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is a áras leyóuevov, and the current explanation time of great funeral pomp and magnificence, was proof hardly convincing.
J. M. COLLYER.
positive that he was a poor man. Sir Walter drow the
samo conclusions from Massinger's dedications to his PHILIP MASBINGER AND ST. SAVIOUR'S, SOOTA- patrons, all of which barped upon his poverty and
dependence. With regard to the personal character of WARK. – The following, from the Daily News, the poet, he hold it was a dangerous thing to look for it 13 July, deserves a niche in 'N. & Q.':
in the plays themselves, the words used by the characters "On Saturday afternoon there was an interesting being, spoken by the characters, and not by the author coromony in the new pave of St. Saviour's Church, for himself. What, he asked, could one
learn of the Southwark, the unveiling, by Sir Walter Besant of a Book'? Sir Walter also drew from various considera
personal character of Browning from The Ring and the memorial to Philip Massinger, the dramatist. Laurel leaves were laid apon the spot in the choir where
traditions the conclusion that Massinger was not a Roman tion has it that Massinger was buried, in the grave of Catholic, as some bad supposed. In the conclading part John Fletcher, his friend. The pavement in that spot poetical dwellers, and its amusements, in Massinger's
of bis address be gave a vivid sketch of Bankside, its now bears their names, and the name of Edmond Shakespeare, but no stone was placed over the grave of time. Prof. Hales moved a vote of thanks to Sir Walter
Besant for his address. Philip Massinger, strangor,' at the time when the Rogers, who spoke of the service done for Londoners by
This was seconded by Mr. place could have been marked with certainty. The Sir Walter, in making them feel an interest in the city windows in the pavo are, in time, to become memorials in which they lived. The benediction by the Bishop of of literary worthies more or less intimately connected Southwark concluded the proceedings." with the parish. The principal window will be devoted
H. T. to William and Edmond Shakespeare, and the others will be in memory of Fletcher, Beaumont, Alleyn, Dr. THOMAS FOLLER.-On p. 716 of the lato John (buried in the parish), Dr. Sacheveroll (a chaplain of st. the following passage :Johnson (Thrale': brewery was in the parish), Cruden Eglington Bailey's 'Life of Fuller' (1876) occurs Saviour's), Bupyan (who proached
at a place of worship in Loar Street), Baxter (who officiated in a place of “Mr. Davies' Copy (edition 1663 1) contains an worship on the site of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre), attempt at a verse in å seventeenth-century handand Chaucer (whose Canterbury pilgrims started from the writing:Tabard hostelry, not far away). The tomb of the poet
Great Fuller | fuller than thy name, Gower has been removed to this part of the church. The but the second line only contains the words, thy fame,' rector, the Rev. Dr. Thompson, presided over the gather- -one line for rhyme the other for reason.' ing of' ladies and gentlemen in the restored nave, and in my copy of Faller's Historie of the Holy amongst those prosent were the Bishop of_Southwark, Prof. J. W. Hales, Prof. Sylvester, Canon Benham, the Warre, the first edition of 1639, there are written in Rev. C. Pierrepont Edwards, Mrs. Strachey, Mrs. Chas. seventeenth century handwriting on the fly-leaves Gould and family (New York), Mr. Moncure Conway, no fewer than three poetical eulogies of the witty Mr. 8. W. Kershaw, Mr. W. H. Wilcox, Mr. Henry divine. The third of these, herewith sent for inWood, Mr. Rogers, and Mr. H. Langston. The first sertion in N. & Q.,' gives the whole poem, of proceeding was the unveiling of the memorial by Sir Walter Bosant. The window-designed and executed which Mr. Bailey bad but a fragment to offer. I by Mr. O. E. Kempe-was much admired. At the top is sent bim transcripts of the three pieces in modern a portrait of Massinger, the centre is occupied by a beauti, bandwriting and in facsimile, which he told me he ful representation of an incident in the Virgin Martyr,' intended both to mount for placing amongst his and at the bottom are the words: 'In memory of Philip Fuller relios and also to have printed. The latter Massinger, dramatist, buried as a stranger in this church. Those who admire his genius and sympathise with his intention the illness that ended in death prevented struggles in life and loneliness in death, dedicate this him from carrying into effect. Thinking that the window, A.D. MDOOOXOVI.' The reotor then road a poems might be valued by others as they were by dedicatory prayer, and called
