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Jesus quotes the prophecy of Daniel. SECT. side with the Roman armies, Tand} the abomi. of desolation spoken

nution of desolation spoken of by Daniel the pro- phet, (MARK, standLuke phet (Dan. ix. 27), standing where it ought not, ing where it ought XX1. 20. and displayed in an holy place; that is, when the noi) [in the boly

standards of their desolating legions, on which place; (whoso readerb,
they bear the detestable images of their idols, then know that the
are planted on holy ground a; then know, that desolation thereof is
the desolation thereof is just approuching; , And, 15. MARX X111.14.-)
by the wav, now I mention that remarkable pro-
phecy, let every one that reads it pause seriously
upon it, that he may understand its meaning;
for it contains one of the most eminent predic-
tions which can any where be found, of the
time, purposes and consequences of my appear-

ing; and the whole context is of great import-
21 anceb. Now I sar', when you see this sig-

21 Then let them

which are in Judea flee nal, then let them that are in Judea flee, as fast

to the mountains; and as they can from the fortified cities and populous let them which are in towns, to the mountains and the wilderness, the midst of it, de part where they will be secure; and especially let out and let not them them that are in the midst of it, where Jerusalem tries, enter thereinto. stands, depart immediately out of it, before (MÁT. XXIV. 16.

Mark XIII.-14.) their retreat is cut off by the union of the enemies' forces near that centre; and let not them that are in the adjacent countries, by any means attempt to enter into it, as a place of safety; for

all its strength, and all its sanctity, will not seMark cure its inbabitants. Let every one therefore MARK XIII. 15. XIII, 15 retreat as fast as possible, and let not him that is And let him that is on

the house-top, not go taking the air on the battlements at the top of the down into the house, house, go down into the house, nor enter into it, to neither enter therein, take away any thing, though ever so precious,


a Planted on holy ground.) Not only the armies, sce Grotius's excellent note on temple, and the mountain on which it stood, Mat. xxiv. 15. but the whole city of Jerusalem, and sereral b The whole context is of great imporfurlongs of land round about it, were ac- ance.] If any wonder that so important a counted holy. (See noter, on Mat. iv. Vol. prophecy is not more frequently insisted VI. p. 113.)- it is remarkable, that by the upon in the New Testament, I think we may special providence of God, after the Ro- justly answer, that it was not proper for the mans under Cestius Gallus made their first apostles to urge it; as the exact commenceadvance towards Jerusalem, they suddenly ment and termination of the seventy weeks withdrew again, in a most unexpected, was a nice controversy out of their way, and indeed impolitic, manner; at which and not capable of being fully cleared up Josephus testifies his surprise, since the city to the populace with whom they were chief. might then have been easily taken. By ly concerned; and as several of the events this means they gave as it were a signal to referred to in it had not their complete the Christians to retire ; which, in regard accomplishment till some years after most to this adınonition, they did, some 10 of their writings were published. But that Pella, and others to mount Libanus, and the period is long since elapsed is certain, thereby preserved their lives, See Jon however it might be reckoned; as Dr. seph. Bell. Jud. lib. ii. cap. 19 (al. 24), § 7, Bullock bas excellently shewn. See his and Euseb. Hist. Eccles. lib. iii. cap. 5. Vindication, book ii. chap. 4, § 6. p. 2:6 Of the idolatrous standards in the Roman 218, and Dr. Sukes of Christianity, chap.

xvi. P. 297-301.

c Go



XXI. 22

He warns his disciples to flee from the danger.

239 to take any thing out out of his house ; but let him go down by the secr. of his house

. (Mat. onter-stairs, as the shortest way, lest he should 16 And let him that linger to his own destruction. And let not him is in the field, not turn that is at work in the field, and bath laid aside his XIII. 16 back again for to take up his garment.[Mat. upper-garment as an incumbrance, go back, so XXIV. 18.] much as a few steps, to take his clothes Jest

the enemy should surprise him before he can

recover them. (Compare Luke xvii. 31, p. 63.) LUKE XXI. 22. In a word, let every one flee for his life, and Luke For these be the days reckon himself sufficiently happy if he can of vengeance, that all things which are writ- escape with it, though in the most naked and

46 ten may be fulfilled. destitute circumstances : for these are days of

most terrible vengeance, to which most of the
threatenings of the prophets, even from the days
of Moses, do ultimately refer; and they shall be
so full of distress and misery, that all the most
dreadful things which are written in them may

then be said to be completely fulfilled'. MARK XIII. 17.

