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how farr that Town of Nottingham doth run parallel

with Hierusalem. Was Hierusalem set upon precipitious CONTENTS,N° 246.

hills, and is not Nottingham so? and as the mountains NOTES :-Jerusalem and Nottingham, 209– Dictionary of stood about Hierusalem, Psal. 125, do they not so about

National Biography,' 210-Gotham, 211–"Pinaseed Nottingham ? and as there were two famous Ascents in Kaster at Ryton - Dryden's House, 212-"Fullish". Hierusalem, Mount Moriah, upon which the_Temple Ammianus Marcellinus-Felltham-“Hunger” in place stood, and Mount Zion, where stood that lofty Tower of names, 213 – Regimental Magazines - Mangin — Welsh David, incomparably percbing over City and Countrey, Charm, 214.

and is it not so in Nottingham ? where, upon one high QUERIES :- Fifteenth Century Trades — “Vidonia

rock, as upon another Moriah, stands that fair Church Ongus, King of the Picts : Bishop Wylson-BalladsSwift's Letters to Motte' –Toler or de Toulouse, 215—(if my rule fail not) some cubits bigger than the Temple; Falkner's 'Libertas Ecclesiastica'-Preston--Caer Greu: and upon another, yet higher mountain (like that of Craucestre-Kama Shasta Society-Commodore Beynon, Zion), stands that ancient Castle, over-topping Town John Carpenter - The Stadion of Eratosthenes-Brighton and Countrey, the lowest stone whereof (before it's dis- The Piper in Tottenham Court Road—“Burly," 216

mantling) was higher than the top stones of many others Dicky: Rumble-Methley and Medley-Browning, 217. REPLIES :-Bedstaves, 211–Foubert's Riding Academy, in the Land; whose climbing Towers, scituate upon Primitive Distribution of Land, 218-Archbishop Warbam those perpendicular rocks, did ascend to such a stupendious

"Only "-The Devil's Plot of Land-Jobn Everard- height, like another Zion, as if the Spectators should Pontifex Maximus," 219–Proverb—The Suffix "well". believe that they intended to peer into the clouds, or to Sir Robert Viner-Shifford and King Alfred, 220_Main: pick & quarrel with the Moon. Upon the highest part waring Deed - Birchin Lane—" Colded"-The Queen's Reign, 221 – The Book of Common Prayer in Roman Offices whereof, in the beginning

of the past miserable broyles, -1 Cor. il. 9-Poems by Frances Browne-St. Paul's was the Standard Royal, of unhappy, and too late (alas !), Churchyard-Tannachie-Duke of Otranto-Funeral of too late lamented Majesty lifted up;

which Castle, bad Capt. Addison, 222— Compostella--"Whoa”-Relics of not the divisions been homebred, might have said unto Founders-Simon Fraser, 223-Local Works on Brasses- all her Enemies, as sometimes the Jebusites, trusting to “ Montero Cap - Gosford, 224 - Bookseller- Staple the strength of Zion, jeeringly told David; That they Names used Synonymously, 225– Position of Communion would set up the lame and the blinde to keep that Tower Table —"Commeline" * Facing the music" - The Thames, &c.-Lucifer Matches—"Skiagraphy"--Ognall— against him. Further I could tell you, how that crystalBlessing the Fisheries, 226.

line River Trent, like another Jordan, or that little NOTES ON BOOKS :- A Student's Pastime'-'Ancient River Line, like that Brook Kydroo, trilling down by

Crosses' - Palladius'-'Archæological Survey'. the foot, and as it were washing the toes of that Hieru. Schlacht von Hastings '-'Ireland: Middlesex N. & Q.' salem, do sport their streams in the laps of those Virgins - The Genealogist'Rambles round Edge Hills.'

meadows, whose beds (without a metaphor) are green, Notices to Correspondents.

over whom this fair Town sits as the delicate Spectatress, smiling upon the scene, while the hills crowd upon her

shoulders, as if over them they would steal a sight of those Notes.

