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that is in Christ Jesus; if the love of tical piety, than of my own exthe Saviour constrains him to depart istence. from all iniquity, and to live not to Tbis Reviewer seems indeed to himself, but to him who died and think, that the loss of all relish for rose again; if the love of virtue or the ball-room and the theatre, inditrue holiness be sincere, universal cates as morbid a state of feeling, as and intense, such as never can be the seclusion of the cloister, or the satisfied till the soul is perfectly pains of the scourge: (p. 51.) As freed from sin, and conformed en- to myself I never felt any inclination tirely to the divine image; if the for either; but I trust we may be love of man be disinterested, uni- fitted to glorify God upon earth, versal, and having respect princi- and to enjoy him in a better world, pally to their eternal welfare, while without trying any preparatives of we shew its sincerity, by alleviat- this kind. ing their temporal wants and dis.. I verily fear the Reviewer only tresses, according to the ability turned over the memoirs of these God has granted us; then we are blessed men, to seek some ground not afraid nor ashamed to ascribe it for cavil; and must consider him as to the influence of the Holy Spirit. criminal in no small degree, in thus
The Reviewer says, p. 51, “ Let labouring to conceal from his reaour aspirations be intense, provided ders, the continual attention they they are not esteemed supernatural both paid to holy practice. This is in their sources, or made unprac- peculiarly prominent in the Memoirs tical in their effects." Against the of Mr. Scott. latter we should contend as ear. The Reviewer seems to agree nestly as ever he could do;. but with us, in his statement of the exGod forbid we should refuse to give traordinary operations of the Holy the whole praise of whatever is Spirit, p. 27; but in p. 29, when spiritually good, to him who work. he refers to Mr. Scott's little daugheih in us, both to will and to do ac. ter, he uses that term in a very difcording to his good pleasure. If ferent sense; as if there could be ever we performed any good works, nothing special, and remarkably we will confess that " we are his worthy of notice, in what we call workmanship, created in Christ the ordinary influences of the Spirit; Jesus unto good works, which God so as to prove, by their effects, that hath before ordained that we should they were the real cause of true conwalk in them."
version, and of all that is spiritually We pretend not to search the good in the humair mind. heart, and expect to find ourselves The great question is, do not the sometimes mistaken, as to those Scriptures in general, and especially whom in the judgment of charity, the writers of the New Testament, we supposed to be renewed in the lead us to this conclusion, that God spirit of their minds. But, while can, and often does, etfectually influwe admit, that God alone infallibly ence the mind of a sinner, so as to kuows threm that are bis, yet we feel turn him from the love of sin, to the ourselves bound to treat those as love of holiness; and from confi. real Christians, who appear to bear deuce in self, to faith in Christ? ihe fruits of the Spirit." As to such What else is the meaning of circummen as Newton and Scott, with cising the heart to love the Lord; whom I was intimately acquainted of creating a clean heart, and refor so many years, I can no more newing a right spirit: of taking doubt of their eminent and prac. away the heart of stone, and giving a heart of flesh; putting his fear in mote the eternal welfare of his felthe heart, and writing his law upon low-men; is this man to be cenit? What meaneth the Spirit's con- sured because he bumbly ascribes vincing of sin, of righteousness and the happy change he has experijudgment; taking of the things of enced, to the special influences of Christ and shewing them to the the Holy Spirit ? If he who had soul: opening the heart, to attend been like Newton, a hardened proflito the things spoken by his minis- gate, or like Scott, a self-righteous, ters; turning men from darkness proud Socinian, is enabled to the end unto light, and from the power of of his days, to walk in newness of Satan unto God; commanding light life, as a bumble, zealous Christian, to shine out of darkness, and shin. continually opposing sin, and ening into the heart, to give the light deavouring to turn sinners from the of the knowledge of the glory of error of their way, and to build up God, in the face of Jesus Christ; professed believers in their most holy rescuing from the power of darkness faith; are such men to be despised and translating into the kingdom of as enthusiasts, for giving God the God's dear Sou; and quickening whole glory of the good wrought those who were dead in trespasses in them, and done by them? I reand sins? Is not Cbrist exalted, as member Mr. Newton told me, many a prince and a Saviour, to give rè- years ago, that when Mr. Wesley pentance as well as remission of first read his narrative, he said, · He sins? Is it not affimed, “ By grace did not wonder that he should beare ye saved, through faith, and come a Calvinist. But this Rethat not of yourselves, it is the gift viewer instead of allowing him grateof God ?" Did not the Saviour say, fully to exclaim, What hath God “ That which is born of the flesh is wrought? Would have had him flesh, and that which is born of the ascribe it all to the early instrucSpirit is spirit ?" Are not real tions of his mother, though these Christians repeatedly described, as are sagaciously and candidly suswalking not after the flesh, but af. pected, of " fostering in him an ter the Spirit? Does not the apostle indolent dreary imagination, little say, “ Ye are not in the flesh, but suited to the real duties of life.” in the Spirit, if so be the Spirit of Yet to them, or to the remaining God dwell in you. Now if any one" elements of his own moral being," bave not the Spirit of Christ, he is p. 38, must the great happy and none of his.” Is it possible to ex- permanent change be ascribed, raplain these expressions, as referring iher than to sovereign distinguishing only to some occult change pro- grace! What then are we to make duced by infant Baptism; which of the apostle's declaration, that does not discover itself by its fruits “ as many as have received Christ,” in one instance out of a thousand, and who are therefore authorized to nor previous to the abundant dis- consider themselves as the “ sons play of human depravity, in one in of God, were born, not of blood, a million ?
