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preachers; and if any country is to be take their aged parents to the banks of generally christianized, it must be by na. the Ganges, there to perish in comfortless tive preachers. This has been the course misery ; they will never carry fire-brands of the Divine Providence in every age. to kindle a fire to consume a living moSo in India, foreigners have been neces. ther, with the dead body of a father, sary to begin the work, and how long they Girls educated there, will never abandon may be wanted to carry it on, we know their infants, or cast them into the not; but the general extension of the Ganges. The education they are there cause requires natives, who can be pre receiving, will be a cure for many of the pared and sent forth at less expense, and evils to which the inhabitants of India who are liable to fewer disasters. It is have been exposed ; and every real con. matter of thankfulness, that many native vert will do something to improve the preachers hare already been raised up, general state of society. We are gratified and that the number is still increasing. by the angincntation of our funds, which - We derive great satisfaction from the we trust will go on to increase. But I lively and growing interest which is dis- cannot conclude without noticing our replayed, in reference to the Translations of cent losses. When, at our last Auniver. the Scriptures into the languages of the sary, it fell to my lot to move the resoluEast. It affords us great pleasure to tion for the dext Meeting, I remember I know that Carey is still persevering in said, But who of us will meet ? and some, the important work, in the face of every who, from age, and health, and strength, difficulty and objection, and complaint, were as likely to meet again as any, are and calumny. The voice of complaint now no more on earth. Let their removal to against him and his coadjutors has late- a better world stimulate us to fresh activi. Jy been lifted up in this country. Upon ty; let us remember their characters, and this subject I will only ask from whom initate their works of faith, and labours do the complaints come! From the of love. . friends of Missions, or from enemies Richard Foster, Jun. Esg. observed, From the lorers of the Bible, or from that the motto of this Society had beenthose who are indifferent to it í From per. Attempt great things ; expect great things. sons who exert themselves to circulate it The Society has attempted great things, through the world, or from those who are and great things have been effected. The inactive in the cause! From those who greatness of the undertaking may be es. are concerned for the honour of Christ, timated by the value of the human soul, and the peculiar doctrines of the gospel ; and it has been justly remarked, that the or from those who are labouring to lessen eternal salvation of one soul is of greater that honour, and to fritter away all those importance than the temporal good of a distinguishing doctrines ? But what said whole nation for ten thousand ages; for the good woman mentioned in the Re. that there will arrive a point in eternity port?" I find Christ here, 'in the Bible when the happiness or misery of one soul Christ is in my heart." While converted will have exceeded all that could be eno sinners find Christ there, this more than joyed or suffered by all the individuals of outweighs all the complaints of persons a nation for ten thousand ages, and there who find him no where; this proves the would still remain an endless duration of efficiency of the translation, and is, of bliss or woe. From'united, though small, itself, an answer to all objectors.--Ano. efforts, great things may be hoped for. ther circumstance, which affords us pe. The place in which we meet, particularly culiar pleasure, is the progress of Eduna. impresses this idea. On my inquiring of tion, especiallg among the female part of a friend, who belongs to the Wesleyan the rising population. Small as the num. Missionary Society, how, with their apber of children now under instruction is, parently small means, they had been able compared with the extent of the country, to accomplish so much; he answered, We and the multitudes of its inhabitants, yet are all at work, and we are always at the system is advancing ; indeed, it al. work. Now, we envy not their success; ready exhibits an immense change, and we rejoice at it all, and at all the success the results are incalculable. We know of every other kindred Institution: but not how many of the children educated in we would take a lesson from their mathese schools will become real Christians; pagement. If it is right to learn from an but the instruction they are receiving in enemy, certainly it must be right to learn Astronomy and Geography, in Natural from our friends. The great attempts of Philosophy and the various elements of this Society were begun by a few indivi. general knowledge, must destroy their duals, with only twelve or fifteen pounds belief in the absurdities and superstitions in their treasury, and now the receipts in of heathenism. Boys educated there, one year have risen to twelve or fifteen though not truly converted, will never thousand. It was a great attenpt to
