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Some Greeks desire to see Jesus. SECT., Philip, who was of Bethsaida, a city of Galilee, therefore to Philip, cxlviii. and asked it as a favour of him to introduce of Galilee, and desired
which was of Bethsaida them to his Master, saying, in a very respectful him, saying, Sir, we XII. 21. manner, Sir, we earnestly desire to see and bear would see Jesus.
this Jesus of Nazareth, of whom we have been
and again, Andrew and
to the feast desired admittance to him.
23 Aud Jesus anbrought to him ; and as they were approaching The hour is come that
swered them, saying, him, he answered them, saying , At length the the Son of man should hour is come, and the appointed time is just at be glorified. hand, that the Son of man must be glorified; and I would have you look on the approach of these
Greeks as an earnest of the flowing in of all the 24 Gentiles to me. But wonder not if my death 34 Verily, verily, I
is to precede it; for verily, verily, I say unto say unto you, Except you, and assure you of it as a most solemn and into the ground, and important truth, That unless a grain of wheat die, it abideth alone :
but fall to the ground, and die and waste away there, it remains single and alone, but if it seem to die and wither after it is sown, such is the principle of vegetation which it contains, that a new pro
writers, have indeed thought that they b Bethsaida of Galilee.] This town lay
He that serves Christ shall be honoured by his Father. 169 but if it die, it bringeth duction of the like kind arises, and it brings sect. forth much fruit.
forth much fruit. And so it is that I myself cxlviii.
rly lost and XII. 24. gone; yet, like the spring corn, it shall assuredly
revive, and appear beautiful and fruitful. 05 He that loveth
But, in the mean time, such difficulties are 25 his life, shall lose it: also to be expected by my faithful servants, that and he that hateth his it is but fit I should inform these strangers of lite in this world, shall what I have once and again told you ; that he keep it unto lise eternal.
who loves his own life too well to part with it
sect. Ixxvi. Mark vii. 35, sect. lxxxix. and 26 If any man serve Luke xvii. 33, sect. cxxviii.) If any man 26 me, let him follow therefore would engage to serve me as one of me; and where I am, there shall also my ser- my loyal people, let him resolve to follow me vant be: if any man whithersoever I shall lead him, whatever dangers serve me, him will my and difficulties may lie in the way; and let him Father honour.
know, for his encouragement, that where I am,
happy, 27 Now is my soul
Having said this, our Lord paused for a while, 27 shall I say? Father, and entered on a deep contemplation of the very save me from this hour: different views of things which lay before him.
but And then he added aloud, Now is my very soul
distressed and troubled in an affecting view of
If any man serve me.] Our Lord, bylytes of righteousness, but those of the gate, this indefinite erpression, strongly intimates and indeed even the idolatrous Gentiles that his kingdom was to be of a very erten. themselves, might, on their believing the sive nature ; and that not only the prose gospel, be admitted into it.
170 Jesus has again the testimony of a voice from heaven. SECT. this dreadful hour, and from all the agonies but for this cause came cxlviii. which I ain to endure in the gloomy season
I unto this hour. John
before mee? Nav, but for this cause was I born Xil. 27. into the world, and for this end I came even to
this present hour, that I might bear the suffer
ings on which I am entering, and might redeem 28 my people by them. And far be it from me 98 Father, glorify to draw back from such engagements and
thy name. dertakings : I will therefore much rather say, Father, glorify thine own name, and dispose of me, and all my concerns, in such a way as may most effectually answer that great end! Then, at that very instant while he was -Then came there
a voice from heaven, speaking, there came a voice from heaven (which
saying, I have both suid], I have both already glorified [it] by the glorified it, and will whole of thy ministry thus far; and I will glorify glority it again. [it] yet again in a more signal manner by what
farther remains before thee. 29 The multitude therefore who stood by and heard 29 The people
[it], though not all in a manner equally distinct, by, and heard it, said, were perfectly astonished at the awful sound ; That it thundered: and some among them said, That it thundered': others said, An angel while others, who were nearer, said, That an spake to him.
angel spake to him from heaven. 30 But Jesus answered and said to his disciples, 30 Jesus answered who stood near, and distinctly heard it, This voice and said, This voice
came not because of from heaven came not chiefly for my sake, who me, but for your sakes. was before assured of the affection of iny Father, and knew the purpose he had formed to glorify bimself by me; but it was uttered for yours, that you may not be offended at the treatment I shall meet with, and quit your hope in me, and re
gard for me, on account of any of the sufferings 31 which are coming upon me.
