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tutions, to assist in the acquisition To persons, tlien, of suitable chaof this essential qualification for the racter, and good natural talents, Christian ministry. The warmest this institution supplies incalculaadvocates for these seminaries of ble advantages. It furnishes them learning, do not pretend that they with the means of acquiring knowcan impart the primary qualification ledge, which they would never posfor a Christian teacher, real piety: sess without it; and by setting them this must be communicated by an at liberty from the ordinary busiagency, which God alone can exert. ness of life, they have leisure to inTo educate young men, on the sup- prove their talents, and acquire that position that they may become the information which is requisite to fit subjects of Divine grace, appears to them for their future destination. them highly presumptuous. Tbey They are trained to habits of close require credible evidence of a and right thinking, to arrange their change of heart, as an essential thoughts with skill and perspicuity, pre-requisite for admission. But and to speak with propriety and while piety is indispensable to the force on the things of God. Nor Christian minister, this alone will are the advantages of these institunot fit him for his work. His busi- tions confined merely to the few ness is to teach, and, therefore, he years spent under the roof of an acamust have learned. In religion demy; but they lay a foundation of alone, it is thought by some, that a knowledge, on which a superstrucman may at once become a teacher, ture may afterwards be raised, and without preparation, or, at least, by the adoption of a plan of study, with no suitable preparation. Here they acquire the power of adding 10 two opposite classes meet, the mere- their store in future life. ly learned churchmen, and the ene. I shall conclude this discourse, mies of learning among Dissenters. already extended to too great a The former suppose their know. length, by addressing a few words ledge of language and the sciences, to you, my esteemed young friends, may be immediately succeeded by who enjoy the advantages of this their preaching the gospel, while evangelical seminary. I trust you they are ignorant of almost every will look well, not only to the realthing which it is the design of their ity, but to the improvement of your office to teach. The latter plead personal religion; that, while you that the apostles were not learned are employed in acquiring the varimen; but it should be remembered ous branches of useful learning, your iliey liad Christ for their preceptor, piety may not be suffered to decay, and they were not allowed to enter You have need to be on your guard on their ministry fully, till the de- against every thing which might bescent of the Holy Spirit. Tarry ye, come the means of impairing your said Christ, at Jerusalem till ye are spirituality; to which nothing, is endued with power from on high. more unfriendly than levity. Let It is trilling to talk of gifts being your cheerfulness be chastened by sufficient to qualify-supernatural an habitual sense of the fear of gifts are not intended. Superior na. God, and of the iniportance of etertural talents, and superior piety, are nal tbings. Keep your passions in as highly valued by the advocates . subjection, and maintain purity of of learning as by others; and if abi- leart. “ Flee youthful lusts, and follity be a good ihing, then learning, low after righteousness, faith, and which is acquired ability, is equally charity, with all that call on the desirable.
name of the Lord.” Those who bear
the vessels of the sanctuary, should ject. May you, and we, so approre be clean: a word to the wise is suf ourselves to God, ibat when the ficient. “Walk in the spirit, and ye chief Shepherd shall appear, we may shall not fulfil the lusts of the flesh." receive a crown of glory, which Diligently improve the advantages fadeth not away. you enjoy ; cheerfully conform to the regulations of the house wbile you are in it, and revere the coun- On the Connection of the Doctrine sels of your respected tutors. Culo of the Trinity, with other Scriptivate genuine humility, and let this tural Truths. lovely grace be apparent in your spirit and deportment.