Valloy [sic] delightfull pleasures : and to conclude, like

another Hierusalem, at what a distance does She present JERUSALEM AND NOTTINGHAM.

to the gazing traveller a stately and majestick Aspect? Preachers and poets are allowed a wide field in upon whose fore-head, as opon a Jewish frontlet in their comparisons ; but is it not rather a far cry Capital letters, seems to be written that of the Psalmist,

Walk about this Zion, mark well her bulwarks, consider from Nottingham to Jerusalem ?

her palaces, that yee may tell it to the generation I have just purchased a sermon which leads me

following." to ask this question. It is entitled :

There was, indeed, another side to the fair "The Everlasting Covenant. As it was Delivered in

picture. There were

“Seekers, Ranters, and a Sermon at St. Paul's, before the Gentlemon and Citizens of Nottinghamshire, upon the 2 of December, 1658. Quakers," who had “ over-spred the beautifall Being the Day of their Yearly Feast. By Marmaduke face thereof." But even these give occasion to James, Minister of Watton at Stone, in the County of more magniloquence : Hertford. London. 1659." Quarto.

"Just as the Sun, when hee dieplaies his pleasant These annual feasts, at which the “natives” of spring beams upon Orchards, and Gardens, and thinking various counties met together, and, after attending thereby to warm, and draw forth the fruits of the earth divine service at St. Paul's Cathedral or at some

for the comfort of man: then do the spakes, adders, and other church, were wont to dine together after ing up their bellies, and beaking themselves in the sweet

such poisonfull creatures come forth of their holes, turn. the hearty English fashion, seem to have been very beams thereof; so hath this Vermin crept abroad in our popular institutions. And this particular feast Countrey," &c. was of more than usual interest to the natives

I observe that the very peculiar use of the word aforesaid, because for the first time a Nottingham. beak in this sentence has not escaped the notice of shire man (Sir John Ireton) was Lord Mayor of the compilers of the New English Dictionary,' the City of London.

for there I find, “ Beak, var. form of beek, V., to The preacher's mind was full of the importance

warm,' This word beek appears to be a Northof the occasion, and in the preamble to his dis- country word, and, amongst other meanings, has course he thus exalts the town of Nottingham : this : to expose one's self to pleasurable warmth,

“ It is no difficult matter to show, that the oblige. to bask. ments of God are as much upon you to be his people, as ever they were upon Judah, and Hierusalem: to tell you

After this it will not be surprising to learn that (if time would give leave), that your Countroy doth “ The soul of man is a precious thing, and the loss match the land of Canaan in plenty, and pleasures, and thereof sad in any Countrey, Yet mee thinks in the

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aguish parts of Kent, and Essex, where I have seen Pp. 41-2. Henry Purcell Prior's 'Hymn to sometimes a whole Parish sick together, the souls that the San,' 1694, was set by him, 'Poemas,' 1718, miscarry thence, seom but to go from Purgatory to Hell; But those that perish out of Nottingham-shire, go from p. 26 ; anthems by “that most

ingenious artist

" Heaven to Hell

And Thou Capernaum that art exalted were sang at the funeral of H. Wharton, “Life," to heaven, shalt be cast down to hell.”

prefixed to 'Sermons,' 1700, i. Sheffield, D. of Nor is this all :

Backingham, wrote an ode on his death; "the “When & soul miscarries out of Nottingham-sbire, mee

famous Parcel," Boccalini, 'Parnassas,' 1704, iii. thinks in melancholy Visions, I see those Infernal Spirits 93; & Latin rebus on his name, Wrangham, flocking about it, and saying, What art thou fallen from Zouch,' i. p. lxxxix; Coleridge, "Table Talk, thine Excellencie? Art thou come from those pleasant 1874, p. 267 ("I love Parcell"). mountaines to these Stygiao Lakes? from that Lightsom P. 45. John Parchas. Add to his writings : and ambitious Air to these darkeom Cells ? Art thou Christ in His Ordinances,' a farewell sermon, 1853; also weak as wee? Art thou become like one of us?"

Translation of the Cautels of the Sarum Missal I have read a good many sermons of this age; Photographs of Ecolesiastical Vestments, 1868' but I do not remember to have read anything at The Mural Crown,' sermon at S. Alban's, Holthis period quite so flowery, not to say "high born, 1871; ‘Meditations on the Seven

Last Words, falutin." It only needs a few words about the p.d. Are the first three articles on p. 46 b rightly “Nottingham lambs”

skipping over the green assigned to him ? meadows to make a very complete picture.

