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(1) the number and location of speakers of the applicable foreign language who could be recruited by the Voice of America without violating this section; and

(2) the efforts made by the Voice of America to recruit such individuals for employment. TITLE VI—ADVISORY COMMISSIONS TO FORMULATE

POLICIES SEC. 601.32 There are hereby created two advisory commissions, (1) United States Advisory Commission on Information (hereinafter in this title referred to as the Commission on Information) and (2) United States Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange (hereinafter in this title referred to as the Commission on Educational Exchange) 33 to be constituted as provided in section 602. The Commissions shall formulate and recommend to the Secretary 19 policies and programs for the carrying out of this Act: Provided, however, That the commissions created by this section shall have no authority over the Board of Foreign Scholarships or the program created by Public Law 584 of the Seventy-ninth Congress, enacted August 1, 1946, or the United States National Commission for UNESCO.

MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION: GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 602.34 (a) Each Commission shall consist of five members, not more than three of whom shall be from any one political party. Members shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. No person holding any compensated Federal or State office shall be eligible for appointment.

(b) The members of the Commission on Information shall represent the public interest, and shall be selected from a cross section of professional, business, and public service backgrounds.

(c) The members of the Commission on Educational Exchange shall represent the public interest and shall be selected from a cross section of educational, cultural, scientific, technical, and public service backgrounds.

(d) The term of each member appointed under subsection (a) of this section shall be three years, except that the terms of office of such members first taking office on each Commission shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of appointment, two at the end of one year, two at the end of two years, and one at the end of three years from the date of the enactment of this Act. Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor is appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term. Upon the expiration of his

22 22 U.S.C. 1466. This section has been repealed insofar as it related to the United States Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange, by Public Law 87-256 (75 Stat. 527).

33 Sec. 8 of Reorganization Plan No. 2 or 1977 established the United States Advisory Commission on International Communication, Cultural and Educational Alains, consolidated functions vested in these two commissions and transferred them to this new commission.

sec. 604 of this Act redesignated the United States Advisory Commission on International Communication, Cultural and Educational Allairs as the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

34 22 U.S.C. 1467. This section has been repealed insofar as it related to the United States Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange, by Public Law 87-256 (75 Stat. 527).

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term of office any member may continue to serve until his successor is appointed and has qualified.

(e) The President shall designate a chairman for each Commission from among members of the Commission.

(f) The members of the Commissions shall receive no compensation for their services as such members but shall be entitled to reimbursement for travel and subsistence in connection with attend. ance of meetings of the Commissions away from their places of residences, as provided in subsection (6) of section 801 of this Act.

(g) The Commissions are authorized to adopt such rules and reg. ulations as they may deem necessary to carry out the authority conferred upon them by this title.

(h) The Department 19 is authorized to provide the necessary secretarial and clerical assistance for the Commissions.

RECOMMENDATIONS AND REPORTS SEC. 603.35 The Commissions shall meet not less frequently than once each month during the first six months after their establishment, and thereafter at such intervals as the Commissions find advisable, and shall transmit to the Secretary 19 a quarterly report, and to the Congress a semiannual report of all programs and activities carried on under the authority of this Act, including appraisals, where feasible, as to the effectiveness of the several programs, and such recommendations as shall have been made by the Commissions to the Secretary 19 for effectuating the purposes and objectives of this Act and the action taken to carry out such recommendations.

UNITED STATES ADVISORY COMMISSION ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY SEC. 604.36 (a) ESTABLISHMENT.-(1) There is established an advisory commission to be known as the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

(2) The Commission shall consist of seven members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The members of the Commission shall represent the public interest and shall be selected from a cross section of educational, communications, cultural, scientific, technical, public service, labor, business, and professional backgrounds. Not more than four members shall be from any one political party.

(3) The term of each member shall be 3 years, except that of the original seven appointments, two shall be for a term of 1 year and two shall be for a term of 2 years.

(4) Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which a predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term. Upon the expiration of a member's term of office, such member may continue to serve until a successor is appointed and qualified.

36 22 U.S.C. 1468. This section has been repcaled insofar as it related to the United States Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange, by Public Law 87-256 (75 Slal. 527).

36 22 U.S.C. 1469. Sec. 604 was amended and restated by soc. 206 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 51). Previously, sec. 604 was restated by sec. 213 of the Forcign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Yean 1958 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Slat. 1376). It was added originally by sec. 203(0 of the ICA Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981 (Public Law 96-60; 93 Stat. 399).

pusleppointed by the commission

(5) The President shall designate a member to chair the Commission.

