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(d) COMPLIANCE WITH BUDGET ACT.–Funds are available under this section to the extent and in the amounts provided in appropriation Acts. SEC. 255.26 MANSFIELD FELLOWS ON DETAIL FROM GOVERNMENT

SERVICE. (a) IN GENERAL.-(1) An agency head may detail, for a period of not more than 2 years, an employee of the agency who has been awarded a Mansfield Fellowship, to the Center.

(2) Each fellow who is detailed under this section shall enter into a written agreement with the Federal Government before receiving a fellowship that the fellow will

(A) continue in the service of the fellow's agency at the end of the fellowship for a period of at least 2 years unless the fellow is involuntarily separated from the service of such agency; and

(B) pay to the United States Information Agency any additional expenses incurred by the Federal Government in connection with the fellowship if the fellow is voluntarily separated from service with the fellow's agency before the end of the period for which the fellow has agreed to continue in the service

of such agency. (3) The payment agreed to under paragraph (2)(B) may not be required of a fellow who leaves the service of such agency to enter into the service of another agency in any branch of the United States Government unless the head of the agency that authorized the fellowship notifies the employee before the effective date of entry into the service of the other agency that payment will be required under this section.

(b) STATUS AS GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE.-A fellow detailed under subsection (a) is deemed, for the purpose of preserving allowances, privileges, rights, seniority, and other benefits, an employee of the agency from which detailed, and is entitled to pay, allowances, and benefits from funds available to that agency. The authorization and payment of such allowances and other benefits from appropriations available therefore is deemed to comply with section 5536 of title 5, United States Code.

(c) REIMBURSEMENT.-Fellows may be detailed under subsection (a) without reimbursement to the United States by the Center.

(d) ALLOWANCES AND BENEFITS.-A fellow detailed under subsection (a) may be paid by the Center for allowances and benefits listed in section 253(4)(B). SEC. 256.26 LIABILITY FOR REPAYMENTS.

If any fellow fails to fulfill the fellow's agreement to pay the United States Information Agency for the expenses incurred by, the United States Information Agency in connection with the fellowship, a sum equal to the amount of the expenses of the fellowship shall be recoverable by the United States Information Agency from the fellow (or a legal representative) by

(1) setoff against accrued pay, compensation, amount of retirement credit, or other amount due the fellow from the reus eral Government; and

26 22 U.S.C. 6104. * 22 U.S.C. 6105.

(2) such other method as is provided by law for the recovery

of amounts owing to the Federal Government. SEC. 257.97 DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this part

(1) the term "agency of the United States Government” includes any agency of the legislative branch and any court of the judicial branch as well as any agency of the executive branch; (2) the term "agency head” means

(A) in the case of the executive branch of Government or an agency of the legislative branch other than the House of Representatives or the Senate, the head of the respective agency;

(B) in the case of the judicial branch of Government, the chief judge of the respective court;

(C) in the case of the Senate, the President pro tempore, in consultation with the Majority Leader and Minority Leader of the Senate; and

(D) in the case of the House of Representatives, the Speaker of the House, in consultation with the Majority

Leader and Minority Leader of the House; (3) the term "Center" means the Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs; and

(4) the term "detailee” means an employee of an agency of the United States Government on assignment or loan to the Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs without a change of position from the agency by which he or she is employed.

37 22 U.S.C. 6106.

c. United States Information Agency Authorization, Fiscal

Years 1992 and 1993

Partial text of Public Law 102–138 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1415), 105 Stat. 647 at 691, approved Oc. tober 28, 1991; amended by Public Law 102-511 (FREEDOM Support Act; S. 2532), 106 Stat. 3320, approved October 24, 1992; Public Law 103-236 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994

NOTE.-Sections of this title amend State Department, USIA, and other foreign affairs legislation and are incorporated in the appropriate Acts.

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1992 and 1993 for the

Department of State, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE II-UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL,

EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL PROGRAMS PART A–UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the United States Information Agency (other than for the Voice of America) to carry out international information, educational, cultural, and exchange programs under the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1977, and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes:

(1)1 SALARIES AND EXPENSES.–For “Salaries and Expenses”, $423,827,500 for the fiscal year 1992 and $451,294,000 for the fiscal year 1993.

(2)2 OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.–For “Office of the Inspector General $4,206,000 for the fiscal year 1992 and $4,420,000 for the fiscal year 1993.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102-140; 105 Stat. 821), provided $691,725,000, for salaries and expenses, with several pro visos.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102-395; 106 Stat. 1870), provided $736,693,000, for salaries and expenses, with several proviBOS.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102-140; 105 Stat. 822), provided $4,206,000, for Office of Inspector General.

Continued

(3)3 NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY.-For “National Endowment for Democracy”, $25,000,000 for the fiscal year 1992 and $31,250,000 for the fiscal year 1993.