P. 45 b, line 3. For “ritaalism" read ritual. The preacher makes one long to pay a visit to this Jerusalem of his own discovery. I am one of Series, vol. ii., Brett, Suffragan Bishops,' 61 ;

Pp. 48-9. Bp. Parsglove. See Yorksh. Record those unhappy persons who have never made & pilgrimage to Nottingham; but if it is half as Cambr. Camd. Soc. Illast., i. p. 19, pl. 27;


Strype's 'Works,' 1828, index; Haines, 'Brasses'; beautifal as Mr. Marmaduke James depicts it to

Miscell. Fragments,' 1815, p. 179; Young's be, excursion trains ought to be arranged once, that its charms may gladden the eyes of weary 1879, pp. 121-2, 147; Tweddell's Cleveland';

• Whitby,' 1817, i. 461 ; Gaest's Rotherham," citizens. W. SPARROW SIMPSON.

Whellan's York and North Riding,' ii. 189-201 ;

Gent. Mag., 1865, April, p. 453 ; N. & Q.,'gea *DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY': S. v. 245; Cox, Churches of Derbyshire, 1877, NOTES AND CORRECTIONS.

ii. 303–6 ; Tideswell Parish Mag., "1869 ; Reli(See 6th S. xi. 105, 443; xii. 321; 7th $. i, 25, 82, 342, quary, xvii. 6; Gunnell's 'Johnson MSS.' (a 376; ii. 102, 324, 355; iii. 101, 382; iv. 123, 325, 422; forgery); Church Times, 25 March, 1 April, 1892 ; V. 3, 43, 180, 362, 463, 506, vii. 22, 122, 202, 402;. viiiLeeds Mercury, 21 June, 5 July, 1884. 123, 382; ix, 182, 402; x. 102; xi. 162, 242, 342; xii. 102; 8th S. i. 162, 348, 509 ; ii. 82, 136, 222, 346, 522;

P. 57 b, line 16 from foot. For “Gaume," "of," lii. 183; iv. 384: v. 82, 284, 504; vi, 142, 383; vii. 102; read Gaume, for. viii. 63, 203, 443; ix. 263; x. 110.)

P. 74 b. Pyle's 'Paraphrase on the Acts and Vol. XLVII.

Epistles,' 5th ed., 1765. Edmund Pyle, ArobP. 17 a. John Pullain. See 'Aschami Epistolæ,' deacon of York and Prebendary of Winchester, 1602, p. 172.

died 14 Dec., 1776 ; there is a monument to him P. 19. Josiah Pallen's walks up Headington in Winchester Cathedral. Hill, Guardian, i. 13; mock epitaph on, Terræ

Pp. 75, 83. Brymore, Brynmore. Filius,' 1726, i. 149.

P. 78 a. Pym annoyed the Roman Catholics by P. 34. W. Pulteney. Gay addressed a poem constantly declaring in Parliament that their relito him ; vol. ii. of the Guardian was dedicated to gion was destructive of all others ; Hammond, 'In. him. Ed. Wells dedicated one of the maps in his fallibility,' p. 102. * Dionysius' to W. P., who had probably been his P. 81 a. Denbam addressed a 'Petition of the pupil.

Poets to the Five Members,'' Pooms,' 1684, p. 101. P. 36 8. Andrew Pulton's school in the Savoy, P. 82 b. Pym and Waller's plot, see


proBp. Patrick's 'Autobiography,' p. 215.

fixed to Waller's 'Poems,' ed. 10, 1722, p. XX. Pp. 37-8. Punshon. See Lond. Quarterly Rev., P. 95 b. An edition of the School of the Heart' Jan., 1888 ; Spectator, 14 April, 1888; Andrews,

" by Francis Quarles," Chiswick Press, 1812. North Country Poets'; Cassell's 'Nat. Port. P. 96. Quarles. Addison's opinion, in Works, Gallery'; 'Men of the Time'; Times, 15, 20 April, 1726, ii. 293 ; see proface to Pomfret's 'Poems.' 1881 ; Guardian, 1881, p. 548; Illust. L. News, P.'110 b. Qain and Thomson, see "Life" pre1881, p. 407; Leeds Mercury, 14 Jan., 1888. He fixed to Thomson's Works,' 1768, p. xviii, and also published 'Sunday Evening Book,' 1862; Castle of Indolence,' i. lxvii. • Handbook of Illustrations,' 1874; Prodigal P. 127 b, line 15 from foot. Remove bracket, Son, 1868; 'Life Thoughts '; some of bis sermons and put comma after “Maria ” in preceding line. are in the 'Wesleyan Pulpit'; there was a printed P. 128 a. Radoliffe's execution, 1746 ; see Gray, catalogue of his collection of autograph letters. by Mason, 1827, p. 335.

