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Some Greeks desire to see Jesus. SECT., Philip, who was of Bethsaida, a city of Galilee, therefore to Philip, cxlviii. and asked it as a favour of him to introduce of Galilee, and desired

which was of Bethsaida them to his Master, saying, in a very respectful him, saying, Sir, we XII. 21. manner, Sir, we earnestly desire to see and bear would see Jesus.

this Jesus of Nazareth, of whom we have been
told such extraordinary things, and who has
now been received into the city with such

unusual regard.
22 Upon this Philip comes and tells what their 22 Philip cometh
request was to Andrew, who likewise was of and telleth Andrew :

and again, Andrew and
Bethsaida, and had been first acquainted with Philip told Jesus.
Christ (John i. 40, 44, sect. xxi. xxii.) and then
Andrew and Philip, having agreed upon it, went
and told Jesus that some Greeks who were come

to the feast desired admittance to him.
23 And Jesus immediately ordered them to be

23 Aud Jesus anbrought to him ; and as they were approaching The hour is come that

swered them, saying, him, he answered them, saying , At length the the Son of man should hour is come, and the appointed time is just at be glorified. hand, that the Son of man must be glorified; and I would have you look on the approach of these

Greeks as an earnest of the flowing in of all the 24 Gentiles to me. But wonder not if my death 34 Verily, verily, I

is to precede it; for verily, verily, I say unto say unto you, Except you, and assure you of it as a most solemn and into the ground, and important truth, That unless a grain of wheat die, it abideth alone :

but fall to the ground, and die and waste away there, it remains single and alone, but if it seem to die and wither after it is sown, such is the principle of vegetation which it contains, that a new pro


writers, have indeed thought that they b Bethsaida of Galilee.] This town lay
were such as are commonly called proselytes on the borders of Syrophænicia, froin
of the gate, that is (as most readers well whence (as Grotius thinks) whese Greeks
know), persons who, having renounced might come; so that they might, perhaps,
idolatry, and being worshippers of the be acquainted with Philip as a neighbour;
God of Israel, might, according to the or otherwise we cannot say why this cir-
law of Moses, be permitted to dwell in cumstance relating to him is here men-
Judea, and to converse among the Jews, tioned. The learned Reland argues, that
though not with entire freedom. And it there were trco Bethsaida's, of which this
has likewise been thought, that the regard lay most to the north. See Reland. Palestin.
which Jesus shewed to such, in vindicating p. 653.
the Court of the Gentiles (where they as c Jesus ansvered them, saying.] The
sembled for religious worship) from the phrase here intimates the suitableness of the
contemptuous profanations of the Jews, for ring discourse to this particular occa-
(Mat. xxi. 12, 13, p. 161.) might dispose sion, by attending to which many of the
these pious persons to address themselves beauties of it will be discovered. Our
to bim.-- But their attending at the passover Lori might, perhaps, enlarge on some of
leads me rather to imagine (with Arndius, these hints; and it his hearers took a due
Miscel. Sac. p. 6.) that they were what notice of them, and made a proper report
the rabbies now call proselyles of righteous, on their return home, it might prepare the
ness, that is, such as by circumcision obliged way for the apostles, when they came by
themselves to observe the whole law: their preaching more fully to unfold and
(compare Acts ii. 5. viii. 27. xii. 43.) illustrate these important doctrines.
Yet I will not venture confidently to
affirm it.

d If


He that serves Christ shall be honoured by his Father. 169 but if it die, it bringeth duction of the like kind arises, and it brings sect. forth much fruit.

forth much fruit. And so it is that I myself cxlviii.
shall fall, and a new scene be opened, in which
my kingdom shall seem to be

rly lost and XII. 24. gone; yet, like the spring corn, it shall assuredly

revive, and appear beautiful and fruitful. 05 He that loveth

But, in the mean time, such difficulties are 25 his life, shall lose it: also to be expected by my faithful servants, that and he that hateth his it is but fit I should inform these strangers of lite in this world, shall what I have once and again told you ; that he keep it unto lise eternal.

who loves his own life too well to part with it
for my sake, shall lose it, and expose himself to
death in the worst and most dreadful sense of the
word; but he that acts as if he hates his life in
this world, by exposing it to the greatest dangers
in the cause of my gospel, shall preserve it even
to everlasting life, and secure a state of immortal
glory and happiness. (Compare Mat. x. 39,

sect. Ixxvi. Mark vii. 35, sect. lxxxix. and 26 If any man serve Luke xvii. 33, sect. cxxviii.) If any man 26 me, let him follow therefore would engage to serve me as one of me; and where I am, there shall also my ser- my loyal people, let him resolve to follow me vant be: if any man whithersoever I shall lead him, whatever dangers serve me, him will my and difficulties may lie in the way; and let him Father honour.