upon Sir Walter Besant to Mr. Bailey, I forward them for preservation in address the company. Sir Walter Besant, who is chair. man of the Memorial Committee, delivered an address on your columns. I should add that the three pieces the life and works of Massinger, whom he termed one of are all in different handwriting, but the third older the most considerable of the glorious constellation of the than the former two. Elizabethan poets. It was, he said, an extraordinary On the first fly-leaf at beginning of the volume : thing that, with all the research that had been bestowed
Yo mornofull musis light yor tortohes all, upon that period, very little was known concerning
Attend one wearied to his funiralle. Massinger. It was certain that he was born in Salis
Can one ye louith dye & you stand still, bury in 1583, and that he left Oxford without a degree,
And not appeare vpon Parnassus Bill? for reasons not known. He came to London try bis
Goe, goe invoaok Apollow's aid, tell him, fortuno as a poet, to take up the literary life under the
That one you louied is dead & you dessier, conditions of the timo. There was nothing but the
To sacrifice & vearco & then retier. theatre by which he could livo, and necessity drove him to write plays. It was a hard and poverty-striken life.
On the ond fly-leaf and on the last cover are the The only document extant signed by him was a letter two following :from a debtors' prison, addressed to Henslowe, the
On ye Author. theatrical manager, asking for bl. for himself and two
Sith thy ffeathry-Arrowes flight others, 'without which we cannot be bayled.' He died
baulkt yo But but hitty® white; in 1639, and in the register of that church he was called
Turne & take thy Arrowy-ffeather & stranger,' one who did not belong to the parish.
(wreath & weapon) whiob, together These were all the facts 'we knew, except that his
plume thy temples & entwine funeral cost 21. (equal to about 121. now), whicb, in a
victory & Triumph Thino.
On the Author, Mr Fuller.
One rather common old sense is either " to Fuller ! thy Learning 's fuller thon thy Name,
render turbid," or "to become turbid "; and it was And yett That mounted on yo wings off ffame ilyes euerywhere, This Nimble Mercury
usually employed with respect to water. This Holds forth bis Trumpett, makes thy name to fly.
doubtless arose from the use of the M.E. adjective Peter the Hermites Trumpet sounded farro
trouble in the sense of "turbid," which easily To ye worlds end, and cald to th' holy warre,
gave rise to an intransitive use of the verb as well Even Britaynes sundred toto Orbe hoare Wben Peter bis sounding Alarm vpreare,
as a transitive one. Thus, in Sir J. Mandeville's But (Fuller) thou art further heard by fart
* Travels,' p. 156, we find: "In Ethiope alle the ffor only this, 'cause thine owno Trumpeter.
ryvores and alle the waters ben trouble. Whence Peters successor wth his winde was there
we deduce, in the intransitive sense, such a phrase like Mahomets Pigeon breathinge in his eare
48 that which also occurs in Mandeville, p. 52: Else Peters lungs had neuer been so stout
" The watre sbal nevere trouble." To Carry 's summons all ye world about ! Fuller ! tbe winde and broath that swells thy fame This explains why at least two MSS. of 'Piers Far from a better place then Rome ! it came !
Plowman' (O. vii. 408) use the word trobled inItt's a deuiner Gale that actuates Thee
transitively in the sense of "stumbled.” We And makes thy faller topgayles driuen bee.
there read : “He trobled at the threshfold, and Th' art gon as far as Jury; ffor thy Booke
threw to the orthe." We shall be told next that By reason of its purenosse, clearnesse, looko As if t' had been in Jordan, and from thence
this use of threw is a "neologism." Returnd seauen times dipt in pure Eloquence.