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P. 128 a. “Buried with him" ? Buried near P. 320. Ravis's interview with Barrow, 888 him.

Worasworth, ' Eccl. Biog.,' 1818, iv. 361. Pp. 129–132. Dr. Radcliffe. Pomfret says he Pp. 333–4. Atterbury dedicated to Sir Tho. did but guess, 'Poems,' 1807, p. 101 ; Cockman Rawlinson one of his sermons, 1723, ii. dedicated to him 'Cicero de Oratore,'1696; Wrang- Pp. 334-5. Tho. Rawlinson. See Curll's 'Misham, 'Zouch,' ii. There is some confusion in the cellanea,' 1727, i. 67. article between the University and University P. 336. Geo. Rawson. See Miller, 'Singers and College.

Songs,' 1869, p. 551; Leeds Mercury, 30 March, P. 161 a. For " Margarie” read Marjorie. 1889. P. 158 b. Nathanial ?

Pp. 346-7. Sir Tho. Raymond. See Bp. Patrick's P. 159 b. Elizabeth Whitaker was baptized at 'Autob.,' p. 51. Doncaster, 8 July, 1733.

P. 361 a. For “Fairish" (bis) read Farish P. 160. Thomas Raffles was ordained not at (xviii. 208). Hammersmith, but at Kensington Chapel; the P. 366 b. William Reading. Ar. Bedford, “ Charge

by Dr. W. B. Collyer, was printed, Scripture Chronology,' 1730, received many 1809. Sermons by him in the Pulpit and civilities” from him. Evangelical Pulpit; also on the death of Sarah P. 382. John Redman is often mentioned in Job, Liverpool, 1828, and of Dr. R. S. M'All, Ascham's 'Letters.' Wordsworth, Eccl. Biog.,' 1838; the funeral services on his death, by J. 1818, iii. 19, iv. 124. Kelly, J. Parsons, and E. Mellor, were printed, P. 383. Sir M. Redman. Seo Jones, 'Hist. of Liverpool, 1863. Miller, 'Singers and Songs, Harewood,' 1859. 1869, p. 404.

P. 385. Redvers family. See Jones, 'Hist. of Pp. 161–165. Sir T. S. Raffles. A second edition Harewood,' 1859. of his ' Java,' 1830; it was translated into French, P. 392. I. Reed. See Mathias, 'P. of L.,' p. 137. 1824 ; & second edition of his Life,' by his widow, P. 412 a, line 26. Transpose “ of a sailor” after 1836.

shop." P. 167 b. For “ Cestrensis" read Cestriensis P. 417. Adamdan's' Columba' has been recently (177 b).

issued by the Clarendon Press, under the editorPp. 172-3. Rainborow. See 'N. & Q.;' 660 S. v. ship of the Rev. J. T. Fowler, D.O.L. 180 ; Bates and Skioner, Civil Wars,' 1688, ii. P. 439. Tho. Reid. There was an edition of his 225 ; 'D. N. B.,' vi. 439, 440.

Essays on the Human Mind,' 3 vols. 12m0., 1822. Pp. 177–8. F. R. Raines. See Rochdale Times, Morell, ' Philosophy of Nineteenth Cent.,' 1846, i. 19 Oct., 2 Nov., 1878; Rochdale Observer, 19 Oct., 230.

