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sident of the Union; and he offers better has been read and approved of by all reasons for a jealousy of Papal inter. ranks, and has been copied into the Go. ference in the case of the new states of rernment Gazette. So much, indeed, has America than exist on this side the At- it been sought after, that another edition lantic. We have seen that, during the has been struck off. As this is the first existence of the late Constitutional Go. time that the supremacy of the Pope has vernment of Spain, the Pope refused to been called in question, we cannot help receive an ambassador from his Catholic considering the reception this paper has Majesty, because he was not free. His met with as a favourable onen." -Times. Holiness thus took the part of the captive Ferdinand against the Cortes, who limit. ed his power; and being still, as the sworn ally of the restored Monarch, op- Proposed School for the Children of posed to the spirit of reform, he is consi

Baptist Ministers. dered as a dangerous intruder into the concerns of a Republic which was lately a In the paper on the above subject in Spanish colony. On this foundation Dr. the Baptist Magazine for September, Mier elevates the banner of alarm, and signed w. s. it is asked, “ Might not a calls upon his countrymen to resist eccle- Committee be formed in London, to take siastical pretensions, which may lead to into consideration the practicability of political re-3ubjection. One Pope gave establishing a school for the Education of the new world to Spain before its extent the Children of Ministers of the Baptist was observed. Another may endeavour, Denomination ?" I should most heartily through the influence of the priests, to re- rejoice if this plan could be realized; but store to his Catholic Majesty that portion I fear that the number of existing So. of the gift which he once possessed, but cieties, and the time and labour their macould not retain. Troops were at first navement requires from active persons in sent to pave the way for missionaries- London, will prevent it from being carmissionaries may now be employed to ried into effect. Yet it is very desirable open a passage for armies. After this ex. that those ministers, who are said to have pression of alarm, the Doctor proceeds to expressed their willingness to pay even discuss the rights of Leo XII. and the cha- fio per annum, should find suitable edu. racter of Ferdinand. The Pope claiming cation for their sons. Now I propose, only to be the vicar of Jesus Christ, and that until a Society is actually formed, Christ having said that his kingdom was and the requisite funds are provided, not of this world, neither can that of the that they make application to the convicar be worldly. How, then, can he in- ductors of established boarding schools terfere for Ferdinand, who is described belonging to our denomination, (of which as “a political as well as moral monster?” there are many under the care of very The Mexicang, he contends, have always suitable persons) to know at what an. been good Catholics, though they have nual sum, for two years, they will take resolved no longer to be slaves. They their sons, after they have attained the have decreed that the state permits the age of twelve ? Let the Editors of the exercise of no other religion but the holy Magazine be then informed how much Roman Catholic Apostolic religion : and will be required to make up the defia minister was about to set sail for Rome, ciency, beyond what they will pay themto conclude a concordat with the Vatican selves. I know a case which arose out on terms consistent with national inde- of the former letter of W. S. which will pendence. If his Holiness refused to re- illustrate my meaning. A gentleman in ceive the Mexican, as he did the Colom- London kindly added fifteen pounds to bian, Plenipotentiary, from a regard to five, which the minister engaged to raise. the remonstrances of Ferdinand, with For this sum the lad was introduced to a himself, and not with the Mexican Go- respectable classical school for a year, vernment, would rest the responsibility and at the end of that time the master of a separation from the Holy See.

took him as an apprentice. Thus for only Extract of a letter, dated Mexico, July fifteen pounds given to the poor minister, 2:-“It has been supposed that this his wishes have been accomplished rescountry was more under the intluence of pecting the education of his son, and the Roman Catholic superstition than the vouth has been put in the way of proother States of Spanish America, but the curing a respectable livelihood. Upon letter of Padre Mier on the subject of the this plan a small annual sun comparacircular written by his Holiness, and ad- tively would be sufficient to accomplish dressed to the Mexican people, will tend, this very important object. wherever it is circulated, to produce a contrary impression, Dr. Mier's letter London,

J.I.