This indeed is a 31 Now is the judg. very critical and important time ; for now is the
e What shall I say? Father, save me from or the daughter of the voice, being ushered this hour?') I suppose few need be told that in with thunder, and, as it were, produced the pointing of the New Testament is far less froin it. Elsner has shewn that the Hea. ancient than the tert. It is agrecable to thens reckoned that sudden thunder was a observe how many difficulties may be re- sign that a prayer then offered met with moved by varying it, and departing from the most favourable regard. See Elsner. the common punctuation : of which I take Obseru. Vol. I. p. 334, 335.)—Dr. Lighl. this to be one of the most remarkable in- foot observes here (Hor. Heb. in loc.) that
For as the text does not oblige us Christ had thrice the testimony of a voice to it, it does not seem natural to suppose from heaven ; first, when he entered on his that our Lord actually offered this petition, public ministry, as the High-priest of our and then immediately retracted it again. profession, at his baptism (Mat. iii. 17.)
1 Said that it thundered.] Thunder vlten and then a second time, when a command attended a voice from heaven: (see Exod. was giveu to hear him, as the great Prophet xix. 16, 19. Rev. iv. 5. vi. 1. X. 5.) In of the church at his transfiguration, (Mat. allusion to which, perhaps, the voice itself xvii. 5.) and now again, when he had inade was called by the ancient Jews Bith Kol, his public entry into Jerusalem, as a King.
When he was lifted up, he would draw all men to him. 171 ment of this world, judgment of this world, which I am going to SECT: this world be cast out. conquer and condemn, that by my death iny
followers may both be taught and enabled to Jobn
then nations. (Compare Eph. ii. 2. and 2 Cor.
the effect of that important event, that I shall
p. 147, 148.)
die, even by crucifixion, in which the person
suffering was lifted up on high, and hung as it 34 The people an- were between heaven and earth. And in
ings, that the Messiah is immortal, and abides
& Noro is the judgment of this world.) of the death of Christ. See John iii. 18, Mr. Massey, renders this (in his Vernac. 19, xvi. 8, 11. Sacra, p. 8, 9) Now is this world come h When I am lifted up from the earth.] I to its crisis : and Grotius and More (in his think Dr. Whitby's note on this text suffi. Theological works, p. 207.) explain it of the ciently vindicates this version of say utwliv. redemption of the world, or its vindication See the Greek version of Deut. vii. 1. from the bondage of Satan. But this is so Judges vi. 3. xxi. 21. 2 Sam. vii. 12. unusual a sense of the word, that I choose, 1 Kings xiii. 31. Job vii. 4. Prov. iii. 24. with Dr. Whitby, to understand it of the iv. 12. Jer. iii. 16. and compare John condemnation of the world, or of the judg- xiv. 3. 1 John iii. 2. and 3 John, ver. ment passed upon its wicked principles and 10. where cay enou may signify, when I practices, and of the victory which Chris. tians were to gain over it in conscquence VOL. VII.
172 The Jews are offended at what he says of the Son of man. SECT. plainly professest thyself to be the Messiah, say
that the Son of man must be lifted up from the Joinn
earth, and dic a violent death? Who is this Son xii. 34. of man? i Is hic, as such language as this might
seem to intimate, a different person from the
thing to object against him. 35 Then Jesus said to them, Do not cavil at what 35 Then Jesus said
I now say ; but rem :mber how short this oppor- into them, Yet a lit. tunity is which, through the Divine goodness, with you : walk while you now enjoy: yet a little while is the light with ye have the light, lest you,
darkness come upon
gracious purposes of God in making these eth.
darkness and folly of your own hearts. (Com36 pare John xi. 9, 10. sect. cxxxix.) Let me 36 While ye have therefore once more seriously and kindly eshort the light,believe in the
light, that ye may you, that while you have the light thus clearly be the children of shining around you, you believe in the light, and light.honestly follow it, that you may be the children of light, who, being now truly wise and good,shallbe. the heirs of holiness, glory, and joy everlasting. These things Jesus spake when the Greeks ap
things plied themselves to him ; and as the unbelieving spake Jesus, (and he Jews were greatly irritated by the actions and left them, and de
parted, [MARK, and discourses of the day, and would not be awaken- now the even tide was ed to conviction, he left them, and departed
¡ Who is this Son of man?! A writer of tant difficulty ; but it was fit some ohscue great note interprets this as if they bad said, rity should for the present be left upon "Who is this that so absurdly, and incon- it, test the plainness of the prediction should sistently with the prophets, speaks of have prevented its accomplishment. Our himself as the Sun of mun, while he talks Lord therefore gave the discourse a useful of being lifted up, and dying?” (See Dr. turn, and a few days more proclaimed the Sykes of Christianity, p. 110.) But the mystery which he had before revealed to sense given in the paraphrase' appears to his apostles in private when he set out on me more natural, and I am pleased to find his last journey to Jerusalem. (Seo Mat. it in Grotius, This was a real and impor. XX. 18, 19. sect. cxlii.)