W, C. B. 26 Oct., 1878; Manchester Courier, 19 Dec., 1878; Manchester Dioc. Directory, 1879, pp. 208–9; belief that the witty Andrew Borde—" Andreas

GOTHAM AND GOTHAMITES.—It is a very usual Fishwick's 'Rochdale,' 1889, pp. 214-5; Academy,

- was the author 1878, p. 404; Athenceum, 1878, p. 532; Illust. 1. Perforatus” as he called himselfNews, 1878, p. 402; Annual Register, 1878, of The Merie Tales of the Mad Men of Gotam, p. 176. Printed sale catalogue of his books, Man- so described by Dr. Furnivall

. Dr. Brewer, in

bis chester, 1878, 8vo., pp. 40.

new edition of "Phrase and Fable,' states, P. 177 b. Coultate ? For “rector" read vicar. without qualification, that " Andrew Boyde [sic], Pp. 180 b, 181 b. Spencer, Spenser.

a native of Gotham, wrote “The Merrie Tales of Pp. 186-206. Sir W. Ralegh lent a MS. to the the Wise Men of Gotham,' founded on a commission editor of "Fortescue,' 1616 (notes, 35); was a

signed by Henry VIII, to the magistrates of that friend of. Nicholas Ferrar's father, Wordsworth, town to prevent poaching." Dr. Brewer also tells Eccl. Biog., 1818, v. 76. There are lives of

the story of the Gothamites outwitting King John. Ralegh, by Charles Whitehead, 1854, and by

Nathan Bailey has the proverb, As wise as a Samuel G. Drake, Boston, U.S.A., 1862

man of Gotham. P. 227. Dr. Ramage was a frequent contributor of a Fool, and an 100 Popperies are feign’d and


“This proverb," says he, "passes for the Periphrasia to N. & Q., see 5th S. x. 478.

on the Town-folk of Gotham, a Village in Nottingbam. P. 269. Randall. Why should a school at shire.” Heath be noticed in a history of Wakefield Gram- Cassell's Gazetteer,' now in course of publicamar School ? See De Morgan, 'Arithm. Books.' tion, states that

P. 281 a, line 18, insert comma after Hide. "Gotham is seven miles south-west of Nottingham,

Pp. 281-2. Tho. Randolph. Seo 'N. & Q.,' 3rd and is noted in legend for its • wise men.'. A spot on S. 3. 439, 458, 500; Academy, 23 April, 1892.

one of the hills overlooking the village is still known as P. 296. Rangard. See Hamst, Fiotitious villagers were found by King John planting a hedge to

Cuckoo Bush, the local tradition being that here tbe Names,' p. 85.

keep in the cuckoo." P. 318 8. Owen addressed two epigrams to The village is of some size, and has a population of William Ravenscroft.


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Dr. Furnivall, in his interesting notice of Andrew Upon Palme Sunday roc. 80 tokens, and then of Chop

well house and such as gave in no tokens above 20 psong. Borde ('D. N. B.,' vol. v.), asserts that Borde was

Rec. in mony then of Edw. Doddo xiiijd and of Robt. born near Cuckfield, in Sussex, A.D. 1490, and that

Saunder vija. The Merie Tales of the Mad Men of Gotam'

At John Jollyes upon Tuesday afts 8 tokens. have been assigned to him without any evidence. Wedinsday:- At Cuthbert Swinburns xiij Communi. In view of these conflicting statements perhaps the cante. At Winlawton Milno ix Communicants. At authorship and origin of the Gotham storios might John Greenwells viij Communicants. Att Anth. Mery

mans ix Communicante. At Thom's Halydaies v Combe discussed with advantage in . N. & Q.' I can

municants. hardly suppose that the subject has nover been

Thursday.-Rec. 96 tokens. treated in the pages of N. & Q.,' but am anable ffryday.-Att Stocoes viij and at Blaydon is and at the to refer to the earlier volumes at present, and, in Communion 104. any case, Dr. Brewer's statement is of yesterday, as

Satterday.--At Ryton wth Margaret Sharde v, at Craw

crook wth Oswyne Newton vj. At the communion it were, while Dr. Furnivall's was published only

Xxxviiju. ten years ago

Easter Day. In Jepkins's queer little Vest-Pocket Lexicon' Communicants 400 lacking tokens and rec. in mony (1871) I find “Gothamist, a dance, a blunderer.' ij' ija.

JAMES HOOPER, The names of those that receyved at ebchester [?]

Andrew Hedley and his wife, Wydow Smithe, Wydow [See 1st S. ii. 476, 520; 6th 8. xi. 386, 433.]