But more especially there will be wo and ter- Mark But wo to them that are with child, and to ror to them that are with child, and to them that XIII. 17 them that give suck give suck in those days; as their incumbrances in those days. (Mat. will be peculiarlv great, and they that are with XXIV. 19, LUKE them will be driven in a wild consternation to XXI. 23.-)

consult their own safety, to the neglect of those
whom common humanity might teach them to

guard and assist. 18 And pray ye And therefore pray that no additional circum- 18 that your flight be not in the winter, (neither stances of difficulty may attend you ; as, for on the sabbath-day.) instance, that this your precipitate flight may not [Mat. XXIV. 20.) be in winter, when the roads are bad, and the

days short and dark ; nor fall out on a sabbath.
day; for a short journey may not be sufficient,
and the regard which most of the Christians in
these parts will have for that day, may make
them scrupulous of violating a rest they think
so sacred, by a longer march, even in a case of
so much extremity.


Go back to take his clothes.] These are back, implies fleeing directly without going as strong expressions as one can imagine back (as we speak in the country) so much to urge the speediest retreat. It is indeed as a land's length to take them up; and so observable, that this whole discourse it rises on the former verse. abounds with very lively figures of oratory d May then be said to be completely fulland is heightened with the noblest beau- filled.] Among many admirable things to ties of description. Were it necessary to be found in that great original, Dr.Jackson's produce authorities to prove that husband- Credibility of the Scriptures, I cannot but men laid aside their upper-garment when reckon that part of it, in which he shews at work, they might be found in Elsner how exactly the prophecies of Moses were (Obseru. Vol. I. page 109, 110,) but that accomplished in the slaughter and disperlearned critic has impaired the beauty sion of the Jews in, and quickly after, of the text by interpreting it as a caution this fatal war with the Romans. See the not to go home to fetch them. Not to turn passages quoted below, in note m, p. 24.3.

e Such




sball be,


Great tribulation would be in those days. And a case of extremity it will indleed be : for 19 For in those clxi. in those days there shall be a scene of great tribu- days (LU KE, there

lation [and] distress in the land of Judea, and bulation and ] [Luke, XIII. 19. of dreadful wrath from heaven upon all this distress in the land,

people, such as the like has not been known before, people.] such as was either here or elsewhere, even from the begin- not from the beginning of the creation which God has made unto ning of the creation this time ; nor ever shall the like be heard of which God created,

unto this time, [no, any more e; as no people ever have been, or por ever shall be, guilty of so aggravated a crime, [M A T. XXIV. 21.

and so inexcusable a series of impenitence and Luke XXI.—23.] Luke infidelity. And therefore they shall fall by the

LUKE XXI. 24. XXI. 24. edge of the sword in multitudes, both within and And they shall fall by

without the city; and the consequence of all the edge of the sword, shall be, that the miserable remnant which captive into all nations: survives the general carnage shall be carried and Jerusalem shall away captive into all the most distant nations of be trodden down of

the Gentiles, until the the world f, and continue for many ages under times of the Gentiles great infamy, calamity, and oppression. And be fulfilled. in the mean time, Jerusalem itself shall be trampled down and kept in possession by the Gentiless, till the times appointed for these triumphs and insults of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled, and the day come when God shall remember his ancient people in mercy".


e Such as the like has not been,-nor Jerusalem, or rather of Elia, the namo ever shall be.] This Josephus expressiy given to the new city, which was built asserts to have been the fact; and whoever without the circuit of the former when the reads his account, or even that judicious foundations of the old were ploughed up. abstract from bim which Eusebius has A heathen temple was afterwards built given us, (Ilisi. Eccles. lib. iii. cap. 5, 6,) where that of God had stood; and a will see a sad illustration of all this; and, Turkish mosque pollutes it to this day ; criminal and detestable as the Jewisha na so remarkably was the hand of God upon tion, now was, will hardly be able to for them. And it is well known, by the tesbear weeping over those complicated ini- timony of a heathen writer, (who ridiculousscries brought upon them by plagues and ly ascribes it to the fatal resistance in the famine, and fires, occasioned by the siege, element,) that Julian's impious attempt to and by the carnage made, not only by the rebuild their temple, and settle them in Romans, but by the yet greater cruelties of Jerusalem again, in professed contempt the seditious and zealots within the city,who of this prophecy, was several times mirareally acted the part of so many incarnate culously defeated by the eruption of balls fiends rather than of men.

