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OFFICE, BREAM'S BUILDINGS, CHANCERY LANE, EC.

BY JOHN C. FRANCIS.

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1896.

of a company when he was only fifteen.

conclude that Lord Lisburne's regiment was rather

CONTENTS.-No 236.

a fast corps, and a bad school, as regards morals,

NOTES: - The Murder of Mountfort, 1 - Literature v. for a very young officer, for we find the inspecting

2-Bishop

Farmer's Library One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago officer at Dundalk Camp, in December, 1689,
Rev, R. Simpson-Entries in Parish Registers-Customs sending the following

confidential report to William
of the Manor of Wales-Rough Lee Hall, 4-Quotation 1II. relative to Lord Lisburne's regiment :
from Scott-Rotten Row - Scotland and Rushbrooke :
Surnames-Episcopal Chapels, 5-National Portrait Gal- | Colonel s'en mette fort peu et avec cela d'un humeur
lery-Miracles-Church Briefs-Governor-“Whoa!" 6.

extravagant; qui aussi prend tous les jours plus de
QUERIES:-John Malcolm-Tannachie-Inscription-Scot- vin qu'il ne peust [sic] porter." On 21 March,

tish National Music Church Brief for a Theatre Sir 1692, Hill exchanged with Capt. Vincent Googene,
George Nares, 7–Dialect--Philippine Wellser-Pate Stuart

Ferrar - Collett Relics -- Author Wanted - St. Paul's of Col. Thos. Erle's regiment of foot ("Military
Churchyard, 8-J. Everard-Military Flags-Haddow, 9. Entry Book,' vol. ii., H. O. Series). By this
REPLIES :-Windmills, 9-Lead Lettering-Cramp Rings exchange Hill found himself in command of the

10-White Boar as a Badge-Southey's English Poets grenadier company in a crack infantry regiment.
** Chauvin"-Straps- The Giaour,' il-Oxford- Simill. This fact was a little trying for a youth of his age,
tive"-"Hyperion," 12"Child"-"

-"Fantigue"-Fleur.

de-lis, 13-Ognall—St. Mary Overie-Tunstall Church and the society of an unlicked cub like

young

Lord

warden Prebendary Victoria, 14-The National Debt- Mohun had a bad effect on Hill's character. He

Holborn, Hanwell, and Harrow-Austrian Lip-Ancient

Service Book, 15-Dr. Freman "The Two Peacocks of also had the misfortune to have money at his dis-

Bedfont-Flags-Title-page, and Date of Book – Inscribed posal; and it came out in evidence, at Lord Mohun's

Fonts, 18–The Suffix well"

Book of Common Prayer trial, that Hill's scheme for carrying off Anne

Mural Memorials, 17-Maid Marian's Tomb-Flittermouse

-Knights of St. John of Jerusalem-Universities of the Bracegirdle, the well-known actress, was to cost

United States, 18-Authors Wanted, 19.

bim 501. The fair actress was rescued as she was

NOTES ON BOOKS :- Wheatley's Diary of Samuel Pepys,' being forcibly hurried into the coach by the soldiers

.-Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica

.

whom Hill had hired for the occasion. Frustrated

• Specimens of Caslon Old Face Types'-Guide Books, &c.

in his villaioy, young Hill dismissed his military

Notices to Correspondents.

hirelings. “Begone! I have done with you,

cried this veteran centurion, in a tone which

Jonathan Wild might have adopted when he dis-

Notes.

missed his myrmidons. Unfortunately Hill stayed

behind with Lord Mohun, and their brains, over-

THE MURDER OF MOUNTFORT, THE ACTOR.

heated by wine, to which in the case of the former

(See 1st S. ii. 516; 5tb S. viii. 231.)