Wilkinson, Dorothy Laburne. “PINASEED."-Probably there are not half a

JOANSON BAILY. dozen readers of or cont uto to 'N. & Qo'who Ryton Rectory. can read aright the meaning of the curious word

DRYDEN'S HOUSE IN FETTER LANE.—London “pinaseed." Its use was not outside the games and topography involves many difficult problems, as is amusements of children in Derbyshire fifty years evident to any one reading the note on Vanishing ago, and may still be met with, no doubt. In the London' at p. 154 of the present volume of spring-time, when wild flowers abound, this word, N. & Q.' It is there said, on the authority of which means a whole sentence, was in constant use London for 28 May, that “until 1885 there was for some weeks among children in Derbyshire a tablet_upon the quaint little house No. 16 villages. It was the custom for children, mostly [Fetter Lane), over Flear-de-Lys Court, saying girls, to take a piece of glass, the larger the better that 'Here livd John Dryden,'” &c. Mr. Wheateffect, and after placing it on a piece of cotton ley, in his ‘London Past and Present,' ii. 37, material or stout paper, to arrange, with faces writes : “Dryden is said, but on insufficient downwards on the glass, as many heads of flowers grounds, to have lived at No. 16, by Flower-de-Lace as could be laid on it, having in the arrangement Court, a house pulled down in 1887." There due regard to the variety and colours of the flowers. good account of Fotter Lade in Thornbury's 'Old The flowers were, in fact, & mosaic. When the and New London,' which includes (i. 102) a view glass was completely covered, the material or paper of the house said to have been occupied by Dryden, was folded tight over the flowers and sewn in but does not state the number. Mr. T. E. Knightposition with threads. The covering on the front ley sent to the Builder a note, with an illustration of the glass was then cut on three sides of a square, of the house, which was reproduced in The London BO as to form

flap, which when turned down and Middlesex Note-Book,' p. 39, in which he showed the flower mosaic on the back of the glass. says that “on the house No. 174, now demolished, Often wbat was shown was exceedingly pretty, was a tablet with this inscription, &c. Mr. This was the "pinaseed," and the children went Knightley's drawing represents from another point about showing it, the exhibition fee being a pin. of view the house shown in 'Old and New Lon“Pinaseed” is short for "a pin to see it.” Fifty don,' with this difference, that in the former the years ago pins were neither so plentiful nor 80 tablet is clearly marked, while in the latter it is cheap as they are nowadays.

only indicated by a creux, or hollowed impression.

Txos. RATCLIFFE. Mr. Knightley's authority is good, as he says he Worksop.

took the sketch before the demolition of the house, EASTER AT RYTON, 1595.-The following note which had belonged to a client of his, who disposed is copied from an entry made by the Rev. Francis of it to the City Sewers Commission. It is doubtBunnye, Rector of Ryton, on the first page of a ful, notwithstanding the tablet, whether Dryden book containing an account of Easter offerings and ever lived in the house at all. Mr. Leslie Stephen, small tithes for the year 1595. It is curious on in his momoir of Dryden in the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.,' two accounts : (1) from its mention of tokens in asserts that he did ; but MR. O. A. WARD, in a connexion with holy Communion; (2) from the note in 'N. & Q.,' ġeb S. v. 382, shows that there fact that the rector evidently went during Holy are serious objections to accepting this statement. Week to places remoto from the parish church to MR. Ward, however, goes too far in saying that administer holy Communion to those who other the sketch of the house in Old and New London wise might have been unable to communicate : is apocryphal, because it does not show the in


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scribed stone. It shows, as stated above, the place should not have alluded to any event between 380 where the stone was placed, and represents un- and 390, particularly the death of Gratianus in doubtedly the house which was traditionally held 383; and one cannot help suspecting that the to be Dryden's residence. W. F. PRIDEAUX, words quoted were originally a marginal note by Kingsland, Shrewsbury.

a later hand, which has crept into the text, and “FULLISA."-One of the joys of a summer's the writer in the 'Encyclopædia' evidently meant

that Ammianus really died about A.D. 380, though holiday is to peruse at leisure one of Charles