know, for his encouragement, that where I am,
or where I shortly am to take up mine abode,
there shall also my faithful servant be ; for I will
assign him an inheritance in that blessed world
where I am for ever to rest and reign after all
the sufferings I have endured here: and I assure
you that, among all that follow me, if any man,
of whatever nation he be, or whatever his reli-
gious profession may before have been, will
faithfully serve med here, him will (my) Father
also honour, and confer such rich rewards upon
him as to make him for ever both great and

happy, 27 Now is my soul

Having said this, our Lord paused for a while, 27 shall I say? Father, and entered on a deep contemplation of the very save me from this hour: different views of things which lay before him.

but And then he added aloud, Now is my very soul

distressed and troubled in an affecting view of
my approaching sufferings; and what shall I
say? What petition shall I offer to God on this
occasion ? Shall I say, Father, save me from


If any man serve me.] Our Lord, bylytes of righteousness, but those of the gate, this indefinite erpression, strongly intimates and indeed even the idolatrous Gentiles that his kingdom was to be of a very erten. themselves, might, on their believing the sive nature ; and that not only the prose gospel, be admitted into it.

e Wha


170 Jesus has again the testimony of a voice from heaven. SECT. this dreadful hour, and from all the agonies but for this cause came cxlviii. which I ain to endure in the gloomy season

I unto this hour. John

before mee? Nav, but for this cause was I born Xil. 27. into the world, and for this end I came even to

this present hour, that I might bear the suffer

ings on which I am entering, and might redeem 28 my people by them. And far be it from me 98 Father, glorify to draw back from such engagements and

thy name. dertakings : I will therefore much rather say, Father, glorify thine own name, and dispose of me, and all my concerns, in such a way as may most effectually answer that great end! Then, at that very instant while he was -Then came there

a voice from heaven, speaking, there came a voice from heaven (which

saying, I have both suid], I have both already glorified [it] by the glorified it, and will whole of thy ministry thus far; and I will glorify glority it again. [it] yet again in a more signal manner by what

farther remains before thee. 29 The multitude therefore who stood by and heard 29 The people

[it], though not all in a manner equally distinct, by, and heard it, said, were perfectly astonished at the awful sound ; That it thundered: and some among them said, That it thundered': others said, An angel while others, who were nearer, said, That an spake to him.

angel spake to him from heaven. 30 But Jesus answered and said to his disciples, 30 Jesus answered who stood near, and distinctly heard it, This voice and said, This voice

came not because of from heaven came not chiefly for my sake, who me, but for your sakes. was before assured of the affection of iny Father, and knew the purpose he had formed to glorify bimself by me; but it was uttered for yours, that you may not be offended at the treatment I shall meet with, and quit your hope in me, and re

gard for me, on account of any of the sufferings 31 which are coming upon me.

This indeed is a 31 Now is the judg. very critical and important time ; for now is the



e What shall I say? Father, save me from or the daughter of the voice, being ushered this hour?') I suppose few need be told that in with thunder, and, as it were, produced the pointing of the New Testament is far less froin it. Elsner has shewn that the Hea. ancient than the tert. It is agrecable to thens reckoned that sudden thunder was a observe how many difficulties may be re- sign that a prayer then offered met with moved by varying it, and departing from the most favourable regard. See Elsner. the common punctuation : of which I take Obseru. Vol. I. p. 334, 335.)—Dr. Lighl. this to be one of the most remarkable in- foot observes here (Hor. Heb. in loc.) that

For as the text does not oblige us Christ had thrice the testimony of a voice to it, it does not seem natural to suppose from heaven ; first, when he entered on his that our Lord actually offered this petition, public ministry, as the High-priest of our and then immediately retracted it again. profession, at his baptism (Mat. iii. 17.)

1 Said that it thundered.] Thunder vlten and then a second time, when a command attended a voice from heaven: (see Exod. was giveu to hear him, as the great Prophet xix. 16, 19. Rev. iv. 5. vi. 1. X. 5.) In of the church at his transfiguration, (Mat. allusion to which, perhaps, the voice itself xvii. 5.) and now again, when he had inade was called by the ancient Jews Bith Kol, his public entry into Jerusalem, as a King.


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When he was lifted up, he would draw all men to him. 171 ment of this world, judgment of this world, which I am going to SECT: this world be cast out. conquer and condemn, that by my death iny

followers may both be taught and enabled to Jobn
triumph over it, and those may be convinced of XII. 31,
sin that believe not in me :. (compare Gal. i.
4. and John xvi. 8, 9.) Yea, now shall Satan,
the ruler and god of this world, be cast out from
that empire which he has so long usurped over
the minds of men, and especially over the hea-

then nations. (Compare Eph. ii. 2. and 2 Cor.
3? And I, if I be iv. 4.) And when I am lifted up from the 32
lifted up from the earth”, though I may seem thereby to be made
earth, will draw all the trophy of mine enemies, yet such shall be

the effect of that important event, that I shall
thereby draw all men to me; that is, I shall lay
a foundation for conquering the most stubborn
hearts by so rich a display of my love; and shall
by a secret, but powerful, influence on their
minds, persuade multitudes of all ranks and all
nations to list themselves under the banner I
raise. (Compare John iii. 14, 15. Vol. I.

