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dispositions of property by employees under the chief of mission's jurisdiction (as described in section 207 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3927)) to the extent that such sale, assignment, or other disposition is in accordance with regulations and policies, rules, and procedures issued pursuant to section 303.

(c) VIOLATION.–Violation of this section, or other importation, sale, or other disposition of personal property within a foreign country which violates its laws or regulations or governing international law and is prohibited by regulations and policies, rules, and procedures issued pursuant to section 303, shall be grounds for disciplinary action against an employee.

REGULATIONS SEC. 303.156 (a) ISSUANCE; PURPOSE.—The Secretary of State may issue regulations to carry out the purposes of this title. The primary purpose of such regulations and related policies, rules, and procedures shall be to assure that employees and members of their families do not profit personally from sales or other transactions with persons who are not themselves entitled to exemption from import restrictions, duties, or taxes.

(b) CONTRACTORS.-Such regulations shall require that, to the extent contractors enjoy importation or tax privileges in a foreign country because of their contractual relationship to the United States Government, after the effective date of this title contracting agencies shall include provisions in their contracts to carry out the purpose of this title.

(c) CHIEF OF MISSION.-In order to ensure that due account is taken of local conditions, including applicable laws, markets, exchange rate factors, and accommodation exchange facilities, such regulations may authorize the chief of mission to each foreign country to establish more detailed policies, rules, or procedures for the application of this title within that country to employees under the chief of mission's jurisdiction. TITLE IV–FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES

HISTORICAL SERIES 157 SEC. 401.168 GENERAL AUTHORITY AND CONTENTS OF PUBLICATION.

(a) CHARTER OF THE PUBLICATION.—The Department of State shall continue to publish the “Foreign Relations of the United States historical series” (hereafter in this title referred to as the "FRUS series"), which shall be a thorough, accurate, and reliable documentary record of major United States foreign policy decisions and significant United States diplomatic activity. Volumes of this publication shall include all records needed to provide a comprehensive documentation of the major foreign policy decisions and actions of the United States Government, including the facts which contributed to the formulation of policies and records providing

166 22 U.S.C. 4343. Sec. 303 was added by sec. 186 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Slat. 1368). Sec. 186(b) of the same Act made this section effective 180 days aller enactment.

187 Sec. 198(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 685), added title IV.

168 22 U.S.C. 4351.

supporting and alternative views to the policy position ultimately adopted.

(b) EDITING PRINCIPLES.—The editing of records for preparation of the FRUS series shall be guided by the principles of historical objectivity and accuracy. Records shall not be altered and deletions shall not be made without indicating in the published text that a deletion has been made. The published record shall omit no facts which were of major importance in reaching a decision, and nothing shall be omitted for the purpose of concealing a defect of policy.

(c) 159 DEADLINE FOR PUBLICATION OF RECORDS.—The Secretary of State shall ensure that the FRUS series shall be published not more than 30 years after the events recorded. SEC. 402.180 RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREPARATION OF THE FRUS SE

RIES. (a) IN GENERAL.

(1)(A) The Historian of the Department of State shall be responsible for the preparation of the FRUS series, including the selection of records, in accordance with the provisions of this title.

(B) The Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic Documentation shall review records, and shall advise and make recommendations to the Historian concerning all aspects of preparation and publication of the FRUS series, including, in accordance with the procedures contained in section 403, the review and selection of records for inclusion in volumes of the series.

(2) Other departments, agencies, and other entities of the United States Government shall cooperate with the Office of the Historian by providing full and complete access to the records pertinent to United States foreign policy decisions and actions and by providing copies of selected records in accordance with the procedures developed under section 403, except that no access to any record, and no provision of any copy of a record, shall be required in the case of any record that was prepared less than 26 years before the date of a request for

such access or copy made by the Office of the Historian. (b) NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION.-Notwith standing any other provision of this title, the requirement for the National Archives and Records Administration to provide access to, and copies of, records to the Department of State for the FRUS series shall be governed by chapter 21 of title 44, United States Code, by any agreement concluded between the Department of State and the National Archives and Records Administration,

169 Sec. 198(cX2XA) and (B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–138; 105 Stat. 691), required: (c) COMPLIANCE.- **

"(2XA) In order to come into compliance with section 401(c) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as amended by this section) the Secretary of State shall ensure that, by the end of the 3-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, all volumes of the Foreign Relations of the United States historical series (FRUS) for the years that are more than 30 years before the end of that 3-year period have been published.

"(B) If the Secretary cannot reasonably meet the requirements of subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and describe how the Department of State plans to meet the requirements of subparagraph (A). In no event shall volumes subject to subparagraph (A) be published later than 5 years aser the date of the enactment

of this Act.". 160 22 U.S.C. 4352.

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and, in the case of Presidential records, by section 2204 of such title. SEC. 403.181 PROCEDURES FOR IDENTIFYING RECORDS FOR THE

FRUS SERIES; DECLASSIFICATION, REVISIONS, AND SUM.

