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terious and terrible importance be- but those had little reason to laugh Jonged-on whose slightest action the who encountered them in the ball of spirits of light and darkness looked debate, or in the field of battle. These with anxious interest-who had been fanatics brought to civil and military destined, before heaven and earth were affairs, a coolness of judgment, and an created, to enjoy a felicity wbich should immutability of purpose, which some continue wben heaven and earlh should writers have thought inconsistent with have passed away..

Events which their religious zeal; but which were, in short-sighted politicians ascribed to fact, the necessary effects of it. The inearthly causes, had been ordained on tensity of their feelings on one subject, his account. For his sake empires had made them tranquil on every other. risen, and flourished, and decayed. One overpowering sentiment had subFor his sake, the Almighty had pro- jected to itself pity and hatred, ambiclaimed his will by the pen of the tiou and fear. 'Death bad lost its terEvangelist, and the harp of the Pro- rors, and pleasure its charms. They phet. He had been wrested, by no had their smiles and their tears, their common deliverance, from the grasp raptures and their sorrows, but not for of no common foe. He bad been rau- the things of this world. Enthusiasm somed by the sweat of no vulgar agony, bad made them stoics, had cleared by the blood of no earthly sacrifice. It their minds from every vulgar passion was for him that the sun had been and prejudice, and raised them above darkened, that the rocks had been the intiuence of danger and of corrent, that the dead bad arisen, that all ruption. It sometimes might lead nature had shuddered at the sufferings them to pursue unwise ends, but never of her expiring God!

to choose unwise means. They went Thus the Puritan was made up of through the world like Sir Artegale's two different men-the one all self- Iron man Talus, with his flail crushing abasement, penitence, gratitude, pas- and trampling down oppressors i sion; the other, proud, calm, inflexible, mingling with human beings, but sagacious. He prostrated himself in having neither part nor lot with human the dust before bis Maker: but be set infirmities; insensible 10 fatigue, to his foot on the neck of his king. In his pleasure, and to pain; not to be pierced devotional retirement, he prayed with by any weapon, not to be withstood by convulsions, and groans, and tears. He any barrier. was half maddened by glorious or ter- Such we believe to have been the rible illusions. He heard the lyres of character of the Puritans. We perangels, or the tempting whispers of ceive the absurdity of their manners; fiends. He caught a gleam of the we dislike the sullen gloom of their Beatific Vision, or woke scrcaming domestic habits. We acknowledge from dreams of everlasting fire. Like that the tone of their minds was often Vane, he thought himself intrusted injured by straining after things too with the sceptre of the millennial year. high for mortal reach : and we know Like Fleetwood, he cried, in the bit- that, in spite of their hatred of Popery, terness of bis soul, that God had bidden they too often fell into the worst vices his face from him. But, when he took of that bad system, intolerance and exhis seat in the council, or girt on his travagant ausiority,--that they had sword for war, these tempestuous their anchorites and their crusades, workings of the soul had left no per- their Dunstans and their De Montforts, ceptible trace behind them. People their Dominics and their Escobars. who saw nothing of the godly but their Yet, when all circumstances are taken uncouth visages, and heard nothing into consideration, we do not hesitate from them but their groans and their to pronounce them a brave, a wise, an whining bymns, might laugh at them; honest, and a useful body.

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522

Obituary and Recent Deaths.

RECENT DEATHS.

REV. DR. FURMAN,

of Charlestown, S. C. REV. DAVID BOGUE, D.D. WITHIN a month of the event just

On Monday, October 23, in the 77th mentioned, occurred the decease of the year of his age, died the Rev. Dr. Rev. Dr. Furman, of Charlestown, S.C. Bogue, long known in the religious of both these excellent individuals world as pastor of the Independent we expect to receive particulars, for Church at Gosport, and tutor of the insertion in our pages next year. Seminary established there by the London Missionary Society, of which Society, as well as of the British and

MRS. FULLER. Foreign Bible Society, he was one of the founders. The event took place at

Died, at Bristol, October 29, Anne, Brighton, whither be bad gone to at the Widow of the Rev. Andrew Fuller, tend the meeting of the Brighton aged 6! years. Her end was peace; Auxiliary Missionary Society. The possessing, as she emphatically said, funeral sermon was preached by Dr.

a good hope, through grace,” of eterWinter, and will, we understand, be nal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. By published. As an author, Dr. Pogue her own desire, ber remains were reattained considerable celebrity, by his moved to Kettering, and interred in

Essay on the Authenticity of the the grave of her beloved husband.
New Testament;" and his“ Discourses
on the Millennium." He will be long
remembered, with affectionate venera-

MR. JOB HEATH.
tion, by a large circle of friends and
admirers.

