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known, be had published largely in gift the imputed rigbteousness of the early part of his life.
Christ. Finally, the Father, ap. Having discoursed on sin, and peased by this propitiation, prothe punishment of sin, be proceeds nounces the justification of all be to consider the death of the body, lievers. A simpler mode of satisas part of that punishment, and ob- faction could not bave been devised, serves that—" the death of the bo. por one more agreeable to equity." dy is the loss or extinction of life. P. 370. The common definition, which sup- In describing the various maniposes it to consist in the separation festations of the covenant of grace, of soul and body, is inadmissible. the difference between the law and For what part of man is it that dies the gospel is pointed out, by the when this separation takes place ? following definitions :Is it the soul? This will not be ad- “ The Mosaic law was a written mitted by the supporters of the code consisting of many precepts, above definition, Is it then the intended for the Israelites alone, body? B how can that said with a promise of life to such as to die, which never had any life of should keep them, and a curse on itself? Therefore the separation of such as should be disobedient; to soul and body cannot be called the the end that they, being led theredeath of man.” P. 279. The soul, by to an acknowledgment of the sleeping scheme, as it is usually depravity of mankind, and consecalled, naturally results from these quently of their own, might have views, and is advocated at consi. recourse to the righteousness of the derable length.
promised Saviour; and that they, Redemption occupies a large por. and in process of time all other nation of the volume. Here are con. tions, might be led under the gossidered the Mediatorial work of pel from the weak and servile rudi. Christ, calling, repentance, faith, ments of this elementary institution justification, adoption, and other to the full strength of the new creainteresting subjects. On these points ture, and a manly liberty worthy Milton generally agreed with Cal. the sons of God." P. 402. vinistic churches, excepting as re- “ The Gospel is the new dispengards the exlent of redemption. We sation of the covenant of grace, far extract some of his remarks on jus- more excellent and perfect than the tification :
law, announced first obscurely by “As Therefore our sins are im- Moses and the prophets, afterwards puted to Christ, so the merits or in the clearest terms by Christ himrighteousness of Christ are imputed self, and his apostles and evangeto us through faith: 1 Cor. i. 30. lists, written since by the Holy 2 Cor. v. 21. Rom iv. 6. v. 19. It Spirit in the hearts of believers, and is evident therefore that the justific ordained to continue even to the cation, in so far as we are concern- end of the world, containing a proed, is gratuitous; in so far as Christmise of eternal lise to all, in all nais concerned, not gratuitous : inas. tions who shall believe in Christ much as Christ paid the ransom of when revealed to them, and a threat our sins, which he took upon him- of eternal death to such as shall not self by imputation, and thus of his believe.” P. 407. own accord, and at his own cost, Again: “On the introduction of effected their expiation; whereas the gospel, or new covenant through man, paying nothing on his part, faith in Christ, the whole of the but merely, believing, receives as a preceding covenant, in other words,
the entire Mosaic law, was abolish- whatever be his experience in divine ed." P. 412. Several arguments things, or the length of his standing are adduced in support of this asser. in the church of God, should be tion, concluding thus ;—“It appears, careful how he peremptorily detertherefore, as well from the evidence mines on such subjects. of scripture, as from the arguments This diffidence and caution are above adduced, that the whole of not incompatible with the right of the Mosaic law is abolished by the private judgment; we should call gospel. It is to be observed, how. no man master on earth ; one is our ever, that the sum and essence of master which is in heaven, Neverthe law is not hereby abrogated; theless, the charity that hopeth all its purpose being attained in that things obliges us to admit, that men love of God and our neighbour, may differ in sentiment from us in which is born of the spirit through many particulars, and yet maintain faith. It was with justice, there integrity in the sight of God; to fore, that Christ asserted the per- conclude to the contrary would not manence of the law. Matt. v. 17. only be disreputable, but tantaRom. iji. 31. viii. 4." P. 418. mount to the claim of infallibility:
“ From the abrogation, through Such an arrogant pretension, I am the gospel, of the law of servitude, sure, could not find admission into results Christian liberty"--which is, your pages; yet you will allow your " that whereby we are loosed, as it correspondents freely to discuss the were by enfranchisement, through opinions and sentiments of each Christ our deliverer, from the bond. other, if good temper and proper age of sin, and, consequently, from decorum be preserved. the rule of the law and of man; to The first paper I shall notice is the intent that being made sons in- that signed Johannes, in your numstead of servants, and perfect men ber for March in the present year, instead of children, we may serve (page 108). This writer directly reGod in love, through the guidance fers to my answers, and treats both of the Spirit of truth." P. 424. them and myself not very decorous
Milton's sentiments on Church ly. He says the answers are ungovernment will be stated in our satisfactory, very unsatisfactory, and next number.
