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cxlvi.

Mat.

153

Much people from the city come to meet him: sicttriarchs or judges, in the earliest and best ages sitting upon an ass,

of thy commonwealth, sitting upon an ass; yea an ass. (John XII. 15.)

he shall come upon a colt, the foal of an ass, XX1. 5 which though it had never been backed before,

shall in his miraculous hands be tractable and

gentle.” John Now it is to be observed that his apostles and Jous XII. 16. These XII. 16 other disciples did not understand these things at his disciples at the first:

things understood vot first, nor recollect the correspondence between but when Jesus was the preceding prophecy and the event: but when slorified, then rememJesuis was raised from the dead, and glorificd at

bered they that these

things were written the right-hand of the Father, from whence be of hit, and that they sent down bis Spirit to instruct them in the mys- had done these things teries of his word and kingdom, then they re- unto him. membered that these things were written concerning him as the Messiah; and (that) they had done these things unto him, without any designed reference to the prophecy, which at the time of its accomplishment they did not so much as think of. And when he was come nigh to the city, [and

LUKE XIX. 37. was] now at the lower part of the descent of the And when he was come mount of Olives, which lav, as was said before, to descent of the mount

the east of Jerusalem, and was but a few furlongs of Olives, John from it, A great multitude of people, who were

JOHN XII. – 12. X11, 12

come from Galilee and other parts to celebrate Much people that were the feast of the passover, having heard, by some they heard that Jesus who had run before the rest of the company, was coming to Jeruthat Jesus was coming in this solemn pomp to salem,

Jerusalem, immediately resolved to go and 13 usher him in with all possible respect: And

13 Took branches of accordingly they took branches of palm-trees, forth to meet him, and

palm-trees, and went which were commonly carried before those who cried, Hosanna, Blessrode in public triumph, and went forth to meet ed is the king of Israel, him, and cried, Ilosannah! May God save and that cometh in the name

,
prosper him.! Blessed [be] the King of Israel,
who comes in the name, and by the authority, of
the Lord our God, to redeem us, and to rule

(Compare Psal. cxviii. 25, 26.)
17

Now as he rode along in all this pomp, the 17 The people there. people who were with him when he called La- fore that was with him surus out of his grave, and by that almighty

when he called Lazarus voice raised him from the dead, among whom he

out of his grave, and

raised had

Luke XIX. 37

over us.

i Nosannah! May God save and pros. things mentioned in the preceding verse, per him!) I suppose few readers need John xii. 16), should be the reason of what to be informed that the Hebrew word follows here.' It appears then from hence Hosannah, signifies Save toe beseech thee, (and it is very material to observe it), that

* Now the people toho were with him. ] av (thereforej is sometimes used in a looser It is impossible that their not understand-sense, so as to answer to [and] or (now) in ing the prophecy of Zechariah now, or our language. recollecting it afterwards (which are the

cxlvi.

XIX, 31

And cry, Hosannah to the Son of David.

159 raised him from the had lain part of four days, testified [it] to the sect: dead, bare record.

strangers who were come up out of the country,
and told them what a glorious miracle they had

John 18 For this cause been eye-witnesses to. [And] for this cause, xil. 18. him, for that they among others, and indeed with a peculiar regard heard that he had done to this, the people also met him from the city in this miracle. the manner which bas been described above; be

cause they heard that he had done this astonishing
miracle, which, in some circumstances, exceed.

ed any which he bad wrought before. LUKE XIX. - 37. And the whole multitude of the disciples that Luke (And] the whole mul- had attended him from Bethanv, both they that titude of the disciples (that went before, and went before him, and they that followed after, in that followed,] began his triumphant procession, began greatly to reto rejoice and praise joice, and to praise God with a loud voice for all for all the mighty the mighty works and glorious miracles which works that they had they had seen performed by him on a great variety seen : [Mat. XX1. 9. of occasions, and which they now particularly

38 [And cried, ] say. called to mind. [.And] as they now were met 38 ing, (Hosanna to the by a vast concourse of people from Jerusalem, Son of David;? blessed they joined together in their triumphs and conthat cometh in the gratulations; and cried with all their might, name of the Lord : saying, Hosannah to the great illustrious Son peace in heaven, and of David, who now vouchsafes to make his pubflory in the highest

