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LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1896
eminent master. It certainly cannot be charged
against Hogarth that he himself ever attempted in CONTENT 8-No 247.
any way to justify his action in adapting the earlier NOTES :- Hudibras,' 229- Purltanism in Essex, 231--Fore- series of cuts. It is most probable that he acted name ard Surname Books – Discovery of Book, 232... under direct instructions from the publishers who " Arles" "Jolly" — Jews in Fulham - Quêpins - Discovery at Peterborough Cathedral, 233–Family Tradition employed him, and, doubtless, in carrying out their -Relic of Ancient Shoreditch-"Ruled by the moon wishes, he never for a moment considered that ho
" Beautarit"-Indexes~"God save the King." 234. QUERIES :Mandrill": " Drill" Memoirs of a Gentle- acted otherwise than in a legitimate and perfeotly woman'-John Singer -- Finger-holders-Joseph Jeakes, justifiable manner. This much is willingly conGopber-Cowdray-"* An officer and a gentleman"-Rev. ceded; it is an open question, upon which every Samuel Sanderson, 235 – St. Patrick's Purgatore Mrs. student has a right to form an independent opinion, Jameson - " From Adam's Fall to Huldy's Bonnet”. Thomas Cheeseman-William Smith-Knights Templars the point at issue being purely a question of fact. -Thomas Llywelyn - Kimpton - Margery Moorpout “Goage and Whistle"-"Auld Wife Hakė"-Rectors of
The discovery of a series of figures in the first Lee, 238 – Weather Lore-Carlyle's Window.pane Verse plate of the set issued in the edition of 1710 by Reynolds and Warton Portraits-Authors Wanted, 237. REPLIES :-Scene at Execution, 237 — Mrs. Browning's
John Baker, if we accept the figures in their ordi. Birthplace-Salter's Picture, 238_Oraculum Spirituale, nary meaning as indicative of the date when the 239 — * Sample" - Jacobite Song 'The
Giaotr. 240 plates were prepared, places the execution of these
Pope's Villa at Twickenham, 243–Gibbet Hill Ten as a tion, whether this edition of 1710 is actually the
appeared in an edition published twenty years NOTES ON BOOKS:-Mackinnon's ‘Union of England and
earlier, Scotland' - Sobütz-Wilson's History and Criticism'Darmesteter's · English Studies'-Waller's Essex Field- What are the accepted facts relative to the Names'-Johnson's Leigh Hunt'-Mason's Principles various editions of 'Hudibras'? The first part of Obess'-Montagu's Guide to Roman Coins'- Supernatural Generation'-Beljama's Shelley's 'Alastor.'
was published in 1663, the second part in 1664, Notices to Correspondents.
and the third part not until 1678. Two years later, on 25 Sept., 1680, the gifted author, Samuel
Butler, died. Between this date and 1710 at Notes.