nor of the will of the flesh, nor of If a man can be found, who evi. the will of man, but of God ?” dently lives a life of faith on the Son Had this writer impartially exaof God, who endures as seeing him mined Mr. Scott's Memoirs, or his ibat is invisible; who crucifies the other writings, he must have been flesh with its affections and lusts; convinced, ihat no English Divine who habitually lays himself out for was ever more careful to enforce the divine glory, and labours to pro- practical religion, or to guard against
real enthusiasm and self-deception who a few years ago, resigned that Like Edwards, in his treatise on re- earthly dwelling, for “ a building of ligious affections, he strenuously God, a liouse not made with hands, maintains, that gracious and holy eternal in the heavens.” The beauaffections have their exercise and tiful vale of T- was to the south, fruit in boly practice. See the with banging-woods skirting along twelfth sign of gracious affections, p. the side of the river, and rocky 279-356. The same writer shews, cliffs projecting from the summit of in p. 95, &c. that there are no signs the hills. I soon attained the point of grace which can suffice to enable where my late friend's house is situthose to descern their own good ated. A small runnet of water, and estate, who are very low in grace, a narrow road, are on one side; and or have departed much from God, a garden of herbs, and rows of and sunk into a carnal unchristian gooseberry trees, are seen in front. frame, nor is it agreeable to God's An old wooden gate admits you on design, that such should know their the east, by a clean, paved path, good estate, nor desirable that they to the threshold of the cottage. should, but every way best they with what pleasure have I often should not; and we have reason to traced this path, and how many a bless God, that he has made no happy hour have I spent! But its provision that such should certainly inhabitant is changed, its furniture know the state that they are in, any removed. There is no longer to be other way than by first coming out seen that ancient and curiously of this evil frame, and returning to carved desk which contained his God.
books; nor that old oaken chair, in It would be easy to refer to num- which he so often held converse berless passages, in Mr. Scott's ex- with eternal things; nor that family position especially, which would clock, which had so long measured prove the extreme injustice of the his hours. All is changed within representation this Reviewer endea- the dwelling; and I am glad to turn vours to give of his religion. The from it to meditate onvolume of his letters, and the ex. The excellent character of its late tracts from an unpublished work al
tenant. so, which his son has printed, since 1. He was remarkable for early the Memoir of his Father's life, piety. Many good people lament would surely make him ashamed of the ungodliness and immorality of his treatment of this excellent man, their children: let such parents en-, if his prejudices against evangelical quire whether they have not been religion are not such, as to divest negligent in giving them religious him of all capdour and impartiality. instruction, in restraining them from
JW vicious examples, or in evidencing Bristol, February 21, 1825.
to them by a good example, the influence and power of the gospel.
The father of the person I am deCOTTAGE PIETY.
scribing, was a man of primitive
integrity, fond of retirement, and In one of those short excursions deeply attached to the religion of which most people have occasion Jesus Christ. His views of divine to take in the course of life, my truth were much like those professed road lay near a small cottage, the by the United Brethren ; but dissight of wbich immediately brought tance, and the solitude of his resi. to my recollection a valued friend, dence, prevented him from enjoyivg much intercourse with Christian was accustomed to weave for his friends. He did not fail, however, maintenance, till laid aside by sickto bring up his children “ in the ness; he so husbanded his time and nurture and admonition of ibe opportunities, that he obtained couLord." The deceased, with an el- siderable knowledge of the Latin der brother, who was destined for language, and was also able to read extensive usefulness, received their the Greek Testament. I have been first religious impressions under their surprised wiih his readiness in re, father's roof. There is, on the op. collecting the words of the original posite side of the valley, a neat text, when conversing on various dwelling, at the foot of a lofty peak: passages of the word of God. The this house, with the small estate Scriptures, especially of the New attached to it, was the property of Testament, were his constant de. the parent of my friend. One can light. He gladly availed himself of scarcely conceive any place more opportunities of consulting comadapted for retirement and devo- mentaries and other books illustion; nature has sheltered it on trative of them. He tried the spic every side from winds and tempests, rits; whether they were of God: an extensive common lies to the his religious principles were well south, and its appearance might digested. After proving all things, justify one in calling it a garden in a he held fast that which was good, wilderness.
