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REV. DR. ABRAHAM REES.* regarded as one of the briýhtest orna


He was followed to the grave by å Died, Jane the 9tb, at his house long train of mourners of all denominanear Finsbury.square, in bis eighty- tions. What his theological sentiments second year, the Rev. Dr. a. Rees. were, in the last years of his life, we He was the learned editor of Clam- regret to say, we do not precisely know. bers's Cyclopædia, now better known by Probably we shall learn from the his own name: a stupendous work, in Funeral Sermon by Mr. Aspland, which which he was indefatigably employed we expect will be printed with the during the greater part of his long and Oration delivered by Dr. Thomas Rees useful life.

at the chapel in Jewin-street, on the He will be long remembered for the day of the interment. extent and variety of his attainments The late Dr. Rees was, for many in literature and science; bis attach

years, the receiver and distributor of ment to civil and religious liberty; his the Regium donum to dissenting mimusical voice and manly. eloqucnce; nisters in England and Wales-of his conversational talents; the urbanity late years made annually a parliamentof his manners; and the benevolence, ary grant. The writer of this article fidelity, and zeal, with which he dis- happens to know, that the Baptist decharged the duties of a trustee in many nomination has been, in this matter, charities connected with the Dissenting very much indebted to his liberality. interest, of wbich he was universally

We shall be happy to receive

Memoir of this very eminent man from * This Obituary did not come to hand any one of our correspondents who was in time, or it would have preceded the sufficiently acquainted with him to be Recent Deaths.

able to furnish it.


Remarks on Volney's Ruins, or a Survey We have long considered Volney as

of the Revolutions of Empires. By the most daring writer of all the moW. A. Hails. Oetavo, Pp. 390. Price dern infidels; and have often wonder. 10s. 68. London, 1825.

ed bow bis groundless, speculations INFIDELITY is more extensively should have become oracular, until spread than many would imagine. it turning to that Book which it is their is not confined to “ the wise of this aim to destroy, we have loarned that world,” but it spreads its baleful in because men like not to retain God Muence to a considerable exteut in the in their thoughts, they are given up to humbler walks of life. Hence the infi- a reprobate mind to believe a lie.

The " Ruins” bave, by a strange del press teems with cheap editions of the more popular publications of the fortuitousness, been permitted to have “ Satanic School ;* and but for the a mighty circulation in France, and power of that NAME, which it is the also in England, without any person, object of these publications to blas. competent to the task, attempting a pheme, they would corer the land in regular reply. The Rev. P. Roberts, its length and breadth.

it is true, published a few letters on Volney's “ Ruins” have, for some

this subject; but it does not seem to years past, been a sort of vade mecum have entered into his plan to trace this among students of law and medicine; literary Proteus in all bis changings. and we regret to know, that they have The work of Jouvin is only addressed not been confined to this very impor- to Volney's notions on lihetty and tant class of society, and the conse- equality; and the Bampton Lecturers, quence of their free circulation bas who have condescended to notice bim. been dreadful.

have been contented with giving him VOL. XVII

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a passing thrust, scarcely deeming him Universe, Principles of Society, Source worthy to measure their lances with. of the Evils of Society, Origin of GoDr. Priestley's remarks on Volney vernments and Laws.-His assertions were such as might have been expect- respecting these subjects are shewn to ed from a Theologian of his school. he entirely conjectural, unsupported by And Volney has had little else to do a single historical notice, contrary to than quietly to pursue his widening every principle of sound reason, and, way to the chambers of death, having, in many instances, an ontrage offered we fear, myriads in his train!

to the common sense of his readers.The Author before us has, in this Remarks on bis allusions to the French Volume, pursued Volney through all Revolution.-Inconsistency of his pothe devious paths in which he wanders, litical Notions, and of his Estimate of and, in our judgment, completely ob- National Glory and Felicity.-Review viated all bis objections against Chris- of his grand attempt to shew the fabutianity.

lous and imaginary Nature of all ReliThe Work consists of two parts- gion.—Unparalleled audacity and folly the first part, after a brief character of of the 13th Section of bis 22nd Chapter, the “ Ruins," and a short notice of the that Christianity is “ The Allegorical chapter entitled “ Meditations," with Worship of the Sun, under the Cabalremarks on Volney's spectral com- istical Names of CHRIS.EN, or CHRIST, panion, contains an Investigation of the and Yes-us, or Jesus.”—The folly of Truth of the Mosaic History, and of the his confident assertions exposed. The Divine Authority of the Jewish Insti- Necessity and Reasonableness of Mitutes, with a general defence of the racles.-Concluding Observations. Character of Moses; points out the From this summary of contents, it absurdity of Volney's charge, that will appear, that the field which Mr. Moses practised at Horeb * artifice Hails" has undertaken to dispute is which the vulgar were unable to pene. wille and difficult, involving much of trate;"-Internal Evidences of the Biblical Criticism - Ancient History Truth of the History and Authority of Astronomy - Chronology – and Polithe Institutes.-Collateral Evidences. tics; but he appears fully equipt for -Unreasonableness of supposing the the nndertaking at all points, and in Books of Moses to have been forged. bis Herculean grasp the bones of lis