least six editions of 'Hudibras' were published THE FIRST ILLUSTRATIONS TO “HUDIBRAS,' by different booksellers, and in the year 1710 the A DISCOVERY AND A SUGGESTION,
first illustrated edition that can be traced in EngThe remarkable similarity between the set of land was published by John Baker, at the Black small designs to Butler's - Éudibras,' by William Boy, in Paternoster Row. It seems evident that Hogarth, published in 1726, and the anonymous about the same time the associated booksellers series in the edition of 1710, published by John Chiswell, Tonson, Horde, and Wellington had an Baker, bas upon more than one occasion been the illustrated edition already in the press, and the subject of comment and controversy. It was not, publication of an almost identical edition by Baker bowever, until recently that any one bad the myst, therefore, have come upon them with con
their courage to suggest as an explanation that the siderable surprise. In due course, however, creator of the first series and the artist of the series edition was also published, and on the same day of 1726 were one and the same ; in short, that the following advertisement appeared in the William Hogarth, when a lad of thirteen years,
TAIS DAY IS PUBLISH'D. invented the series of illustrations published, it is
Hudibras Compleat. Adorn'd with Cuts. Being & generally supposed for the first time, in 1710, and very correct and curious Edition of the said Book. simply redressed them for the edition of 1726. Printed in a small Pooket Volume upon Extraordinary
Tho only evidence in support of this suggested Paper and with a pow Brevier Letter, after the samo solution of what appears to be a serious piracy is Manner with the best Elzevir Editions. To which is quoted from the title-page of the 1726 edition, Index to the whole. Never before Published. Printed
added Adnotations to the Third Part, and a very oorrect which states that the work is" Adorn'd with a new for R. Chiswell, J. Tonson, T. Horne, and R. Wellington. set of cuts Design'd and Engrav'd by Mr. Hogarth.” N.B.—There is lately published by John Baker, a very But surely this simple statement cannot be fairly uncorrect Edition to the said Book, printed upon bad interpreted as a claim by Hogarth to the author- paper, and by & Person having no Right to the Copy sbip of the earlier series ; and, indeed, to advance theroof. Buch & claim on his bobalt in the face of the This note is important, because it undoubtedly accepted facts concerning the artist's early career, establishes the fact that Baker's was the earlier of with which every student of his life is perfectly the two editions of 1710; and this being so, it will, familiar, only tonds to injure the reputation of the I fear, necessitate a revision of the British Museum
'Catalogue of Satirical Prints,' in which this edition figures in the centre of the foreground of the is given the second place and the outs stated to be pioturo about half an inch from the bottom of the oopies of those in the edition announced in the plate. To the best of my judgment these figures above advertisement.
are "89–1690," the "89" being exactly above the The remarkable featore of these two 1710 “90," and representing the actual date of the editions is that both are “Adorn'd with cuts" of engraving of the series of plates reproduced in this identical design though reproduced by different edition. It may be said that these markings are engravers ; a simple matter of course if, as it has merely accidental flourishes of the pen or graver ;
been suggested, a friendly trade arrangement had that they are similar to marks in other parts of the Part L. Canto I. Page :22.
Canto I. Page :22.
Facsimile of Plate.
The same Plate with a portion of the foreground cleared
away to relieve the figures. been entered into for the use of original designs. same plate, and have, indeed, no value. Against It is evident, however, that there was no arrange any such contention one may reasonably argue that ment of the kind, but, on the contrary, that a thore is no necessity for the marks where they are keen trade rivalry existed, and we are, therefore, placed ; that there are distinct indications of six immediately face to face with the difficulty of figures and the remains of a seventh, the latter satisfactorily accounting for the dual and prac. being the lower portion of the figure "6" belonging tically simultaneous publication of a series of to the upper row of figures; and that, whilst any designs by rival booksellers.
one will readily admit that two, or even three, of A careful examination of the first plate in Baker's the figures may reasonably be accidental flourishes, edition has revealed the existence of a number of l it is scarcely probable that six would be, and it is
surely more than an accident that these marks divergences from the prescribed order dangerous appear so like figures that they can be read by the to the stability of the Churob, made known her naked eye with little difficulty.
