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e. Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987 Partial text of Public Law 100-204 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1406, approved December * 22, 1987 AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1988 and 1989 for the Depart

ment of State, the U.S. Information Agency, the Voice of America, the Board for International Broadcasting, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE X-ANTI-TERRORISM ACT OF 1987 SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the “Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987”. SEC. 1002.1 FINDINGS; DETERMINATIONS. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) Middle East terrorism accounted for 60 percent of total international terrorism in 1985;

(2) the Palestine Liberation Organization (hereafter in this title referred to as the “PLO”) was directly responsible for the murder of an American citizen on the Achille Lauro cruise liner in 1985, and a member of the PLO's Executive Committee is under indictment in the United States for the murder of that American citizen;

(3) the head of the PLO has been implicated in the murder of a United States Ambassador overseas;

(4) the PLO and its constituent groups have taken credit for, and been implicated in, the murders of dozens of American citizens abroad;

(5) the PLO covenant specifically states that "armed struggle is the only way to liberate Palestine, thus it is an overall strategy, not merely a tactical phase”;

(6) the PLO rededicated itself to the "continuing struggle in all its armed forms” at the Palestine National Council meeting in April 1987; and

(7) the Attorney General has stated that "various elements of the Palestine Liberation Organization and its allies and af

filiates are in the thick of international terror". (b) DETERMINATIONS.—Therefore, the Congress determines that the PLO and its affiliates are a terrorist organization and a threat to the interests of the United States, its allies, and to international law and should not benefit from operating in the United States.

and the fel States Ambie

122 U.S.C. 5201.

SEC. 1003.- PROHIBITIONS REGARDING THE PLO.

It shall be unlawful, if the purpose be to further the interests of the Palestine Liberation Organization or any of its constituent groups, any successor to any of those, or any agents thereof, on or after the effective date of this title

(1) to receive anything of value except informational material from the PLO or any of its constituent groups, any successor thereto, or any agents thereof;

(2) to expend funds from the PLO or any of its constituent groups, any successor thereto, or any agents thereof; or

(3) notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, to establish or maintain an office, headquarters, premises, or other facilities or establishments within the jurisdiction of the United States at the behest or direction of, or with funds provided by the Palestine Liberation Organization or any of its constituent groups, any successor to any of those, or any

agents thereof. SEC. 1004.3 ENFORCEMENT.

(a) ATTORNEY GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall take the necessary steps and institute the necessary legal action to effectuate the policies and provisions of this title.

(b) RELIEF.—Any district court of the United States for a district in which a violation of this title occurs shall have authority, upon petition of relief by the Attorney General, to grant injunctive and such other equitable relief as it shall deem necessary to enforce the provisions of this title. SEC. 1006. EFFECTIVE DATE.

(a) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Provisions of this title shall take effect 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

222 U.S.C. 5202. In a memorandum for the Secretary of State, issued on January 14, 1994, the President, pursuant to the authority stated in the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1993 (Public Law 103–125).

"A) certifsied) that it is in the national interest to suspend the application of the following provisions of law until July 1, 1994:

"(1) Section 307 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2227), as it applies with respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities associated with its

"(2) Section 114 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), as it applies with respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities associated with it:

"43) Section 1003 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5202); and

"(4) Section 37 of the Bretton Woods Agreement (sic) Act (22 U.S.C. 286w), as it ap plies to the granting of the Palestine Liberation Organization of observer status or other official status at any meeting sponsored by or associated with the International Monetary Fund. "B) certified) that the Palestine Liberation Organization continues to abide by its commitments: in its letter of September 9, 1993, to the Prime Minister of Israel; in its letter of September 9, 1993, to the Foreign Minister of Norway; and in, and resulting from the implementation of the Declaration of Principles on interim self-government arrangements

signed on September 13, 1993. "II. Pursuant to the authority vested in me by section 516 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, Public Law 103-87, I hereby determine that the suspension of section 516(a) of that Act with respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), programs for the PLO, and programs for the benefit of entities associated with it, which accept the commitments made by the PLO on September 9, 1993, is in the national interest." (Presidential Determination No. 94-13 of January 14, 1994; 59 F.R. 4777).

This certification was extended in Presidential Determination No. 9430 of June 30, 1994 (59 F.R. 35607), and in Presidential Determination No. 95-12 of December 31, 1994 (60 F.R. 2673).

Sec. 583(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 490), authorized the suspension of provisions in this section when certain conditions were met. See particularly sec. 583(a) of that Act.