rouse, the slumbering energies of the not to say what the answer must be to churches of our Denomination: now most this question; but let us learn a lesson of of them have imbibed the Missionary spi. diligence for the future. Have we not rit, and are active in the cause, and we placed too great dependence upon them? hope this will soon be the case with them Have we neither overvalued nor under, all. It was a great attempt to erect the valued them? We are in great danger of standard of the Cross on the Continent of one or other of those errors, and can selIndia, and to oppose the gigantic super. dom hit the exact point. Not to esteem $titions which have prevailed there for 80 such men very higbly in love for their many ages : now we have many Mission. work's sake, would be ungrateful fo ary stations, numerous schools, and vari. God, and dishonourable to Christ. But ous churches planted among the natives. we should never idolize them, or think It was a great attempt to evangelize the that the cause cannot go on without negroes in Jamaica ; but considerable them. Ryland and Saffery wę well knew, success has been obtained, and multi. and loved them : they were lovely and tudes have been turned from darkness to pleasant in their lives, and in their deaths light, and are now enjoying the blessings can scarcely be said to have been dividod. of the gospel. It is gratifying to witness We have taken sweet counsel, we have the efforts of benevolence for the improve- lived, we have prayed, we have mourped, ment of their outward condition.-We we have rejoiced with them; and when may derive great encouragement from the we reflect on our communion with them. success which has crowned the exertions we regret that it can no more be repeated, of other Societies; of the Church Mission. But they are gone to heaven, and are ary Society on the Western Coast of there waiting our arrival. They wonld Africa; of the Wesleyan Missionary So, each say, Weep not for me and in the ciety in the West Indies; of the London midst of our sorrow we feel delight in an. Missionary Society in the islands of the ticipating the happy day when we shall South Sea, where we behold a nation, as be reunited. Our loss is great, but Christ it were, born in a day. Shall we not then lives, and this is enough to keep us from go forward, in dependence on the Divine all despondency. The church" in past aid, and in expectation of the Divine ages has sustained greater losses than blessing?
those which we have now sustained. The Rev. Dr. Steadman.-I appear be. There is reason to believe, that nearly all fore you with mingled sensations of plea- the apostles died within a few years of sure and pain. Many things are highly each other; and they were men favoured gratifying; but the resolution I am to with immediate inspiration, and not to be move, refers to those valuable persons equalled by any successors. Yet their who have been removed from us by death work still went on, in spite of the most -Saffery and Ryland and Dore and Bar, virulent opposition and persecution, for ber. Allow me to refer to another indivi. more than two centuries, that human endual peculiarly dear to myself, having lived mity was capable of raising. Jesus is in my immediate neighbourhood, though alive for evermore, and the Holy Spirit is little known elsewhere; a man destitute promised to his church. I shall never of early education, but amiable in his dis- forget the seriousness and earnestness of position, diligent' in his ministerial la. our dear brother Ward on this point. We bours, and an ardent friend to the Mis. have, perhaps, more encouragement to sion, three weeks ago in full health, but ask the fulfilment of this than of any other now a corpse; I mean John Trickett of promise ; the effusion of the Spirit can Bramley. And may I not mention ano, do all that we want; and we have ther person, yet indeed on this side heao much cause for gratitude to the Reven, but on whom God has laid his afflict. deemer, who has given so much success ing hand ? It is scarcely necessary for me to the Society in other respects, as to to name the excellent Mr. Burls ; may he counterbalance the serious losses it has be spared to be yet useful to the cause he sustained. has long loved and served! But let us The Rep. G. Burder, Senior Secretary not give way to despondency. None of to the London Missionary Society.-The these deaths will be the death of the Psalmist conld sing of mercy and of cause, or will in any material degree re- judgment, and we live in a world where tard it. Yet serious lessons ought to be we must expect to meet with prosperity learned from these events. We may, and adversity, with occasions of joy and perhaps, have laid too much on the shoul. of sorrow. You are now called to both. ders of these good men. We were willing The greater part of the Report must have that they should be always at work: may filled your hearts with pleasure, in which we not inquire, Have we been all at we all unite. And we all sympathize in work, and always at work? I presume the sorrow you feel at the removal of those who have long laboured in the greatest possible accuracy.