MARIES. (a) DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES.-Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this title, each department, agency, or other entity of the United States Government engaged in foreign policy formulation, execution, or support shall develop procedures for its historical office (or a designated individual in the event that there is no historical office)

(1) to coordinate with the State Department's Office of the Historian in selecting records for possible inclusion in the FRUS series;

(2) to permit full access to the original, unrevised records by such individuals holding appropriate security clearances as have been designated by the Historian as liaison to that department, agency, or entity, for purposes of this title, and by members of the Advisory Committee; and

(3) to permit access to specific types of records not selected for inclusion in the FRUS series by the individuals identified in paragraph (2) when requested by the Historian in order to confirm that records selected by that department, agency, or entity accurately represent the policymaking process reflected

in the relevant part of the FRUS series. (b) DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this subsection, records selected by the Historian for inclusion in the FRUS series shall be submitted to the respective originating agency for declassification review in accordance with that agency's procedures for such review, except that such declassification review shall be completed by the originating agency within 120 days after such records are submitted for review. If the originating agency determines that any such record is not declassifiable because of a continuing need to protect sources and methods for the collection of intelligence information or to protect other sensitive national security information, then the originating agency shall attempt to make such deletions in the text as will make the record declassifiable.

(2) If the Historian determines that the meaning of the records proposed for inclusion in a volume of the FRUS series would be so altered or changed by deletions made under paragraph (1) that publication in that condition could be misleading or lead to an inaccurate or incomplete historical record, then the Historian shall take steps to achieve a satisfactory resolution of the problem with the originating agency. Within 60 days of receiving a proposed solution from the Historian, the originating agency shall furnish the Historian a written response agreeing to the solution or explaining the reasons for

sponse action or deletinail informe

(3) The Historian shall inform the Advisory Committee of any failure by an originating agency to complete its declas

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sification review of a record within 120 days and of any steps taken under paragraph (2).

(4) If the Advisory Committee determines that the meaning of the records proposed for inclusion in a volume of the FRUS series would be so altered or changed by deletions made under paragraph (1), or if the Advisory Committee determines as a result of inspection of other documents under subsection (a)(3) that the selection of documents could be misleading or lead to an inaccurate or incomplete historical record, then the Advisory Committee shall so advise the Secretary of State and submit recommendations to resolve the issue.

(5)(A) The Advisory Committee shall have full and complete access to the original text of any record in which deletions have been made. In the event that the head of any originating agency considers it necessary to deny access by the Advisory Committee to the original text of any record, that agency head shall promptly notify the Advisory Committee in writing, describing the nature of the record in question and the justification for withholding that record.

(B) The Historian shall provide the Advisory Committee with a complete list of the records described in subparagraph (A).

(6) If a record is deleted in whole or in part as a result of review under this subsection then a note to that effect shall be

inserted at the appropriate place in the FRUS volume. SEC. 404.182 DECLASSIFICATION OF STATE DEPARTMENT RECORDS. (a) DEADLINE FOR DECLASSIFICATION.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (b), each classified record of permanent historical value (as determined by the Secretary of State and the Archivist of the United States) which was published, issued, or otherwise prepared by the Department of State (or any officer or employee thereof acting in an official capacity) shall be declassified not later than 30 years after the record was prepared, shall be transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration, and shall be made available at the National Archives for public inspection and copying.

(2) Nothing in this subsection may be construed to require the declassification of a record wholly prepared by a foreign

government. (b) EXEMPTED RECORDS.-Subsection (a) shall not apply to any record (or portion thereof) the publication of which the Secretary of State, in coordination with any agency that originated information in the records, determines

(1) would compromise weapons technology important to the national defense of the United States or reveal sensitive information relating to the design of United States or foreign military equipment or relating to United States cryptologic systems or activities;

182 22 U.S.C. 4354. Sec. 198(0X1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 691) required: "(c) COMPLIANCE.

"1) The Secretary of State shall ensure that the requirements of section 404 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as amended by this section) are met not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act. Ir the Secretary cannot reasonably meet the requirements of such section, he shall so notify the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Afairs of the House of Representatives, and describe how the Department of State intends to meet the requirements of that section. In no event shall full compliance with the requirements of such section take place later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act.".

(2) would disclose the names or identities of living persons who provided confidential information to the United States and would pose a substantial risk of harm to such persons;

(3) would demonstrably impede current diplomatic negotiations or other ongoing official activities of the United States Government or would demonstrably impair the national security of the United States; or

(4) would disclose matters that are related solely to the internal personnel rules and practices of the Department of State or are contained in personnel, medical, or similar files the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted inva

sion of personal privacy. (c) REVIEW.(1) The Advisory Committee shall review

(A) the State Department's declassification procedures,

(B) all guidelines used in declassification, including those guidelines provided to the National Archives and Records Administration which are in effect on the date of enactment of this title, and

(C) by random sampling, records representative of all Department of State records published, issued, or otherwise prepared by the Department of State that remain

classified after 30 years. (2) In the event that the Secretary of State considers it necessary to deny access to records under paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall notify the Advisory Committee in writing, describing the nature of the records in question and the justifica

tion for withholding them. (d) REPORTING REQUIREMENT.—The Advisory Committee shall annually submit to the Secretary of State a report setting forth its findings from the review conducted under subsection (c).

(e) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this title, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit a written report to the Committee on Foreign Af. fairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate on factors relevant to compliance with this section, and the procedures to be used for implementing the requirements of this section. SEC. 405.16 RELATIONSHIP TO THE PRIVACY ACT AND THE FREEDOM

OF INFORMATION ACT. (a) PRIVACY ACT.-Nothing in this title may be construed as requiring the public disclosure of records or portions of records protected under section 552a of title 5, United States Code (relating to the privacy of personal records). (b) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT.

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no record (or portion thereof) shall be excluded from publication in the FRUS series under section 403, or exempted from the declassification requirement of section 404, solely by virtue of the application of

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