On Lord's-day, November 6, died Mr. Job Heath, many years a bighly

respected Deacon of the Church in REV. JOSEPH DAWSON.

Maze Pond, Southwark. Of this worDied, at Maidstone, on the 6th of thy man we hope to be able to furnish October, the Rev. Joseph Dawson. an account in a subsequent Number. For many years he was the respected and esteemed pastor of the Baptist Church at Lyme, Dorsetshire. After

MR. T. EDWARDS. he left Lyme, he spent several years at Staines, where he supplied that de- DIED, October 9, aged 32, Mr. T. clining interest with unwearied atten- Edwards, an active and useful member tion, though not with considerable suc- of the Church at Folkestone, Kent, The last years of his life were

whose loss will be severely felt, and obscured with dark clouds of affliction; long deplored. but we have no doubt he has now reached that country, of which it is emphatically said, " There shall be no MR. PETER BATEMAN. night there."

SATURDAY morning, November 12, REV. DR. BALDWIN,

died Mr. Peter Bateman, late of Bun

bill-row, in the 85th year of his age. of Boston, U. S.

Ile had been thirty-six years Many of our readers will be con- honourable member of the church cerned to bear, that intelligence has in Keppel-street; during thirty of been recently received of the death of wbich he filled the office of Deacon the Rev. Dr. Baldwin, pastor of the with considerable respectability and Baptist Church at Boston, U.S.

usefulness.

cess.

an

Review.

1. Statement of the Committee of the which the Apocryphal books make a

Edinburgh Bible Society, relative to component part, and which are binding the Circulation of the Apocrypha by upon the consciences of Roman Cathothe British and Foreign Bible So- lics, upon pain of their everlasting

ciety. London, Hamilton, Pp. 16, destruction?" 2. Remarks on the Propriety of apply

The British and Foreign Bible Soing the Funds of the British and Fo- ciety was doubtless built upon this reign Bible Society, to the Circulation simple principle, thus anequivocally of such Foreign Versions as contain expressed :—“the sole object of whicà the Apocrypha, in Places where no

shall be, to encourage a wider circulaother Versions will be generally re

tion of the scriptures without note or ceived. With a Preface, containing comment.”. As if, however, they bad Observations on the Statement, 8c. of foreseen the difficulty of encouraging the Rev. G. C. Gorham, B. D. By the circulation of the scriptures without H. Venn, M. A. Quarto.

human additions among the Foreign

Protestant Churches; it was added, 3. A Statement submitted to the Members of the British and Foreign Bible the United Kingdom to be circulated by

“ the only copies in the languages of Society, on the Unlawfulness of circır- the Society, shall be the authorized lating the Apocryphal Books inlis

version.criminately mingled with the inspired

In strict conformity with the spirit of Writings. By GeorgeCornelius this rule, the Apocrypha lias never made Gorham, B.D. Second Edition.

any part of those copies which have been Hatchard, Octavo. Pp. 63.

circulated in the United Kingdom; 4. Twenty-one Reasons for not contri- but as to those which, by its means,

buting to the Circulation of the Apo- bave been circulated in Germany, crypha among the Churches which France, Spain, Italy, and Russia, the deem it Canonical. Octavo, Pp. 7. Apocryphal books have, in general,

Op all the controversies that have been bound up with them: for as the taken place in England on the subject received versions of those respective foof religion, since the period of the Re- reign Protestant churches contained formation, none bas been so entirely the Apocrypha, the Society did not and exclusively Protestant, or whicũ think itself as acting contrary to their has involved so many important consi- fundamental rule in granting them pederations, as that to which the pam- cuniary aid for the purchase of the phlets now on our table relate. Scriptures. Former controversies between Pro

Before we proceed to notice the contestants and Papists, Episcopalians troversy itself