sonable ; they might be so to him, but surely kinder and softer
words might have been used. He Remarks on Two Pieces in the Bap- should then have answered them
tist Magazine, signed JOHANNES better, and given to your readers and IOTA.
more reasonable and satisfactory re
plies; assertion proves nothing. To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine. He also remarks, that I have at
In your number for August, 1824, tempted to remove one evil by introwere inserted four questions, by a ducing another, far greater both in writer who signed himself Mnason, its nature and consequences. And (page 334.) To these questions I when speaking of what I have sugwrote answers, which were inserted gested,' he says, “ I wish this sugin the number for October follow- gestion may not arise from a mistake ing. In them I spoke with diffi- in an elder's mind with respect to dence and caution, knowing that what are the real, indispensable men of equal wisdom and piety, qualifications of church members." differ on subjects of minor import- As to my being mistaken in what ance; and also, that every man, are the real and indispensable quali
fications of church members, I baptized in bis name, because the would say but little, except that I church which examined them has am liable to mistakes as well as not been satisfied with their views other men; but surely I am not of certain doctrines; or they are mistaken in a matter so momentous deemed not sufficiently informed to the present happiness and eternal with respect to their views of divine well-being of my soul : how Jo- truth; or perhaps, their experience hannes could read my piece, on has not arisen to a certain standard; which he has animadverted so they have been a little too legal, or severely, attentively through, and not enough acquainted with divine express any doubt on this subject, 1 things; thus many are made sorry am at a loss to conjecture.
whom Christ has made glad. Many When he says I have attempted are prevented from doing what they to remove one evil by introducing know to be their duty." To say another, he himself is mistaken; I nothing about the strong expressions never said that what he refers to here used to convey what is meant: was an evil, the word I used was there is more said of the insufficiency “ improprieties," carefully avoiding of our churches to judge of qualitithe term evil, because it seemed too cations, than what I have admitted harsh for the occasion. It is strange only as a possible case ; and said that Johannes should represent me too, in a positive manner. as using this word without at all In addition to which, Johannes noticing my softer term; if this be has accused the churches with wish. not bearing false witness against our ing to dictate to their ministers neighbour, it surely cannot be speak- whom they sball baptize, and whom ing the truth in love.
they shall not. Such churches Again, Johannes says, that I have should be instructed, not publicly seriously reflected upon our churches accused. in having admitted it as a possible It may be remarked, that what I case, that the majority of the mem- have said regards church-memberbers of some of them may not be ship; that what Johannes has said, competent to judge of the qualifica- regards baptism only - that he tions of new members, and seems to speaks of baptism independently of think that I have egregiously erred; church connexion; that I speak of but whether he or myself have most it as in that connexion. I am aware seriously reflected on our cburches, of this, and admit its truth ; yet this I shall leave your readers to judge is not in favour of Johannes' stateafter referring them to his own ment, unless he will contend that words.
though a church be able to judge lo shewing to whom a person de- of qualifications for the Lord's supsiring Christian baptism is to make per, it is nevertheless incompetent confession of his faith, he says, to judge of those required for Chris“I mention this, because it is the tian baptism. I suppose he will custom of some of our churches to not assert that a person may be a have every candidate for baptism proper subject for one of these orbrought before them, to be examin- dinances, and not for the other; but ed by them, that they may dictate he would contend for the rigbt of to the minister whom he ought to the minister only to judge in the baptize, and whom he ought not;" one case, and also of his privilege he adds also, “ It not unfrequently to baptize independently of the happens, that genuine believers in church's approbation. Well, I have Christ are prevented from being no objection to this; but still it is
very desirable, for a minister to this nature recorded in the New act in opposition to the judgment Testament, were extraordinary and of the cburch over which he is not common. placed in the Lord. Be this, how- In the Baptist Magazine for the ever as it may, it does not alter the present month (June 1825) there is case; it is neither the right nor the a piece on the admission of memwrong of this question for which we bers into Christian churches, signed contend, but for the competency or Iota. This writer has not directly incompetency of the church to referred to my answers to the above judge. Johannes bas asserted, that mentioned questions, nor shall I exsome of our churches are not suffi. amine all the positions contained in ciently able to judge of the qualiti. his piece. I hope, however, that cations of candidates for Christian you will allow me to make a few baptism, and accused them of wish- short remarks upon it. Tota has ing to exercise the power of dicta, discovered a commendable zeal for tion to their ministers; no small ac- the purity and welfare of our cusation; and I have admitted it as churches, the