will in a letter to Archbishop Parker, in which Hitherto it has been supposed that the illus- the archbishop is straitly charged to take measures trations in the second of the 1710 editions were for bringing about more uniformity. Upon this “pirated" from the first; but this would scarcely certain articles were devised for that purpose by seem to be the fact, as, apparently, the edition of the archbishop and the other bishops ; but they the associated booksellers was already in prepara- found great difficulty in procuring the desired obetion when Baker's edition appeared. After a care-dience to the queen's injunctions. ful review of all the circumstances and conditions An account is given by Strype of the conduct of under which the two 1710 editions were published, the Puritans in Essex. The archbishop had one is led to the conclusion that there must have appointed a Mr. Richard Kechyn to a benefice been an illustrated edition already known in Eng. Dear Bocking, and upon his admission had charged land, and that John Baker was fortunate enough him to follow the order established by law and to to procure the original plates of this for his edition, make no variation in the services. But there was whilst the associated booksellers had to repro- a Puritan licensed preacher, a Mr. Holland, curate duced theirs from the copies in circulation. There of Bocking, who came into the parish to preach—as is a very considerable difference in the quality of he seems to have had a right, real or supposed, to the engravings of the two sets, and the figures do-on the Sunday following Rogation week. referred to only appear in the plate belonging to
here in his sermon he made remarks on the conBaker's series. As many English books were duct and opinions of the minister of the parish. printed at Amsterdam and the Hague about this Mr. Kechyn, it appears, had perambulated the period, it is probable that the first illustrated parish in Rogation week, and had been accomedition of 'Hudibras' was published in Holland; panied in walking the bounds by certain women but necessarily until further light is thrown upon belonging to the place, who said " Amen" (as they the mystery, this must remain an open question. had been accustomed to do) to the prayers
which WOOD SMITH. were said at certain points and also to the curses, P.S. -I give herewith a facsimile reproduction one of which, appointed by the injunctions to be of the plates from Baker's edition of Hudibras," said, was, “ Cursed is he that translateth the 1710, part of the foreground in one being cleared bounds and dolls* of his neighbour." This man away to relieve the figures constituting the sup- pretended to have the queen's anthority for calling posed date.
this an unlawful custom, and he laboured to con[See 4th S. X. 431; xi. 103, 205, 263, 332,]
fute what might be said in favour of it. Moreover, Mr. Kechyn had an opinion that it was not desir
able to preach on predestination in ordinary PURITANISM IN ESSEX IN THE TIME OF assemblies, but held that such deep points had ARCHBISHOP PARKER.
better be left to be dealt with by tho learned ; Much light is thrown on this subject by Strype's should and ought to be preached in every place
whereas Mr. Holland, in his sermon, said that it account, in bis "Life of Archbishop Parker, of what took place in Essex in the early years of and before all congregations, and that those who Queen Elizabeth. It will be remembered that at declined to handle it were enemies to God and the that time the queen was dissatisfied that so limited eternal predestination. Mr. Keohyn was obnoxious a compliance was shown by the clergy with the to the Puritans because he wore the surplice and regulations which had been established by law at turned his face to the high altar in saying the the beginning of the reign for the performance of service. Mr. Holland was supported by the Dean divine service in the parish ohurches. She took of Bocking, who held the same views and claimed offence at the babits—the surplice, the cap, square
some jurisdiction over Kechyn and other ministers
thereabouts. or round, and the tippet-being so often laid aside, and at other variations from the established order
In these oircumstances, Mr. Kechyn thought it being practised by so many of the parochical minis. to draw up a letter, that the archbishop might bo ters. A list of such varieties found among Cecil's made acquainted with the irregularities practised MSS., dated 1664, is given by Strype, showing by the Puritans in that neighbourhood and be unauthorized interpolations and changes in the inquired particularly, whether the archbishop per. services : the holy table standing in different mitted this minister by his license to preach out of places ; the sacrament administered in some cases themselves English Dootors. Mr. Keobyn bad
bis cure. It appears that these preachers called with a chalice, in others with a communion cup, a third set of instances with a common cup; the strong reason, he said, to question Mr. Holland's elements received by some kneeling, by others claims to learning, though he quoted Latin in his standing or sitting; some baptize in a basin, others in the font; and so on. The queen, thinking those furrows of ploughed lando."-N. Bailey.
*“Doles, dools, slips of pasture left between the
sermons and would be thought to be a doctor. (Published by Authority of the Registrar.General) The title English Doctors was assumed by Puritan Dublin, for Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1890.