was added mad jealousy against Mountfort, a sup-

Lord Macaulay tells us that Capt. Richard Hill, posed favoured rival in the fair actress's affections,
the murderer of Wm. Mountfort, the actor, was "devised the scheme of murder which Hill carried
profligate captain in the army "; and Mountfort's into effect the same night. Hill escaped after com.
biographer in the ' Dict. of Nat. Biog.' describes mitting the crime, and nothing further is recorded
Hill as "a known ruffler and cutthroat." Both of him by the historian. But in the cellars of the
these sweeping assertions are, to say the least of Public Record Office is a MS. petition to Queen
them, somewhat hyperbolical. Hill was only six- Anne, which runs as follows :
teen years of age when he ran the unfortanate actor “To the Queen's most Excellent Majestie.
through with his sword, in Howard Street, Strand, "The humble petition of Captain Richard Hill.
on 9 Dec., 1692. Lord Mohun, who was Hill's Showeth that your Petitioner at the age of sixteen,
accomplice and an accessory after the fact,

was after four years' service in Ireland and Flanders, under
seventeen, and this point went in his favour when drawn into a quarrel with Mr. Montford wherein he

the command of Lieut.-General Earl, was unhappily
he was tried by his peers for murder. But no one bad the misfortune to give him a mortal wound; for
has, heretofore, ever made any excuse for Hill, who which unadvised act your Petitioner has humbled him.
lived to repent and to amend his ways, which self before God these eleven years past, and since his
cannot be said for Lord Mohun, who, five foundland, who has given a character of your Petitioner's

misfortune wont volunteer with Col. Gibson to New.
years subsequent to the above murder, was again behaviour there, as Lieut.-General Erle has of his car-
arraigned for manslaughter. Curious to say, riage and conduct

in Ireland and Flanders, as appears by
Mohun's victim on this latter occasion was Capt. the certificates herewith annexed.
William Hill, of the Coldstream Guards, who was “May it therefore please your most Sacred Majestie,
stabbed in a drunken brawl, at a tavern near in consideration of your Petitioner's past services, and in
Charing Cross, in September, 1697.

compassion to his youth, to extend your Royal mercy to
At the age of twelve Richard Hill was appointed the heat and folly of youth, that he may thereby be

your Petitioner for a crime to which he was betrayed by
& subaltern in Viscount Lisburne's newly raised onabled to serve your Majestie and his country, as his
regiment of foot. He served in the Irish campaign, earnest desire is, to the last drop of his blood.
and owing to the mortality in his regiment from

“And your Petitioner sball ever pray, &c."

fever and losses in action, berobtained command Only one of the two certificates annexed to the

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above petition need be given here, although both pot bave joined in the mach-quoted toast given are equally favourable :

by Keats to the infamy of Newton : "The only "Whereas Capt. Richard Hill was under my command things which threatened to paralyze his artistic during the late Irish war, and a volunteer with me in function were the overwhelming revelations of Flanders, I must needs give him this character that bo astronomy";* which fear is strange enough when bebay'd himself on all occasions as a man of honour and

we remember that Tennyson was a great starreally with more courage and conduct than from one of his years could have been expected. For he was but gazer and that of this very science, in which he twelve years old when he came into the army, and but thought to behold a menace looming over poetry, sixteen when his misfortune bap'oed, which is eleven a contemporary poet had sung :years since. Now the great concern for his misfortune,

L'astronomie, au vol sublime et prompt. † and his earnest desire to serve ber Majesty again, even in any post, will I hope move her compassion and mercy Victor Hugo was not afraid of any science whatin obtaining bis freedom which I am ready to certify to ever, and Mr. Swinburne could write of him :I her Majesty whenever 'tis thought convenient.

“The mysteries of calculation...... were hitherto, - TRO. EARLE."

I imagine, a field upploughed, a sea uncloved, by Hill had friends at court to plead for him, as the share or by the prow of an adventurer in verse. witness the following :

The feat was reserved for the sovereign poet of A Memorial for the Rt. Hop. Sir Chas. Hedges, the nineteenth century.”

Secretary of State. " That his Grace the Duke of Somerset has promised siasm for science are exbibited in Poe's sonnet

Counterparts to Tennyson's and Hugo's enthuto call for Captain Hill's petition in the first Cabinet Council and the Lord President bas promised to speak to entitled Science, of which I give here the first botb. Therefore your Honour is most humbly desired lines :to have the said Captain's petition and certificates in

Science ! true daughter of Old Time thou art ! readiness to lay before ber Majesty for the more effectual Who alterest all things with thy peoring eyes : obtaining of her Royal mercy.'