p. 147, 148.)
33 (Tbis he said, Now this he spake of his being lifted up from 33
sisuline what death the earth, as signifying by what death he should
he should die

die, even by crucifixion, in which the person

suffering was lifted up on high, and hung as it 34 The people an- were between heaven and earth. And in

swered him, we have neral it was understood by the people as im-
heard out of the law; plying some violent death shortly to come upon
for ever: and how him. The multitude therefore answered him, 'We
sayest thou, The Son have heard it taught as a certain truth out of the
of man, must be lifted law, or out of the volume of our sacred writ-
up? Who is this Son
of man?

ings, that the Messiah is immortal, and abides
for ever, “ that his kingdom is an everlasting
kingdom, and his dominion continues unto
all generations," (2 Sam. vii. 16. Psal. lxxxix.
29. cx. 4. Isa. ix. 7. Ezek. xxxvii. 25. Dan.
ii. 44. vii. 14.) and how then dost thou, who now


& Noro is the judgment of this world.) of the death of Christ. See John iii. 18, Mr. Massey, renders this (in his Vernac. 19, xvi. 8, 11. Sacra, p. 8, 9) Now is this world come h When I am lifted up from the earth.] I to its crisis : and Grotius and More (in his think Dr. Whitby's note on this text suffi. Theological works, p. 207.) explain it of the ciently vindicates this version of say utwliv. redemption of the world, or its vindication See the Greek version of Deut. vii. 1. from the bondage of Satan. But this is so Judges vi. 3. xxi. 21. 2 Sam. vii. 12. unusual a sense of the word, that I choose, 1 Kings xiii. 31. Job vii. 4. Prov. iii. 24. with Dr. Whitby, to understand it of the iv. 12. Jer. iii. 16. and compare John condemnation of the world, or of the judg- xiv. 3. 1 John iii. 2. and 3 John, ver. ment passed upon its wicked principles and 10. where cay enou may signify, when I practices, and of the victory which Chris. tians were to gain over it in conscquence VOL. VII.

i Who



172 The Jews are offended at what he says of the Son of man. SECT. plainly professest thyself to be the Messiah, say

that the Son of man must be lifted up from the Joinn

earth, and dic a violent death? Who is this Son xii. 34. of man? i Is hic, as such language as this might

seem to intimate, a different person from the
Messiah, whom we have been taught to expect
under the title of the Son of man? This was
said by some of the multitude who were ill-
affected towards him, and desired to find some-

thing to object against him. 35 Then Jesus said to them, Do not cavil at what 35 Then Jesus said

I now say ; but rem :mber how short this oppor- into them, Yet a lit. tunity is which, through the Divine goodness, with you : walk while you now enjoy: yet a little while is the light with ye have the light, lest you,

darkness come upon
which you may derive from me, or my ser-
vants who shall come to you in my name ; walk you for he that alk-
therefore while you have the light; comply with eth nut whither be go-

gracious purposes of God in making these eth.
discoveries to you, and regulate your temper and
conduct by thein ; that darkness may not over-
take you, that you may not be deprived of the
gospel, and left in a night of ignorance and mi-
sery : for you know it is a most uncomfortable
thing for a traveller to be benighted in his way,
as he that walks in darkness wanders from place
to place, and knows not whither he goes, or into
what dangers he may fall the very next step he
takes ; and much more dreadful will it be for
you to be deserted of God, and left to the

darkness and folly of your own hearts. (Com36 pare John xi. 9, 10. sect. cxxxix.) Let me 36 While ye have therefore once more seriously and kindly eshort the light,believe in the

light, that ye may you, that while you have the light thus clearly be the children of shining around you, you believe in the light, and light.honestly follow it, that you may be the children of light, who, being now truly wise and good,shallbe. the heirs of holiness, glory, and joy everlasting. These things Jesus spake when the Greeks ap

things plied themselves to him ; and as the unbelieving spake Jesus, (and he Jews were greatly irritated by the actions and left them, and de

parted, [MARK, and discourses of the day, and would not be awaken- now the even tide was ed to conviction, he left them, and departed

come, thence


¡ Who is this Son of man?! A writer of tant difficulty ; but it was fit some ohscue great note interprets this as if they bad said, rity should for the present be left upon "Who is this that so absurdly, and incon- it, test the plainness of the prediction should sistently with the prophets, speaks of have prevented its accomplishment. Our himself as the Sun of mun, while he talks Lord therefore gave the discourse a useful of being lifted up, and dying?” (See Dr. turn, and a few days more proclaimed the Sykes of Christianity, p. 110.) But the mystery which he had before revealed to sense given in the paraphrase' appears to his apostles in private when he set out on me more natural, and I am pleased to find his last journey to Jerusalem. (Seo Mat. it in Grotius, This was a real and impor. XX. 18, 19. sect. cxlii.)

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