Gomme (G. Laurence), Index of Municipal Offices, preachers in allusion to a passage in St. Paul's compiled from the
Appendizes to the First Report of epistles, Eph. iv. 11. One would think many of the
Commissioners appointed to inquire into the
Municipal them were unconscious of the original source Corporations in England and Wales, 1835. London, pubwhence the word doctors was derived in this passage, ished for the Index Society by Longmans, Green & Co.,
1879, viz., the Vulgate. They required the aid
Wagner (L.), More about Namos. London, Unwin, learned professor, who, with his usual politeness, 8vo. would have made no scruple in charging them with Edinburgh Surnames (a Curious and Humorous unconscious falsehood. Unconscious they may bave Arrangement of, in Systematic and Sciontific Order), con. been ; but the charge of falsehood would hardly taining the names of about 800 persons in Edinburgh have been brought against them oven in those days and vicinity, with their professions, addresses, &c., post
870., 1826. when there was so much laxity in the employment Dictionaire des Noms, contenant la recherche Etymoof objectionable expressions. We know the arch- logique de 20,200 Noms, reléves sur les annuaires de bishop had information of a similar character with Paris, by Loredan Larchey, post 870., 1880. regard to what was going on in other counties, Nomologis Anglicana. A very Extensive and Curious and he would feel that the queen had not acted Collection of English Surnames, arranged under Derivawithout good reason for her personal intervention. derived from Meat, Fisb, Colours, Spices. Towns, Gar.
tives and Relatives; e, e., Names forming a Subject, Names Personal we know it was ; and had the Puritans deniog, Waters, &c., thick folio, eighteenth contury, behaved with more moderation they would not This is a most singular work, seemingly compiled have attracted her notice and certainly would not from a careful study of some early London direohave been molested as they were, rather by, royal tory, and consisting of two hundred and twentythan by episcopal intervention, though the bishops five pages (written on one side only). were the instruments by which the royal supremacy
Pamphlets and Newspaper Articles. was exercised.
K. P. N.
Idman (Thomas), On the Antiquity of Certain Christian and other Names. Transactions of the Liverpool Lite
rary and Philosophical Society. FORENAME AND SURNAME BOOKS.
Pioton, F.S.A. (J. A.), On the Use of Proper Namos (Bee 6th 8. vii. 443, 488, 502; viii. 195, 379; 816 8. v. 443.) in Philological and Ethnological Inquiries. Transaclions
of the Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society. May I supplement the contributions of your Fishwick, F.S.A. (Henry), Rochdale Surnames. Transcorrespondent Mr. Fred. W. FOSTER with the actions of the Rochdale Literary and Scientific Society, following, some of which are from my own collec- Pol. iii., 1891-2. tion
Welsh Surnames; being a paper read, in Welsh, before
the Young Men's Literary Society of the Tabernacle Banffshire Year Book and County Directory. Banff, Chapel, King's Cross, London, by Í. E. Morris, 2, Brick 1803. (Gives lists of Tee-names.)
Court, Temple. E.C. Printed in the Oswestry Advertiser, Bardsley (Charles W.), Curiosities of Puritan Nomen September, 1893. clature. Chatto & Windus, Piccadilly, 1880, crown 8vo,
GEORGE FRATER, Bardsley, M.A. (Charles W.), The Romance of the
Wrexham London Directory. London, Hand and Heart' Publish. ing Offices,
DISCOVERY OF A UNIQUE Book. The discovery Ferguson, M.P. (Robert), Surnames as a Science of 80 rare a book should be of sufficient general London, George Routledge & Sons, 1883.
Bannister, LL.D. (Rev. John), A Glossary of Cornish interest to warrant an insertion in ‘N. & Q.: Names, Ancient and Modern, Local, Family, Personal, "Mr. William May, the Librarian of the Birkenbead &c. 20.000 Celtic and otber names, now or formerly in Free Libraries, has just made, in a curious way, a dis389 in Cornwall. London and Edinburgh, Williams & covery of a very rare and early printed book, of which Norgate; Truro, J. R. Netherton, 7, Lomon Street. only one other copy is known to exist. The matter is
Lordan (C. L.), Of Certain English Surnames and certain to cause considerable excitement in literary their occasional odd Phases when seen in Groups. London, quarters and among both collectors and bibliographers. Houlston & Sons.