- One charge cause. For Dr. Ryland no one had a against Dr. Carey is, that he translates more profound respect than myself. I al. from the English into the Bengalee. This ways regarded him as a learned, pious, we positively deny. That he makes use judicious, zealous, and candid man; and of the English version and many other this last quality I believe he was an in- versions, is readily admitted ; and that strument of diffusing among others. May man can know nothing of translation who it more and more prevail among us all! would blame a translator for availing Many of us remember Pearce, Sutcliffe, himself of every assistance to be derived Fuller, and others; but though they are from the labours of any or all who bad gone to their reward, yet in this Society, gone before him. But the text which, as in others, many of their valuable com- Dr. Carey uses as the basis of his trans. panions are still living, and it affordelations, is what is commonly called the us pleasure to see many excellent young Received Text of the originals, the same men rising up, and treading in their foot- that has been used by all the churches steps, so that the cause still lives. When and translators of the western world... our blessed Lord sent forth the seventy This, however, constitutes another charge; disciples, he said, “ The barvest is great, though the two charges are not quite conbut the labourers are few ; pray ye, there. sistent with each other, that Dr. Carey fore, the Lord of the harvest, that he has not taķen Griesbach's text of the New would send forth labourers into his har. Testament, but has followed the Received vest.” If they were few for so small a Text. To this we answer, that when country as Judea, how much smaller, in Dr. Carey commenced bis career of transcomparison, must be the number of Mis- lating, the labours of Griesbach were but sionaries in India! Indeed, the pumber just beginning to be made public to the of Missionaries at large is very small; not world; and literature is a republic which one Missionary to every million of hea. is slow in its decisions. Is Dr. Carey to thens throughout the world. Let us pray be blamed for not taking upon him to de. for their increase. Forget not the exhor. cide a question which the literati of Eu. tation of good Mr. Ward, when he was rope had not decided? And even now here, to implore a greater outpouring of they are far from being agreed respecting the Spirit. I hope your churches, and all Griesbach's emendations. Besides, Griesour churches, are reaping the benefit of bach's text contains only two or three se. it. Let us pray for a more copious effa- rious variations from the Received Text; sion, and expect the fulfilment of the Di. and consequently its rejection or adoption vine promises.
can but very little affect the general vaThe Rev. Joseph Kinghorn.-Among the lue of any translation. Again, an old circumstances which call our attention story has been brought forward, and it this day, allusion has been made to cer. has been affirmed, that in the Serampore tain charges against us, insinuating that version of Matthew in Hindoostbanee, the our Missionary undertakings are altoge- language employed in the first verse of ther a system of deception. Aspersions the seventh chapter conveys to a Hindoo were thrown out at a late dinner of the the same idea as an Englishman would Unitarian Fund, which seriously affect receive if it were rendered in English the character of Dr. Carey and his coad. - Do no justice, that justice may not be jutors, and the translations in which they done to you. Now I must confess I should have been engaged ; and, as these state- not think it matter of any great wonder, ments have since been circulated in the or the translators worthy of any great newspapers, it seems proper to take some blame, if there had been a few such notice of them on the present occasion.- errors. But in order to obtain all the Their versions are charged with misre. satisfaction we can in this instance, we presenting and destroying the sense of have submitted the accused translation to the scriptures.--Matter of accusation has Dr. Gilchrist, who, in his reply to our been drawn from the various revisions Secretary, says-" I have examined the and corrections to which they have been first and second verses of the seventh submitted. They pass, it is said, “ thro' chapter by Saint Matthew into Hindoostso many filtrations,” that little of the real hanee, in the Naguree character by the meaning of the sacred volume can be dis. Baptist Missionaries at Serampore, and, covered. Every proof sheet bas certainly I cannot detect any thing like a false or been revised three or four or more times unfaithful translation from either the over, and then it has received the final Greek or English. The severe accusa. correction of Dr. Carey. But we never tion, brought against the translators of should have thought of a public censure the two verses in question, seems entirely being founded on the very means that groundless." To a subsequent inquiry by were employed in order to attain the our Secretary, whether we were ai liberty