(b) STAFF.—The Commission shall have a staff director who shall be appointed by the chairperson of the Commission. Subject to such rules and regulations as may be adopted by the Commission, the chairperson of the Commission may

(1) appoint such additional personnel for the staff of the Commission as the chairperson considers necessary; and

(2) procure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized by section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, but at rates for individuals not to exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay payable for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5,

United States Code. (c) DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES.(1) The Commission shall formulate and recommend to the Director of the United States Information Agency, the Secretary of State, and the President policies and programs to carry out the functions vested in the Director or the Agency, and shall appraise the effectiveness of policies and programs of the Agency

(2) The Commission shall submit to the Congress, the President, the Secretary of State, and the Director of the United States Information Agency annual reports on programs and activities carried out by the Agency, including appraisals, where feasible, as to the effectiveness of the several programs. The Commission shall also include in such reports such recommendations as shall have been made by the Commission to the Director for effectuating the purposes of the Agency, and the action taken to carry out such recommendations.

(3) The Commission may also submit such other reports to the Congress as it considers appropriate, and shall make reports to the public in the United States and abroad to develop a better understanding of and support for the programs conducted by the Agency.

(4) The Commission's reports to the Congress shall include assessments of the degree to which the scholarly integrity and nonpolitical character of the educational and cultural exchange activities vested in the Director of the United States Information Agency have been maintained, and assessments of the attitudes of foreign scholars and governments regarding such activities.

(d) LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY.—The Commission shall have no authority with respect to the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board or the United States National Commission for UNESCO.

TITLE VII-APPROPRIATIONS

PRIOR AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS SEC. 701.37 (a) Notwithstanding any provision of law enacted before the date of enactment of the United States Information Agency

37 22 U.S.C. 1476. Sec. 701 was amended and restated by sec. 3 of Public Law 93-168 Nov. 29, 1973). It was previously amended and restated by sec. 107(d) of Public Law 92-226 (80 Slat. 35), further amended by adding last sentence by Public Law 92-352.

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fic authority contained in this Act or under the authority gov-
ag the activities of the Government agency to which a part of
such appropriation is transferred, provided the activities come
in the scope of this Act.
JTHORIZATION FOR GRANTS TO RADIO FREE EUROPE AND RADIO

LIBERTY -sc. 703.42 There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secry of State $38,520,000 for fiscal year 1973 to provide grants, er such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers approite, to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. There are further horized to be appropriated in fiscal year 1973 not to exceed 150,000 for nondiscretionary costs. Except for funds approated pursuant to this section, no funds appropriated after the me of this Act may be made available to or for the use of Radio ee Europe or Radio Liberty in fiscal year 1973.

NONDISCRETIONARY PERSONNEL COSTS AND CURRENCY

FLUCTUATIONS SEC. 704.43 (a) Amounts appropriated for a fiscal year to carry at this Act are authorized to be made available until expended. (b) There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States iformation Agency,44 in addition to amounts otherwise authorized

be appropriated for the Agency, such sums as may be necessary or any fiscal year for increases in salary, pay, retirement, and ther employee benefits authorized by law.

(c)(1) 45 In order to maintain the levels of program activity proided for by the annual authorizing legislation for the United states Information Agency, 44 there are authorized to be appropriated for the Agency such sums as may be necessary for any fiscal year to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, or overseas wage and price changes, 46 occurring after November 30 of the earlier of (A) 45 the calendar year which ended during the fiscal year preceding such fiscal year, or (B) 45 the calendar year which preceded the calendar year during which the authorization of appropriations for such fiscal year was enacted.47

422 U.S.C. 1477a. Sec. 703 was added by Public Law 92-264 (86 Stat. 114); further amended when the second sentence was added by Public Law 93-59 on July 6, 1973.

13 22 U.S.C. 1477b. Sec. 704 was added by sec. 204(e) of the ICA Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981 (Public Law 96-60; 93 Stat. 400). Sec. 209 of Public Law 96-60 also pro vided that this amendment would be effective on October 1, 1979, and that the authority to expend appropriations “shall apply only with respect to funds appropriated after the date of enactment of this Act." (August 15, 1979).

“Sec. 303(b) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Slat. 291) redesignated the International Communication Agency as the United States Information Agency and stated that any reference to the International Communication Agency in any slatule, reorganization plan, Executive order, regulation, agreement, determination, or other official document or proceeding, shall be deemed to be a reference to the United States Information Agency. Sec. 303 also stated that references to the Director or other official of the International Communication Agency shall be deemed to refer to the Director or other official of the United States Information Agency.

us Sec. 224 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 422), redesignated clauses (1) and (2) as clauses (A) and (B), respectively; inserted para. designation "(1)" in subsec. (c); and added new paras. (2) through (7).

The words ", or overseas wage and price changes," were added by sec. 112(b) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 278).

*7 The words, to this point beginning with "earlier of (1)" were inserted in lieu of "preceding fiscal year" by sec. 112(6) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 278).

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