(Concluded from page 4.) As you are to be employed in the work of teaching, it is necessary" If Christ be a mere man, and did you should acquire the art of com- not atone for the sins of his people, municating your ideas to others, how can we account for his being with facility. Hence, some regard so often denominated the Saviour? is requisite to language and delivery, He is styled the Lamb of God, who that you may gain the hearers atten- taketh away the sin of the world. tion and affection. But, whatever How can a lamb take away sin, exmay be your peculiar gift, never cept as being made a sacrifice ? But make popularity your chief aim. Christ our Passover was sacrificed The householder is not to exhibit for us. Paul delivered it to the his stores for the purpose of display, Corinthians, among the first princi. but to feed the family. Never seek ples,“ how that Christ died for our to be admired by adopting a gaudy, sins, according to the scriptures." declamatory mode of preaching. " Christ has redeemed us from the We by no means object to a mo. curse of the law, being made a curse derate and judicious use of figure in for us.", " When the fulness of the your compositions; but these orna. time was come, God sent forth his ments should never be employed for Son, made of a woman, made under their own sake. Such a mode of the law, to redeem them that were preaching is by no means suited to under the law, that we might receive the nature and design of religious the adoption of sons." “ In him we instruction ; it acts as a distorted have redemption through his blood, medium, like painted glass, which the forgiveness of sins, according to however beautiful to the eye, gives the riches of bis grace, wherein he a false colouring to the objects hath abounded towards us in all wiswhich it dimly exbibits. If you dom and prudence.” “ Now the adopt this mode of preaching, you righteousness of God is manifested, may be admired by the vain and being witnessed by the law and the light-minded; but serious and judi- prophets ; even the righteousness of cious Christians will deeply deplore God which is by faith of Jesus such a perversion of your talents. Christ, unto all and upon all tben Your business is, by manifestation of that believe: for there is no differthe truth, to commend yourselves to ence: for all have sinned, and come every man's conscience, in the sight short of the glory of God; being of God, and by the solemnity, sim. justified freely by his grace, through plicity, and earnestness with which ihe redemption that is in Christ you treat divine things, make the Jesus; whom God bath set forth to hearers forget the preacher, in the be a propitiation, through faith in majesty and importance of the sub. his blood, to declare his righteogsness in the remission of sins that are made peace by the blood of his past; in the forbearance of God to cross, by him to reconcile all things declare at this time his righteous- to bimself, whether they be things ness: that he might be just and the in earth, or things in heaven. And justifier of him who believeth in you that were sometime ago alienaJesus.” “Who was delivered for ted and enemies in mind by wicked our offences, and was raised again works, yet now hath he reconciled, for our justification. Therefore, in the body of bis flesh, through being justified by faith, we have death, to present you holy and unpeace with God, through our Lord blameable and unreproveable in Jesus Christ.” “ Now in Christ his sight,” &c. He tells the ThesJesus, se who sometime ago were salonians, “ Ye turned to God from far off, are made nigh, by the blood idols, to serve the living and true of Christ; for he is our peace." God, and to wait for his Son from “When ye were yet without strength, heaven, whom he raised from the in due time, Cbrist died for the un- dead, even Jesus, who delivered us godly. For scarcely for a righte- from the wrath to come.” He afous man will one die; yet, perad. firms to Timothy, “ This is a faitbventure, for a good man some would ful saying, and worthy of all accepeven dare to die. But God com. tation, that Jesus Christ came into mendeth bis love toward us, in the world to save sinners, of whom I that, while we were yet sinners, am chief.” He elsewbere says of Christ died for us. Much more then the Saviour, He “ loved me, and being now justified by his blood, gave himself for me.” He remarks we shall be saved from' wrath to Titus, “ After that the kindness through him. For if, when we were and philanthropy of God our Savienemies, we were reconciled to God our appeared, not by works of by the death of his Son, much more righteousness, which we have done, being reconciled, we shall be saved but according to his mercy be saved. by his life ; and not only so, but we us, by the washing of regeneration also joy in God through our Lord and the renewing of the Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ, by whom we have now which he shed on us abundantly, received the atonement.” (Or, if it through Jesus Christ our Saviour; be rendered “ the reconciliation," it that being justified by his grace, amounts to the same thing.) “ For, we should be made heirs, according as by one man's disobedience many to the hope of eternal life.” were made sinners, so by the obe. Many more quotations might I dience of One shall many be made adduce from the writings of Paul, righteous." Therefore, said Paul, especially from his epistle to the “Yea,doubtless, I count all things but Hebrews; and expressions equally Joss, for the excellency of the know- strong occur in the epistles of Peter, ledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for and John, as well as in the last whom I have suffered the loss of all book of the New Testament; whichi things, and do count them as dung, it would require immense critical lathat. I may win Christ, and be found bour to explain away, or to reconin him, not having on mine own cile to the Socinian scheme. In righteonsness, which is of the law, short, the whole of the sacred but that which is, through the faith writings must be pulled to pieces, of Christ, the righteousness which to get rid of the doctrines connected is of God, by faith.” “ For it hath with the Divinity of Christ, and, pleased the Father, that in Him consequently, with the doctrine of should all fulness dwell; and having the Trinity in Unity,
Yet when I had an interview with against that day." Accordingly, in a the 'venerable David Turner, of season of peculiar trial, he says, “I Abingdon, a few months before his besought the Lord thrice, and be death, he told me, that one of these said unto me, “My grace is suffigentlemen affirmed to him, that“ the cient for thee: for my strength is blood of Jesus Christ had no more made perfect in weakness. Most to do with our salvation, than the gladly, therefore, will I rather glory blood of Alexander the Great." in my infirmities, that the power of The good old man exclaimed, Cbrist may rest upon me, for when “ Where should I be then, with the I am weak, then am I strong." As sins of fourscore yearsand ten ?" he elsewhere declares, “ I can do “ But, Oh !” said he, “it is preci- all things through Christ who ous blood !” So said Peter long be- strengtheneth me." Whereas Christ fore him; and all the saints in glory had told his disciples, “ Without confess the same in their songs. . me ye can do nothing." What an
It would be easy to adduce a extravagant expression must this large number of passages, respect- have been, even while he was upon ing Christ's care of his people, now earth ; but how much more if it he has left this world as to his bo- were applied to those who lived dily presence. David said, “ JEHO. after he left the earth, and now he VAH is my shepherd, I shall not resides in some distant region of want.” If Jesus be not JEHOVAH, the universe! What can he there David was better off than we; but do for us, any more than Enoch or he whom Peter calls “the Chief Elijah, who are probably in the Shepherd,” and who called himself same place ? Paul, in most of his “the Good Shepherd," did not epistles, invokes “ Grace and peace, only lay down his life for the sheep, from God our Father, and ibe Lord but has declared, “ I give unto Jesus Christ,” for the Christians to · them eternal life, and they shall ne- whom they were addressed : and ver perish, neither shall any one for Timothy and Titus, he implores pluck them out of my hand.” He“ Grace, mercy, and peace," from speaks of his protection as equally the same source. Would not Sosecuring them from danger, with cinians exclairn against us, if we the protection of the Father, for he durst to pray for grace and peace adds, “ My Father, who gave them from God the Father' and Calvin ; me, is greater than all, and no one from God and Whitfield or Jonais able to pluck them out of my Fa- than Edwards ? or would they dare ther's hand. I and my Father are to pray for grace and peace from one.” Accordingly Peter spoke of God our Father, and from Socinus him, long after his ascension, as or Priestley? Would they excuse "the. Shepherd and Bishop of us, by allowing that, though we souls."