-No possiblity of such a Forgery antagonist are heard to crash. having been made subsequent to the We extract the following passages, time of Moses.-The Divine Authority to shew the style of our Author. of Judaism does not militate, as Volney “ A few more of Volney's vagaries on asserts, against the truth and Divine this part of the subject, may be briefly Authority of Christianity.-Absurdity noticed : In vain diá Moses wish to of Volney's attempt to parody revealed blot from his religion whatever could religion, by pretending that both Juda- bring to remembrance the worship of the ism and Christianity are derived from stars.' Pray, how did Volney come to the Parsees, or that they are only Mo. the knowledge of this? If Moses was so difications of the Magian supersti- desirous to obliterate every thing from tion invented by Zoroaster.-Inquiry membrance of Sabaism, who prevented

his institutes that could preserve the rerespecting Zoroaster; his time, and him from doing it? Could the daring whio he was.—The Jews did not receive leader, who practised at Sinai artifice any of their opinions from him, nor are which the vulgar could not penetrate,', Judaism and Christianity derived, not refrain from committing himself when either proximately or remotely, from he wrote his laws ? Had Volney informed the Parsees or Magians – Examina- us whence he drew his information, we tion of Volney's assertion that the reli. might have weighed its authority; but if gion of Moses is that of the Soul of the he has no other reason for what he asWorld « YOU-PITER." Volney's serts, but that' a multiplicity of traits, in incapacity as a Biblical Critic.-No spite of his exertions, still remained to tices respecting the Zodiacs of Den- point it out,' and if these traits are the dérá and Esné.

seven lamps of the great candlestick, the The second part contains a review twelve stones, or signs of the Urim of the of Volney's Atheistic Notions respect. noxes, the ceremony of the lamb, or

High Priest, the feasts of the two equi. ing the Original State of Man in the celestial ram, then at ite fifteenth degree,'


we can only perceive the pravity of Vol. principal master of that school. It ney's imagination, and the insufficiency shortly states the history of the estabof his premises, for such a conclusion as lishment from its commencement in he draws; for, if he supposes that the the year 1807, till the 12th day of April, seven lamps represented the seven planets 1819, when the author accepted the which move round the solar globe of station which he has been obliged to light, we are certainly at liberty to requir his proof that there were seven relinquish. It appears that his situation planets known at that time; nor are we

was filled to the satisfaction of the afraid to assert, that, unless the fact was

Committee till the year 1824, as in that revealed to Adam, and the knowledge of year the examining Committee, in its it transmitted by tradition to the men of report, expressed its approbation of the that age, Saturn is so distant, and its manner in wbicb the young gentlemen periodical time so great, that men who of the first class bad been instructed. were destitute of optical instruments After this period, it seems that some can scarcely be supposed to have had any reports bad been circolated, reflecting acquaintance with its motion round the The Georgium Sidus is a very mo

me on the competency of Mr. Hamphrys dern discovery, as well as those smaller

as the principal of that establishment. planets which move between Jupiter and Mr. Humphrys supposes these reports Mars. Neither is it at all probable that to have originated, from the boys inthey were acquainted with the true solar forming their parents by letters, which system, or that they ever dreamt of the they have the privilege of writing home five other wandering fires, that move in without being subject to the inspection mystic dance,' around the sun; and, least of any one belonging to the establish-, of all, that the globe which we inhabit, ment; but no instances are adduced to moved along with them around a common warrant this assumption. However, centre. This is, therefore, like many of though the source may be doubted, the assertions which he makes, a gratuit- there can be no question that unpleaous assumption ; and one which we can.

sant rumours were afloat. It consenot admit without sufficient proof.” quently became the duty of the Com. Pp. 124—126.

mittee, as a public body, to inquire into We are glad to notice the patronage them, and the only question is, whether which the highly respected Bishop of St. that duty has been properly performed, David's, and the venerable Bishop of respect being had as well to the princiDurham, have given to this learned pal, as to the establishment. production of a Nonconforming school