322 U.S.C. 5203.

(b) TERMINATION.—The provisions of this title shall cease to have effect if the President certifies in writing to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House that the Palestine Liberation Organization, its agents, or constituent groups thereof no longer practice or support terrorist actions anywhere in the world.

f. Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of

1986

Partial text of Public Law 99-399 (HR. 4161), 100 Stat. 853, approved Au.

gust 27, 1986, as amended by Public Law 98 629 (Special Foreign Assistance Act of 1986, S. 1917), 100 Stat. 3010, approved October 24, 1986; by Public Law 100–204 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, approved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100–202 (Continuing Appropriations Act, 1988; H.J. Res. 395), 101 Stat. 1329, approved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100-461 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989; H.R. 4637), 102 Stat. 2268, approved October 1, 1988; Public Law 101-246 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; H.R. 3792), 104 Stat. 16, approved February 16, 1990; Public Law 102–138 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1415), 106 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public Law 103-236 (For. eign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994; Public Law 103–416 (H.R. 5034), 108 Stat. 4299, approved October 25, 1994

AN ACT To provide enhanced diplomatic security and combat international

terrorism, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the "Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986”. SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS. The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Page Sec. 1. Short title ...

702 Sec. 2. Table of contents ..........

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TITLE I-DIPLOMATIC SECURITY
Sec. 101. Short title ...
Sec. 102. Findings and purposes .....
Sec. 103. Responsibility of the Secretary of State
Sec. 106. Cooperation of other Federal agencies ..............
Sec. 107. Protection of foreign consulates ...........

TITLE II—PERSONNEL
Sec. 201. Diplomatic Security Service
Sec. 202. Director of Diplomatic Security Service .......
Sec. 203. Special Agents .................

TITLE III_PERFORMANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY
Sec. 301. Accountability review .....
Sec. 302. Accountability Review Board ...........
Sec. 303. Procedures
Sec. 304. Findings and recommendations by a Board
Sec. 305. Relation to other proceedings ......

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TITLE IV-DIPLOMATIC SECURITY PROGRAM Sec. 401. Authorization .............

714 Sec. 402. Diplomatic construction program

716 Sec. 403. Security requirements for contractors Sec. 404. Qualifications of persons hired for the diplomatic construction program ...

718 Sec. 405. Cost overruns ............

718 Sec. 406. Efficiency in contracting ................

718 Sec. 407. Advisory Panel on Overseas Security ...........

719 Sec. 408. Training to improve perimeter security at United States diplomatic missions aboard ......

719 Sec. 409. Protection of public entrances of United States diplomatic missions abroad ...........

719 Sec. 410. Certain protective functions .............

719 Sec. 411, Reimbursement of the Department of the Treasury ...........

719 Sec. 412. Inspector General for the United States Information Agency .......... 719 Sec. 413. Inspector General for the Department of State

720 Sec. 414. Prohibition on the use of funds for facilities in Israel, Jerusalem, or the West Bank .......

720 Sec. 415. Use of cleared personnel to ensure secure maintenance and repair of diplomatic facilities abroad

721 TITLE V-STATE DEPARTMENT AUTHORITIES TO COMBAT

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM Sec. 501. Rewards for international terrorists ....

721 Sec. 502. Rewards for information relating to international narcoterrorism

and drug trafficking (amends other legislation)
Sec. 503. Coordination of terrorism-related assistance (amends other legisla.

tion)
Sec. 504. Counterterrorism Protection Fund (amends other legislation]
Sec. 505. Terrorism-related travel advisories
Sec. 506. Authority to control certain terrorism-related services (amends

other legislation]
Sec. 507. Management of antiterrorism assistance programs (amends other

legislation) Sec. 508. Nonlethal airport security equipment and commodities for Egypt 722 Sec. 509. Exports to countries supporting acts of international terrorism (amends other legislation)

TITLE VI—INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR TERRORISM Sec. 601. Actions to combat international nuclear terrorism .........

722 Sec. 602. Authority to suspend nuclear cooperation with nations which have

not ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material

[amends other legislation) Sec. 603. Consultation with the Department of Defense concerning certain

nuclear exports and subsequent arrangements (amends other legislation) Sec. 604. Review of physicial security standards ...................

723 Sec. 605. International review of nuclear terrorism problem .........

723 Sec. 606. Criminal history record checks (amends other legislation] TITLE VII–MULTILATERAL COOPERATION TO COMBAT INTERNATIONAL

TERRORISM Sec. 701. International Antiterrorism Committee

....... 723 Sec. 702. International arrangement relating to passports and visas ...... 724 Sec. 703. Protection of Americans endangered by the appearance of their place of birth on their passports ......

724 Sec. 704. Use of diplomatic privileges and immunities for terrorism purposes.

724 Sec. 705. Reports on progress in increasing multilateral cooperation ............ 724

TITLE VIII–VICTIMS OF TERRORISM COMPENSATION Sec. 801. Short title ....

724 Sec. 802. Payment to individuals held in captive status between November 4, 1979, and January 21, 1981 .......

724 Sec. 803. Benefits for captives and other victims of hostile action ................ 725

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