I think that, on the whole, it is for MR. WARREN Off Thee I 'le say thus much ! not to say more, to write his recantation; but I would rather use Tby Fullers sope purge Barbarisme's Oare
much humbler language. I do not set myself up
for a moment as a master of style, and I should And they tbat veiw thy worke herafter, shall
advise no one to imitato any expression that I may Thee a Refininge Whitinge Fuller call. But stay! what's that I hearo? there 's some do say use. I am merely a humble collector of facts, This Fullers sope is turnd polluted clay.
always endeavouring to find out anthorities and These Times baue giuen him, or He them a spott, quotations for the instruction of othors. But I do ('Tis strange so fayre and good a Pon should blott),
not advise any one to igoore my authorities. Its seems that Now Poor Hee is att a losse, And Pilgrim-like himselfe now beares y crosse.
WALTER W. SKEAT. And are the streames of Jordan Now wth mud
JOAN BUNYAN AS A SOLDIER. — The annexed So sullied ? Or He bad, that Once was good? What ayleth Theo O Fuller, How is 't? Alack !
copy of a letter appearing in the Presbyterian of Jordan wt aylet Thee? why art driven back ?
21 May will doubtless be deemed of sufficient John TINKLER, M.A.
interest to warrant its inclusion in the pages of
N. & Q.' Caunton, Notte.
any fresh well-authenticated fact about " the im. " TROUBLE” USED INTRANSITIVELY. (See 86 mortal dreamer" of Bedford is welcome. Dr. John S. ix. 512.)—This now subject is started under the Brown, the latest and ablest biographer of Bunyan, writes: heading ' Ream and Rimmer.' We seem to be too
"The side on which Bunyan was arrayed in the great frequently discussing some new question under a
civil conflict of the seventeenth century, Parliamentarian
or Royalist, bas long been matter of dispute." Macaulay title with wbich it has nothing to do.
puts him with the former side, Froude with the latter. We are there told that the phrase we need not Canon Venables, in bis article on Bunyan in the Dic. trouble about" is a modern solocism. I was not tionary of National Biography,' writes on this point : aware that it is & solecism, nor that it is modern,
“ As tbere is not a tittle of evidence either way, the Let us see.
question can never be absolutely settled." But it can be, The Century Dictionary' says : “To take Parliamentary side. Dr. Brown, with the keen instinct
and is, and Bunyan is now proved to have served on the trouble or pains ; trouble oneself; worry ; as, do of one peculiarly versed in the records and literature of not trouble about the matter." It also gives a his subject, makes some happy conjectures respecting quotation from Venn's 'Symbolio Logio,' p. 281, Banyan's military service. Some of these can now bo note: “We have not troubled to shade the outside verified, and additional light thrown on the events of the
time. of this diagram."
Certain muster rolls of the Commonwealth bave The expression is somewhat too brief, as I at recently turned up in this office, and, in going to them once admit. It is better to insert anyself or our- for fresh information on the point in question, I had selves, for the sake of distinctness. But surely the the good fortune to alight on a paper volume, of some
three hondred leaves (roughly speaking), containing the phrase is common, and widely understood. I can
musters of the Newport Pagnel garrison in 1644 and not trouble myself to hunt up quotations just now. 1645. The Governor of the garrison was Sir Samuel May not a weary man sometimes hope for rest?
Luke, of Coplo Wood End, that cheerful and doughty I doubt if it can fairly be called a neologism, for Presbyterian soldier, 80 meanly caricatured in Butler's
All the musters in tho volume are it is remarkable that Littré calls it antiquated. Sir: Hudibras.' His twelfth sense of F. troubler is : "7. n. exciter have, first of all, the roll of Sir Samuel's regiment, but
cortified by Henry Wbitbread, tbe Muster-muster. We des troubles, se soulever (emploi qui a vieilli)”; Bunyan is not to be found there. Next comes the roll and he gives a quotation from Corneille.