The plan adopted to obtain Mr. master. This is just as it should be, Humphrys' resignation, appears to have and affords another pleasing indication been, the informing him, that it had of the decay of ihat narrow spirit been resolved in the Committee, to which has so long cousidered all worth

sever the offices of principal of the and all excellency to be confined school, and that of pastor of the church witbin the bounds of its own circle.

connected with the Institution. It In conclusion, we would recommend

was proposed to Mr. Humphrys, that to Mr. Hails the propriety of publish- he should continue his station as the ing a cheap abridgment of this very latter, and quit the former. Mr. H. excellent book, for circulation among requested to be informed of the grounds the lower classes of society, where on wbich they acted, naturally suppos. cheap editions of Volney have deposit- ing, that he was considered unfit for ed their moral virus.

the station of principal; and anxious, as any man in such circumstances would

have been, that if no imputation of that The Committee of the Protestant Dis- kind were meant, it should at once be

senters' Grammar School, at Mill Hill, disowned, and if it were, then that he brought to the Bar of the Dissenting should be put to the test and examined Part of the religious Public. By the as to bis competency: till this were Rev. John Humphrys, late Principal. agreed to, he peremptorily refused to

This pamphlet is written for the comply with the proposed terms. avowed object of calling upon the Com

The members of ihe Committee ap-, mittee of the Mill Hill Grammar School, pear to have considered, that they were to justify themselves in compelling the not bound to accede to either of these resignation of Mr. Humplirys, late the requests, and, consequently, Mr. Humphrys hastily left the establishment op LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. the 22nd day of March last. These are the principal features of

Just Published. this case. As the title of the pamphlet Juvenile Essays, which obtained the treats it as a " Trial," and the public Prizes proposed by the Proprietor of The tbe tribunal before which it must be Teachers Offering, to which is prefixed argued, we may be permitted to say, an Introduction by the Rev. H. F. Burthat it is impossible to come to a cor- der, M, A. 1 Vol. 2s. rect decision till we hear what may be A Letter to the Rev. Ralph Wardlaw, alledged in defence of the Committee. D. D. on some Passages in his Disserta: Our opinion is, that the known respect. tion on. Infant Baptism ; by John Birt. ability of the author, the circumstance

8vo. Price 1s. of his being requested to take the situation, (for he did not intrude himself

In the Press. into it,) the justice due to himself and

The Funeral Sermon, preached by the his friends, require from the Committee Rev. Robert Hall, M.Á. occasioned by an explanation of these transactions, the Death of the Rev. Dr. Ryland. and, till then, we give no opinion as to Memoirs, &c. of the late Rev. Stephen the justice of them.

Morell, of Norwich; by the Rev. Mr. Bin. Some persons, perhaps, would have ney, of Newport. i Vol. 12mo. been glad, if parts of the pamphlet

A Volume of Sermons on important which appear egotistical, had been Subjects: chiefly intended to aid the De. omitted; or that they had been the tes. votion of the Closet, and the religious timony of some one else ; as also other Exercises of the Family: by the Rev,

John Bruce. parts which are of a personal nature ; however, great allowance must be made tionist's Catechism, by an Abolitionist.

The Negroe's Memorial, or the Aboli. for a gentleman evidently anxious that

Stowell's (Rev. W. H.) Lectures on the a well-carned reputation should not be Ten Commandments. 8vo. 78. 6d. relinquished on slight or unknown Sketches of Sermons, furnished by their grounds.

respective Authors. Vol. VIII. and last.

Jntelligence, &c.

Religious Tract Society. The resolutions were proposed by

Alderman Brown, Rev. E. Bickersteth, Thx Twenty-sixth Anniversary of the Rev. T. Mortimer, Rev. R. Pope, Dr. Religious Tract Society was held at the Morrison, Rev. J. Clayton, S. Dwight, w. City of London Tavern, Bishopsgate. Reeve, S. Kilpin, W. Urwick, J. Hooper, street, on Friday, 13th of May, 1825, at and others, who referred to the operations half-past six in the morning, as usual. of the Society, and pleaded its cause with

An abstract of the Report was read, much earnestness; but the most imporfrom which it appeared, that the operations tant and interesting events of the day of the Society had considerably increased, arose from a circumstance quite unes. the grants of paper, tracts, and money, to pected, as well as novel, in the anniverforeiga Societies, Missionaries, and gra. saries of these Institutions. tuitous issues at home and abroad, during