Mr. May was examining a collection of books belonging MS. Index of Names in Burke's' Commoners,' compiled to a Birkenhead solicitor, with a view of casting asido by Geo. Ormerod, 8vo., 1840.
those wbich were worthless, when he was gladdened by Lincolnshire and the Danes, by G. S. Streatfield, the sight of a black-letter book bound at the end of medium 8vo., 1884. With Lists of Personal Names and another early printed work. Upon careful and ex. Glossary.
haustive examination he found the treasure-trove was a Dissertation on the Names of Persons, by J. A. Brady, copy of Bonaventure's Speculum Vite Christi,' as it is post 8vo., 1822.
spelt in the original. This was printed' by Wynkyn de Scottish Surnames, by Jas, Paterson,
small 4to., 1866. Worde in 1494, the year when he returned to the use of Reflections on Names and Places in Devonshire, small Caxton's types, and it is the only book propor in which 8vo., 1845.
Caxton's No. 7 type was ever used, it having been conThe Sinclairs of England. Trübner, 1887.
fined to the printing of Indugeoces, &c. Until Mr. Matheson (Robert E.), Official. Varieties and Syno- May's discovery, the only copy known to colleators was nymes of Surnames and Christian Names in Ireland, for that in the possession of the Earl of Leicester, at Holk. the guidance of Registration Officers and the Public in Ham, where William Roscoe discovered so many valuable searching the Indexes of Births, Deaths, and Marriages. MSS. and early books. In the Lamboth Palace Archio
episcopal Library four leaves of the book are amongst its "JOLLY" USED ADVERBIALLY.-10 Annandale's rarest specimens, and it is from these precious leaves Imperial Dictionary' it is stated that that Mr. Gordon Duff has had to take his example for his Facsimiles of Early English Printing,' which he
"Jolly, ia popular slang, is now used in the sense of has just published.
great; a8 a jolly muff; and, as an adverb, in the sense " It is unlikely that the Earl of Leicester's copy has ever drunk.' Ob, Miss P., look here !
of very, very mucb, remarkably; a8 jolly green, jolly been exhibited or examined by competent bibliographers, Jolly big toadstool.'--Thackeray."
I've got such a as no collation seems to have appeared in print. The title of the work does appear in the catalogue of the Cax- I wish to point out that the adverbial use of jolly ton Exhibition beld in London in 1877, but the lender's not modern. The following passage is from name is not given, leaving little doubt that it was put in Pieroo Pennilesse,' 1592, p. 51, ed. 1842:the catalogue simply to complete the list, but the lordly owner beld the book too dear to lend it for exbibition.
"O! it will make them jolly long-winded, to trot vp Mr, May's copy bas remained in obscurity for so long and downe the dortor staires, and the water tankard that it was impossible it should escape damage, and as a
will keep ynder the insurrection of their shoulders." matter of fact it has evidently been used for a children's
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. scrap-book, "To what base uses,' indeed! The binder has been almost as great a vandal as the child-amuser,
EARLY JEWS IN FULHAM. --It may interest MR. for be bas out far into the side-notes in several places. FÈRET to be informed that Jews resided in this The exact number of leaves in the complete book seems locality a few years before the general expulsion to be unknown, but the nowly-found copy contains 108, in 1290. The records furnish the names of Cress and lacks leaves precediog the signature Ciii. and de Fulham and Folbam 1275–1277, Mendant de all following R iii. What rendere the work of such unique interest is the employment of Caxton's rare Fuleham 1277, and Moses de Fulebam 1286. The No. 7 type for the side-notes, which torminate at the last-mentioned went into exile, and resided in the signature , the rest of the notes being in the same type Rae Nouve of Paris in 1294-6. The document as the text. The No. 7 type was discovered by the late containing this pame makes & rare bungle over this Henry Bradshaw, who, on seeing a photograph of an individual, and equally fails to understand that Indulgence in Trinity College Library, Dublin, asserted that—to quote Mr. Gordon Duff's work-'It was printed Mahy de Quirquelarde (sic) is none other than a in an unknown type of Caxton's, basing his opinion on certain Moses (Moey) of Crioklade, late an English its manifest similarity in appearance to types 3 and 6. Jew, then resident in the same spot in Paris. This opinion he communicated at once to Blades (Mr.