of Colonel Richard Cockayne's company, mustered on
November 30th, 1644, and amongst the privatos, or Therefore beware, nor tempt his vengeful arm "centinells," as they are called, is the name of " John Lebt men-traps catod, or spring guns give th' alarm, Bunion." The name is also spelt “ Bupnion." Now, it Lest nightly watchmen seize the guileful band must be remembered that Bunyan was born on No- And Britain's laws transport thee from the land ! vember 30th, 1628, and was not eligible for service in the “This strange mixture of sacred and profane scarcely army until the age of sixteen. Tho musters of the several deserves a critique ; and perhaps the reader will add or companies continue weekly after that, with two or three the trouble of copying.' Writers usually entertain a good exceptions, until May 27th, 1645. On Maroh 22nd, 1845, opinion of their own works, whatsoever the world or the Bunyan's name drops out of Colonel Cockayne's com. critics may think of them, and the ingenious author of pany, and is found on that date in the company of Major this extraordinary production flatters himself that bis Bonlton. There it remains until May 27th, four days verses bave preserved his fruit, as well as established his before the storming of Leicester by King Charles. The reputation as a poet. He relates an anecdote of a sailor greatest strength of Colonel Cockayne's company is at who appeared to have taken great pains to spell the in. the muster on December 14th, 1644, viz., " 128 centinels scription, and then with an oath 'exclaimed, I have besides officers." Its lowest is 88 men on March 1st, been so long in reading your dd nonsense, old gentle 1645. The muster of Major Boulton's company on mad, that I have not time to rob your orchard.'" May 27th, 1645, gives " 45 centinells besides Officers."
The mansion referred to was (as stated in my reply The figures are important, because the war was virtually over after the battle of Naseby on June 14th, and Bunyan some sixteen years since) known as the "Little probably left the army in that month.
Hermitage," then the residence of Mr. William Sometimes parties from the companies were told of Day, brother to the banker of Rochester. for special service elsewhere than at Newport Pagnel. situated near Gad's Hill, and not at Swanscombe The volume I am treating of gives examples of this. On January 18th, 1645, a party of seventeen men and
two is thus noted by Pocock, the Gravesend historian,
as stated by Fuadell, whoso error in such respect officers from Colonel Cockayne's company was com. manded out by the committee of both kingdoms; but in his ‘ Diary,' under Sunday, 24 Nov., 1822 :Bunyan's name does not appear in the list. Nor in the “Read Mr. Fuzzell's tour through Kent, and found Caso of a similar party out of Major Boulton's company, errors, baving placed some verses which stood at the on May 6th, 1645, do we find his name. There is nothing Hermitage near Gad's Hill to Swanscombe. Yet it to prove that Bunyan was at the siege of Leicester, contained some good criticisms and judicious remarks ; though he may have been. Certainly, however, be was but it appeared written prior to the tour, or perhaps nó not under Major Ennis, for that officer commanded a
tour at all." troop of horse, and the roll is given in these mustorg. There was a Thomas Bunion, a drummer, in Captain
Fussell was also wrong as to the authorship of Collingwood's company (Colonel Martin's regiment) from the epigram in question, which was not, as he March to September, 1645. ERNEST G. ATKINSON. imagined, the production of Mr. Day, but of much Public Record Office, Chancery Lane.
earlier date, and apparently by one J. Bromfield, DANIEL HIPWELL. an unknown poet, whose original and somewhat
different version, with his name appended, is "IT'S A VERY GOOD WORLD TBAT WE LIVE IN, &c. (See 1. 8. ii. 71, 102, 166 ; 34, S. 398; 12 Sept., 1840, as follows :
given ander The Gatherer' in the Mirror of v. 114 ; 4th . i. 400 ; xii. 8; 66b S. i. 77, 127, 166, 227, 267; ii. 19, 79.)-Fussell, in his Journey
Epigram. round the Coast of Kent,' 1818, p. 33, under
'Tis a very good world we live in,
To spend, and to lend, and to give in ; “Swanscombe," states :
But to beg, or to borrow, or ask for our own, « On the brow of a bill wbich commands a fine view,
'Tis the very worst world that over was known.
