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Eph. vi. 9. Ye masters do the same things unto your servants, forbearing threatenings, knowing that your master is also in heaven, neither is there respect of persons with him. Col. iv. 1.

Prov. xxx. 10. Accuse not a servant to his master.
Exod. xxi. 20, 26. Beating servants, the law thereof.

xxi. 2. An Hebrew servant, when to go free. Lev. xxv. 39, 40, 41, 54. Jer. xxxiv. 14.

Lev. xxv. 44, 45, 46. Concerning slaves.

Deut. xxiii. 15, 16. The fugitive servant.


XCVI. Duties of servants. Prov. xiv. 35. The king's favour is toward a wise servant.

xvii. 2. A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame.

xxvii. 18. He that waiteth on his master shall be honoured. Mal. i. 6. A servant honoureth his master.

Matt. x. 24. Neither is the servant above his master. Ver. 25. Prov. xix. 10. For a servant to have rule over princes is not seemly. Luke iii. 14. Be content with your wages.

xvii. 7. Who of you having a servant ploughing or feeding cattle, will say to him by and by when he is come from the field go sit down to meat?

Ver. 8. And will not rather say unto him, make ready wherewith I may sup, and afterward thou shalt sup.

1 Cor. vii. 21. Art thou called being a servant, care not for it, but if thou mayest be made free, use it rather.

Ver. 22. He that is called in the Lord, being a servant, is the Lord's freeman.

Eph. vi. 5. Servants be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh.

Ver. 6. Not with eye-service as men-pleasers, but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart.

Ver. 7. With good-will, doing service as unto the Lord, and not

to men.

Ver. 8. Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.

Col. iii. 22. Servants obey in all things your masters according to the flesh, not with eye-service as men-pleasers, but in singleness of heart, fearing God. See ver. 23, 24, 25.

1 Tim. vi. 1. Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed. Ver. 2.

Tit. ii. 9. Exhort servants to be obedient to their masters, and to please them well in all things, not answering again.

Ver. 10. Not purloining but shewing all good fidelity, that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. Ver. 19, 20, 21. Servants are called faithful. Matt. xxiv. 45.-xxv. 21. Instances. Abraham's servant. Gen. xxiv. Jacob. Gen. xxxi. 6. See

Ps. cxxxii. 2. Servants are wicked, slothful, unprofitable. Matt. xxv. 26, 30. Who knew his Lord's will and did it not. Luke xii. 47.


XCVII. Duties of the civil magistrate, to administer justice impartially.

Deut. i. 16. Judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with you. John vii. 24.

xvi. 18. Judge the people with just judgment. Ezek. xviii. 8. xix. 18. Make diligent inquisition. Job xxix. 16, 17. Prov. xxv. 2. xxv. 1. Justify the righteous and condemn the wicked.

Ps. lxxxii. 3. Defend the poor and fatherless, do justice to the afflicted and needy. Ps. lxxii. 2.

Ver. 4. Deliver the poor and needy out of the hand of the wicked. Prov. xx. 8. A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.

Ver. 26. A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them. Ps. ci. 4.

Ver. 28. Mercy and truth uphold the king, and his throne is upholden by mercy. Ch. xvi. 2. Is established by righteousness.

xxi. 3. To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice.

xxix. 14. The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.

Isa. i. 17. Seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

Ver. 18. Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as snow or as wool.

lvi. 1. Thus saith the Lord, keep judgment and do justice. Ver. 2. Blessed is the man that doth this.

Iviii. 6. Loose the bands of wickedness, undo the heavy burdens, let the oppressed go free, break every yoke.

Ver. 8. Then shall thy light break forth as the morning.
Ixi. 8. I the Lord love judgment, I hate robbery.

Jer. xxii. 3. Thus saith the Lord, execute judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, and do no wrong; do no violence to the stranger, to the fatherless, nor to the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place. Ch. xxi. 12. Ver. 4. Then shall there enter in by the gates of this house, kings sitting upon the throne of David, &c.

Ver. 16. He judged the cause of the poor and needy, then it was well with him.

Ezek. xlv. 9. Thus saith the Lord God, remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord.

Hos. xii. 6. Keep mercy and do judgment, wait on thy God continually. Isa. xvi. 4. In mercy shall thy throne be established.

Amos v. 24. Let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.