to make public use of this opinion, Dr. Gil, Dr. Lowth. The demands in India for the christ politely replies : “I give yourself Bengalee Bible have taken off soveral and the very respectable Society, of which editions. Now was over a work in Engyou are Secretary, full permission to usé lish called for, and repeated editions my communication to you wherever and taken off, unless it was esteemed inte. whenever you please ; for TRUTH cannot resting in its style and matter? We change by time and place. On the pre really wish those who object to our sent charge by the Unitarians, it seems translators, would endeavour to do to me entirely on the side of the Baptist better themselves, and in more accurate Missionaries." Dr. Gilchrist proceeds to and classical language. But while we speak of Dr. Carey in terms of warm re. recognize the free rights of liberty, yet gard, as his old friend and colleague in the we sincerely regret that the objections Calcutta College, a real Christian, an hon have been made, which we fear originate nest man, and an indefatigable Orientalist. in the system adopted by the objectors. Would Dr. Gilchrist have given this cha. Unitarianism tends to lower the feelings racter of Dr. Carey, if he had not known of men with respect to the dignity of him to be both able and disposed to ex. Christ, the benefits derived from him, and ccate with faithfulness the work he has our obligations to him, it lowers in their undertaken? Another charge is, that the minds the importance of conversion, and Baptist Missionaries have brought for brings them into the frigid zone of reli. ward a translation into a language that gion. This is not the time or place for a never existed, that was never spoken by dissertation on the tendency of system, any people upon earth. Really, if Dr. but I cannot forbear making one remark Carey and his associates had possessed here. They object to our speculations, ingenuity enough to invent a new lan as they call them; as if the doctrines guage, and to do all that this charge in- which we believe and they reject were sinnates, they must be men of far greater mere points of speculation : but I contend ability than we have ever yet taken them that there is no doctrine more practical to be. But seriously, this charge also than that of the dignity and atonement of must be met by a positive denial. People Christ. If his authority be supreme, our have come forward who have spoken this obligation to implicit obedience is clear. language from their infancy, and to whom If he was merely a human messenger the version alluded to is perfectly intelli. from heaven, he must be too much on a gible. Another charge is, that the Bible is level with ourselves to command our en. translated in such a way thai men laugh tire devotion to him. The most effective at it. But need we go far, even in this lever that can be placed under the human country, to find persons who laugh at all heart is the evangelical motive arising that is sacred; in too many instances, from the dignity, the atonement, and the we fear, to their own destruction ? But glory of the Saviour. There is á circumdoes it follow from this, that the Bible is stance connected with the present sub. not the word of God? Wicked men often ject, which furnishes some confirmation laugh where Satan trembles. A consi- of our remarks. The charges against our derable check upon mistranslation must translators have been professedly founded have been furnished by the Bible Society on the Answers of Mr. William Adam, in their offer of Five Hundred Pounds of Calcutta, to certain Questions profor a version, on condition of its under posed by Dr. Henry Ware, Professor of going such an examination as to give sa- Divinity in Harvard College at Cam. tisfactory proof of its' accuracy. It is bridge, in North America. Now in the easy to find fault with every translation. Apierican edition of these Queries and The first translation ever made' of the Replies, there is also the following quesOld Testament was the Septuagint; every tion, proposed likewise by Dr. Ware, to one who knows any thing of the matter, be submitted to Ram 'Mohun Roy,' an knows, that many difficulties have arisen eminent Hindoo, whom I know not how in reference to it, and that many objec. to designate. It seenis 'hardly fair to tions to it have been made. Jerome made call him a heathen, and I know not whe many attempts at correction when he pub- ther he can be said to have embraced lished the Latin version, commonly call. Christianity. The question is this : “ With ed the Vulgate. There have been many the complete knowledge which you posvariations in all our successive English Sess of the character both of the Hindoo translations; and modern criticism has and of the Christian Theology, and of pointed out many advantages to be gain- their moral influence and tendency, do ed by a revision of the best of all trans. you think it desirable that the inhabitants lations, our authorized English version. of India should be converted to ChrisFor this I would only refer to that emi. tianity,--in what degree desirable, and nent scholar, formerly Bishop of London, for what reasons ?" Does not this ques. ton sufficiently exhibit the frigid charac. have been made on the subject of the ter of Unitarianism? Would any of us, translations,” said Mr. Slatterie, “I
-would any man with a heart influenced would add but a word or two. We have by the love of Christ, submissive to his an old proverb, that it is easier to find authority, and zealous for his glory, put fault than to mend. This, however, has such a question ?-But to return to the been attempted. There is a Unitarian motion. Let all the friends of the So- translation of the New Testament in Eng. ciety exert themselves for the increase of lish; they call it an Improved Version. its funds; but while you give us your But what effects has it produced ? It money, grant us also your prayers, that was first published seventeen years ago, the Holy Spirit may be poured out upon and the second edition has not yet been us, without which we can have no suce called for. Yet those who have murder. cess.