J, BROMVIELD. is & respectable mansion belonging to an eccentric old gentleman, who amuses himself in the cultivation of a I may add that the “eccentric old gentleman' large garden contiguous, and has placed the following was an intimate friend of our family, who then whimsical inscription near the road :
resided, and still possess extensive estates, in the Hortus Edensis The Garden of Eden.
neighbourhood of his residence. W. I. R. V. Ne nugaro,
Trifle not, Tuum tempo breve est. Your time is short.
M.P.8 IN DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BioNon tange prohibitum fruc. Touch not the forbidden GRAPHY.' - The following small additions and
Lest you die. corrections may be made to the accounts given of
Chippen ham in 1565, not for Wiltshire.
Sir Lewis Pollard (diod 1540) was M.P. for
Totness in 1491-2.
Sir John Pollard (died 1575) sat for Plympton
1663, Barnstaple 1554, Exeter 1565, Grampound
1669 and 1663-7. In Eden's garden plants like these were plac'd, And sacred vengeance came on those who once defac'd
John Pollexfen (flourished 1697) was M.P. for The forbidden tree, and pluck'd the golden fruit. Plympton 1679, 1681, 1689, and 1690-5. He Now, traveller, mark I that vengeance is not mine; was still living in 1702, and seems to have been Awful justice comes, though slow, yet sure in time': the brother to Chief Justice Sir Benry Polloxfen.
Edward Popham, who sat for Bridgwater from owner of Sunderland. His wife was Mary Eliza1621 to 1626, was of Huntworth, co. Somerset, and beth, daughter of Jonathan Midgley, of Newcastlethe representative of the elder line of the Popham upon-Tyne. She lived after her husband's death family. His will was proved 6 March, 1640/1. at Cleadon, but died in St. Thomas's Street, NewHe and his brother Alexander would, in all pro- castle, on 30 Aug., 1855, aged sixty-five. Their bability, be the two Pophams outlawed for debt in son, John Taylor, became an eminent water en1627.
gineer. Besides editing Hegge's Legend of St. Col. Alexander Popham (died 1669), son of Sir Cuthbert, 4to., Sunderland, 1816, and the 'DurFrancis, did not sit quite continuously as member bam Visitation of 1615, Taylor rendered Surtees for Bath from 1640. His parliamentary honours some assistance in the compilation of the History were as follows : Elected for Bath and Minehead of Durham' (cf. Introduction to vol. i. p. 10), and in the Short Parliament of 1640, he preferred would seem, from what is said in Gent. Mag. for Bath, which also ho represented throughout the November, 1856 (p. 612), to have left some valuLong Parliament 1640–53. In 1654 he was re-able manuscripts.
GORDON GOODWIN. tarned by both Bath and co. Wilts, but again preferred his old constituency. To the Parliament FOLK-LORE OF HAIR.-In my childhood I used of 1656 – 8 he was elected by cos. Wilts and to be told in Yorkshire that if you swallowed a Somerset, and seems to have sat for Somerset. In long hair it would twine about your heart and 1669 he was member for Minehead. But to the kill you. This belief was brought back to my first two Parliaments of the Restoration, 1660 and mind the other day by reading the following 1661, he was again returned by his first consti- passage in Middleton's Tragi-Coomodie, Called taency, which he then represented until his decease. the Witcb,' IV. i., sub init. :
Sir John Popham, the Chief Justice, wag, I “If I trust her, as she's a woman, let one of her long think, the member for Lyme Regis in 1658.
hairs wind about my heart, and be the end of me; which Sir Charles Porter, Irish Lord Chancellor (died were a piteous lamentable tragedy, and might be entituled
A fair warning for all hair-bracelets." 1696), was M.P. for Tregony 1685-7, and New Windsor 1690-5.
Probably a similar belief prevails in other counties.