Why preyest thou thus upon the poet's heart,
There is reason to believe that Hill was pardoned. Vulture, whose wings are dull realties?

How should be love tbee?
In 'Recommendations for Commissions in tbe New
Levies in 1706'

(War Office MS.), the name of and in the opening words of Coleridge’s ‘Essay on Capt. Richard Hill appears in a list of officers Shakespeare': “Poetry is not the proper antithesis recommended by the Duke of Ormonde.

to prose, but to science. Poetry is opposed to CHARLES DALTON. science, as prose to metre." In the same spirit

wrote Macaulay in one of his 'Essays':

"In an enlightened age there will be much intelli LITERATURE VERSUS SCIENCE,

gence, much science, much pbilosopby, abundance of (See 8th 8. viii. 286, 332; ix. 51.)

just classification and subtle analysis, and of wit and What ProF. TOMLINSON says under this head eloquence, and of verses, and even of good ones; but ing is an interesting addition to the question on talk about the old poete

, and comment on them, but they

little poetry. Men will judge and compare. They will the relations between these two branches of human will not create them, and to a certain degree enjoy them. knowledge, a question which is peculiar to, and But they will scarcely be able to conceive the effect characteristic of, our century.

which poetry produced on tbeir ruder ancestors, the I had occasion to touch on it in my study on agony, the ecstasy, the plenitude of belief." Tennyson (pp. 175 sq.), speaking of the scientific Of a quite contrary opinion seems to have been element in the works of your late Laureate, of Carlyle, at least when he wrote: “Poetry is not whom it was well said that “he spiritualized dead ! it will never die. Its dwelling and birthEvolution and brought it into Poetry.

."* I pointed place is in the soul of man, and it is eternal as out the numerous allusions to the progress of the being of man."Ş Byron repeatedly stated science and the scientific similes in which he that poetry bas nothing to fear from science :indulges, as well as his views on the future of Truth sometimes will lend her noblest fires, science,+ and concluded that be certainly would And decorate the verse herself inspires.

Let Poesy go fortb, pervade the whole, il * See Nineteenth Century, October, 1893, p. 670.

Tsutb, the great desideratum ! of Truth of science waiting to be caught. • The Golden Year.'

'Tis the part Science moves, but slowly, slowly, creeping on from

Of a true poet to escape from fiction

Whene'er he can. point to point.

Locksley Hall.' I wander'd nourisbing a youth sublime

* Nineteenth century, October, 1893, pp. 662, 663.

16. With the fairy tales of science.

† Victor Hugo, L'Ane.' All diseases quepob'd by science, no man balt, or deaf, | Nineteenth Century, November, 1893, p. 734. Locksley Hall Sixty Years After,'

• Essays,' 1894, vol. i. p. 73. Cp. Signs of the When science reacbes forth her arms

Times' in vol. ii. pp. 230 899. To feel from world to world, and charms

* English Bards.' Her secret from tbe latest mood.

1.Don Juan,' vii, 81, In Memoriam,' xxi: *** 16., viii. 86.

or blind.

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That true nature which sublimes

rary Value of Science,'* who shows how (p. 188) Whate'er it abows with truth. *

a literary and poetical substrate” is to be found Even Wordsworth, who is known not to have in Darwin's works. I shall also add that the been a great friend of science, did not hesitate to question was treated in England so early 23 to sayt that

1824 in an article of the European Magazine “if the time should ever come when what is now called (pp. 383 sqq.) 'On the Necessity of Uniting the science..... Shall be ready to put on, as it were, a form Study of the Belles Lettres to that of the Sciences.' of flesh and blood, the poet will lend his divine

spirit to But the question is an international one; and aid the transfiguration, and will welcome the being thus produced as a dear and genuine inmate of the household perhaps it will not be uninteresting to see how

it of man.

was differently discussed by scientific and literary The question of the relation of science to litera- men in France, Germany, Spain, and Italy. Contare—an important one, as it also implies that of sidering the peculiar character of this paper, I the future of the latter--has been recently taken shall limit myself to a list of quotations and referup and treated in different ways by men both of ences, which, however, will not prove quite useless letters and science. In an article entitled 'Hopes to him who chooses to trace the history of the and Fears for Literature,'I Prof. Dowden refers to

question.

