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as anrl he hath taken it away:it died brother Chamberlain joined us in on Thursday, 14th of December. Doyd Koro. Our native friend's About noon I took my last look at made inquiries whether our new the dear creature, and they com- brother and sister had left father, mitted it to the deep. This affected mother, brothers, or sisters, I never my dear wife very much; she could saw them manifest suchi attachment not bear the thought of leaving her as on this occasion. Joimoony said, babe in the sea, but there was no . They cannot talk our language, alternative in such a case, it must be but we see that all our hearts are done. I was overwhelmed with one: we are united by the death of grief, though I wished to say, "It Christ. Brother and sister Cham. is Jehovah, let him do what seemeth berlain were deeply affected." In to him right.' At times I found it a letter to Mr. Sutcliffe, Mr. C, says, hard to keep in such a spirit, but « We are now settled in the apartthe Lord afforded aid. My dear ments formerly occupied by dear partner was greatly supported in brother Brunsdon, and are very this bereavement, and was the means comfortable. Bless Jehovah, O of administering comfort to me, my soul; and all that is within me Blessed be our heavenly Father! he bless his holy name!' Here we are hath reserved to us many mercies, surrounded with innumerabie mérthough he hath tried us, by taking cies, among the pious servants of away our first born.” In reference the Lord, with whom we hold deto this afflictive event, Mrs. C. af. lightful converse, and all the pains terwards wrote: “The most blessed and fears of our voyage are now season I have experienced, since I forgotten !" ! left you, was during my confine. This faithful servant of Christ ment; a few days after lying-in on having buckled on the armour, now ship-board. Then I felt a sweet. felt himself in the field ; his first ness in considering that God had a object was to surmount the great right to do with me as he pleased ; difficulty ; the barrier which sepaand that he had a right to bring rates one nation from another was that upon me, at a time unexpected, to be removed a new language was and in a place not common, in or to be acquired. By a happy mix der to make his power and mercy ture of exercise with study, he soon known. Though it was his will to overcame this difficulty, and in cut short my hopes of the life of my about one year was able to preach dear babe, yet to that I hope I can the gospel with confidence. He say, I soon felt reconciled, knowing was not satisfied with ordinary athe had a right to govern me and tainments, but was soon able to mine."
exert his poetical genius, in com• They entered the Bay of Bengal, posing Bengalee Hymns, many of January 3, 1803, but did not arrive which are sung with pleasure by at Calcutta till the 26th. On its native Christians. In this departapproach, the vessel was met by ment he is considered to be yet unMr. Ward, wbo rejoiced at receiv. equalled by any European. While ing this accession of Missionary he remained at Serampore, he took strength. On the 27th they reached a regular part in all the duties of Seram pore. Mr. Ward observes, the station, and used frequently to “ It was an hour of great joy. In make short excursions. He went the evening we went to Chrisno's: from village to village, carrying the I catechised the children, and we bread of life, and wherever he went, sung three hymus in Bengalee: it seemed to be “ in the fulness of
the blessing of the gospel of Christ.” we bave not every thing at com: The pumber of places he would vi- mand, as other Europeans; neversit, and the number of times he theless, our table is well supplied, would address different congrega. and our cup runneth over. I sit tions, in one day, was truly astonish- and look around, and find no good ing. His first regular Missionary lacking but a grateful heart, and tour was made in January, 1804, in this is my lamentation." The bright. company with Felix Carey, Chrison, ness of this season was of short duraand Bhyrub, all of whom bave tion; his day was soon overclouded, also finished their course. By this by a mysterious and most affecting journey he became more fully ac. dispensation. While engaged in viquainted with the manners of the gorous attempts to promulgate the natives, their superstitions, idolatry, gospel, he was visited with the most and delusions, together with the severe domestic calamity; the de. craft, avarice, and pride of the sire of his eyes, the wife of his boBrahmuns. « Upon the whole," he som, was taken away with a stroke. says, “ much as there is in this Mrs. C, had written to Serampore, country to damp the spirits, and to mentioning her situation, and rediscourage the Missionary, yet there questing a visit from Mrs. Grant, as is much to invigorate him in the glo- there was no medical assistance to rious work. The work is Jehovah's, be obtained at Cutwa. It was the and, verily, he has begun to pre- opinion of the family at Serampore, pare the way:-his word is gone that Mrs. C. should rather go down forth, multitudes have heard the to them; and after some corresglorious tidings. Some rage, and pondence, it was thought expedient are confident; some stagger, and for Dr. Marshman to go in person are ready to fall; some seek the and bring her down in a convenient good way, and others finding it, re. conveyance. He arrived at mid. solve to walk therein, whatever night, on the 13th of November, troubles or sacrifices may be the and thus describes his interview consequence. Surely this is nothing with Mr. Chamberlaip :-“ He met less than the work of the Al me at the door in an agony of dismighty!"
