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the Secretary of Transportation has determined pursuant to section 907(d) to be a port which does not maintain and administer effective security measures, the Secretary of State shall immediately issue a travel advisory with respect to that port. Any travel advi. sory issued pursuant to this subsection shall be published in the Federal Register. The Secretary of State shall take the necessary steps to widely publicize that travel advisory.
(b) LIFTING OF TRAVEL ADVISORY.—The travel advisory required to be issued under subsection (a) may be lifted only if the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of State, has determined that effective security measures are maintained and administered at the port with respect to which the Secretary of Transportation had made the determination described in section 907(d).
(c) NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary of State shall immediately notify the Congress of any change in the status of a travel advisory imposed pursuant to this section. SEC. 909.77 SUSPENSION OF PASSENGER SERVICES.
(a) PRESIDENT'S DETERMINATION.—Whenever the President determines that a foreign nation permits the use of territory under its jurisdiction as a base of operations or training for, or as a sanctuary for, or in any way arms, aids, or abets, any terrorist or terrorist group which knowingly uses the illegal seizure of passenger vessels or the threat thereof as an instrument of policy, the President may, without notice or hearing and for as long as the President determines necessary to assure the security of passenger vessels against unlawful seizure, suspend the right of any passenger vessel common carrier to operate to and from, and the right of any passenger vessel of the United States to utilize, any port in that foreign nation for passenger service.
(b) PROHIBITION.—It shall be unlawful for any passenger vessel common carrier, or any passenger vessel of the United States, to operate in violation of the suspension of rights by the President under this section.
(c) PENALTY.-(1) If a person operates a vessel in violation of this section, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating may deny the vessels of that person entry to United States ports.
(2) A person violating this section is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $50,000. Each day a vessel utilizes a prohibited port shall be a separate violation of this section. SEC. 910.70 SANCTIONS FOR THE SEIZURE OF VESSELS BY TERROR
(1) to review the adequacy of domestic and international sanc-
(2) to strengthen where necessary, through bilateral and multilateral efforts, the effectiveness of such sanctions.
77 46 U.S.C. app. 1805. 78 46 U.S.C. app. 1806.
Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the
(1) the term "common carrier" has the same meaning given such term in section 3(6) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. App. 1702(6)); and
(2) the terms “passenger vessel” and “vessel of the United States" have the same meaning given such terms in section
2102 of title 46, United States Code. SEC 912.60 AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated $12,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1987 through 1991, to be available to the Secretary of Transportation to carry out this title. SEC. 913.81 REPORTS.
(a) CONSOLIDATION.—To the extent practicable, the reports required under sections 903, 905, and 907 shall be consolidated into a single document before being submitted to the Congress. Any classified material in those reports shall be submitted separately as an addendum to the consolidated report.
(b) SUBMISSION TO COMMITTEES.—The reports required to be submitted to the Congress under this title shall be submitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation of the Senate.
TITLE X-FASCELL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM 82
TITLE XI-SECURITY AT MILITARY BASES ABROAD
(1) there is evidence that terrorists consider bases and installations of United States Armed Forces outside the United States to be targets for attack;
(2) more attention should be given to the protection of members of the Armed Forces, and members of their families, stationed outside the United States; and
(3) current programs to educate members of the Armed Forces, and members of their families, stationed outside of the United States to the threats of terrorist activity and how to protect themselves should be substantially expanded.
70 46 U.S.C. app. 1807. * 46 U.S.C. app. 1808. 81 46 U.S.C. app. 1809.
& The Fascell Fellowship Act provided fellowships to United States citizens while they serve in positions formerly held by foreign national employees at United States diplomatic or consular missions abroad. For text, see page 1036.
* 10 U.S.C. 133 note.
SEC. 1102.88 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS BY THE SECRETARY OF DE
(1) the Secretary of Defense should review the security of each base and installation of the Department of Defense outside the United States, including the family housing and support activities of each such base or installation, and take the steps the Secretary considers necessary to improve the security of such bases and installations; and
(2) the Secretary of Defense should institute a program of training for members of the Armed Forces, and for members of their families, stationed outside the United States concerning
security and antiterrorism. SEC. 1103.83 REPORT TO THE CONGRESS.
Not later than June 30, 1987, the Secretary of Defense shall report to the Congress on any actions taken by the Secretary described in section 1102. TITLE XII-CRIMINAL PUNISHMENT OF INTERNATIONAL
TERRORISM SEC. 1201. ENCOURAGEMENT FOR NEGOTIATION OF A CONVENTION.
(a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress that the President should establish a process encourage the negotiation of an international convention to prevent and control all aspects of international terrorism.