(4)4 CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTERCHANGE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST.-For “Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange between East and West”, $24,500,000 for the

fiscal year 1992 and $26,000,000 for the fiscal year 1993. (b) AUTHORIZATION WITHIN "SALARIES AND EXPENSES” ACCOUNT.—Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a)(1), $284,000 is authorized for the fiscal year 1992 for the establishment and operation of a United States Information Agency office in Vientiane, Laos, pursuant to section 216 of this Act, and $307,000 is authorized for fiscal year 1993 for the continued operation of such office.

* * SEC. 206.5 USIA POSTS AND PERSONNEL OVERSEAS. .

(b) 6 REDUCTIONS IN AMERICAN EMPLOYEES.-Reductions may not be made in the number of positions filled by American employees of the United States Information Agency stationed abroad until the number of such employees is the same percentage of the total number of American employees of the Agency as the number of American employees of the Agency stationed abroad in 1981 was to the total number of American employees at the Agency at the same time in 1981.

(c) REPEAL.-Section 204 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 1461 note) is repealed.? SEC. 207. IMPLEMENTATION OF BEIRUT AGREEMENT. • • . SEC. 208.· CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTERCHANGE

BETWEEN NORTH AND SOUTH. * *

SEC. 210.10 CLAUDE AND MILDRED PEPPER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

(a) PURPOSE.-It is the purpose of this section to provide Federal financial assistance to facilitate a program to enable high school and college students from emerging democracies, who are visiting the United States, to spend from one to two weeks in Washington,

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102–395; 106 Stat. 1870), provided $4,390,000.

3 The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102–140; 105 Stat. 823), provided $27,500,000 for USIA grants to the National Endowment for Democracy.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102–395; 106 Stat. 1872), provided $30,000,000 for USIA grants to the National Endowment for Democracy.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102–140; 105 Stat. 823), provided $24,500,000, for USIA grants to the East-West Center.

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102-395; 106 Stat. 1872), provided $26,000,000, for USIA grants to the East-West Center.

6 Sec. 206(a) added a new sec. 812 to the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1475g).

822 U.S.C. 1475g note.

7 Sec. 204 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100_204), relating to UŠIA posts and personnel overseas, was waived during fiscal years 1988 and 1989 by sec. 305 of the Department of State Appropriations Act, 1988 (sec. 101(a) of Public Law 100-202; 101 Stat. 1329)."

8 Sec. 207 amended Public Law 89 634 (80 Stat. 879). *22 U.S.C. 2075. For text of sec. 208, the "North/South Center Act of 1991", see page 1060. 10 22 U.S.C. 2452 note.

AUTHORIZAT51,000,000 for 580,000 is author year. Amo

obligation or more than $500,00 Year 1992 to carraut

(a) Anunts authsion of thated for th992.

nal Endo

District of Columbia, observing and studying the workings and operations of the democratic form of government of the United States.

(b) GRANTS.—The Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to make grants to the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation to carry out the purpose specified in subsection (a).

(c)11 AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this section, of which not more than $500,000 is authorized to be avail. able for obligation or expenditure during that fiscal year. Amounts appropriated pursuant to this subsection are authorized to be available until expended. SEC. 211. PROGRAM REVIEW OF NED.

(a) ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated under section 201(3), after the submission of the report under subsection (b), there are authorized to be appropriated for the National Endowment for Democracy $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1992.

(b) REPORTING REQUIREMENT.—The National Endowment for Democracy shall submit to the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a comprehensive report concerning the actions of the National Endowment for Democracy and certain grantees (the Free Trade Union Institute, the Center for International Private Enterprise, the National Republican Institute for International Affairs, and the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs) to comply with the recommendations of the General Accounting Office report of March 1991, entitled “Promoting Democracy: National Endowment for Democracy's Management of Grants Needs Improvement”.

(c) GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE REPORT.-Not more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives an evaluation of the actions taken by the National Endowment for Democracy and certain grantees to comply with the General Accounting Office report of March 1991.

(d) ANNUAL AUDIT.-Section 504(g) of the National Endowment for Democracy Act (22 U.S.C. 4413) is amended by striking out "may also” and inserting in lieu thereof “shall”.

(e) SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PRIVATE DONATIONS.—It is the sense of the Congress that the National Endowment for Democracy should make every effort to solicit private contributions to realize the purposes of the Endowment as set forth in section 502(b) of the National Endowment for Democracy Act.

ratications of the ine Democracyeeds Improve

11 The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102-140; 105 Stat. 822), provided under educational and cultural exchange programs, that "$1,000,000 shall be available for the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation".

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102–395; 106 Stat. 1870), provided under educational and cultural exchange programs, that "$200,000 shall be available for the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation and $600,000 shall be available for the Institute for Representative Government.".

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