W. T. LYNN. Reade's novels, as published

at sixpence in paper Blackheath, covers by Messrs. Chatto & Windus. The amount of excellent matter, the distinctness and the OWEN FELLTHAM.-Some interesting particulars accuracy of the type, and the firm texture of the concerning him and his wife Mary (with whom, paper are all remarkable at the price. Occasion- sad to relate, the philosopher could not agree) will ally a peculiarity stops the reader, and he wishes be found in the 'Seventh Report of the Éistorical a standard edition- library copy-for purposes Manuscripts Commission,' Appendix, p. 171. of interesting collation. In the absence of this the

GORDON GOODWIN. wonder remains, and thus finds expression. For example, in chap. lxxviii. of ‘It is Ñever too Late

THE WORD "HONGER" IN PLACE-NAMES. - The to Mend,' that excellent heroine Miss Susan name Hunger Hill occurs with some frequency in Merton, momentarily overcome by the astute

Yorkshire and Derbyshire. At Morley, near plotter Meadows, twice calls herself or fullish." In Leeds, a place bearing this name is popularly chap. lxxxiv. shé describes her lover's grief over called “ 'Unger ’Ill," tho y having a nasal sound his lost money as "fullish," and she is displeased which I cannot indicate in writing. because her two interlocutors are 80 fullish as to

The word hunger occurs in German place-names, take any notice of her fullishness." In the follow and Förstemann, 'Die deutschen Ortsnamen, ing chapter she indicates that “fullishness is a p. 173, says :part of her character, and calls tears “fullish " Kommt der Hunger heutzutage picht selten vor, drops,” and suspects that she has in herself the namentlich in dem vielfach wiederkehrenden Hungermaking of a fallish wife." This cannot all be (8) könnte hieher gehören, wenn man des genauen Ab

bach (der im Sommer austrocknet); das Hungerwinchel due to the pressing exigencies of a reprint. Is it drucks der Urkunde gewiss sein könnte." Reade's playful way of indicating that in the fifties with the exception, however, of Hungerwinchel, orthography was not a strong point with the femi. there seems to be no early instance of the use o nine intellect, which was not then fully and finally this word either in English or German documents ; emancipated ; or is there, perchance, something at least I have seen none. And even Hungermore subtle in his whim ? ' Meanwhile, the jaded winchel is doubtful. Canon Taylor says that reader of modern novels may always find refreshing Hangerford was formerly known as Ingleford distraction and stimulus amid the rich narrative Words and Places,' sixth edition, p. 267), pastures of Charles Reade. THOMAS BAYNE, Helensburgh, N.B.

If we compare Hungerford with the German

Hungerbach, the meaning of these two place-names AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS. - The great value of would appear to be "dearth ford" and "dearth the 'Encyclopædia Britannica' as a work of refer- brook," for hunger is sometimes used in Old Engence makes it desirable to point out a slip in it lish in the sense of "dearth" (see Mätzner). Grimm with regard to the life, or rather death, of this has a good deal to say about lakes and springs writer. “There are several facts," we read, “men- which periodically rise and fall, and thereby fortioned in the history which prove that the author bode dearth or other evils. "A spring," he says, was alive in the year 380. Of this number are the " that either runs

over or dries up is called accession of Theodosius to the Eastern empire, hungerquelle, hungerbrunnen" ("Tout. Mytb.,' the character of Gratian, and the consulate of ed. Stallybrass, p. 590).. Neotherius." Of the two former no remark need As regards Hunger Hill, the meaning appears to be made. Theodosius was elevated by Gratianus be “ desire-for-food hill." According to Jamieson to the Eastern empire in A.D. 379, not long after there is land in the West of Scotland called the defeat and death of Valens by the Goths. "hungry ground," and this is “ believed to be so This is the last event actually mentioned in the much under the power of enchantment that he who history of Ammianus ; but in bk. xxvi. C. v. $ 14, passes over it would infallibly faint if he did not be speaks of Neoterius, then (A.D. 365) only use something for the support of nature.". The a secretary (notarius), and adds "postea consulem." Times Atlas' mentions

a place called Bek-pakNow it does not appear that Neoterius was consul dala, at Akmolinsk, in Central Asia, and this is until A.D. 390, so that (according to this) interpreted as “Hunger Steppe." In walking & ,

| Ammianus was still alive in at least part of the considerable distance over high ground, where the latter year. Bat, if so, it is strange that he air is sharper, a man would naturally get hungry

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