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POLICY GOVERNING SERVICES SEC. 403.21 In authorizing the performance of technical and other services under this title, it is the sense of the Congress (1) that the Secretary 19 shall encourage through any appropriate Government agency the performance of such services to foreign governments by qualified private American individuals and agencies, and shall not enter into the performance of such services to any foreign government where such services may be performed adequately by qualified private American individuals and agencies and such qualified individuals and agencies are available for the performance of such services; (2) that if such services are rendered by a Government agency, they shall demonstrate the technical accomplishments of the United States, such services being of an advisory, investigative, or instructional nature, or a demonstration of a technical process; (3) that such services shall not include the construction of public works or the supervision of the construction of public works, and that, under authority of this Act, a Government agency shall render engineering services related to public works only when the Secretary 19 shall determine that the national interest demands the rendering of such services by a Government agency, but this policy shall not be interpreted to preclude the assignment of individual specialists as advisers to other governments as provided under title III of this Act, together with such incidental assistance as may be necessary for the accomplishment of their individual assignments. TITLE V_DISSEMINATING INFORMATION ABOUT THE

UNITED STATES ABROAD

GENERAL AUTHORIZATION SEC. 501.22 (a) 23 The Secretary 19 is authorized, when he finds it appropriate, to provide for the preparation, and dissemination abroad, of information about the United States, its people, and its policies, through press, publications, radio, motion pictures, and other information media, and through information centers and instructors abroad. Subject to subsection (b), any 23 such information (other than “Problems of Communism” and the “English Teaching Forum” 24 which may be sold by the Government Printing Office) shall not be disseminated within the United States, its territories, or possessions, but, on request, shall be available in the English

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21 22 U.S.C. 1458. 22 22 U.S.C. 1461.

23 Sec. 202 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 49), added designation "(a)"; struck out "Anyon at the beginning of the second sentence, and inserted in lieu thercof "Subject to subsection (), and"; and added a new subsection (b).

Previously, the second sentence of sec. 501 was amended by sec. 204 of Public Law 92-352 (86 Slat. 493). It formerly read:

"Any such press release or radio script, on request, shall be available in the English language at the Department of State, at all reasonable times following its release as information abroad, for examination by representatives of United States press associations, newspapers, magazine radio systems, and stations, and, on request, shall be made available to Members of Congress."

See also sec. 202 of the Foreign Relalions Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979 (92 Stal 972), which provided additional direction for the USIA. Entitled "Mission of the International Com munication Agency (since renamed the United States Information Agency), this provision is considered by the USIA as its "second mandate."

24 The reference to the "English Teaching Forum" was added by sec. 208 of the ICA Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981 (Public Law 96-60; 93 Stat. 401).

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language at the Department of State, 19 at all reasonable times following its release as information abroad, for examination only by representatives of United States press associations, newspapers, magazines, radio systems, and stations, and by research students and scholars, and, on request, shall be made available for examination only to Members of Congress.

(b)(1) 23 The Director of the United States Information Agency shall make available to the Archivist of the United States, for domestic distribution, motion pictures, films, videotapes, and other material prepared for dissemination abroad 12 years after the initial dissemination of the material abroad or, in the case of such material not disseminated abroad, 12 years after the preparation of the material.

(2) The Director of the United States Information Agency shall be reimbursed for any attendant expenses. Any reimbursement to the Director pursuant to this subsection shall be credited to the applicable appropriation of the United States Information Agency.

(3) The Archivist shall be the official custodian of the material and shall issue necessary regulations to ensure that persons seeking its release in the United States have secured and paid for necessary United States rights and licenses and that all costs associated with the provision of the material by the Archivist shall be paid by the persons seeking its release. The Archivist may charge fees to recover such costs, in accordance with section 2116(c) of title 44, United States Code. Such fees shall be paid into, administered, and expended as part of the National Archives Trust Fund.

