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“8 2183. Educational assistance: former captives

"a) In order to respond to special circumstances, the Secretary concerned may pay (by advancement or reimbursement) a person who is a former captive for expenses incurred, while attending an educational or training institution, for

“(1) substance;
"(2) tuition;
“(3) fees;
“(4) supplies;
"(5) books;
“(6) equipment; and

"(7) other educational expenses. "(b) Except as provided in section 2184 of this title, payments shall be available under this section for a person who is a former captive for education or training that occurs

“(1) after the termination of the status of that person as a captive; and “(2) on or before

"(A) the end of any semester or quarter (as appropriate) that begins before the end of the 10-year period beginning on the date on which the status of that person as a captive terminates; or

"(B) if the educational or training institution is not operated on a semester or quarter system, the earlier of the end of any course that began before such date or the end

of the 16-week period following that date. "(c) Payments shall be available under this section only to the extent that such payments are not otherwise authorized by law. “82184. Termination of assistance "Assistance under this chapter

"(1) shall be discounted for any person whose conduct or progress is unsatisfactory under standards consistent with those established under section 3524 71 of title 38; and

“(2) may not be provided for any person for more than 45 months (for the equivalent in other than full-time education or

training). "82185. Programs to be consistent with programs adminis

tered by the Department of Veterans Affairs 69 "Regulations prescribed to carry out this chapter shall provide that the programs under this chapter shall be consistent with the educational assistance programs under chapters 35 and 36 of title 38.".

(2) The table of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A of such title, and the table of chapters at the beginning of part III of such subtitle, are amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 109 the following new item: "110. Educational Assistance for Members Held as Captives and Their Dependents ........

........... 2181". (3) Chapter 110 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to persons whose captive status begins after January 21, 1981.

71 Sec. 1070(e)7) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2859) amended 10 U.S.C. 2184(1) by striking out "sec. 1724" and inserting in lieu thereof “section 3524".

(e) ACCOUNT USED FOR PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION FOR VICTIMS OF TERRORISM.-(1) Chapter 19 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "g 1013. Payment of compensation for victims of terrorism

"Any benefit or payment pursuant to section 559 of this title, or section 1051 or 1095a 72 or chapter 110 of title 10, shall be paid out of funds available to the Secretary concerned for military personnel.”.

(2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new item: “1013. Payment of compensation for victims of terrorism.". SEC. 807. REGULATIONS.

Any regulation required by this title or by any amendment made by this title shall take effect not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act. SEC. 808. EFFECTIVE DATE OF ENTITLEMENTS.

Provisions enacted by this title which provide new spending authority described in section 401(c)(2XC) of the Congressional Budg. et Act of 1974 shall not be effective until October 1, 1986.

TITLE IX-MARITIME SECURITY SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the “International Maritime and Port Security Act”. SEC. 902.73 INTERNATIONAL MEASURES FOR SEAPORT AND SHIP.

BOARD SECURITY. The Congress encourages the President to continue to seek agreement through the International Maritime Organization on matters of international seaport and shipboard security, and commends him on his efforts to date. In developing such agreement, each member country of the International Maritime Organization should consult with appropriate private sector interests in that country. Such agreement would establish seaport and vessel security measures and could include

(1) seaport screening of cargo and baggage similar to that done at airports;

(2) security measures to restrict access to cargo, vessels, and dockside property to authorized personnel only;

(3) additional security on board vessels;

(4) licensing or certification of compliance with appropriate security standards; and

(5) other appropriate measures to prevent unlawful acts against passengers and crews on board vessels.

72 Sec. 1484(hX6) of Public Law 101-510 (104 Stat. 1718) amended title 37, sec. 1013, by striking "or 1095" and inserting "or 1095a".

43 46 U.S.C. app. 1801.

SEC. 903. MEASURES TO PREVENT UNLAWFUL ACTS AGAINST PAS.

SENGERS AND CREWS ON BOARD SHIPS. (a) REPORT ON PROGRESS OF IMO.—The Secretary of Transportation and the Secretary of State, jointly, shall report to the Congress by February 28, 1987, on the progress of the International Maritime Organization in developing recommendations on Measures to prevent Unlawful Acts Against Passengers and Crews On Board Ships.