Zech. viii. 16. Execute the judgment of peace and truth in your gates. Ch. vii. 9. Exod. xviii. 16.—xxiii. 6, 7, 8. Deut. xvi. 19. See Lev. xix. 15. Amos v. 15.

XCVIII. Qualifications of the civil magistrate. Exod. xvii. 21. Thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness, and place such to be rulers.

Deut. i. 13. Take ye wise men and understanding, known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. Ver. 15.

xvii. 18. The king shall write him a copy of this law in a book. Ver. 19. He shall read therein all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, and to keep all the words of this law and these statutes to do them. Ver. 15, 16, 17, 20. Josh. i. 8.

2 Sam. xxiii. 3. He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. 2 Chron. xix. 6, 7, 9.

Neh. v. 9. Ought ye not to walk in the fear of God?

Ps. ii. 10. Be wise, ye kings, be instructed, ye judges of the earth... Ver. 11. Serve the Lord with fear.

Prov. xxix. 2. When the righteous are in authority the people rejoice.

Examples. Jehoshaphat. 2 Chron. xx. 3. Nehemiah. Neh. v. 15. XCIX. The magistrate's concern with religion. Numb. xiv. 17. Moses the chief magistrate, prayeth for the people. Deut. ix. 26. He enquireth of God for the people. Exod. xviii. 15.

Josh. vii. 6. Joshua prayeth for the people. Ver. 7.

xxiv. 1 to 28. His religious exhortation to the people.

2 Sam. vi. 2. David's care of the ark of God. 1 Chron. xxiii. 6. He devides the priests into courses.

vii. 2. He resolves to build an house for the worship of God. Ver. 7, 8. 1 Kings viii. 18.

1 Chron. xxii. 3. He prepares materials for building the temple. 2 Sam vi. 18. He blesses the people in the name of the Lord. xxiv. 17. He prayeth for the people. Ver. 25.

1 Chron. xxix. 19. He prayeth for Solomon.

2 Sam. iii. 1. David waxed stronger and stronger. Ch. v. 10. He grew great, and the Lord established him. Ver. 12.

viii. 14. The Lord preserved him whithersoever he went.

1 Kings iii. 3. Solomon loved the Lord.

Ver. 9. He prayed to God for qualifications to govern the people.
Ver. 11. His prayer was answered. Ch. iv. 29.

vi. 14. He built the house of God.

viii. 23. His prayer and exhortation at the dedication of the temple. 2 Chron. viii. 14. He appoints the courses of the priests.

1 Chron. xxix. 25. The Lord magnified Solomon exceedingly. 2 Kings xiii. 4, 5. Jehoahaz besought the Lord, and the Lord hearkened unto him, and gave Israel a saviour.

2 Chron. xiv. 2, 4. Asa reforms abuses in religion. Ver. 11. He prayeth against the Ethiopian army.

Ver. 12. The Lord smote the Ethiopians before Asa.

xv. 8. He farther reforms the nation, and takes an oath of the people to reform and to seek the Lord. Ver. 12, 13, 14.

xvii. 7, 8, 9. Jehoshaphat enjoins the princes and the Levites to teach the law of the Lord.

xix. 4. He reform abuses, gives a religious charge to the judges. See to ver. 11.

2 Chron. xx. 6. He appoints a fast, prays against the enemies of the nation, and is heard. See to Ver. 24.

xxx. 2. Hezekiah took counsel with the princes, to celebrate the passover, which had been long neglected.

Ver. 5, 6, 7. He writes letters and makes proclamation to assem ble the people. Ver. 18. He prays for the people.

xxxi. 2. He appoints the courses of the priests.

xxxii. 20. He prayed to God against the Assyrian army.

Ver. 21. And the Lord sent an angel which cut off all the mighty men of valour and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. 2 Kings xix. 15, 20. Isa. xxxvi. 1.

Ver. 22. God saved Hezekiah.

Ver. 23. He was magnified in the sight of all nations.

2 Kings xxii. 3. Josiah, his care for the house of God.

Ver. 13. He sends to enquire of the Lord.

xxii. 2, 3. He reads the law to the people, and takes an oath of the people to keep it, and reforms abuses in religion. Jer. xxii. 15. God was with him.