tress. Sister C. had been put to As Mr. Chamberlain seemed to bed on the 9th, seemed in a próhave chosen the motto, so he was mising way till the evening of the destined to perform the work of a 11th, then grew poorly, and now pioneer; which, as he observes in a appeared to be past recovery. She letter, “ is very necessary to the had been delirious the whole of the army, though it affords not an arti day, but grew sensible, knew me, cle of praise in the warrior's des- and expressed much pleasure at my patches." The first station be oc- arriving."-After various alternacupied was Cutwa, about seventy- tions, during which sometimes a five miles north of Calcutta, where ray of hope appeared, her delirium he arrived on May 8, 1804. Having and restlessness increased, while remained two months alone, and every moment the spirit was expectafter great difficulty obtained a ed to take its fight. In this situahouse, he returned to Serampore tion, Dr. Marshmay adds, “ To our for Mrs. C. and was shortly after so astonishment, she revived and began comfortably settled, that he inform- to speak. Her discourse, though ed Dr. Ryland, by letter, “ We incoherent, evidently discovered were never happier in India, nor in where her heart was fixed. She often better health. Blessed be God! spoke of herself in the third person, and as of one who had sustained a her into the coffin. Calling the será kind of conflict. Jesus,' said she, vants, who were now returned, and • Jesus, Jesus, the propitiation for the carpenter, I addressed them, and singers!—They would pull her down they wept much. However, I could from her hope; but she cast herself not prevail on any of them to assist at the feet of Jesus. Her labouring me in conveying the corpse to the for breath increased, and her pulse grave. As I was unwilling to use grew faint and futtering. At last force, my dear afflicted brother and she said, See, what hard work it myself, by slow degrees, conveyed is for me to die!' A little after, her precious remains to the spot touching her cheek, I observed to destined for their repose till the reBrother C. who sat alternately watch- surrection of the just. Having de. ing her countenance and mine, with posited them there, a short prayer indescribable anxiety, that her cheek in Bengalee coucluded the mournful seemed somewhat cold ;--' Yes,' scene. I now persuaded him to said the dying saint, and her lips leave the house in charge with the are cold too ! and began, as before, sirkar, and depart with me and the extolling Jesus as the propitiation for motherless infant. The first day of sin, though unable to speak above the journey, we could do little else one or two words at once. “They, but mingle our tears with each other. she would say, they-they--who The second day, in the evening, we
who trust--in JesusJesus,' and arrived at Serampore.”. on this word she dwelt till nearly (To be concluded in our next.) the moment she expired. The agony of her dear bereaved partner at this moment is too much for me to write.
MILTONIANA. No. II. ;; It pierces me to the soul, even now, In resuming our account of the to think of his hanging over the life. " Treatise on Christian Doctrine," less clay, and crying: 'Oh, my dear it may be proper to observé, that Hannah ! speak to me once, my dear Milton's object was to present an Hannah !!” Ilaving judged it best arranged statement of the views of to inter the deceased on the spot; the Inspired Writers, chiefly in their and take her bereaved partner and own words, and generally without motherless infant to Serampore, into discussion of the grounds on which the bosom of the fanily, Dr. Marsh- they rest, and the arguments that man proceeds in the melancholy may be urged in their support. For parrative. “I obtained carpenters, this reason, the work abounds with and by the promise of a reward, got quotations from scripture, classified them to make a coffin ; and calling under distinct heads, according to the gardener and another man, by the sense in which they were under the same motive, and beginning it stood by the author, and accompamyself, I engaged them to dig a nied by explanatory and illustrative grave. In the mean time, by inter- remarks. This is unquestionably vals, I got my dear afflicted brother the best mode of constructing a to look out a few articles for the Body of Divinity: it has been warmjourney, for himself and the infant. ly recommended by Dr. Campbell, This consumed the dreary, melan- in his “ Lectures on Systematic choly night; and about five in the Theology:" all biblical students morning every thing was ready. The should adopt it. afflicted husband himself performed The first book treats of “the the last sad offices for the dear de- Knowledge of God," and is divided ceased, and assisted me in putting into thirty-three chapters. Our áu: thor begins by proving the existence, fo man, whereby God in pity to and edumerating the names and at. mankind, though foreseeing that tributes of the Divine Being. Then they would fall by their own accord, follow two chapters on the Divine predestinated to eternal salvation Decrees and Predestination, in dis- before the foundation of the world cussing which subjects Milton has those who should believe and conmade freer use of metaphysics than tinue in the faith; for a manifestathe simplicity of his plan might tion of the glory of his mercy, grace, seem to admit, and evidently leans and wisdom, according to his purto ibe Arminian rather than to the pose in Christ.”. P. 44. Again: Calvinistic mode of interpretation. *. It was not simply man as a being He denies that God has decreed who was to be created, but man as any thing absolutely, and closes a a being who was to fall of his own long argument in defence of his accord, that was the matter or ob. opinion in the following manner:- ject of predestination: for that ma