. lic appearance among us; blessed be he, [even] MARK XI.-9.) the long-expected King and Sovereign of God's

people, who now comes to us in the name of the
Lord! May the most exalted honours be paid
him! May continued prosperty attend him!
Let there be peace in heaven, and a rich variety
of Divine favours be dispensed from thence;
and, in return for them, let glory be given to
God in the most exalted strains, and let all the

highest orders of angels join in his praises ! MARX XI. 10. Bless. Blessed and prosperous be the sacred kingdom of Mark ed be the kingdom of our father David, that

our father David! May it speedily be establish- X1. 10 cometh in the name ed, and may it long flourish; even that kingof the Lord : Hosanna dom which is not gained by the alarms of war in the highest. (Mat. and garments rolled in blood, but which comes XXI.-9.)

in the name of the Lord, and renders itself, by
that powerful influence on men's spirits which

now feel, victorious over whatsoever would
oppose it! Hosannah therefore in the highest
strains ! Repeat again and again your songs and
your congratulations.” Thus they expressed
their joyful and rapturous expectations of his
assuming the royal dignity, and vindicating
Israel from the Roman oppression; and, em-
boldened by the display of his power in the re-
surrection of Lazarus, they feared not the re,

sentment

Luke

160 Reflections on Christ's riding in triumph to Jerusalem.
SECT: sentment of their present masters for declaring
çxlvi. themselves thus openly in his favour.

And some of the proud and envious Pharisees, LUK: XIX. 39. And XIX, 39 who were among the multitude as spies rather some of the Pharisees

than friends, were much offended at the high titude said unto him,
honours that were paid to Jesus, and maliciously Master, rebuke thy
said to him, with an intent to embarrass and ex, disciples.
pose him, Master, canst thou be pleased with all
this noise? or can it be consistent with thy great
humility to suffer it? Why dost thou not rebuke
thy disciples for such dangerous acclamations as
these? Dost thou intend to give encouragement
to such seditious speeches, and to stand by the

consequences which may follow them?
40 And Jesus, who was now determined to lay

40 And he answery aside that reserve which for wise reasons he had ed and said unto them,

I tell you, that if these formerly used, answered and said unto them, I tell should hold their peace, you, that the reason for these acclamations is so the stones would im, plain, and the evidences of it so strong, that it mediately cry out, must be great stupidity not to see, and great obstinacy not to own it: so that if these should be silent, one might almost expect that the very stones should immediately cry out, to proclaim my kingdom: yea, God would even animate the stones on such an occasion, rather than he would suffer me to want this triumph, so evidently

marked out by his prophets, John The Pharisees then, turning from him with John XII. 19. The Xil. 19

Pharisees therefore said envy and rage, said to each other, Perceive ye

among themselves, Pernot that you gain no manner of advantage by ceive yehov ye prevail all your consultations, and the decrees of your nothing? Behold, the sandhedrim? Behold, the whole world is gone

world is gone after him, after him, till he has now thrown off the mask, and taken upon him to declare his pretences; which, if the people thus fall in with them, must necessarily end in our ruin, and perhaps in that of the whole nation,

IMPROVEMENT.

John xii. 14

an ass ;

Let us behold this meek triumph of the great Redeemer with pleasure ! He entered the capital of his kingdom riding upon

a circumstance in which he made, though by no means a ridiculous, yet to be sure a very humble figure: yea, he Mat. appeared exactly as the prophet deseribed him, upon a colt, the

foal of an ass; not yet grown up to its best form, nor adorned with

any sumptuous or elegant furniture, but only covered with 21.4, 7 the manties of his poor attendants, and perhaps with nothing

befter

xxi. 4, 5

Mark

cxlvi.

Luke xix. 40

When he came near the city, Jesus weeps over it.

161 better for a bridle than a cord, which might have tied the foal sect: at the door.

Let us imagine that we saw the Son of God, and the King of John Israel, thus proceeding towards Jerusalem, and the people meeting xii. 13. him, and surrounding him with their acclamations: Hosannah ! Blessed be he that cometi in the name of the Lord! Do not our hearts spring at the sound? Do we not, as it were in spirit, go forth with them, and join in their sublime, though simple song? Thus let us welcome him into our hearts! Let us echo it back! Blessed be Mark he that cometh in the name of the Lord, with Divine authority, and xi. 10 Divine blessings in his hands! And blessed be the kingdom he hath erected! May perpetual prosperity attend it! May the north give up a swarm of subjects to it; and may not the south keep back her swarthy sons ! May nations be born at once, and thousands together made willing in the day of his power! Surely if these are not our affectionate wishes, the warm and zealous sentiments of our very bearts, it may almost be expected that the very stones should

cry out, to accuse and condemn our ungrateful stupidity.