He was able to give a reason of the Here D- was taught to seek hope that was in him, and was and love the Saviour-here, like painfully sensible of the injurious Isaac, be walked out in the fields to influence of distorted views of divine meditate ; and I have now before truth. He ever strove to receive me some of his papers, which con- the Gospel in its own spirit, and tain pleasing evidences of his early for its proper ends. While he was devotedness to God. In one of far from indulging a sectarian spirit, these papers, after expressing bis he generally read but few authors. sense of his own depravity, he con- He was much attached to the writ. cludes a short piece, . written in ings of the excellent Jonathan Edverse, with the following lines : wards, and would often recommend “ Exert thine arm, O God of love;
them to his young friends. The Send down thy Spirit from above : works of Dr. Owen, Dr. Watts, and Inflame my heart with love divine; Mi, Flavel, were often in his hands. With love to thee, and all that's thine.” He greatly esteemed the devotional
He studiously refrained from evil writings of the late Mr. Meikle; company, and was singularly harm- and a short time before bis death, less and upright in bis conduct, was often reading Dr. Dwight's The word of God was bis study System of Theology. He was acfrom a child, and his parents were customed to make extracts from aurewarded for their anxious attention thors in the course of his reading, to his eternal interests, by the duti. and many interesting volumes of fulness of his conduct and by the this description, were directed by satisfaction of seeing him an useful, him, to be appropriated, after his pious, and happy youth.
. decease, to the use of young minis2. An eager desire for knowledge, ters. He was fond of poetry, espeand diligence in seeking it were cially when employed for religious striking traits in his character. purposes; and I well recollect the
Though, while his father lived, he pleasure with which he spoke of a assisted in managing the farm, and visit to the neighbourhood, where ihe poet Cowper had resided, and fore thought he was more peculiarly the interest with which he preserved called on to devote bis all to God. a memorial of that eminent indivi. He was consistent in his characdual. History, and the present state ter : you would not see him at one of the world, also engaged much of time a Christian, at another a man his leisure time; but it was in the of the world. In all places, and in history of the Christian church tbat every company, he acted in his prohe felt the deepest interest. Every per character. He thought Christhing that respected this subject tianity should influence him in every was valuable to him. He literally relation. In transactions of trade favoured the dust and the walls of for himself, and when acting in trust Zion, and few persons are better ac- for others, he evidenced great intequainted than he was, with the pare grity, and supreme regard to the ticulars of modern church history. laws of Christ. He professed to be
3. He was distinguished by self- a stranger and pilgrim on the earih, denial, frugality, and consistency of and acted accordingly. He professe character.
ed to love Jesus Christ, and be eviThough fond of retirement, and denced that love in bis spirit and averse to bringing himself into no. conduct. No man could doubt his. tice, yet he denied himself, and real character; his appearance was, willingly came forward in every an index to his mind; for his apgood cause. He denied himself of pearance, his professions, and his many of the comforts of life, that he whole deportment spoke one lanmight have more to devote to reli- guage. gious purposes. Often, also, had 4. He was exemplary for humility, he occasion to deny his own peace meekness, and resignation to Divine of mind, and ease of body, in his Providence. . efforts to serve the church of Christ. His reverence for God was ex. He was greatly attached to books, ceedingly great: he believed the but forbore to spend much money scripture representation of his chafor his own gratification in this racter; he lived under its influence. respect.
Contemplation on the infinite and Few men less sought great things gracious perfections of his Creator, for themselves than he did. His do. led him to the deepest humility and mestic affairs were managed with prostration of spirit : yet, his was great prudence and economy. When. not the humility of many words: it at the decease of his parents, he appeared rather in the solemn recame into possession of a small pro. verence of his prayers, in his property, be continued his self-denying found regard to the word of God, and frugal habits. Yet bis frugality in conscientious obedience to the was not that which appears in dis. Divine will, and in the low estimate training others to the last farthing, he formed of himself in the sight of or, in illiberal. unkind, and over. God and man. Often would he rereaching dealings with his neigh. peat those striking words, as pecubours; on the contrary, in these liarly suited to his feelings on this respects, he was generous, and anxic subject : ous to give too much, rather than “Great God ! how infinite art thou ! too little, for any service that was What worthless worms are we: done for him. His frugality regard
Let the whole race of creatures bow, ed himself, and his own comforts.
And pay their praise to thee.” He was never married, and there. As his opportunities of inter