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course with mankind in general were periodical publications, and pub. not frequent, his meekness was not lished a small pamphlet for the use much tried; but there were cases of Sunday-schools, which, on peruin which it was called into exercise: sal, will convince the reader of his and bis friends will recollect many benevolent concern for mankind. instances in which it was peculiarly But it was especially in encouraging evident. In speaking of the failings missionary exertions that his soul of others, he was very cautious. No felt all the fervour of compassion for provocations could lead him to immortal souls, and concern for the railing, or violence of temper; he Divine honour. He had been famisought to moderate the impetuous liar, from childhood, with the nare feelings of others, and to promote ratives of the Moravian Mission. peace and harmony amongst his He was personally acquainted with connexions.
individuals, who had
had devoted He was convinced of the equity themselves to Missionary labours; and wisdom of the Divine dispensa- and some of his relatives and friends tions : though his health was al. were among the first promoters of a ways delicate, and often much im. Missionary Society, which has been, paired, he evidenced great resigna. through a Divine blessing, an instrution, and would commonly, when ment of great good to the Heathen: speaking of his indisposition, refer to this Society, he, by will, left a to the goodness of God, his own great proportion of his property. unworthiness, and the kindness of Various other institutions, which he his friends. He regarded the opera- had been accustomed to support tions of the Divine hand, in the during life, were also partakers of course of public events, in the oc. his small estate. He abhorred an currences of the neighbourhood, in uncandid, illiberal spirit, amongst the variations of the seasons, and in the disciples of Jesus Christ-rehis own afflictions and comforts, joiced in the prosperity of all with admiration and praise. Nor Christians—and anticipated, with could he have ever enjoyed that sacred joy, that period when the steady tranquillity and patience by whole earth shall be filled with the which he was distinguished, bad, he divine glory. not believed that the Judge of all It may be satisfactory to the the earth will do right; and that in. reader to know, that in person he finite wisdom, goodness, and truth, was tall and slender-his dress was were engaged on his behalf. of the same cast with that which he
5. I would mention Christian be had been accustomed to wear in his nevolence and zeal, as striking orna- early years, (for he changed not ments of his character.
with the changing times)--his Various were the actions by which countenance was very intelligent, he evidenced that these were his and expressive of the peace and beprinciples. In addition to regular nevolence of his mind-his manners contributions to many of our bene- to strangers were reserved, but very volent institutions, he frequently modest and upassuming: he would bought small books, which he gave have been esteemed by many a man to his neighbours and acquaintance. of few words; but if the right use of He encouraged young men of pro- speech be our guide, few men said mising talent and piety, by inviting more.
His habits were punctual, them to his house, by the loan of quiet, and orderly, and his life books, and by his instructive con- retired. versation. He wrote occasionally in And now, dear reader, what impression has this character made rich men, weep and howl for
your upon you? Here is one of that miseries that shall come upon you. cloud of witnesses with which you Behold the bire of the labourers are encompassed. Does not a voice which have reaped down your fields, call upon you to “ go and do like- which is of you kept back by fraud, wise." But, remember, your own crieth ; and the cries of them which strength will never be adequate to have reaped, are entered into the the work. You are a sinner, and ears of the Lord of Sabaoth, Ye the subject of depravity. You must have condemned and killed the just, be born again, have a new heart and he doth not resist you.” given to you, and a right spirit put The sun rises in the morning, but within you, before you will serve it is only to enlighten their path to God in sincerity. If you follow my the field of labour; he shines in an dear friend's example, you will ac- almost vertical direction, but they knowledge what you do to be your are, nevertheless, doomed to toil beduty, and yet ascribe all you bave neath bis burning rays; he sinks and are, as a Christian, to the grace beneath the western horizon, and of God, and the merits of the Re- they are allowed only a part of the deemer.
time he is absent, to recruit their W.F exhausted strength; he rises again,
and the sound of the horn, and the
smacking of the whip proclaim, that ON SLAVERY.