M. D. DAVIS. Blades was the authority on Caxton), who, however, for some reason refused to accept it without further corro. GUÊPINS, AND JOAN OF ARC.
-The following boration. A short time afterwards Bradshaw produced paragrapb, from the Daily News of 4 Aug., is interfurther and almost absolutely conclusive evidence. He osting, but it would be still more interesting to poticed that in the Lambeth leaves printed in Wynkyn know if the blessed Jean d'Aro really did charm de Worde's type the side-notes were printed in the type of the Indulgence. It has since been found that these bees. Who but Mr. Andrew Lang can say ?leaves belong to an edition printed in 1494 by Wynkyn “M. Jules Lemaître, the French academician, dramade Worde, of which the only known copy is in a private tist, novelist, and dramatic critic, bas been giving away collection'-the Earl of Leicester's.
the prizes at the Lycée of Orleans. During his speech " From the latest discovered copy many more import, he spoke of himself as a Guêpin, the nickname for the ant facts may be gleaned. For example, six Biblical Orléanais. The word dates (our Paris correspondent woodouts appearing throughout the work prove that says) from the siege of Orleans. Joan of Arc seems to De Worde used these blocks of Caxton's. There are in have known how to charm bees. During a hot fight this copy, fifteen large cuts of great beauty, measuring between French and English she was looking on from 31 by 24 inches, the pictures illustrating the Raising of a point of vantage. The English were getting near Lazarus, Christ and the Elders, the Crucifixion, the enough to use scaling ladders. Joan saw beebives in a Ascension, and other incidents. There are also four garden, and, rapidly seizing on them one by one, carried smaller cuts' similar to those in Caxton's earlier Spe- them to the outwork and threw them down on the heads culum.' The copy is Mr. May's property, and is now in of the Englislı. They at once fled, Burgundians among his possession."
them cried, Les Guêpes ! les Guêpes !' taking them for W. A. HENDERSON. wasps. The Orléanais were therefore nicknamed Guêpins, Dublin
or little wasp8. There does not, however, seem any
authority save that of tradition for the story.' "ARLEX." - This is the name given to a suni
JAMES HOOPER. bestowed on a servant in earnest of his wages.
Norwich John Knox, in a letter to Mrs. Elizabeth Bowes,
DISCOVERY AT PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. Bay8:
The following is a cutting from the Peterborough Sumtymo He dois turne away his face apeirandlie news in the Stamford Mercury of 7 Aug.:-evin frome bis elect, and than ar thai in anguisohe and cair; but mercifulliere turpis He unto thame, and govis cathedral bave made a curious discovery while under
“The workmon engaged upon the west front of the gladnes and consolatioun; whilk, albeit it remune but the twinkling of ane sie, șit is it the arlis-penny of his pinning part
of the west front. They came upon some eternall presence. Rejois, Sister, and continew."
large pieces of carved Alwalton marble, wbich bad ori. Works of Knox,' ed. by Laing, vol. lii.
dently been used for the purpose of strengthening the 356. p.
foundations by the mediæval builders. On being pieced WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK, together they were found to make a portion of an enor: Glasgow
mous marble basin, between twenty and thirty feet in