, on this subject, it may and Dissenters, bave related either to be necessary to give an account of the the Doctrines or Discipline, the Con- principal circunstances which have led stitution or Officers of ihe Church; but to it, and which have involved the Conthis comes directly at the foundation mittee of the Parent Society in so principle of the Reformation: to the many, and, probably, inextricable diffivery corner-stone on which the build- culties: which threaten the disruption ing rested, by which alone it can be of this most noble institution. supported, and the superstructure be

A fact not generally known, except eventually raised and perfected.

by scholars, has been recently brought “ The question to be decided is,- to light as to the condition of the Popish Whether the funds of the Bible Soci- Editions of the Scriptures, translated ety shall be employed to support the from the Vulgate, respecting the ApoProtestant Canon of Scripture, com- cryphal Books. Unlike the arrangeposed exclusively of the Inspired books, ment in our Bibles, which took place and considered as the alone rule of at the Reformation in England, of putfaith and practice; or whether the Po- ting them in a separate series, and pish Canon shall be also circulated, of marking them " Apocrypha," i. e.

books not in the Canon, and of doubt- Bible, in 1535. In this Bible, the ful authority, they have been, since the book of Baruch comes after the ProCouncil of Trent, interspersed with the phecy of Jeremiab. In the Bible called inspired books, without any mark by Matthews's, a second edition of Wilwhich they can be distinguished from liam T'yndal's, which had been printed them. Thus, after the inspired book three years before at Antwerp, without of Nehemiah, come the apocryphal the Apocrypha. In this new editiou, all books of Tobit, and Judith; after the the fourteen books of Apocrypba were inspired book of Esther, the apocryphal appended to the Old Testament. These book of The Rest of Esther. After the were called, “ The Volume of the inspired book of The Song of Solomon, Bokes called Hagiographa;" or holy the apocryphal books of Wisdom, and writings,”—but in Cranmer's Bible, Ecclesiasticus; after the inspired book printed 1539, they were called Apoof Jeremiah, the apocryphal books of crypha ; or“ hidden writings.” Baruch, with the Epistle of Jeremiah; The church of Rome became justly after the 24th verse of the 3rd chapter alarmed (their craft was in danger) of the inspired book of Daniel, is the when Lather denied both the authority apocryphal book of The Smg of the of tradition, and of all merely ecclesiasThree Children: and at the close of the tical writings; and, therefore, at the book of Daniel, are the apocryphal famous Council of Trent, in 1546, they books of The Story of Susanna, and of passed the infamous decree, that the The Idol Bel and the Dragon: and af- writings wbich had been formerly ester the inspired book of Malachi, the teemed by the Romish doctors themtwo apocryphal books of the Maccabees. selves uninspired, were" sacred and ca

The Vulgate, as translated by Je- nonical,” and to be received with the rome at the end of the fourth century, same piety and reverence as the other and from which the Popish versions scriptures.” are made, contained the inspired and Having thus brought the subject apocryphal books in this intermingled clearly before our readers, as to the manner; but the latter were distin- state of the Bible as received in Popiske guished from the former by a short countries, we now proceed to mention notice prefixed by Jerome, informing the particular event which led to the the reader, that the book did not belong Bible Society controversy respecting it. to the Canon of Scripture. In addi- In the month of August, 1824, the tion to these, he wrote what has been Rev. Leander Van Ess, a foreign Rocalled his “belmeted Preface," ex- man Catholic, applied to the Parent cluding the Apocrypha from the Canon. Society for authority to print, at their About the ninth century another pre- expense, bis translation of the Old caution was adopted, by placing a Testament Scriptores, “ with permisnote after each of Jerome's eleven pre- sion from them to intersperse, and mix faces, This is not in the Canon.” up with them, according to the order Bishop Cosin calls this “ a distinction adopted by the Romish Church, the written as with a pen of iron, that it apocryphal books: the additional' exmay never be forgotten.” When the pense thus incurred, being defrayed Reformation commenced in Germany, by bim and his friends." The Parent Luther and his colleagues found it ne- Society accordingly voted a grant of cessary, in their controversies with the money for that purpose, and in so doing Papists, (who appealed to the Apocry- they seem to have had no consciouspha with as much confidence as if they ness of having violated their original were inspired writings,) to take their rule, or “ sole object,” of providing for stand upon the inspired scriptures “the circulation of the Holy Scriptures alone; and in Luther's translation of alone, without note or comment.” Inthe Bible, he carefully separated deed it appears, that up to the year these books from those of the Canon. 1822, it had been their practice to vote Jobn Wickliff, long before this, had grants of money to Protestant Bible made a greater distinction between Societies, in order to pay for the printthose books than even Jerome bad ing of copies of the Holy Scriptores, to done, by writing under each, “ This which were appended the apocryphal be no boke of belief;" but it was John books; and in other instances they had Rogers the martyr, who translated the encouraged the Popish editions in Apocrypha, and added it to Coverdale's which they were intermingled.