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NOTE.-Notwithstanding the second sentence of section 501 (and after 1985, also notwithstanding sec. 208 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 1461-1(a)]], certain films and artistic works have received Congressional authorization for distribution within the United States. The films or artistic works and the legislation which authorized their distribution include the following:

a. "Echoes”—Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168), 90 Stat. 823, approved July 12, 1976.

b. "Santa Fe”—Public Law 94–350 (S.3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

c. "The Numbers Start With the River"- Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

d. “The Copland Portrait”—Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

e. “200”—Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

f. “Rendezvous”—Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

g. “Century III–The Gift of Life”—Public Law 94–350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

h. “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” exhibit-Public Law 94350 (S. 3168, 90 Stat. 823), approved July 12, 1976.

i. "Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden"-Sec. 204, Public Law 95– 105 (H.R. 6689), 91 Stat. 844 at 849, approved August 17, 1977.

j. “Man in the Environment” -Sec. 204, Public Law 95–105 (H.R. 6689), 91 Stat. 844 and 849, approved August 17, 1977.

k. "Young Filmmakers Bicentennial Film Series" films-Sec. 204, Public Law 95-105 (H.R. 6689), 91 Stat. 844 at 849, approved August 11, 1977.

). "The Right to Dignity"-Sec. 207, Public Law 95-426 (H.R. 12598), 92 Stat. 963 at 972, approved October 7, 1978.

m. "Margaret Mead-Reflections"_Sec. 206, Public Law 96-60 (H.R. 3363), 93 Stat. 395 at 398, approved August 15, 1979.

n. “Aspen”_Sec. 207, Public Law 96-60 (H.R. 3363), 93 Stat. 395 at 398, approved August 15, 1979.

10. “Let Poland Be Poland”—Public Law 97–146 (H.J. Res. 382), 96 Stat. 3, approved January 30, 1982.

p. ""Montana: The People Speak" slide show-Public Law 97-159 (S. 2166), 96 Stat. 20, approved March 24, 1982.

9. "Reflections: Samuel Eliott Morison"-Sec. 306, Public Law 97–241 (S. 1193), 96 Stat. 273 at 291, approved August 24, 1982.

r. "And Now Miguel"-Sec. 306, Public Law 97–241 (S. 1193), 96 Stat. 273 at 291, approved August 24, 1982.

8. “In Their Own Words”-Sec. 306, Public Law 97–241 (S. 1193), 96 Stat. 273 at 291, approved August 24, 1982.

t. “Dumas Malone: A Journey with Mr. Jefferson"-Public Law 97–388 (S. 3073), 96 Stat. 1948, approved December 23, 1982.

u. "Thanksgiving in Peshawar"_Sec. 216, Public Law 98–164 (H.R. 2915), 97 Stat. 1017, approved November 22, 1983.

v. “Hal David: Expressing a Feeling”-Scc. 212, Public Law 99-93 (H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985.

w. “Afghanistan 1982; the Struggle for Freedom Continues"-Sec. 213, Public Law 99-93 (H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985.

x. "We are Afghanistan"-Sec. 213, Public Law 99-93 (H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985.

y. "Afghanistan: The Hidden War”-Sec. 213, Public Law 99-93 (H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985.

z. "The March"- Public Law 99-369 (H.R. 4985), 100 Stat. 778, approved August 1, 1986.

aa. Objects displayed at the U.S. Pavilion at the 86 Expo in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada–Public Law 99-475 (H.R. 5522), 100 Stat. 1217, approved October 16, 1986.

bb. “America the Way I See It"—Public Law 100–167 (H.R. 3428), 101 Stat. 910, approved November 17, 1987.25

cc. “A Tribute to Mickey Leland”—Public Law 101-200 (H.R. 3294), 103 Stat. 1794, approved December 6, 1989.

dd. “Long Journcy Home"-Public Law 101-246 (H.R. 3792), 104 Stat. 49, approved February 16, 1990.

ee. The Photographic Works of Richard Saunders to be made available to the Schomburg Center for Black Studies, New York, New York-Sec. 213, Public Law 102–138, (H.R. 1415), 105 Stat. 696, approved October 28, 1991.

ff. “The Voice" (film) and "All of Our Yesterdays" (radio documentary Scc. 1, Public Law 102–454, (H.R. 5751), 106 Stat. 2262, approved October 23, 1992.

gg. "Thomas Jefferson Paper Show” (USIA presentation), and "Crimes Against Humanity" (film) Scc. 234, Public Law 103–236 (H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 424, approved April 30, 1994.

POLICIES GOVERNING INFORMATION ACTIVITIES SEC. 502.26 In authorizing international information activities under this Act, it is the sense of the Congress (1) that the Secretary 19 shall reduce such Government information activities whenever corresponding private information dissemination is found to be adequate; (2) that nothing in this Act shall be construed to give the Department 19 a monopoly in the production or sponsorship on the air of short-wave broadcasting programs, or a monopoly in any other medium of information.

