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death in victory; and Adonia Jehovah will and they cried before him, Bow the knee; wipe away tears from off all faces," &c. and he made him ruler over all the land of Isaiah xxv. 8.

Egypt. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am I will ransom them (even such who perish Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift in their iniquity and sin, as is evident from up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt." the context) from the power of the grave: (or Gen. xli. 39–44. hell) I will redeem them from death: O death The whole of this transaction was a wonI will be thy plagues: O grave (or hell) 1 derful type, and a most beautful illustration will be thy destruction: repentence shall be of the subject now upon. hid from mine eyes.” Hosea xiii. 14.

Pharaoh set up Joseph over the land of "And God shall wipe away all tears from Egypt because there was none so discreet and their eyes; and there shall be no more death, wise as he was, that understood the matter so neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there well, was so competent to every part of the be any more pain: for the former things are business, and that would be so faithful and passed away." Rev. xxi. 4.

diligent in the discharge of the same. PhaThen shall the song of triumph be sung, raoh in choosing Joseph, and placing him “Death is swallowed up in victory !" And over all the land, shewed his own wisdom and the great and mighty challenge shall be pro- discernment to be great. Even so the wisdom claimed through all the empire of Jehovah, and goodness of God shone conspicuously in “O death, where is thy sting? O grave (or placing his dear Son in so glorious and imhell) where is thy victory ?" 1 Cor. xv. 54, portant a situation. For where is there one 55. But surely while sin, which is the sting in heaven or earth worthy to be named in of death, is found inexistence, and while pain, comparison with Jesus? so prudent, so wise, sorrow, crying, &c., continue in the universe, so faithful, so just, so competent to every part it can hardly be said, that death is swallowed of his work? The Father hath therefore enup in victory; and while the second death trusted him with all the concerns of the wide lasts, which is certainly the most terrible kind extended universe, as Pharaoh did Joseph of death, how can it be said, O death where with the land of Egypt, and all things therein. is thy sting? and, O grave (or hell) where is Pharaoh gave Joseph full power, and unthy victory? But to me, scarce any thing ap- limited and absolute authority over all his pears more plain, than the certain annihilation people, but excepted himself, in the same manor total destruction of all that ever bore the ner as the apostle declares the Father to be name of death. Then it may be truly said, excepted. It is manifest that he is excepted who ** \Vhere sin abound grace did much more did put all things under him. abound; that as sin hath reigned unto death, But this exception being expressly made even so hath grace reigned through righteous-(though it was evidently implied in the nature ness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.” of the thing) plainly shews that none else can Rom, v. 20 21.

possibly be excepted, whether things in heaBut prior to the total destruction of death, ven, things on earth, or things under the all other eneinies, that is, all rebellious crea- earth. Christ is truly and really over all, tures, shall be humbled, and shall willingly (the Father only excepted) God blessed forever. sobmit to Jesus, and be his enemies no long- Rom. ix. 5. er: for certainly at the time when the last And when all things shall be subdued unto enemy shall be destroyed, no enemies can re. him, then shall the Son also himself be subject main in the universe.

unto him that put all things under him, that For he hath put all things under his feet: but God may be all in all. when he saith, All things are put under him, it The time, the glorious time will come, when is manifest that he is excepted who did put all all things shall be willingly subject to the lungs under him.

Son of God, and shall submit to his control. This reasoning of the apostle seems almost When this event takes place, and there is not self evident: for nothing can be more man an enemy remaining in all the universe, then ifest, than that he (the eternal Father) who shall the Son of God deliver up the kingdom pot all things under Christ the Son, is him to the Father, in the most grand, glorious, and self excepted. Even as Pharaoh said to Jo- honourable manner, and be himself also subseph, when he made him governor or ruler ject to him that put all things under him, that over all the land of Egypt.

God may be all in all. * Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all I have ventured far already, but cannot feel this, there is none so discreet and wise as myself willing to quit the subject, without thou art! Thou shalt be over my house, and once more endeavouring to represent its beauaccording to thy word shall all my people be ties in the form of a speech, which I trust ruled ; only in the throne will I be greater will not be altogether unworthy of the Son of than thou. And Pharaoh saith unto Joseph, God to utter in the presence of his Father, and See I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. all the heavenly host on that resplendent And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, day. and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed Speech of the King of kings and Lord of him in vestures of fine linen, and put a lords, upon his resigning his Imperial dignity gold chain about his neck; and he made him to God the Father, having forever put down to ride in the second chariot which he had : Jall rule, and authority, and power.