PAOLO BELLEZZA. the opinion held on the matter by Miss F. P.

Circolo Filologico, Milan.

(To be continued.) Cobbe, who, in writing on Literature, Religion, and Moral versus Science,' affirms : When science, like poverty, comes in at the door, art, like

PEPYSIANA. — 1. In a brief for the French love, flies out of the window." Quite different is Protestants, dated 31 Jan., 1688, the name of the opinion of Matthew Arnold; for him

"Samuel Pepys" appears amongst the number of "the future of poetry is immense. Criticism and science

those appointed “to dispose and distribute the having deprived us of old faiths and traditional dogmas,

money." poetry, which attaches itself to the idea, will take the

2. In 1685 was published 'A True Account of place of religion and philosopby, or what now page for the Captivity of Thomas Phelps, at Machaness, in gucb, and will sustain those who, but for it, are forlorn."$ Barbary, and of his Strange Escape' in tha: year.

Prof. Dowden sums up his own views in these It contains the following dedication, printed at the words :

back of the title-page :* The results of scientific study are in no respect

To the Honourable Samuel Pepys, Esq.; antagonistic to literature, though they may profouodly

SIR, – Having by your generous Favour had the modify that view of the world which has hitherto found Honour of being introduc'd into His Majesties presence, in literature an imaginative expression.

wbero I delivered the substance of this following Narrations of a great cosmos, of the reign of law in nature, of tive, and being press'd by the importunity of Friends to the persistence of force, of astronomic, geologic, bio Publish it to the World, to which mine own inclinations logic evolution, have in them nothing which should were not averse, as which might tend to the information paralyze the emotions or the imagination. To attempt, of my fellow Sea-men, as well as satisfying the curiosity indeed, a poetical 'De Rerum Natura' at the present of my Country-men, who delight in Novel and strange moment were premature; but when these and other Stories; I thought I should be very far wanting to my. scientific conceptions have become familiar they will self, if I should not implore the Patronage of your ever form an accepted intellectual background from which Honoured Name, for none ever will dare to dispute the the thoughts and feelings and images of poetry will stand truth of any matter of fact here delivered, when they out quite as effectively as the antiquated cosmology of shall understand that it has stood the test of your sagacity. the Middle Ages."

Sir, Your Eminent and Steady. Loyalty, whereby you

asserted His Majesties just Rights, and the true Privi. Sir Jobn Lubbock combats those who pretend ledges of your country in the worst of times, gives me that science withers whatever it touches (because confidence to expect, that you will vouchgafe this con"Science teaches us that the clouds are a sleety descension to a poor, yet honest Sea-man, who have mist, Art that they are a golden throne"), affirm. devoted my Life to the Service of His Sacred Majesty ing that, "for our knowledge, and even more for and my country; who

have been a Slave, but now have

attained my freedom, which I prize 80 much the more, our appreciation, feeble as even yet it is, of the in that I can with Heart and Hand subscribe my self, overwhelming grandeur of the Heavens, we are Honourable Sir, mainly indebted to Science."|| In the same spirit

Your most Obliged and Humble Servant speak of the subject Mr. H. M. Posnett, in the

THO. PHELPS. preface to his Comparative Literature (1886),

T. N. BRUSHFIELD, M.D. and Mr. J. Burrough, in an article on The Lite. Salterton, Devon.

PORTRAITS OF BISHOP MORLEY, OF WINCHESTER * Don Juan,' xiv. 16. t In his essay on the Principles of Poetry.'

(1662–1684).-There are two portraits in oils of I Fortnightly Review, February, 1889.

this eminent prolate at Oxford, one in Christ See in his posthumous volume of Essays.' Cp. also Church Hall, by Sir Peter Lely, and another in the Literature and Science' (Nineleenth Century, August, ball of Pembroke College, which have doubtless 1882, p. 216). U Beauties of Nature,' 1893, p. 257.

* Macmillan's Magazine, vol. liv. (1885), pp. 184 899.

The concep:

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