Ezra ix. 6. Ezra prays and reforms abuses in religion. Ch. viii. 21. x. 1, 5. He takes an oath of the people to reform.

Nei. i. 4 to 11. Nehemiah's prayer and confession, on which deliverance is obtained. See chapters 2d, 3rd, 4th.

v. 6 to 9. He reforms abusers in religion. Ch. xiii. 10 to 31. viii. 9. He teached the people.

ix. 1, &c. A remarkable fast is kept, with acknowledgement of mercies, humiliation and confession of sins.

x. 29. The people enter into a curse and into an oath to walk in God's law.

Jonah iii. 7. The king of Nineveh appoints a fast.

Ver. 10. God approves thereof, and is intreated to be gracious. C. Good magistrates a blessing promised to God's people. Isa. i. 26. I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning.

Ver. 27. Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness.

xxviii. 6. The Lord shall be for a Spirit of judgment to them that sit in judgment.

xxxii. 16. Judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness in the fruitful field.

xxxiii. 5. The Lord hath filled Zion with judgment and with righ


xlix. 23. Kings shall be thy nursing fathers and queens thy nursing mothers.

xl. 16. Thou shalt suck the breasts of kings.

Ver. 17. I will make thine officers peace, and thine exactors right


Jer. xxx. 20. I wi: punish all that oppress my people.

Ver. 21. Their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them, and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me; for who is this that engageth his heart to approach unto me, saith the Lord?

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Ezek. xlv. 8. Princes shall no more oppress-my people.

Zech. ix. 8. No oppressor shall pass through them any more. ·CI. Magistracy is of divine appointment. Deut. xvi. 18. Judges and officers shalt thou make in all thy gates, and they shall judge the people. Ch. xvii. 5. Numb. xi. 16, 17.

Prov. viii. 15. By me kings reign, and princes decree justice. Rom. xiii. 1. There is no power but of God, the powers that be are ordained of God.

Ver. 2. The ordinance of God.

Ver. 4. The magistrate is the minister of God.

CII. Sins of magistrates. Perverting of judgment, respect of persons, partiality, &c. Exod. xxiii. 6. Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of the poor in his cause. Ver. 2.

Ver. 7. The innocent and righteous slay thou not, for I will not justify the wicked.

Lev. xix. 15. Thou shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty. Prov. xxiv. 23.

Deut. i. 17. Ye shall not respect persons in judgment, ye shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's. 2 Chron. xix. 6. The Lord is with you in judgment. Ver. 7. Rom. ii. 11. There is no respect of persons with God. Eph. vi. 9. Col. xiii. 25.

Prov. xvi. 12. It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness. Zech. vii. 10. Oppress not the widow nor the fatherless, the stranger nor the poor. Job xxxi. 21.

Isa. x. 1. Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed.

Ver. 2. To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless. Jer. xxii. 3, 5.

Isa. x. 3. What will ye do in the day of visitation? See Deut. xix. 15. Job xxxii. 21. Ps. xciv. 20. Eccl. v. 8. Isa. i. 10.-iii. 12 to 15. -xxviii. 14 to 18. Mic. iii. 1 to 4. Acts xxiii. 3.

CIII. Perverting of judgment through covetousness, taking gifts, &c. Exod. xxiii. 8. Thou shalt not take a gift, for a gift blindeth the eyes of the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous. Deut. xvi. 9.

Prov. xxix. 4. He that receiveth gifts, overthroweth the land. xxiii. 23. A wicked man taketh a gift out of the bosom, to pervert the ways of judgment. See persons threatened for this sin. 1 Sam. viii. 3. Isa. i. 23, 24.-v. 22, 23. Jer. xxii. 17, 18, 19. Ezek. xxii. 27, 31. Hos. iv. 18. Amos v. 12. Mic. iii. 11, 12.-vii. 3, 4. See persons free from it. 1 Sam. xii. 3. Neh. v. 14, 15. Promises to such. Isa. xxxiii. 15. Ezek. xviii. 17.

CIV. Perverting of judgment through drunkenness. Prov. xxxi. 4. It is not for kings to drink wine, nor for princes strong drink, lest they drink and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

Isa. xxviii. 1. Woe to the drunkards of Ephraim. Ver. 3. They shall be trodden under foot.

Ver. 7. They have erred through wine, and through strong drink are they out of the way. Ver. 8.

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