterfront, or mixed-use (CR). (2) A chancery shall also be permitted to locate

(A) in any area which is zoned medium-high or high density residential, and

(B) in any other area, determined on the basis of existing uses, which includes office or institutional uses, including but not limited to any area zoned mixed-use diplomatic or special

purpose, subject to disapproval by the District of Columbia Board of Zoning Adjustment in accordance with this section.

(3) In each of the areas described in paragraphs (1) and (2), the limitations and conditions applicable to chanceries shall not exceed those applicable to other office or institutional uses in that area.

(c)(1) If a foreign mission wishes to locate a chancery in an area described in subsection (b)(2), or wishes to appeal an administrative decision relating to a chancery based in whole or in part upon any zoning map or regulation, it shall file an application with the Board of Zoning Adjustment which shall publish notice of that application in the District of Columbia Register.

(2) Regulations issued to carry out this section shall provide appropriate opportunities for participation by the public in proceedings concerning the location, replacement, or expansion of chanceries.

(3) A final determination concerning the location, replacement, or expansion of a chancery shall be made not later than six months after the date of the filing of an application with respect to such location, replacement, or expansion. Such determination shall not be subject to the administrative proceedings of any other agency or official except as provided in this title.

(d) Any determination concerning the location of a chancery under subsection (b)(2), or concerning an appeal of an administrative decision with respect to a chancery based in whole or in part upon any zoning regulation or map, shall be based solely on the following criteria:

(1) The international obligation of the United States to facilitate the provision of adequate and secure facilities for foreign missions in the Nation's Capital.

(2) Historic preservation, as determined by the Board of Zoning Adjustment in carrying out this section; and in order to ensure compatibility with historic landmarks and districts, substantial compliance with District of Columbia and Federal regulations governing historic preservation shall be required with respect to new construction and to demolition of or alteration to historic landmarks.

(3) The adequacy of off-street or other parking and the extent to which the area will be served by public transportation

136 22 U.S.C. 4306. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 283) added sec. 206, effective October 1, 1982.

to reduce parking requirements, subject to such special secunity requirements as may be determined by the Secretary, after consultation with Federal agencies authorized to perform protective services.

(4) The extent to which the area is capable of being adequately protected, as determined by the Secretary, after consultation with Federal agencies authorized to perform protective services.

(5) The municipal interest, as determined by the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(6) The Federal interest, as determined by the Secretary. (e1) Regulations, proceedings, and other actions of the National Capital Planning Commission, the Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, and the Board of Zoning Adjustment affecting the location, replacement, or expansion of chanceries shall be consistent with this section (including the criteria set out in subsection (d)) and shall reflect the policy of this title.

(2) Proposed actions of the Zoning Commission concerning implementation of this section shall be referred to the National Capital Planning Commission for review and comment.

(f) Regulations issued to carry out this section shall provide for proceedings of a rule-making and not of an adjudicatory nature.

(g) The Secretary shall require foreign missions to comply substantially with District of Columbia building and related codes in a manner determined by the Secretary to be not inconsistent with the international obligations of the United States.

(h) Approval by the Board of Zoning Adjustment or the Zoning Commission or, except as provided in section 205, by any other agency or official is not required

(1) for the location, replacement, or expansion of a chancery to the extent that authority to proceed, or rights or interests, with respect to such location, replacement, or expansion were granted to or otherwise acquired by the foreign mission before the effective date of this section; or

(2) for continuing use of a chancery by a foreign mission to the extent that the chancery was being used by a foreign mis

sion on the effective date of this section. (i)(1) The President may designate the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, or the Administrator of General Services (or such alternate as such official may from time to time designate) to serve as a member of the Zoning Commission in lieu of the Director of the National Park Service whenever the President determines that the Zoning Commission is performing functions concerning the implementation of this section.

(2) Whenever the Board of Zoning Adjustment is performing functions regarding an application by a foreign mission with respect to the location, expansion, or replacement of a chancery

(A) the representative from the Zoning Commission shall be the Director of the National Park Service or if another person has been designated under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the person so designated; and

(B) the representative from the National Capital Planning Commission shall be the Executive Director of that Commis6) Provisions of law (other than this title) applicable with respect to the location, replacement, or expansion of real property in the District of Columbia shall apply with respect to chanceries only to the extent that they are consistent with this section.

PREEMPTION SEC. 207.137 Notwithstanding any other law, no act of any Federal agency shall be effective to confer or deny any benefit with respect to any foreign mission contrary to this title. Nothing in section 202, 203, 204, or 205 may be construed to preempt any State or municipal law or governmental authority regarding zoning, land use, health, safety, or welfare, except that a denial by the Secretary involving a benefit for a foreign mission within the jurisdiction of a particular State or local government shall be controlling.

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GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 208.138 (a) The Secretary may issue such regulations as the
Secretary may determine necessary to carry out the policy of this
title.

(b) Compliance with any regulation, instruction, or direction is-
sued by the Secretary under this title shall to the extent thereof
be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obliga-
tion of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable
in any court or administrative proceeding for or with respect to
anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the ad-
ministration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, this title, or any
regulation, instruction, or direction issued by the Secretary under
this title.
(c) For purposes of administering this title-

(1) the Secretary may accept details and assignments of employees of Federal agencies to the Department of State 139 on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis (with any such reimbursements to be credited to the appropriations made available for the salaries and expenses of officers and employees of the employing agency); and

(2) the Secretary may, to the extent necessary to obtain services without delay, exercise his authority to employ experts and consultants under section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, without requiring compliance with such otherwise applicable requirements for that employment as the Secretary may determine, except that such employment shall be terminated after 60 days if by that time those requirements are not complied with.

137 22 U.S.C. 4307. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 283) added sec. 207, effective October 1, 1982.

138 22 U.S.C. 4308. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 283) added sec. 208, effective October 1, 1982.

139 Sec. 162(0X6XB) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 409), struck out "Office of Foreign Missions" and inserted in lieu thereof 'Department of State” at each place it appeared in subsecs. (c), (e), and () of sec. 208.

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