of fire, which consumed the workmen. f They shall fall by the edge of the stvord See Ammian. Marcel. lib. xxiii. cap. 1, p. and shall be carried captive, &c.] It appears 286, from Josephus that eleven hundred thousand h Till the times of the Gentiles be fulfillJezes were destroyed in this war, and near ed.] It is much easier to vindicate the an hundred thousand taken prisoners, and authority of the words xupO! søvw from the (according to Dent. xxviii. 68.) sold for objection of Dr. Mill Proleg. p. 133.) slaves at the vilest prices. See Joseph. chiefly founded on their being omitted in Bel. Jul. lib. vi. cap. 9. (al. vii. 17.) § 3. the Cambridge Níanuscript, than to de

g Jerusalem shall be trampled down by the termine the signification of them. I canGentiles.] Their land was sold, and no not suppose, with Mess. Le Clerc and Jew was allowed to inhabit there (a rigour L'Enfant, that by the accomplishment of nerer lised, that I know of, towards any the times of the Gentiles, we are to underother people conquered by the Romans; stand the time when Constantine put an pay, they might not come within sight of end to thc Gentile idolatory in Jerusalem,




But the days should be shortened for the sake of the elect. 241 MARK XIII. 20. And during the wars which are to bring on sect. And except that the this suid catastrophe, except the Lord had shorthose days, no Alesh tened those days no flesh could be saved ; the whole should be saved : but nation would be utterly exterminated from the XIII.30. for the elect's sake, earth, and the name of Israel no longer be had [those days shall be in remembrance i; but for the elect's sake, whom shortened.] [M A T. he has graciously chosen to be at length partaXXIV. 22.]

kers of the blessings of his gospel, God will so
order it in his providence, that those days shall
be shortened, for he hath still purposes of love
toward the seed of Abraham, which shall at
length take place, (Rom. xi. 26.) and, in the
mean time, he will make their continuing a
distinct people a means of confirming the faith

of Christians in succeeding agesk. 21 And then if any

As these then are the counsels of the Divine 21 man shall say to you, Wisdom concerning this people, do not expect, Lo, here is Christ, or that when calainities begin to threaten them, any lo, he is there ; believe him rot. [Mat. miraculous deliverer should be raised up for them; XXIV. 23.] and if any one shall then say unto you, Behold

the Nessiah [is] here or behold [he is there, do
not believe [it] or shew the least regard to any
such report. (Compare Luke xvii. 23, p. 62.)

and established the christian worship hardly suppose their way into it should
there. Euseb. Vit. Const. lib. iii. cap. then be opened by the conquest of a Chris.
26.) It seems reasonable to suppose that tian nation.
here, as in most other places, the Gen i Except the Lord had shortened these
tiles are opposed to the Jews; and conse- days, no flesh could be saved, &c.] Such
quently, that all the period between the were the quarrels that prevailed among
destruction of Jerusalem and the restora the Jews, that numbers of them were de-
tion of the Jews to their own land, so ex- stroyed by one another: and the whole
pressly foretold in scripture, is here in- country was become a scene of such deso-
tended. (See Isa. xxvii. 12, 13. Ezek. lation and bloodshed, that not only those
xi. 17. XX. 40, 42. xxxiv. 13. xxxvi. 24. who were shut up in Jerusalem, but the
28. xxxvii. 21---28. xxxix. 28, 29, whole Jerish nation, would have suffered
Hos. iii. 5. Amos ix. 14, 15. and Zech. much more by the longer continuance of
xiv. 10, 11.) With this indeed is con the siege, considering how much the same
nected the bringing in, what St. Paul calls, spirit prevailed among them in other
the fulness of the Gentiles : Rom. xi. 25, places.-Mr. Reading in his Life of Christ,
26. But unless it could be proved (which p. 309. understands the days being shorten-
I do not recollect) that the inhabitants of et for the elect's sezke, of the preservation
Palestine shall then peaceably surrender of the Christians at Pella, whose safety
it to the returning Jews, it seems most na he supposes to have depended on the
tural to suppose the time of the Gentiles shortening of the siegc, and whom he
here signifies the time when they shall takes to be the elect intended here. (See
he visited and punished ; which is the sense Dr. Whilby on Mark xiii. 20.-Of the
in which this very phrase, and others nearly special providence by which the siege was
parallel to it, frequently occur in the shortened, sce Grotius on Mat. xxiv. 22.
Old Testament; as Brennius justly ob k Their continuing a distinct people, a
serves. (Compare Ezek. xxx. 3. as also means of confirming the faith of Christians,
Jer. xxvii. 7. 27. Ezek. xxi. 25, 29. &c.] This I have shewn at large in my
xxii. 3, 4.) And, if this be the sense of ten Sermons, Sermon tenth ; and the
it, it seems an intimation that the Turks, reader may see the remark farther illus-
or some other antichristian power, may trated by Mr. Addison, Spectat. Vol. VII.
continue possessed of the holy land till No. 495, and in Bishop Burnet's Four
the restoration of the Jews; for one can Discourses, p. 8-10.