they too must rise, and again repair
to the scenes of labour, and fulfil To the Editors of the Baptist Magazine. the work assigned them by their in
bath returns, but no day of rest reNotwithstanding all the “orders” turos to thousands of them; for recommendations” that have although Jehovah has said,
• Rebeen sent out to the West Indies, by member the Sabbath day, to keep it his Majesty's ministers, Slavery still holy. Six days shalt thou labour, exists (with only one exception) in and do all thy work. But the seits most appalling form; and not. venth day is the Sabbath of the withstanding all that has been said, Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not and all that has been written in its do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor extenuation and defence, it still re- thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor mains an indefensible and cruel sys- thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor tem, at wbich the heart sickens, the stranger that is within thy gates." and humanity revolts; and by cha- The patrons of this diabolical sysracterizing it as one of the most cry- tem say, they shall work, or starve; ing sins of the times, we shall not they shall not " call the Sabbath a greatly err. We can read of the delight," nor the holy of the Lord barbarous yoke--the galling fetter- honourable.” the lacerating whip, and, often ton, At this time last year, that balm with apathetic feelings, but we can- of life-Hope, was kept buoyant in not see the unavailing tears that the mind of the philanthropist, by furrow their sable cheeks, nor hear the assurance from his Majesty's the despairing groans they produce. ministers, that measures should be Their language, however, if rightly adopted, by which the state of the interpreted, would doubtless bear slave population in our West Indian some affinity to that recorded by colonies should be ameliorated, and the apostle James, “Go to now, ye they thus be put in possession of a
part of those rights, so long, and so dian produce, more especially sugar, unjustly withheld from them. The only.substituting that imported from friends of abolition fondly antici- the East ; and it is intimated, that pated the time when this pledge if but one-tenth part of the populawould be redeemed, and that its re- tion of this kingdom would adopt demption would, instead of annihi- the recommendation, slavery, with lating their hopes, have gone far to. its concomitant evils, would soon wards the consummation of their cease to exist. The reasoning of wishes. But, alas! that movement the author appeared to my mind was a retrograde one; and the conclusive, and the means well chains of slavery are now, humanly adapted to secure the end; I bave speaking, as firmly riveted as for therefore set about the work, and in ages that are past. It is true, the order to convince others ihat I was discussion of ihe question has been in earnest, have left off the use of reproductive of good, and we ought fined sugar myself, (which, I believe, to feel thankful to the God of all is invariably made from West Indian grace, for what he has inclined produce) and have prevailed on thein to do; it bas elicited much iwo other persons to do likewise, by important information, and brought which, at the lowest computation, to light some of the "hidden things a consumption of between sixty and of darkness ;” and we should car- seventy pounds will be annually nestly pray, that they may not be saved, and where it is difficult to prevented from acting out their hu- dispense with the article altogether, mane intentions, by the menacing I have determined to substitute East attitude of those whose province it India in its stead, still purposing to is, not to dictate, but to obey; for employ all the influence I possess to confident we are that,
induce others to do the same. “ This band of senators, whose suffrage
For after all, why should we ask
the legislature to do that which is Britannia's realms; whom either Ind within our own power to accom
obeys; Who right the injured, and reward the plish? when a more easy and a more brave,
speedy remedy is at hand; and by Could stretch their arm, and prove their the late disappointment of our ex power to save!”
pectations, does not Providence seem Then it would be seen that the to say, have ye done all that is in difficulties apprehended were only your own power to do? take, now, ideal, and the terrific consequences ihe work into your own hands, and anticipated would be found to have soon the sons and daughters of existed only in the ininds of sordid Africa must be free. Sugar can be and interested men,
considered in no other light than a But my principal object in ad- luxury; and when it is recollected, dressing you at this time is, to re- that that from the West, is the purcommend a pamphlet on this sub. chase of freedom, groans, and blood, ject, entitled, " Immediate, not gra- 'it can no longer be a question whedual abolition,” which I could wish ther it is the duty of Christians to. was universally known, and the ex. abstain from its use, since by not pedient recommended as extensively doing this they become “ pariakers adopted. Its design is to show, of other men's sins.” Hitherto we that nothing decisive is to be ex. have only pected from government, and that
blamed and protested, yet joined in it is in the power of the friends of
the plan, abolition to effect the business them. We have shared in the plunder, but pitied selves, by abstaining from West In- the man."