ASSOCIATIONS.

Sermons were preached by the brethren

Baynes, of Wellington, (Isa. lvii, 1); SOUTH DEVON AND CORNWALL. Crewkerne, (Rom. viii. 26, 27); and Sho

Viney, (1 Cor. xvi. 13, 14); Crook, of The South Devon and Cornwall Asso- veller, (Col. i. 27.)-The devotional sero' ciation of Baptist Churches held their first vices were conducted by the brethren Anniversary Meeting at Truro, on Wed- Toms, Crook, Horsey, Jukes (Indepen. nesday and Thursday, the 11th and 12th dept,) W.Humphry, Whitby, Cox, Price, of May, 1825. The sermons delivered on Clarke, Viney, and Chapman. this occasion were preached by the bre- Subject of the Circular Letter :-The thren Burchell, of Falmouth, from John Nature and Effects of true and genuine xiii. 35; Nicholson, of Kingsbridge, Religion in the Soul, and the Means of Matt. xxiv. 14; and Horton, of Devon promoting it.” port, 1 Peter i. 23.

State of the Churches :-Added, 82 ;The devotional exercises were conduct. Removed, 31:-Clear increase, 51. ed by brethren Nicholson, of Plymouth; The next Association to be held at Lane, of Helston; Spasshatt, of Fal- Lyme, Dorset, on the second Wednesday mouth; Dore, of Redruth; Horton, of and Thursday in June, 1826. Devonport; Clarké, of Truro; Smith, of Truro, (Wesleyan); Hodge, of Chace- , water; Rogers, of Helston ; and Moore, ORDINATIONS, &c. of Truro, (Independent.)

On the afternoon of Wednesday, a Ordination of Mr. Walter Gough, at Wem, Meeting for friendly conference on some religious topic was convened. The sub

- Shropshire. ject selected was, “ The Nature of Hea- JULY 1, 1825, Mr. Walter Gough was venly Felicity.” Each of the brethren set apart to the pastoral office over the who spoke, directed his observations to Baptist Church at Wem, Shropshire. Mr. some particular feature of the happiness Kent, of Shrewsbury, began the service of heaven. The ideas illustrated were- by reading and prayer; Mr. Cook, of Os. Freedom from sin-Uninterrupted enjoy. westry, delivered the introductory disment of the Divine presence-Perfect love course, asked the usual questions, and -Enlarged knowledge, and communion received the confession of faith; Mr. with Christ.

Price, of Banton, offered up the ordination The public services of the Association prayer; Mr. Jones, of Newton, delivered terminated on Thursday evening, when a the charge from Acts xx. 28; Mr. Jenkin Meeting was held for the purpose of (Independent) concluded in prayer. , stating the objects, and advocating the In the evening, Mr. Kent, of Shrews. cause, of the Baptist Home Missionary bury, addressed the church from 1 Thess. · Society, to which this Union of the v. 12, 18; Mr. Phillips, of Wbychurch, Churches is designed to be auxiliary. A preached on the preceding evening, from Report was read, and a Collection made. Isa. ix. 9. Many ministers, and large

The subject of the Circular Letter for and attentive congregations were present, this year is, “ The Nature of the Prosperity of a Christian Church, and the best New Church formed at Milton, near; Means of promoting it.

Northampton. It was agreed to hold the next Meeting On Monday afternoon, June 13, 1825, at Bovey-Tracey, Devon, and that one of a new Baptist Church was formed at the sermons preached on that occasion Milton, near Northampton, consisting of should relate to the outpouring of the seventeen members, sixteen of whom were Holy Spirit. The next Circular Letter to dismissed from the church at Road, and define is The Privileges and Duties of one from Northampton. Mr. Knowles, of Church Members.