i False



212 Pretended Messiahs would attempt to deceive them. SECT. For as this unhappy people, who are now so ob

22 For false Christs, stinately rejecting me, will to the last support rise, and shall shew

and talse prophets shall themselves with vain hopes of that kind, and [great) signs and wonXIII.22. be ready eagerly to hearken to every bold impos- ders, (insomuch that,

tor false Messiahs and false prophets shall arise, shall deceive the very
and shall pretend to shew great signs and prodi- elect.] [MAT. XXIV.
gies', managed with so much art, as might, if 2+.]
[it were) possible, be sufficient to deceive even the
very elect, and to pervert my sincere followers
and disciples themselves ; though indeed their
hearts shall be so established by Divine grace

23 Buttake ye heed : 23 as finally to be secured from the danger. But

behold, I have forebe ye cautiously upon your guard against so dan- told you all things. gerous animposition; for behold I have express- [MAT. XXIV. 25.] ly foretold you all these things; that on comparing the event with the prediction, your faith may be established by those very circumstances which

in another view might have a tendency to shake Mat. it. Therefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, wherefore, if they

MAT. XXIV. 26. XXIV 26 we have found the expected Messiah, and he is shall say

unto you,
now gathering his forces about him in the wilder- Behold, he is in the
ness for the deliverance of his people, do not go Behold, he is in the
forth to join yourselves to his followers ; [or] if secret chambers, be-
they shall say, Behold (he is) in the secret apart- lieve it not.
ments of some particular friend, where he is wait-
ing to give satisfaction to those that desire it, do

not believe [it] nor give yourselves the trouble
so much as to inquire into the affair. For you

27 For as the lightknow there is, and can be, no other Messiah but ning cometh out of

the east, and shineth me ; and when I appear it will be in a sudden, even unto the west ; amazing, and irresist ble manner ; and as the so shall also the comlightning breaks forth from the east, and shines in ing of the Son of man a moment even to the west part of the horizon,



| False prophets shall urise, and she to subsisting with superior miraculous powers. great signs and prodigies.] This is not a But it can never be inserted from such inere repetition of what was said before, a supposition in that case, that God will Mat. xxiv. 5. (p. 232,) but relates to suffer miracles to be wrought in proof of those impostors who appeared during the falsehood, when there are none of his serrime of the siege ; of which see Joseph. vants to perform grenter miracles on the Bell. Jul. lib. vi. cap. 5. (al. vii. 11,) side of truth. And when such superior $ 2, and Euseb. Hist. Eccles. lib. iv. cap. miracles on the side of truth do exist, the 6. See also Grotius on Mat. xxiv. 24. opposite miracles at most can only prove As for the objection which is urged from that some invisible beings of great power, this text against admitting miracies as a who are the abettors of falsehood, are proof of doctrines, I would hear transiently strongly engaged to support the contrary observe two things : (1) That it cannot doctrine ; the consideration of which certainly be proved that the works here must excite all wise and good men to rereferred to were true miracles; they might ceive a truth so opposed with greater readibe like the lying powers, signs, and tronders, ness, and to endeavour to promote it with mentioned % Thess. ii. 9. Or, (2.) That greater zeal ; as they may be sure the if we should for argument's saké grant excellence and importance of it is proprothem to be real miracles, yet they are sup- tionable to the solicitude of these malige posed to be wrought at a time when there nant spirits to prevent its progress, were in the Christian church teachers

m In

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