SEC. 503.27 * * * (Repealed-1994)

20 The language of Public Law 100-167 was repcaled as sec. 214 of the Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public law 100–204; 101 Stat 1376)

26 22 U.S.C. 1462.

27 Formerly at 22 U.S.C. 1463. Sec. 503, originally added by sec. 206 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1977 (Public Law 94350), was repcaled by sec. 315(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 445). The section stated principles for VOA broadcasts.

VOICE OF AMERICA/EUROPE SEC. 504.28 As part of its duties and programs under title V of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.), Voice of America Europe shall

(1) target news and features in accordance with the findings and recommendations of the Young European Survey;

(2) conduct periodic audience evaluations and measurements; and (3) promote and advertise Voice of America/Europe.

USIA SATELLITE AND TELEVISION SEC. 505.29 (a) IN GENERAL.–The Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to lease or otherwise acquire time on commercial or United States Government satellites for the purpose of transmitting materials and programs to posts and other users abroad.

(b) BROADCAST PRINCIPLES.—The Congress finds that the longterm interests of the United States are served by communicating directly with the peoples of the world by television. To be effective, the United States Information Agency must win the attention and respect of viewers. These principles will therefore govern the Agency's television broadcasts (hereinafter in this section referred to as "USIA-TV”);

(1) USIA-TV will serve as a consistently reliable and authoritative source of news. USIA-TV news will be accurate and objective.

(2) USIA-TV will represent the United States, not any single segment of American society and will, therefore, present a balanced and comprehensive projection of significant American thought and institutions.

(3) USIA-TV will present the policies of the United States clearly and effectively and will also present responsible discus

sions and opinion on these policies. (c) PROGRAMS.—The Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to produce, acquire, or broadcast television programs, via satellite, only if such programs

(1) are interactive, consisting of interviews among participants in different locales;

(2) cover news, public affairs, or other current events;

(3) cover official activities of government, Federal or State, including congressional proceedings and news briefings of any agency of the Executive branch; or

(4) are of an artistic or scientific character or are otherwise representative of American culture. (d) COSTS.—When a comparable program produced by United States public or commercial broadcasters and producers is available at a cost which is equal to or less than the cost of production by USIA-TV, the Director of the United States Information Agency shall use such materials in preference to USIA-TV produced materials.

28 22 U.S.C. 1464. Sec. 504 was added by sec. 402 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1331).

2022 U.S.C. 1464a. Sec. 205 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Slat. 50), added sec. 505.

(e) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.—1) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the United States Information Agency not more than $12,000,000 for the fiscal year 1990 and not more than $12,480,000 for the fiscal year 1991 may be obligated or expended for USIATV.

(2) The United States Information Agency shall prepare and submit to the Congress quarterly reports which contain a detailed explanation of expenditures for USIA-TV during the fiscal years 1990 and 1991. Such reports shall contain specific justification and supporting information pertaining to all programs, particularly those described in subsection (c)(4), that were produced in-house by USIA-TV. Each such report shall include a statement by the Director of the United States Information Agency that, according to the best information available to the United States Information Agency, no comparable United States commercially-produced or public television program is available at a cost which is equal to or less than the cost of production by USIA-TV.

(3) 30 Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the United States Information Agency, $1,500,000 for the fiscal year 1990 and $1,500,000 for the fiscal year 1991 shall be available only for the purchase or use of programs produced with grants from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting or produced by United States public broadcasters.

VOICE OF AMERICA HIRING PRACTICES SEC. 506.31 (a) PROHIBITION.—After the date of enactment of this section, the Voice of America shall not select candidates for employ. ment who must be or are preapproved for employment at the Voice of America by a foreign government or an entity controlled by a foreign government.

(b) EXCEPTION.—The prohibition referred to in this section shall not apply to

(1) participants in the Voice of America's exchange programs; or

(2) clerical, technical, or maintenance staff at Voice of America offices in foreign countries. (c) REPORT.-If the Director of the United States Information Agency determines that the prohibition under subsection (a) would require the termination of a specific Voice of America foreign language service, then, not less than 90 days before the Agency begins to recruit such candidates, the Director shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report concerning

30 Sec. 1102 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 90), waived sec. 505eX3), as added by sec. 205 of that Act, effective on the date of enactment of that Act (February 16, 1990).

31 22 U.S.C. 1464b. Sec. 232 of the Forcign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 57), anded sec. 506.

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