Hackelton, began the service, by read. It was resolved, " That it be recom- ing and prayer. Mr. Wheeler, of Braymended to the Churches composing this brook, explained the nature and design Union, to take into consideration the ex. of church-fellowship, and gave to each pediency of forming some plan for the member the right hand of fellowship, as better regulation of the admission of they all did to each other. Mr. Gray, of building cases into this district.”

Chipping Norton, addressed the members,

and the deacons now elected, and comWESTERN DISTRICT.

mended them to the Divine blessing by The Association for part of the Western prayer-the ordinance of the Supper was District, comprising twenty-six churches, commemorated, under the superinten. was held at Yeovil, on Wednesday and dence of Mr. Heighton, of Road. Mr. Thursday, June 8 and 9.

Grey preached in the evening.

DOCKHEAD, BERMONDSEY. the evening. The church was then forts

The Baptist Church under the pastoral ed. After which the Lord's Supper was care of the Rev. B. Lewis, having re. administered by Mr. William Dovey, late moved to Dean-street, Southwark, with of Maiden-lane, Covent Garden : the ser. the exception of a few members, who pre vice concluded by prayer. ferred remaining at Dockhead, another On Monday evening, October 3rd, the church was formed at the last-mentioned members held their first Church Meeting, place, on Lord's-day evening, October 2, when, after seeking for Divine direction, 1825. The services were conducted in they proceeded to elect two of their num. the following manner :-Mr. John Pew. ber to the office of deacons, who, on the tress commenced by reading and prayer; following Lord's-day evening, were set Mr. Young, of Alfred.place, Kent-road, apart by the laying on of hands, and prayer, preached from 2 Cor. xiii. 11; “ Be of one several ministers assisting on the occamind, live in peace,” &c.; and Mr. sion. The prospect of usefulness is er. Douglas concluded the general service of couraging.

B. C.

SONNET.
If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink.”-
Whosoever will let him take the water of life freely."
How bright and broad the stream that Rock supplies,

Beneath whose shade the desert-wand'rers find

Unequalled aid to cheer the weary mind! -
'Tis this that fam'd Olympus far outvies,
And e'en the springs from Helicon that rise,
With Zion's waters once compar'd, all taste

Bitter; and though the sun-scorch'd traveller haste
To ev'ry earthly source,- fond expectation dies.

See! how he toils across the sultry waste;
Yonder's a stream! he thinks, and thither hies

With bounding hope and parched lips-when lo!
"Tis glowing sand* that mocks his straining eyes.
But Zion's stream deceives not, nor shall cease to flow,

Until we've all, like Israel, pass'd the desert through. • The phenomenon here referred to " is produced by a diminution of the density of the lower stratum of the atmosphere, which is caused by the increase of heat, arising from that communicated by the rays of the sun to the sand with which the stratum is in immediate contact ;"-in consequence of which the traveller imagines that he sees, at no great distance, “ something like a lake or river of fresh water. If, perchance, he is not undeceived, he hastens his pace to reach it sooner; the more he advances towards it, the more it dies from him, till at length it vanishes entirely, and the deluded passenger often asks, where is the water he saw at no great distance. He can scarcely believe he was so deceived; he protests that he saw the waves running before the wind, and the reflection of the high rocks in the water.”

This phenomenon existed in the great desert of Judæa, and is expressly alluded to by the sublime and elegant Isaiah (xxxv.7. Bishop Lowth's translation, who, when predicting the blessings of the Messiah's spiritual kingdom, says:

The glowing sand shall become a pool,

And the thirsty soil babbling springs. By the Arabs, as well as the Hebrews, it is termed (serab); and to this day the Persians and Arabs make use of it, by an elegant metaphor, to express disappointed hope. The appellation by which this phenomenon is now generally known is Mirage. -Sec Belzoni's Narrative of his Operations and Researches in Egypt, and Horne's Introduction to the Critical Study of the Scriptures, Vol. iii. p. 56, 57.