Unhappy Pharisees, who looked on these triumphs with envy and rage, and grieved that the world was gone after him! Yet less John unhappy had they not renewed their attempts against him, those xii. 19 fatal attempts which ended in their ruin! But who, that had seen the procession, and heard the shouts of the transported multitude, could have imagined or believed, that before the end of the week they should have turned their voices against him, and instead of Hosannah, should have cried out, Crucify him ? Yet so it was, and Christ knew it would be so. Such is the uncertainty of popular applause! Who would then purchase it at the expence of his con. science, or even of bis ease?

These transports were raised by the hopes of a temporal king. Mark dom; and when those hopes were disappointed, these transports were turned into rage. Oh that there may be none, under all the

engagements of a Christian, and even of a ministerial profession, who proclaim Christ with great appearances of zeal, only that they may exalt themselves; and wish prosperity to his kingdom, only as it may promote their own interest in a world from which it was the great design of his death to redeem his servants.

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xi. 10

SECT. CXLVII.

Christ having wept over Jerusalem, enters into it, and vindicates

the temple a second time from the profanation of the traders. Mat. XXI. 10---16. Mark XI. 11.—Luke XIX. 41, to the end. LUKE XIX. 41.

Luke XIX. 41. AND when he was come near, he be- THUS

HUS our Lord went on in his triumphant cxlvii. held progress toward Jerusalem; and when he

was

XIX. 41

SECT.

Luke

eyes.

162

He foretells the ruin that was coming upon it. SECT. Toas come near it, and had now the view of it held the city, and wept exlvii, before him (the place where he was command- over it. Luke ing an extensive prospect of it), beholding the XIX. 41 city in all its present beauty and glory, and con

sidering the calamities which would shortly be 42 its ruin, he tenderly wept over it, Saying, Oh 4.2 Saying, If thou that thou hadst known", even thou unhappy city, thou, at least in this

hadst known, ever which art now on the very point of being devo- thy 'day, the things ted to final destruction! Oh that at length, which belong unto thy though with the greatest obstinacy thou hast peace! but now they

are bid from thine despised the messages of all thy prophets, thou hadst but known and seriously regarded, at least in this thy latest day and opportunity of grace, the important things which belong to thy peace, and on which thy final happiness depends ! But now, alas, they are hid from thine eyes, and God will leave thee in his righteous judgment to this

affected ignorance and obstinate perverseness, 43 till it end in thine utter ruin. For the time 43 For the days shall hastens on, and in a little while the days shall come upon thee, that

thine enemies shall come upon thee, when thou shalt suffer all the

a trench about hardships of the closest siege, and thine enemies thee, and compass thce shall draw a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and kcep thee

in on every side, round, and press thee in on every side", so that

with all thy numerous inhabita!ls thou neither 44 sbalt be able to resist nor to escape them : And

44 And shall Jay they shall level thee with the ground on which

ground, thou standest, and crush thy children within thee

under

cast

thee

even with the

a () that thou hadst known.] It is cer- it, they in three days surrounded it with a tain (as we have observed elsewhere, wall of thirty-nine furlongs in circumsermote a, on Luke xii. 50. Vol. VI. p. 596) evce, with thirteen castles in its circuit; that the particle en is sometimes used to and by this means all hope was cut off express un urdent wish (compare Numb. that any of the Jews within the city should xxii. 29. and Josh. vii. 7. Septuag.) and escape. (Bell. Jud. lib. v. cap. 12 [al. the connection here will very well bear it. 13], § 1, 2.)--He also tells us, that when If our translation bc retained, it must be Titus had taken the city, and contrary to acknowledged that the broken manner of his will the temple was consumed with speaking is very emphatical : our Lord will fic, he caused the foundations both of the then seem to pause in a silent reflection on temple and the city to be dug up and the happy consequences that would have levelled with the ground, leaving only three attended their obedient regard to his invi- touers and part of the wall to be a specimen tations and addresses. --- But to add the of its former strength and grandeur: (Bell. words [it land been well], which some Jud. lib. vii. cap. 1 [al. 18), $ 1.) And have proposed, would rather enervate than afterwards the whole was so entirely deshelp the sense; as I think it would do in troyed that not one stone was left upon anmost of the passages which learned critics other; as Socrates relates, Hist. Eccl. lib. bave prounced from the Greek writers ill. cap. 20.--In short, the accomplishment as instances of a like figure of speech. See of every part of this prediction is recorded Mr. Hallet on Script. Vol. I. p. 11. hy Josephus in so affecting and particular

b. Thene enemies shall-compass thee round, a manner, especially in the Sixth Book of &c.] Josephus says expressly, that though his Jewish War, that I cannot but recomit was thought a great and almost impracti- mend the perusal of it to every Christian €able work to encompass the city with a wall, who has an opportunity of reading it. yet Titus animaring his soldiers to attempt

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