prosperity of which I a possible case, that the majority of have no doubt lies very near to his them, in some instances, may not heart; but whether he has expressbe able to judge of qualification for ed himself with propriety, may be church membership. Baptism bas questionable, lota says, that “A been considered as an initiatory or church has power to adopt any redinance, introducing persons into gulations upon the subject of ad.. the church of Christ; ministers of mitting its members which are not the gospel may, for ought I know, incompatible with fundamental prinbaptize those who do not desire to ciples;" he, however, deprecates become members of the church, or written experiences, those who are members of churches “Should any of our churches subin other denominations, but it is mit to this, they will surely never questionable whether this practice consent to be deprived of their sufdo not weaken the ideas of men frages; that inalienable right of respecting the connexion between voting, which every member posthe two ordinances, and also les. sesses.' lota refers to the circumsen their views of the authority ştances of Saul and the church at of Christ expressed in the institution Jerusalem, as proving this inalienof his own supper. It must, how. able right of voting, possessed by ever, be allowed, that were the prin- every member of the church. (Acts ciple acted upon very extensively, ix. 26, 27.) But I cannot see that its effects upon our Baptist churches, this reference is sufficient proof on might not be beneficial; and I wish the subject. It proves indeed that it to be remembered, that whatever no mau has a right to impose himis wrong in principle, cannot be self upon the church, and by conright in practice. It is true, we sequence that the church has power have an instance in the New Testa- to judge of the qualifications of its ment of one being baptized and not members; but it does not prove added to the church, bút it is also that every member of the church at true, that in his circumstances addi. Jerusalem voted whether Saul should tion to the church was impractica- be received by them as a member, ble, and whatever is omitted on this or whether he should not. Neither account can be no guide for our can it prove that every member of conduct when the impracticability our churches possesses an inalienis removed. The other instances of able right of voting in the admission
of new members. Endeavouring the members know any thing to the to make passages of scripture prove contrary, I can see no reason why be more than they are capable of prov. way not be admitted as a member of ing, has done injury to the cause of the church. If this plan were indeed
established as a general, or even The church at Jerusalem received as an invariable rule in churches, Saul on the recommendation of Bar. the whole of their members would nabas, and he was afterwards with be concerned in it, and there could them coming in and going out at be no danger of preference or parJerusalem. This implies what I tiality, murmuring or disputings; should contend for on the admission it would, for ought I know, be deof members into our churches ; but cent and in order. to make it absolutely necessary that But if any church choose to act every person should come before differently, I have nothing to do the church, and make a confession with it; nor would I have any quare of his faith, and give an account of rel with them on that account. All his religious experience, appears to I desire is, that nothing be contendme improper and unnecessary. If ed for as essential to church-fellowthe person who wishes communion ship, what the sacred scriptures has no objection, let him do it- have not made so. With best wishes and, as I said before, let him be for the prosperity of Zion, I am, even encouraged to do it, for the brethren most sincerely yours, church may thereby receive edifica.
SAMUEL GREEN. tion and comfort; but if he have an Bluntisham, June 25, 1825. . objection, and cannot do it with pleasure to himself, let nothing be imposed upon him. It being con
On Singing in Public Worship. fessed by lota that a church has power to adopt any regulations upon this subject, which are not incom
To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine, patible with fundamental principles, SIR, let some other method be devised. I was gratified to observe in your It is not for me to give instruction Magazine for August, that a subject to our churches in this particular, which has frequently engaged and but they will bear with me if I state oppressed my mind, had been taken what seems to me to be right. Sa- up by one of your correspondents, tisfaction of the real religion of the and treated in a way eminently calperson who requires admission into culated to bring home conviction to the church being all that can be de. the consciences of those whom it sired; if he have any objection to concerns.
I allude to the paper on come before the church, why may “ The Melody of the Heart.” Withpot two or three of the members be out affectation I can assure you, Sir, deputed by the church when assem- that my mind has been severely bled at their church-meeting, to pained in reflecting, that in the conhave serious conversation with him gregations to which I statedly ad. upon the things of God, and of his minister, there are so many indiviknowledge and experience of the duals who Sabbath after Sabbath work of God upon his heart? This mock the Divine Majesty with a deputation might bring their report solemn sound. It is a subject which to the next church-meeting, and if, I have brought forward again and to the best of their judgment, he be again, both in private and in public, really a pious person, and none of and I hope not without success;