*

*

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• My Father and my God, behold me,and the day resign them to thee. Now they are all numerous children which thou hast given me, one, as thou Father and I are one ; one spirit as the reward of my labour, and the fruit of rules in them all; they have all the same de my pain. I have at length subdued all my signs, even to glorify thy name, and promote enemies, and brough: them freely and heartily the happiness of each other. to submit to my sceptre. Long and severe “ Thou art now ALL IN ALL, and let all thy was the struggle, and many that loved me works praise thee. doubted whether I should ever so far prevail Thy glory shall endure for ever; thou as to bring my greatest enemies to be my shalt rejoice in all thy works. This is the friends ; but I have succeeded according to scene which completes that joy which was thy will, and thy glorious purposes. Thou set before me, for which I endured the cross, didst create all to glorify thy name, to enjoy despising the shame. thy love, and to be happy in beholding the “To this bright and glorious day I directed light of thy countenance, and when some of my view; I beheld all things put under me, I thy creatures fell from their first estate, thou saw, beyond the darkness and obscurity of didst appoint me to reclaim and restore them. sin, pain, and death, the glorious day of light

* Father, the long expected time is at last arise on all thy creatures. arrived, when thy Son having accomplished

" It

come, it is come, this is the day I thy designs, approaches thy ihrone to resign looked for. The night is forever past, and his kingdom to thee. Thou didst give hiin eternal day is risen upon all creation, to set power over all, and he hath given eternal life no more. Shout, O Heavens, it is done, it io all which thou gavest him. All that thou, is done. Let all creatures adore thee, for this O Father, gavest me, have at length willingly is the display of thy glorious, wise and grareturned unto me,and behold I present them be- cious designs. fore thee this day, reconciled to thee, to me,and “Thou didst entrust me with the execution to each other. See, my Father, and behold of thy wonderous plan, and this I have conthroughout this mighty throng, there is not pleted. Henceforth I resign the kingdom to one knee but what bows in the most cordial ihee; be thou thyself the Lord over all. manner, not a tongie but is ready to shout thy “In my whole process I have always been praise, nor an heart that doth not overflow an example to all my flock, of which I am with love to thee. All are thy willing and still, and shall remain, the Shepherd and obedient subjects, reclaimed from all their evil head; I will therefore shew an example to all ways, and forever confirmed in the purest thy creatures that shall never be forgotten, habits of goodness. Look, my Father, through which shall forever confirm thy authority the wide extended universe, for thou behold- over them; behold, I lay my sceptre and my est all thy works in every situation with the crown at thy feet, and profess before all the utmost ease, see, there is not one rebellious hosts of heaven, and the numerous armies creature to be found! Where sin once reign-that acknowledge my sway, that great and ed and abounded, grace now reigns and mighty as I am, I am subject unto thee. I abounds much more. All confusion and bow myself before thine awful throne : I subdisorder now destroyed, the whole creation mit to thee as all thy creatures have volun. exhibits one great scene of peace, har- tarily submitted 10 me. Behold me as the mony, and divine order. All creatures are head of all principality and power, and with now wholly delivered from the bondage of me behold all thy creatures submit and bow corruption, into the glorious liberty of the to thy sovereign sway:". children of God. All things in the universe Here the scene of divine revelation closes, are gathered together in one, are reconciled to God is ALL IN ALL. I can go no further. The thy government, and conformed to thine image astonishing subject drinks up all my spirits ! and shall never more go astray. Sin, sorrow, I am lost and swallowed up in the vast uncrying, pain, and death shall never more be bounded ocean of love! known in thy extensive empire. Thou shalt be all, and in all. Thy subjects no longer need a

let my soul absorbed be, Mediator, they are all righteous and holy, and While God doth me surround! capable of beholding thy face with joy. I As a small drop in the vast sea have seen the travail of my soul, and am for

Is lost and can't be found ! ever satisfied. Thou hast fulfilled all thy promises to me in the completest manner, I “ Alleluia, for the Lord God Omnipotent have also performed my words to all my people, reigneth ;” and he shall reign forever and whom I have redeemed to thee, and from this ) ever. Amen.