“ We must hold that God fore- nifestation of divine grace and mer. knows all future events, but that he cy which God designed as the ulhas not decreed them all absolute timate purpose of predestination, ly: lest all sin should be im puted presupposes the existence of sin and to the Deity, and evil spirits and misery in man, originating from wicked men should be exempted himself alone." P. 48. from blame. Does my opponent We extract some important reavail himself of this, and think the marks on reprobation.-" Since then concession enough to prove either it is so clear that God has predes. that God does not forekuow every tinated from eternity all those who thing, or that all future events must should believe and continue in the therefore bappen necessarily, be. faith, it follows that there can be cause God has foreknown them? I no reprobation, except of those who allow that future events wbich God do not believe or continue in the has foreseen, will happen certainly, faith, and even this rather as a conbut not of necessity. They will happen sequence than a decree; there can, certainly, because the Divine presci- therefore, be no reprobation of inence cannot be deceived, but they will dividuals from all eternity:" P. 65. not happen necessarily, because pre- -" For if God had decreed any to science can have no influence on absolute reprobation, which we do the object foreknown, inasmuch as not read, he must, even according it is only an intransitive action. to their system who affirm that reWhat therefore is to happen accord- probation is an absolute decree, ing to contingency and the free will have likewise decreed the means of man, is not the effect of God's without which his own decree could prescience, but is produced by the not be fulfilled: now these means free agency of its own natural causes, are neither more nor less than sin. the future spontaneous inclination Nor will the common subterfuge of which is perfectly known to God. a vail, namely, that God did not Thus God foreknew that Adam decree sin, but only its permission : would fall of his own free will; his this is a contradiction in terms; for fall therefore was certain, but not at this rate he does more than simnecessary, since it proceeded from ply permit it: be who permits a his own free will, which is incom. ihing does not decree it, but leaves patible with necessity.” P. 41, 42. it free.” P. 66. -" Thus much,
Predestination is ihus defined therefore, may be considered as " the special decree of God relating certain and irrefragable truth-that
God excludes no one from the pale - but that the whole man is soul of repentance and eternal salvation, and the soul man, that is to say, a till he has despised and rejected the body, or substance individual, anipropositions of sufficient grâce, of- mated, sensitive, and rational." He fered even to a late hour, for the also denies “ that the spirit of man sake of manifesting the glory of his should be separate from the body, long-suffering and justice. Nor has so as to have a perfect and intelliGod any where declared in direct gent existence independently of it.” and precise terms, that his will is P. 190, 191. the cause of reprobation, but the The Providence of God, including reasons which influence his will in his general government of the unithe case at issue, are frequently pro- verse, and the special government of pounded, namely, the grievous sins angels and man is next treated. The of the reprobate previously com constitution under which Adam was mitted, or foreseen before actual placed before his fall, has been comcommission, -want of repentance, monly styled "the covenant of -contempt of grace,-deafness to works." Milton objects to this :the repeated calls of God.”_" And « This is sometimes called the this reprobation lies not so much in covenant of works, though it does the divine will, as in the obstinacy not appear from any passage of of their own minds; it is not God scripture to have been either a cowho decrees it, but the reprobate venant, or of works. No works themselves who determine on re- whatever are required of Adam; a fusing to repent while it is in their particular act only is forbidden. It power." P. 70, 71.
was necessary that something should We pass over in silent regret the be forbidden or commanded, as a chapters which contain Milton's test of fidelity, and that an act in sentiments respecting the Son of God its own nature indifferent, in order and the Holy Spirit. Our readers that man's obedience might be therewill be concerned to hear that his by manifested. For since it was the views on these subjects were deeply disposition of man to do wbat was tinged with Arianism.
right, as a being naturally good and There are some curious specula- holy, it was not necessary that he lions in the chapter on creation ; should be bound by the obligation but as they are rather curious than of a covenant to perform that to edifying, we shall make no extracts. which he was of himself inclined ; It cannot be important for us to nor would he have given any proof know the exact period of the world's of obedience by the performance of formation, or the manner in which works to which he was led by a pathat event was brought about: it is tural impulse, independently of the enough to be assured that “all divine command. Not to mention, things are of God." The advocates that no command, whether proof materialism, we are sorry to say, ceeding from God or from a magis. will claim Milton's suffrage on their trate, can properly be called a coside, and plead the high sanction of venant, even where rewards and his name: he affirms that man“ is punishments are attached to it; but a living being, intrinsically and pro- rather an exercise of jurisdiction," perly one and individual, not com- P. 227. pound or separable, not, according In describing the state of man beto the common opinion, made up fore the fall, Milton takes occasion and framed of two distinct and dif. to defend polygamy and divorce. ferent natures, as of soul and body, On the laiter subject, as is well