In that year, an objection was made shall be interspersed with the Canonto this latter practice by somo mem- ical books of Holy Scripture: and that bers of the Parent Society, which led all grants of money to Foreign Sothe Committee, on the 19th of August, cieties, which are accustomed to pub1822, to pass the following resolution, lish Bibles containing the Apocrypha, namely:

be made under the express stipulation, Resolved-That when grants shall and the assurance of the parties rebe made by any of the [Foreign) Bible ceiving the same, ibat sạch grants Societies, in connexion with this Insti- shall be exclusively applied to printing tution, which are accustomed to circulate and publishing Canonical books of the Apocrypha, it be stated to such So- scripture only.' cieties, that the attention of the Com- The Statement of the Committee mittee having been called to the fup- of the Edinburgh Bible Society, fully damental rule of the Society, as limit. explains the circumstance which led to ing the application of its funds to the these different and fluctuating meacirculation of the Holy Scriptures; sures by the Committee of the Parent and it appearing that this view of the Society. The knowledge of the vote said rule has been taken from the be- to assist the Rev. Leander Van Ess, to ginning by the great body of its mem- publish bis Old Testament, having bers; the Committee, anxious on the been made known to them, producodi one hand to keep entire good faith with considerable dissatisfaction in thatquarall the members of the Society, and, on ter, and they accordingly opened a corthe other, to maintain unimpaired respondence with London. This led, the friendship which it has had the as it should appear, to the alteration happiness so long to hold with Bi- made by the resolution of the Parent ble Societies, which circulate books Committee in December, 1824. esteemed apocryphal in this country, On this resolution being transmitted requests of those Societies, that they to Edinburgh, they were still dissatiswill appropriate all future grants fied; and on the 17th which they may receive from the they passed several of January, 1825

,

, British and Foreign Bible Society, ex- lutions: in these they say, clusively to the printing of the books adherence, strict, avowed, and uneof the Old and New Testament, as quivocal, to the essential principle of generally received in this country; the Society, the circulation of the scripsuch Societies remaining at full liberty, tures without note or comment, is essento apply their own funds in whatever tial to insure its permanent unanimity way, as to the printing and circulation and success, and even the existence of of the Apocrypha, it may seem good the Society;-that the Society stands to them."

pledged by its rules and printed stateBy this resolution they refused to ments, to confine its labours to the cirsanction the intermixture of the apo- culation of the Holy Scriptures alone; cryphal books; but by the grant of that they considered the circulation of Dr. L. V. Ess, they returned to that the apocryphal writingsin any way wbatpractice, with a reservation, indeed, ever, directly or indirectly, through the impossible to be fulfilled, that “ the funds of the Bible Society, to be contramoney of the Parent Society should be ry to the original covenants entered into applied exclusively to the paying for with the religious public, and to the sothe Canonical books."

lemn asseverations on the subject of the On the 20th of December, 1824, the exclusive distribution of holy scripture Committee, after having again disa in its annual reports ;-that in whatever cussed the merits of the question rest degree the intluence of the Bible Sopecting encouraging the circulation of ciety had tended to encourage the cirthe Apocrypha, they returned again to culation of the apocryphal writings, it the principle adopted in August, 1822, had gone out of its original course lo and passed the following resolution, vizi; give its sanction to a buman composi

“That no pecuniary grants be made ţion replete with error, which wickedly by the British and Foreign Bible So- assumes to be a revelalion from beaciety, for the purpose of aiding the ven ;-that the resolutions of the 19th printing and publishing any; edition of of August, 1822, and the 20th of De the Bible, in which the Apocrypha cember, 1824, while they appear to VOL. XVII,

3 B

that an

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