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Sir Nicholas Pogntz (died 1557) was M.P. for co. Gloucester 1547–52, and for Cricklade in 1555. STEEL PENS. (See 'Gilt-edged Writing-paper,'
Sir John Price (died 1573) sat for co. Brecknock 9th S. ix. 414.)- I have the following potes, which 1647–52, Hereford in 1553, and Ludlow in 1554.
may possibly be of service. Sir Edmond Prideaux, the Cromwellian At- 1829, a steel pen was enclosed in a letter as & torney-General, sat in both Parliaments of 1640 great curiosity (J. L. Cherry, 'Life of John Olare,' for Lyme Regis, and continuously afterwards until his death.
Engraving of a bronze mediæval pen (Archæo. Sir Carbery Pryse was M.P. for co. Cardigan logia Cantiana,' vii. 341). from 1690 until his death in November, 1694. Pen of bone (Archæologia, xxxvi. 290). W. D. PINK.
ASTARTE. Leigh, Lancashire,
In Toer's 'History of the Hornbook' (vol. ii. A “PONY OF BEEF.”—The Essex Times of p. 99), I find :27 May reports a case lately beard at the Blooms- “The pen is by no means so late an invention as is bury County Court, in which a butcher sued often supposed. One of the earliest must bave been that another for thirty shillings, the
value of a pony of used by the Ostrogoth Theodoric, who, by means of a
stencil-plate, on which were cut the first four letters of beef. The judge had evidently never heard of his name, ingeniously followed the openings with a pen, such an expression, and accordingly endeavoured and was thus enabled to write his signature." to obtain an explanation, and after several ques. And farther :tions ho elicited from the plaintiff that a popy of
According to the Nineleenth Century of May, 1891, beef was six ribs and the shoulder.
a metal pen, slit, and shaped like a quill pen, was recently
Taoe. BIRD. found in the so-called tomb of Aristotle at Eretria." Romford.
J. H. D. Joan BROUGH TAYLOR, F.S.A.-Of this worthy COLERIDGE AND LORD LYTTON.—The dictum of surgeon and antiquary there is some account in Coleridge regarding Milton—to wit, that "the Longstaffe's History of Darlington,' p. xlviii, egotism of such a man is a revelation of spirit”note, and in Nichols's · Herald and Genealogist,' probably suggested a remark of Lord Lytton's on ü. 515, 516. He died on 1 Oot., 1825, in Villers Hazlitt. In his essay on Charles Lamb and some Street, Bishopwearmouth, aged thirty-eight, a of his Companions' (Quarterly Essays,' p. 100, victim to typbus fover, then epidemic in the town, Knebworth edition), Lord Lytton says :and was buried on the 5th in Monkwearmouth " Still more than as a critic Hazlitt excels as a writer Charobyard. His father was a brewer and ship of the Essay of Sentiment; when, in the spirit of his
favourite Montaigne, he abandons bimself fairly to self- It is now located at Blairs, near Aberdeen. commune and self-confession....... Por in essays of this Originally it came into the possession of the Colkind the self-obtrusion to which we give the name of egotism is not a fault; it is the essential quality, infusing loge at Douai by bequest from Elizabeth Carle, into desultory reveries the distinct vitality of individu- and, from the statement, coming evidently from alized being."
berself, that it was copied from a miniature given Students of style could hardly have better examples to her by the mistress whose last kiss she had of brevity and expansion than Coleridge's apoph. received prior to execution, it seems most probable thegm and Lord Lytton's diffuse and laboured that the large picture was painted under her inBtatement.
structions as eye-witness, for in the background Helensburgh, N.B.
