Archaeology Yesterday and Today: The Development of Archaeology in the Sciences and Humanities
First published in 1990 as the English translation of a Czech original, this book presents a radical interpretation by Czech philosophers of science of the philosophical, social and political forces shaping archaeology from antiquity onwards. The text reflects upon the divergent paths taken by Anglo-American and European archaeology in the years preceding publication, largely in ignorance of each other. It provides a theoretically sophisticated and cosmopolitan overview of modern archaeology, treating the history of both traditions in a single framework. Moreover, archaeological history is linked to developments in historiography, anthropology and the history and philosophy of science. Illustrated by Czech cartoons which reflect its iconoclastic approach, this book constitutes an important and original contribution to the intellectual history of archaeology.
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The search for arche
The earliest history
A digression into the natural sciences
the twentieth century
s The present
Description classification and seriation
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according activity analysis antiquity appeared applied approach archaeology artefacts attributes basic basis became beginning behaviour carried century changes characteristics classification collection common comparative complex concepts concerned connected Consequently considered construct corresponds created culture defined described determined discipline divided elements environment especially established evolution evolutionary example existence experiment explain expressed fact factors field figure framework functional further given groups hand human hypotheses ideas important indicators individual influence instance interpretation knowledge language later laws linguistics Marxism material means methods mutual natural notion objects observation original past period possible precise prehistoric present problems reconstruction relations relationships remains represented sciences selection sequence shape similarity situation social society sources space spatial specific stages structure theoretical theory thought types units whole
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Archaeology: An Introduction : the History, Principles and Methods of Modern ...
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