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-17. MARK XIV,

They find a room by his direction, and make ready there. 273 9 And they said un And they said unto him, Lord, we are ready to sect. wilt

clxviii. thou that we (Mark, perform the charge, and that we may be under go and] prepare (for no uncertainty as to the place, only desire thou

Luke thee to eat the passo. wouldst particularly tell us, Where, or at what XXII. 9. ver?] (Mat. XXVI. house wilt thou have us go and prepare for thy 19.]

eating the passover with us. 10 And he said un And he said unto them, I will give you a sign, 10 to them, [Go into the which shall put the matter out of doubt: Go dicity to such a mall, and] behold, when yo

rectly into the city to such a one as I will point are entered into the out to you: [and] behold, as soon as ever you are city, there shali a man entered into the city, a man will meet you in the pitcher of water ; fol street carrying a pitcher of water in his hand; low him into the house follow him immediately into the house where he where he entereth in. Renters; for I know it will be a place very fit for (Mat. XXVI. 18.MARK XIV.-13.)

our accommodation 6. And wheresoever he il 11 And [MARK, goes in, you shall say to the master of the family, wheresoever he shall We are come to thee with a message from Jesus go in) ye shall say un

the Teacher; and he says to thee by us, my time house, The Master saith is now very near', and before I make my last reunto thee, [ My time is move I will celebrate the passover at thy house : at hand, I will keep the where then is the dining-room? or what convewhere is the guest- nient chamber bast thou to spare, chamber, where I shall come and eat the passover with my disciples, and eat the passover with be secure from the interruption of any other my disciples? (MAT. XXVI.-18. Mark company? And upon this he will take you up 12 XIV. 14.]

stairs, and shew you a large upper room, wbich 12 And he shall will conveniently hold us all; and you will find slicw you a furre tied it furnished with all proper utensils, and prepared (and prepared :) there by all necessary circumstances of purification of make ready for us]. every kind, so as to be, on the whole, in very (MARK XIV. 15.]

good order: there provide the unleavened bread,
the lamb, and the bitter herbs, and make all
things ready for us against the time of our com-
ing; for we shall be able to find the house with-
out any direction from you'.


to the good man of the

where I may

bd man will meet you, &c.] As Samuel, c My lime is near.] Every body knew having anointed Saul, for the confirmation that the time for eating the passocer was of his faith gave him several predictions near; for that these words must be suprelating to some very contingent occur- posed to have a further view. And I am rences he was to meet with in his journey therefore ready to believe that the owner (see 1 Sam. X. 2–7), so our Lord seems of this house, to whom our Lord sent this by these predictions to bavc intended the message by the name of the teacher, might same with regard to his disciples, and also be a person who (though unknown to to give them a most important hint that he Peter and John) was iu his lieart at least a foresaw all the particular circumstances disciple of Christ; and our Lord might give which were to befal him at Jerusalem when this intimation, that it was to be a time of be went up thither for the next and last more than ordinary importance to him, time before his sufferings.—The sending that it might be some secret support to them to Jerusalem in this manner seems this man's faith under that violent shock to intimate, that he did not go thither it was soon to receive by his approaching himself that morning so that it is very sufferings. probable he spent most of the day in re d We shall be able to find the house, tirement for meditation and prayer. &c.] The same prophetic gift which ena




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274 He comes in the evening, and sits down with the twelve. And after he had given these particular in.

MARK XIV. 16. clxviii. structions to his two disciples, thev went out from And his disciples went

forth, and came into Mat.

thence, and came into the city, and found the man the city, and found as XIV. 16 carrying the water, whom they followed into a he had said unto them : house, where there was, just as he had said to and they (did as Jesus

bad appointed them, them, a commodious dining-room at liberty, and made ready the and well furnished: and as the master of the passover. [ MATT. house was free to let them bave it, they did



XXII. 13.)
Jesus had appointed them, and made the passover
ready against the tiine when he should come to

eat it,
17 And in the evening, when the proper hour for

17 And in the eveneating the passover was come, he came directly to lur was come], be

ing (LUXE, when the the house where his messengers were, and sat cometh, (and sat down) down to the table with all the twelve apostles with the twelve[ LUKE, around him, to taste (according to the usage

of apostles.) (MAT1.