there is a vignette of the execution in miniature
that tallies with the account of another eye-witness, THE BLAIRS PORTRAIT OF MARY, QUEEN OF R. Winkfield, in his letter to Lord Burleigh. It Scots. - About sixty years ago, a gentleman, writing was bequeathed as “Grand portrait de sa Majesté of a tour he had made in Russia, included the vétue comme elle était à sa martyre.” following remarks concerning certain relics of
It was saved from the fury of the Jacobins by Mary, Queen of Scots, which he had been privi- being hastily cat out of the frame, wound round a leged to see ; and what he has recorded of the wooden roller, packed in a secure outer envelope, portrait of Mary Stuart, known as the Blairs and secreted in one of the nooks in the wide portrait, is important as giving a somewhat reliable chimney of the refectory, where, as the brethren and likely account of its origin. He says that judged, there would be cold cheer for awbile. There "the Imperial Library at St. Petersburg received a it remained from 1794 to 1816-nineteen years— great acquisition of French works and manuscripts and was found uninjured. which had been colleoted by Dubrovsky, who was in the suite of the Russian Ambassador at Paris at the period The order of English Dominican monks at Bornof the Revolution, when he was enabled to obtain them heim, in Flanders, founded by Cardinal Philip for almost anything. Among them was a manuscript Howard, had a curious picture of Mary, Queen of volume of letters from Mary, Queen of Scots, to Queen Scots, ascending the scaffold. HILDA GAMLIN. Elizabeth. Her missal, which was also shown there, was
Camden Lawn, Birkenhead, bound in dark blue velvet secured by clasps; it consisted of 230 pages. The first thirteen had the months and days of the year where particular prayers were intro
=TO SUFFER FROM COLD.-Somewhere duced, beginning with the 30th Psalm in January. The in N. &Q.'north-country folk have been stamped book was illuminated with subjects from the Life of as being peculiar, because they not only account a Christ and the Virgin Mary. The first was a picture man "starved” when he is slain by hunger, bat of the Angel Gabriel, and at the bottom of the page likewise when he is stricken with cold. If Mr. were the words and figures : Marie Reyne, 1, 259.' In all probability, this book and the letters were
O. G. Harper, author of The Marches of Wales, part of the numerous writings that belonged to may be trusted, he heard the word clemmed used the Scotch College at Douai, which was founded by shire village.
with a similar extension of meaning in a Shrop
Nodal and Milner's 'Lancashire Mary, Queen of Soots.
Glossary' bas “ Clem, Clam, to starve from want On the return to the seminary of the Rev. Mr.
of food": Farquharson, the head of the college, after banishment during the Revolution, Mr. Wilson (the place. "Tis warm here in summer, but nation
* Ab,' said the farmer, 'you look at our large fireRassian tourist) relates that the reverend gentle winter time, an' we'd be 'alf clemmed if we didn't man showed him over the college and assured him always have a good large log on It then.'”—P. 324. that he had had in his possession not only Mary's
Kloumen in Dutch, as Nodal and Milner note, original prayer book, but a table clock belonging to her, the first ever made, besides the MS. poems of signifies to be benumbed with cold.
ST. SWITHIN. Ossian and many other interesting papers that he had not seen since the Revolution. To continue ST. CORNÉLY, AT CARNAC, IN BRITTANY-St. in Mr. Wilson's own words :
Cornély is the patron saint of the parish, and no "A full-length portrait of her, which had been con.
one visiting Carnac and its mysterious alignments cealed in a chimney during the disastrous period and can fail to become acquainted with him. St. which was copied from a miniature given by the queen Oornély's fountain—a large, built well, supplying to Miss Curle, one of her maids of honour, at the
time the village with an abundance of excellent watershe was on the scaffold, was all that
remained, overy; has a figure of the saint above it, enclosed in an thing else being carried off by the mob or committed iron grating. Outside the church there is another to the flames
The picture was set up in the dining-room of the figure of the saint above the entrance. He stands becollege at Douai, and it was a singular circumstance tween two cows, one black and white, and the other that in the title deeds it was directed that to whatever red and white, the entire group being composed of place
the seminary was removed the picture was to go painted stucco. with it. It was then taken to the Scotch College at
St. Cornély is regarded as the Paris, where it was to remain until it was seen if the protector of cattle. Behind one of the cows one College at Douai were to be restored."
sees a representation of menbire, probably in allusion