"And David longed, and said, the bands of wickedness, to undo Oh that one would give me drink of the heavy burdens, and let the opthe water of the well of Bethlehem, pressed go free, and that ye break which is by the gate! And the three every yoke ?" mighty men break through the host In order, therefore, that “the of the Philistines, and drew water blessing of him that is ready to peout of the well of Bethlehem, that rish may come upon us,” and we was by the gate, and took it and may be the means, under God, of brought it to David: nevertheless, proclaiming“liberty to the captives, he would not drink thereof, but and the opening of the prison to poured it out onto the Lord. And them that are bound." "Let all he said, Be it far from me, O Lord, grocers forthwith get a supply of that I should do this; is not this the East India Sugar, and recommend it blood of the men who went in jeo. to their customers on every possible pardy of their lives? THEREFORE occasion ; let all pustry cooks, conHE WOULD NOT DRINK IT.” fectionere, &c. use this, when prac. Still, in this case, there was no blood ticable, in preference to the other; actually spilt, nor was any life actu- and let all heads of families do likeally sacrificed; yet what a noble wise; and if their children or doexample of courage and affection mesties comply relunctantly, let does ibis portion of holy writ afford them award a pecuniary equivalent, for our imitation on the ove hand, and recommend them to devote this and of piety and tenderness of con- to some benevolent purpose; say science on the other. And could I towards sending the gospel to the persuade like Cicero, or thunder despised race whose cause we are like Demosthenes ; had I the elo- now advocating. quence of Apollos, or could I speak It must not be disguised, howwith an angel's voice, I would sum. ever, that there are some persons mon all my powers to induce those, who disapprove of this plan, because, who would blush at being accounted as they conjecture, a sufficient nonmisanthropists, to go and do like- ber will not be found to secure the wise.” I would say,
end proposed; and truly, if none
were more in earnest than they, it “ Hark! heard ye not that piercing cry,
must be so; it is said “ I am but Which shook the waves, and rent the sky! one, and what will it avail for me to E'en now, e'en now on yonder western leave off the use of sugar? But is
shores, Weeps pale despair, and writhing anguish
this objection worthy a rational being? Is it not the very height of
indifference? Was not the million I would cry aloud, and spare not, of men, over whom Xerxes wept, to shew God's people their trans- composed of individuals ?” and are gressions, and the house of Jacob not whole nations thus composed ? their sins. “ Wherefore have we Suppose “one” of these objectors fasted, say they, and
thou seest not? had been standing on the sea-shore wherefore have we afflicted our soul, after the late storm, and wbilst "be. and thou takest no knowledge? Be- holding the works of the Lord, and hold, in the day of your fast ye find the desolations he hath made,” had pleasure, and exact all your labours. descried at a distance a ship in disBehold, ye fast for strife and de- tress, with a number of his fellowbate; and to smite with the fist of creatures in imminen: danger, and wickedness; ye shall not fast as ye he should have said, if there were do this day, to make your voice to but so many of us we could rescue be heard on bigh. Is not this the them, but what can I do alone ? fast that I have chosen?--10 loose And suppose further, that the same
scene had arrested the attention of heretofore, let them not return, “ one" who considered them his "railing for railing, but contrariwise, “ neighbours,” who should have blessing," in imitation of Him, wbo, looked around him for help, saying, “wben be was reviled, threatened “no time is to be lost, another gust not,” knowing that his “ witness was of wind, and their shattered bark in heaven, and his record on high.”. siuks; another wave, and they are And whilst we are anxious that no more! come with me, and let the slaves may be delivered from us stretch forth the hand of pity for temporal thraldom, let us use every their deliverance.” They go; Pro- means in our power to rescue their vidence favours the attempt, and souls from spiritual bondage; that the almost exhausted sufferers are they may no longer be held in capbrought safe to land. Who, I ask, tivity by Satan, but introduced into would have given the former“ one," the “ glorious liberty of the children credit for either sincerity or huma- of God;" and rejoice in that “linity, and what would have been his berty wherewith Christ makes his feelings on witnessing such a noble people free.” “ Save now, we bea exhibition of both, triumphing over seech thee, O Lord ;, O Lord, we be. his cowardice and indifference? seech thee, send now prosperity.”
Let none then be betrayed into Salisbury, Dec. 10, 1824. this delusion, for had we been called
G.S. “ to do some great thing,” could we refuse ? and how much more this, which subjects us to no danger, An Ad
An Address to the Dissenting Mi. calls for no sacrifice, incurs no ex
nisters and, Churches in London, pense, produces no inconvenience, on the Moral Condition of that is not attended with any difficulty.
vast Metropolis, and on some Let none who call themselves Chris
means which may be taken towards tians, patronize any longer a system
umeliorating it. so nefarious, but show that they at least consider the negroe race in re- Beloved BRETHREN AND FRIENDS, ality, as “bone of their bone, and The efforts which are made in flesh of their flesh,” seeing God haih the present day, to advance the made of “ one blood all that dwell on kiogdom of Christ, are truly grate. the face of the earth.” And when our ful to the pious mind. When we prayers are answered, and our poor reflect on the aggressive inroads endeavours crowned with success, which have taken place on the terthings may revert to their accustom- ritories of Satan, it must produce ed channel; for it should be borne in exultation and joy. The scriptures mind, tbat recourse is had to this have been translated into various expedient, not from choice, but ne- languages, and circulated into alcessity; that we bear no ill-will to most all parts of the world. Heathe planters; our hostility is aimed then nations have been explored against the brutalizing system they with a view to their spiritual benefit; abet; a system that has annihilated and missionaries have gone to pub. all the best feelings of their nature, lish among them the unsearchable steeled their minds against the claims riches of Christ. Our dark villages of justice, and rendered their hearts have been visited, and enlightened impervious to the calls of charity. by the salvation of God. Our chilAnd if they continue to load those dren have been instructed, and who take an active part in this la- thousands and tens of thousands, bour of love, with opprobrium, as who were violating the Sabbath, and