Calendar for Dovember. 1. Sun between the Earth and Mercury, 11. Herschel south IV. 7 aft. Alti. IV. 30 morn.

tude 16° 39'. 8. Moon passes Jupiter VIII. 22 ast. 19. Ceres south XI. 50 morn. Altitude 6. Moon passes Mars II, 15 aft.

23° 9'. 8. Moon passes Venus VII. 88 morn. 25. Full Moon IV. 12 ast. She passes 10. New Moon IX. 14 morn. Too far through the Earth's shadow. She

south to cast her shadow on the rises eclipsed IV. 3 aft. Eclipse Earth.

ends V, 19. 10. Moon passes Mercury VII, aft. 26, Moon passes Saturn at midnight.

Jrish Chronicle.

OL

To the Secretaries.

would soon become a fruitful field, they

would unite and enlighten the people, Limerick, Sept. 16, 1825.

and would attach themselves to the king With this I send you a statement of the and constitution. I beg leave to mention schools, under my superintendance, for

two instances, which will show the great the present quarter, ending October 1, importance of scriptural instruction. . I which are, as usual, persecuted. The have just returned from the most remote. visit of the Commissioners of Education barbarous, and neglected part of Ireland, has done no good whatever; but, on the situate between sixty and seventy Irish contrary, it appears to have confirmed miles west of Limerick, the western point opposition; and the separating system of Ireland, in the county of Clare; the recommended by them will, I have no population is incredible; and for twentydoubt, promote the most unhappy differ- three miles, from Kilrush to Loophead ences, and confirm bigotry and supersti- lighthouse, there is but one Roman Ca. tion, if adopted. Conciliation is out of tholic chapel, and no other. The people the question; the difference made in the have no regard for the Lord's-day, they education of the children will excite in

work in their fields, and fish, and pursue crease, and confirm prejudice. I have brutal exercises; very few of them ever seen children of the same persuasion, of go to chapel, it is so distant. different hedge schools, when they met, I preached two Lord's-days at This. began to fight, for no other reason, only baha, where there are some excise prethat they belonged to different schools, ventive guards lately placed, some of wherein the children of the same school whom are protestants, who heard with are generally fond and united. What

gladness, it also being a rare thing, no must it be when the difference is intro.

church within twenty miles of them. I duced into the schools ? But still worse slept for thirteen nights on a green straw in some parishes, where there is scarcely bed, in a dirty cabin, on a wet floor; and a Protestant, the Bible is entirely ex. during that time I did not cease to speak cluded, and the poor Roman Catholic

to the people night and day, principally children are for ever destined to perish in the Irish language, as there is scarcely in sin and ignorance. Whether or no, a word of anything else spoken. I have the Roman Catholics are not to have the learned to read the Irish, that I might scriptures, “which are able to make them read to the people in their own language wise unto salvation,” and teach to fear the blessed word of life. God and honour the king, and to be in

In the midst of this benighted and far subjection to the powers that be, as or- distant region, the Baptist Irish Society dained of God.

has an Irish school, at a place called Another objection to the system is, Thrastleave, where there are thirty in that the poor and extremely distressed attendance, half of whom are reading the people must principally pay for the edu Irish scriptures. J- N-, the master, cation of their children, when the kind. is a most devoted man, and goes a great hearted and the benevolent would have distance round to read the Irish scripcheerfully freed them from that burthen.* tures to the people, who hear him with Nothing could be more admirably adapte the greatest attention. Now I mention ed to the circumstances of the country, the great importance of scriptural instructhan the system of education recommend. tion : In giving me an account of his ed and practised by the Baptist Irish So- labours, he said he was reading the 22nd ciety, and also the Hibernian Society. I chapter of Luke in Irish, relative to the would add the Education Society, but sufferings of our blessed Lord, when one that has withdrawn its friendly assist. of the number who were present, said to ance from the other Societies, in conse. the rest, in Irish, “ If I were going to quence of the recommendation of the

murder, or rob, or injure my neighbour, commissioners.