A few Roman Catholics repeatedly enthe past year, with the attendant ex. deavoured to interrupt the proceedings, penses, exceed the sum of £2800, being but were told, that not being members of more than the whole amount of subscrip- the Society, they could not claim any tions, donations, legacies, and contribu. right to take a part in the business of the tions, during the same period. The re. Society, and were prevented from proport also referred to the attention given ceeding by the general expressions of inby the Committee to increase the number dignation manifested at their interference. of their publications upon the doctrines At length, however, on their vociferating and truths of the reformation, and noticed against

some arguments and facts brought the considerable grants (exceeding 70,000 forward by the Rev. R. Pope, and the tracts) for circulation in Ireland, at the Rev. W. Urwick : those gentlemen propresent important period.

mised to stay after the regular business

of the meeting was gone through, and if Society, during the past year, exceeded the Roman Catholic gentlemen then wish. one hundred, many of which were upon ed to state their objections, they would the importané subjects just adverted to, reply.

and may be procured at the Depository, This course was adopted; when the 66, Paternoster-row. business of the Society was concluded, Joseph Reyner, Esq. the Treasurer, left the chair, and Alderman Key was re- General Meeting of the Deputies quested to act as chairman. The two Roman Catholic gentlemen who had been

from Dissenting Congregations. most prominent in obtruding themselvės upon the meeting, a Mr. Fitzgerald, and At a special General Meeting of the Dea Mr. Rolph, were admitted to the plat

puties from the several Congregations form, and allowed to address the meeting

of Protestant Dissenters of the three as long as they pleased, and to bring for

Denominations, Presbyterian, Inde. ward all the arguments and assertions

pendent, and Baptist, in and within they thought proper to advance, and were

twelve miles of London, appointed to encouraged to state them with the utmost protect their civil rights, held at the freedom, except on political points, which

King's Head Tavern, in the Poultry, were carefully avoided. They were seve

London, on Friday, the 29th Day of rally replied to by Mr. Pope and Mr.

April, 1825, Urwick, who, in the spirit of Christian Wm. Smith, Esq. M.P. Io the Chair; meekness, and in the most able manner, Resolved, refuted the miserable sophistries and mis. representations of their opponents, and

That this Deputation is anxious to dis. fully exposed to the light of day the sys.

avow any concurrence in, or approval of, tem of Popery, as opposed to the funda- the petitions lately presented to Parliamental truths of the gospel. It is impose Dissenters,) in reference to the claims of

ment, (purporting to be from Protestant sible to notice the particulars in these the Roman Catholics for relief from the pages, and is the less necessary, as a sketch of the proceedings will be publish operation of existing laws; and that it ed in a few days, by the Religious Tract will continue, at all seasonable opportuSociety. The result was highly gratifying nities, to urge upon the Legislature, (as to the numerous assembly (about twelve it has hitherto done,) the impolicy and hundred persons) who listened with the injustice of every sort of penalty or disutmost interest and attention to this dis- ability, civil or political, for conscience'

sake. cusssion, which lasted for more than two hours after the meeting bad closed, so that

That the above Resolution be signed by the whole proceedings were not terminated the Chairman, and inserted twice in the till after tweive o'clock, when Alderman Morning Chronicle, Times, Morning Post, Key shortly addressed the meeting, thank. Globe, and Courier Newspapers, and the ing them for their attention to both

different periodical religious publications. parties, and remarked the conviction

(Signed) which appeared to be brought home to all

WM. SMITH, Chairman."

Resolved, present, of the value and importance of the truths of the gospel, as set forth by given to the Chairman, for bis able con.

That the thanks of this Meeting be the advocates of the Reformation.

The result of this meeting, we trust, duct in the chair this day. will satisfy Roman Catholics as to the impolicy of continuing to obtrude them. selves upon Protestant assemblies, to em.

Twenty-first Anniversary of the barrass and interrupt the proceedings. British und Foreign Bible Society. It will also be a means of making the ac. tive proceeding of the Religious Tract On Wednesday, May 4, 1825, The Society more extensively known, and of Right Honourable Lord Bexley in the producing increased assistance to its Chair. funds, which is the more necessary, as His Lordship was supported by the the total amount it received from the following Vice-Presidents of the Society, public the last year, did not exceed viz.-The Eart of Harrowby, Lord Presi: £2300; a sum utterly inadequate to the dent; the Earl of Rocksavage; the Earl extensive operations of the Society in dis- of Gosford; Lord Calthorpe ; Lord Game seminating divine truth both at home bier; the Bishop of Lichtield and Covenand abroad, and especially in the sister try; the Dean of Salisbury ; Sir T. D. kingdom.

Acland, Bart. M.P.; Sir R, H. Inglis, The publications of the Religious Tract M.P.; the Honourable C. J. Shore. VOL. XVII.

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