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"God our Saviour will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the

truth.” 2 Tim. ii. 4.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF

FERDINAND OLIVIER PETITPIERRE,

FORMERLI MINISTER OF CHAUX-DE-FOXD.

PHILADELPHIA:

GIHON, FAIRCHILD & CO.

PREFACE TO THE PRESENT EDITION.

The reader of the following admirable trea- | a livelihood, and by my labour to gather what tise will naturally feel a curiosity to know would suffice for my necessities the remainsomething of its author. That he was a good der of my days. In this it has pleased God man, a sincere Christian, gifted with a sound to prosper me beyond my expectations. And mind and clear discriminative powers, no one now, thanks to ihe divine Providence, I am it seems to me can reasonably doubt, but our free from worldly anxieties and at liberty to acpaaintance with his life is extremely limit- speak the truth as I find it in his word, and I ed and imperfect. We know, indeed, that he enploy the happy leisure which his goodness was a native of the canton of Neufchâtel, affords me in the preparation of this work Switzerland, but of the time of his birth, of upon the plan of God, ihat I may do my duty his family and connexions, we know nothing. In this respect, in the only way that is now He was a minister of the gospel at Chaux-de- left me, and finish my career in this world Fonds, formerly a small village, but now a as I began it, maintaining the word of the considerable town, eight or ten miles from the Lord." city of Neufchatel, the capital of the canton. On leaving Switzerland, he took up his This was probably about 1770. Here by a residence in London, where it seems he spent very careful and impartial study of the Bible, several years, but whether the treatise before guided by an earnest desire to gain a know- us was written there or afterwards on the ledge of the truth, pure truth, he was brought continent, I am unable to say. It is evident at last to an unwavering faith in the infinite from the passage above, that it was not writgoodness of God, and in the final holiness and ten till after he had been engaged in business happiness of all men. Nor did he shun to sometime, and probably had retired. The avow and proclaim so great truths. But following treatise first appeared in French at this frank and conscientious course soon in Amsterdam, in 1786, and under the title ; "Le volved him in very serious difficulties. A per- Plan de Dieu envers les Hommes, tel qu'il la secuting spirit has marked the history of the manifesté dans la Nature et dans la Grace.” dogma of endless torments in every age and The Plan of God towards men, as he has manievery place where it has existed ; and Petit- fested it in nature and grace. It constitutes, pierre was left to experience the “ tender mer- however, but a part of the design which its cies" of that harsh creed which he denied. author had formed, and which was to have been He was most unjustly and cruelly persecuted, filled up by three other treatises, thus : The was disgraced, deposed, deprived of the means first part, which we here present, treats of the of support at home, and virtually driven an infinite goodness of God. The second was to

xile to other lands. But the reader must have treated of mun, natural or animal, and hear him speak on this subject. I translate a spiritual. The third of the salvation of all men; passage from the second edition of his treatise. and the knowledge of the truth necessary to their Speaking of the great advantages he gained being saved. And the fourth of the revelalion of the by an impartial study of the scriptures, he truth in nature and in grace. In 1791, when adds

a new edition of this treatise " carefully re** It is true that it has sometimes exposed vised” was published in Amsterdam, the rue to some temporal inconveniences. I was author expressed the hope that he should be a minister of the gospel. In assuming that able in a short time to give the second part of office I took an oath at the hands of the clergy his work to the public, but added that if any that I would suerifice my body, my life and my unforeseen obstacle should prevent its appearczote to maintain the word of the Lord. I have ance, this treatise which he had already sent consequently desired to proclaim the counsel forth might be regarded as complete in itself, or plan of God according to his words with- " a treatise,” he says, on the infinite goodness out any farther regard to the received doctrine of God; and, strange to say, this sublime subthan prudence dictated. The clergy without ject is as new as it is interesting.”. We deciding upon the truth or falsehood of my know not that any other part of the work ever detrine, forbid me to preach it, and imposed appeared. upon me a law of very rigorous silence. I The call for a new edition in the space of five could not submit to any law that violated my years, is an evidence that it met with a very conscience, and was deposed. As I had no respectable sale. Indeed the English tr: means of support but what my lost benefice lator refers to the approbation it receiv afforded, I went to a foreign country to gain the continent, the ardour with which

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