(b) RELATION TO EXISTING INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS.-Such convention should address the prevention and control of international terrorism in a comprehensive fashion, taking into consideration matters not covered by
(1) the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (the Hague, December 16, 1970; 22 U.S.T. 1641, TIAS 7192);
(2) the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation (Montreal, September 23, 1971; 24 U.S.T. 564, TIAS 7570);
(3) the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons (New York, December 14, 1973; 28 U.S.T. 1975, TIAS 8532);
(4) the Convention Against the Taking of Hostages (New York, December 17, 1979; XVIII International Legal Materials 1457);
(5) the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (October 26, 1979; XVIII International Legal Materials 1419); and
(6) the Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft (Tokyo, September 14, 1963; 20
U.S.T. 2941, TIAS 6768). (c) WHAT THE CONVENTION SHOULD PROVIDE.-Such convention should provide
(1) an explicit definition of conduct constituting terrorism;
(2) effective close intelligence-sharing, joint counterterrorist training, and uniform rules for asylum and extradition for perpetrators of terrorism; and
(3) e perpet (d) CONS dent shou tiations t tribunal f SEC. 1202
Tha provisions of subsections (b). c ele trecut Cartior 413 to the Comprehensive Drug Abuse bomover 0. EL LL Yn Art of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 853.5 C), and she was
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Union invaded the sovereign terti:
and continues to one and nation through the use of time, et
id an occupying army of er et
featment of the perple of epugnant to all freeds
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plaisistan, with heavy support
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(4) the Special Rapporteur also con
in seven United Nations resolutions les all standards of conduct befitting &
avenes all recognized principles of Rapporteur of the United Nations Co
November 5, 1985, report to the les that “whole groups of persons
their existence and in their lives
ons are fundamentally affected by being waged” and that the "Government of Support from foreign (Soviet] troops,
ents or suspected oppoany respect for human rights oblipersonnel mines and of so-called
te mass killings of civilians,
also concludes that the war in Afzed by "the most cruel methods
I large parts of the country
ich has affected the conditions of life of the population, debilizing the ethnic and tribal structure and disrupting famunits” and that the demographic structure of the country s changed, since over 4 million refugees from all provinces d all classes have settled outside the country and thousands internal refugees have crowded into the cities like Kabul"; (5) the United Nations General Assembly, in a recorded vote
80–22 on December 13, 1985, accepted the findings of the vecial Rapporteur and deplored the refusal of Soviet-led Af. ian officials to cooperate with the United Nations, and exressed "profound distress and alarm” at "the widespread vioitions of the right to life, liberty, and security of person, in. uding the commonplace practice of torture and summary exe. utions of the regime's opponents, as well as increasing evience of a policy of religious intolerance";
(6) in a subsequent report of the Special Rapporteur of Feb. uary 14, 1986, the Special Rapporteur found that “The only olution to the human rights situation in Afghanistan is the vithdrawal of the foreign troops” and that “Continuation of the military solution will, in the opinion of the Special Rapporteur, lead inevitably to a situation approaching Genocide, which the traditions and culture of this noble people cannot permit";
(7) the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan caused the United States to postpone indefinitely action on the SALT II Treaty in 1979, and the presence of Soviet troops in that country trzy continues to adversely affect the prospects for long-term im provement of the United States-Soviet bilateral relationsrip m many fields of great importance to the global community,
(8) the Soviet leadership appears to be engaged in a 2 culated policy of raising hopes for a withdrawal of Sout. troops from Afghanistan in the apparent belief that word substitute for genuine action in shaping world opinion, a
(9) President Reagan, in his February 4, 1936, State of Union Address promised the Afghan people that "Arr.er.ca w support with moral and material assistance your right rot. 28
to fight and die for freedom, but to fight and win freedom (b) POLICY.-(1) It is the sense of the Congress that tre cates, so long as Soviet military forces occupy Afghanistan, iro upport the efforts of the people of Afghanistan to regain re ben reignty and territorial integrity of their nation through
(A) the appropriate provisions of material support,
(B) renewed multilateral initiatives aimed at, curagra Soviet military withdrawal, the return of an ir.deser.cers is non aligned status to Afghanistan, ar.d a peaceful 12. tlement acceptable to the peace of Az aristar, ncludes provision for the return of Afgan rezee n. viac dignity;
(C) a continuous ard vigorous puc irforador. 2.7152:9 to bring the facts of the situation in Afia: itan s e zation of the world;
(D) frequent efforts to er.courage te Sores, tert:I : the Soviet-backed Art an ragnes remove are so ed against the entry into ar 1960 urg sferonstan by international curia..53, 27.0