do you think I could do it, when I should If those Societies could have proceeded think of these words ?" as they have done, the mental wilderness He was reading the Irish scriptures at

another time, to several people, when a * See Irish Chronicle for July, 1825.

man acknowledged and said, “ Í intend.

ed to have injured such a man, and to and was evidently interested in the prohave driven all the cattle I could collect ficiency of the children, of whom there one night, to have destroyed all his were 121 present-30 being in the Tes. wheat, oats, and potatoes, but when I tament class, and committing it to meheard J- N- read the Irish Testament, mory. my conscience would not let me.” These After the examination of the children, two instances alone say more, in my in their presence, and that of about 20 opinion, for the great importance of scrip- adults, he requested from me the present tural education, than all that was ever of an English Bible, which request I said by its devoted advocates. I was in. have cheerfully complied with. formed that the Popish Bishop went into I was also much pleased with the prothe neighbourhood lately, and desired ficiency of the children in some other the people to be aware of the books, that schools, particularly the Harlow, and there was poison in them. The priest de- the Alie-street female schools; in the latstroyed the first school the Baptist Jrish ter of which there is a little girl who can Society established there about six years repeat 100 chapters very correctly, who ago; they were the first, and the only is only nine years of age. In these and persons, who sent the preached and the other female schools, it was highly grainspired word of God into that dark and tifying to me, as well as to the children, to remote region.

present them with some of the work-bags, In the Bird-hill school, six of the chil. pin-cushions, &c. which were kindly dren repeated from memory the Gospel of given me for the purpose by some ladies Matthew and three chapters of the Epistle in London. to the Romans each ; four repeated ten You will be gratified in the perusal of chapters each; two said four each, which some of the readers' journals, as clearly makes 234 chapters. The children of the proving that the labours of the Society Black-water school still appear to ex. are succeeded by him in whose cause they ceed them. The schools would all flou. are engaged. In one of them, viz. from rish, and the nation would soon be evan. T-C-, there is an account of the death gelized, were it not for the priests. of his father, which will be read with

W. THOMAS. great interest. It was such a death, as

I should have anticipated from such a character, for though poor as to the

things of this world, and an illiterate To the Secretaries.

man, he was evidently “rich in faith,"

and an heir of that kingdom which shall Boyle, Sept. 13, 1825. I have now seen nearly the whole of

f never be moved. the schools, in both districts, and though

He was brought to a knowledge of the

truth, by the instrumentality of some of there are still some discouraging circum.

the agents of the society, and was bapstances attending some of them, I have

tized at an early period of its operations to state, that I was never more gratified than I have been in the inspection of

in this country. I was early acquainted

with him after my arrival, and have reaothers. There are three parishes where the

son to believe that he was enabled to

adorn the doctrine of God his Saviour. most determined and persevering oppo.

He frequently evinced great strength of sition is maintained, in which we have eight schools; all of them, however, give

mind; and bad he enjoyed the advantages

of an early education, in all probability pleasing evidence that the people are de

he would have been a very useful cha. termined to have their children educated, for some Roman Catholic as well as Pro

racter. The clear and faithful manner in

which he was accustomed to speak of the testant children are found in all of them.

gospel, and the effects it will produce As a contrast to tbe proceedings of the

where it is cordially received, bas often priests in those parishes, I have pleasure in stating, that we have the continued

afforded me pleasure; and he has often

been admired by his superiors in rank, co-operation of some others; and in one

for his pointed manner of speaking to instance, one who was formerly hostile, is now an encourager of the schools; and, fact, he feared his God, but knew do

them on the concerns of their souls; in consequently, in a school that I inspected in his parish, there were 199 pupils,

other fear. From all I know of him, I 49 of whom were reading the Testament,

d. can heartily join with his son, in saying, and most of them committing portions of

“may my last end be like his.” it to memory. In another parish, the

J. WILSON. priest went with me to inspect the school,

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