(b) CONTENT OF REPORT.-The report required by subsection (a) shall include the following information

(1) the specific areas of agreement and disagreement on the recommendations among the member nations of the International Maritime Organization;

(2) the activities of the Maritime Safety Committee, the Facilitation Committee, and the Legal Committee of the International Maritime Organization in regard to the proposed recommendations; and

(3) the security measures specified in the recommendations. (c) SECURITY MEASURES AT UNITED STATES PORTS.-If the member nations of the International Maritime Organization have not finalized and accepted the proposed recommendations by February 28, 1987, the Secretary of Transportation shall include in the report required by this section a proposed plan of action (including proposed legislation if necessary) for the implementation of security measures at United States ports and on vessels operating from those parts based on the assessment of threat from acts of terrorism reported by the Secretary of Transportation under section 905. SEC. 904. PANAMA CANAL SECURITY.

Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall report to the Congress on the status of physical security at the Panama Canal with respect to the threat of terrorism. SEC. 905.74 THREAT OF TERRORISM TO UNITED STATES PORTS AND

VESSELS. Not later than February 28, 1987, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Transportation shall report to the Congress on the threat from acts of terrorism to United States ports and vessels operating from those ports. SEC. 906. PORT, HARBOR, AND COASTAL FACILITY SECURITY.

The Ports and Waterways Safety Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 6 of the following new section:

“Sec. 7. PORT, HARBOR, AND COASTAL FACILITY SECURITY.

"(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY.—The Secretary may take actions described in subsection (b) to prevent or respond to an act of terrorism against

"(1) an individual, vessel, or public or commercial structure, that is

"(A) subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; and

"(B) located within or adjacent to the marine environment; or

74 46 U.S.C. app. 1802

"(2) a vessel of the United States or an individual on board that vessel. “(b) SPECIFIC AUTHORITY.-Under subsection (a), the Secretary may

"(1) carry out or require measures, including inspections, port and harbor patrols, the establishment of security and safety zones, and the development of contingency plans and procedures, to prevent or respond to acts of terrorism; and

"(2) recruit members of the Regular Coast Guard and the Coast Guard Reserve and train members of the Regular Coast Guard and the Coast Guard Reserve in the techniques of pre

venting and responding to acts of terrorism.”. SEC. 907.76 SECURITY STANDARDS AT FOREIGN PORTS.

(a) ASSESSMENT OF SECURITY MEASURES.—The Secretary of Transportation shall develop and implement a plan to assess the effectiveness of the security measures maintained at those foreign ports which the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, determines pose a high risk of acts of terrorism directed against passenger vessels.

(b) CONSULTATION WITH THE SECRETARY OF STATE.-In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of Transportation shall consult the Secretary of State with respect to the terrorist threat which exists in each country and poses a high risk of acts of terrorism directed against passenger vessels.

(c) REPORT OF ASSESSMENTS.-Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall report to the Congress on the plan developed pursuant to subsection (a) and how the Secretary will implement the plan.

(d) DETERMINATION AND NOTIFICATION TO FOREIGN COUNTRY.– If, after implementing the plan in accordance with subsection (a), the Secretary of Transportation determines that a port does not maintain and administer effective security measures, the Secretary of State (after being informed by the Secretary of Transportation) shall notify the appropriate government authorities of the country in which the port is located of such determination, and shall recommend the steps necessary to bring the security measures in use at that port up to the standard used by the Secretary of Transportation in making such assessment.

(e) ANTITERRORISM ASSISTANCE RELATED TO MARITIME SECURITY.—The President is encouraged to provide antiterrorism assistance related to maritime security under chapter 8 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to foreign countries, especially with respect to a port which the Secretary of Transportation determines under subsection (d) does not maintain and administer effective security measures. SEC. 908.76 TRAVEL ADVISORIES CONCERNING SECURITY AT FOREIGN

PORTS. (a) TRAVEL ADVISORY.–Upon being notified by the Secretary of Transportation that the Secretary has determined that a condition exists that threatens the safety or security of passengers, passenger vessels, or crew traveling to or from a foreign port which

76 46 U.S.C. app. 1803. 78 46 U.S.C. app. 1804.

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