joined the names of those good men Surely, he knows but little of the with God the Father, yet we, doubtworth of his soul, or of the dangers less, did not mean to worship them ? to wbich it is exposed, who would or, could they justify themselves by dare to leave it in the care of a mere alleging, that they did not mean to man, who is no more in this world, ascribe power to influence the Certainly Paul had an higher idea hearts of men to Socinus or Priestof him, when he said, “I know ley, but only to wish they might whom I have believed, and am per- imitate their virtues ? Surely, they suaded that he is able to keep that who so boldly charge Paul with reawbich I have committed to him soning inconclusively, might as
well, if their views of Jesus were not the Christ, but am sent before correct, charge him with praying him. He that hath the Bride is the inconsiderately, if not impiously! Bridegroom : but the friend of the Who would dare thus to connect Bridegroom, who standeih and the name of God and any good beareth him, rejoiceth greatly beman, in the same devout aspira- cause of the Bridegroom's voice : tion ? Never did any of the Jewish this my joy therefore is fulálled. prophets invoke grace and peace He must increase, but I decrease. upon Israel, from God and Moses ; He that cometh from above is nor from God Almighty and Abra- above all: he that is of the earth is ham: never would Paul have put earthly, and speaketh of the earth : up a prayer of this sort to our Lord he that cometh from heaven is Jesus, if he had not believed him to above all.”. &c. But notice espebe. what he expressly called him, cially the use which the apostle “ God over all, blessed for ever.” makes of this metaphorical repre
Direct declarations in the lan- sentation, not in a poem, nor in a guage of men seem more liable to high flown oration, but in a plain dibe explained away, than the more dactic epistle, wherein he intended indirect implication of a number of to enforce the relative duties of passages, which demonstrate the persons in the conjugal relation. exalted idea the writers had of the “ Wives submit yourselves unto person to whom they refer. I have your own husbands, as unto the been very forcibly struck with the Lord. For the husband is the bead metaphorical illustration of our of the wife, even as Christ is the Lord's singular character, in which head of the Church : and he is the he is spoken of as related to his Saviour of the body. Therefore as church as the bridegroom is to the the Church is subject unto Christ, so bride. This allusion is made re- let the wives be to their own hus. peatedly in the Old Testament, par- bands in every thing. Husbands ticularly in Psalm xlv. whence the love your wives, even as Christ also apostle quotes that expression, loved the Church, and gave himself “ Thy throne, O God, is for ever for it; that he might sanctify and and ever.” See also Isa. liv. 5. But cleanse it with the washing of water not to dwell upon this, let us no. by the word, that he might present tice how the same metaphor is em- it unto himself a glorious church, ployed in the New Testament. If not having spot or wrinkle, or any we conceive of Christ merely as a such thing; but that it should be teacher sent from God, a fallible, holy and without blemish, &c. No peccable man, why is the kingdom one ever yet hated his own flesh; of heaven said to be like a certain but nourisheth and cherisheth it, king who celebrated the nuptials of even as the Lord the Church, &c. his Son ? Matt, xxii. Does this This is a great mystery: but I speak accord with his being co-ordinate concerning Christ and the Church." with those who were invited to the Now it is evident that the apostle feast? Or, does it not represent bere represents Christ as standing in him as sustaining a unique charac- that relation to the whole church, ter? All the propriety of the para- or the collective body of good men, ble seems lost, if we lose sight of even all of our race that shall be the incarnation of Christ, and the finally happy, as the husband stands work of redemption. Of the same in to the wife. Is he not represented import is the language of John the as more than equal to them all, as Baptist, John iii. 28-36: “ I am giving himself for them, as having a