ed the word of God themselves, presume The Rev. John Dyer added some fur. to charge you with mutilating it." ther particulars respecting the charges The Rev. Spedding Curwen expressed that had been mentioned. “When the himself charmed with the catholicity of statements, reflecting on Dr. Carey, and the Meeting. “ Though not a Baptist the translations, which had been made at myself, I love the Baptist Missionary the Anniversary Dinner of the Unitarian Society, because I see in it the spirit of Fund, by the Rev. W.J. Fox, Secretary that Redeemer, who left a charge to his to that body, appeared in the public disciples to go into all the world and papers, I wrote to that gentleman, re preach the gospel to every creature. A questing him to specify the authority on few years ago this Society hesitated to which he had hazarded the assertions in hold such meetings; it was considered question. In answer, he referred me to that the cause was known, and that this a pamphlet, which he sent me, and which was enough to call forth the requisite I had seen before; containing replies by aid. But I am glad that you have adoptthe Rev. W. Adam, of Calcutta, to a num. ed the present method. I rejoice in the ber of queries proposed to him by Dr. Success that has attended you, and trust Ware of Cambridge, in America. Now you will never find a want of interest in Mr. Adam acknowledges, that much of so noble an undertaking. I cordially his information is derived from hearsay; sympathize in your sorrow for the removal and distinctly avows to his American of those holy men who have been taken correspondent, that he does not profess from you by death. But your and our to have full information respecting the loss is their gain. They have fallen in mode in which the Serampore translations the warfare, but they have fallen nobly, are executed.' Wby, with such a con- with their bosoms bare to the foe. cession before him, Mr. Fox should have They are gone, but I rejoice that their prefaced bis attack on the translators, by posts are occupied by kindred spirits, aflirming that he spoke advisedly, and and that more are baptized for the dead." from the fullest information, thus plainly T he time being far advanced the recontradicting the very testimony on maining resolutions were briefly moved which he relies,-must be left for himself and seconded by the Rev. Thomas Finch, to explain."
of Harlow; the Rev. J.J. Wilkinson, of The Rev. Joseph Slatterie would' not Saffron Walden ; the Rev. John Edwards, have come forward if he had not been of London ; R. B. Sherring, Esq. of Briswarmly attached to the Society, but he tol; the Rev. James Upton, of London ; could not forbear urging its claims upon the Rev. F. A, Cox, of Hackney; and all who were present, particularly upon the Rev. John Shoveller, of Poole. After all Ministers and Deacons, to act in their a few words from the Chairman, the respective spheres ; and upon those who Meeting was closed by singing, “ Praise were advanced in years, to do all they God, from whom all blessings flow.” could for it while their lives should be The collections after the different ser. spared. “After the able remarks that vices amounted to £280.
(Contributions are unavoidably postponed till the next month.)
J. BARFIELD), Printer, 91, Wardonr-Suseet, Solso.