XXVI. those days) the unleavened bread, and the bitter XXII. 14.] herbs, before the lamb was served up.

Now it is here to be observed, that before he John XIII. 1. Now XIII. 1

began to eat the feast of the passover, as Jesus before the feast of the knew that his hour was come when he should de- knew that his hour was part from this calamitous world, in which he had come, that he should sojourned for a while, to return to the bosom of departout of this world

unto the Father, have the Father in which he originally dwelt, he was

ing loved his own, solicitous to order every circumstance of his con- which were in the duct in this last intercourse with his disciples, so world, he loved them as might most effectually promote their edifica- unto the end, tion and comfort, and make it clearly manifest that having always tenderly loved his own that were in the world, he loved them in the most per





bled Christ to predict these circumstances bread and biller herbs, which, when the would, no doubt, guide hiun thither; and master and the rest of the company had it is a beautiful modesty in the sacred histo- tasted, onc of the younger persons present, rian only to hint obliquely at it: but I generally a child, asked the reason of what apprehend it the part of a paraphrast to was peculiar in that feast (according to set these particulars in a fuller and stronger Exod. xii. 26), which introduced the hag. light.

gadah, that is, the shewing forth, or decla. e To taste the unleavened bread, &c.] I ration of it; (in allusion to which we read must here entreat my reader, if he has an of shewing forth the Lord's death, 1 Cor. xi. opportunity, to consult Ainsworth's cxcel 26.)-Then the master rose up and took lent Note on Exod. xii. 8. where he has another cup, and washed his hands again, collected from authentic Jewish writers the before the lamb was tasted : and in this inbest account I have any where seen in so terval, I suppose, Christ also washed the feel little room of the various ceremonies with of his disciples:-Then, after eating the passe which the passover was eaten, by which over, followed another cup, which, after the subsequent story is greatly illustrated. having delivered to each a piece of bread, Among others, the following circumstances was the sacramental cup at this supper : should be recollected:- That the master of Then, after some pious and friendly disa the family began the feast with a cup of course, the whole family, after having drank wine, which, having solemnly blessed, ihat at least a fourth cup, sang some psalms of is, having adored the name of God over it, praise: and so the solemnity ended. he divided among the guests (Luke xxii. Agreeable to this is the account given in 17), and afterwards washed his hands : the Religious Ceremonies of all Nations, Vol. Then the supper began with the unleavened I. p. 215-217.




And he


passover with

Taking the cup before the passover, he divides it among them. 275

fect manner, even to to the end of his life', and sect. would decline nothing which might be for their

advantage. LUKE XXII. 15.

And, to express the fervency and strength of XXII.15

unto this affection, he said to thein, as they sat toge-
them, With desire I
have desired to eat ther, before supper was brought in, I assure you
this passover with you that I have most earnestly desired to eat this pass-
before I suffer,

over with you, though I know it will be the last I
sball celebrate with you, and we shall rise from
it but a few hours before I am to suffer from
mine enemies the most cruel insults, and tor-
ments, which shall end in my death : yet such
is my love to my people, and such my desire to

glorify my heavenly Father, that no passorer 16 For I say unto

was ever so welcome to me as this : For now I 16 you, I will not any more eat thereof, until see the days of my humiliation almost finished; it be fulfilled in the and I say unto you, That after this I will not kingdom of God.



you, nor eat
of it any more, till it be fulfilled in the kingdom
of God, or till the institutions of the gospel shall
have perfected those of the law, and the ordi-
nances of both are superseded by the more per-
fect enjoyments of the heavenly world.

And then, having received the cup, with which 17 cup, and gave thanks, it was usual for them to begin the feast, he gave and divide it among thanks to God for the redemption of Israel, in yoursclves,

commemoration of which the passover was in-
stituted, and for giving them this opportunity
of celebrating this holy banquet together; and
then said, Take this cup, and let it go round,

and divide [it] among yourselves, and bless the 18 For I say unto God of your fathers. And see that you do it 18 you, I will not drink with a devotion suitable to the distinguished sountil the kingdom of lemnity which you have now before you : for God shall come. I say unto you, That after what passes this

evening, I will not drink any more with you of
the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God
come, and that complete and spiritual redemp-
tion, which is typified by this ordinance, shall
be fulfilled and perfected.


17 And he took the

f He loved them to the end.] I shall in the viour to his friends in these last scenes of nert section hint at my reasons for agree- his life ; and therefore as he prefixes it to ing with those critics who place the story the first circumstance that he has mentionof Christ's wushing his disciples' feet at the ed of this passover, I apprehend it probeginning of the paschal supper, rather than per to begin the whole story with it ; a night or two before.-At present, i especially since the words which I have would only observe, that this verse seems placed next after it are full of that love intended by John to int odnce, not merely which he expressed to them even to the the story which immediately follows it, last. but the whole account of Christ's beha

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Reflections on the fervency of the love of Christ.


SECT. clxviii.

We may well assure ourselves, that the same Divine pene

tration and prophetic discernment which enabled the blessed Luke Jesus thus circumstantially to foretell to his disciples those most xxi. contingent occurrences which were to deterinine the place where 10.-13

they should prepare the passover, would also open to him a prospect of all that was to follow. All the scenes that were to be passed through on this fatal night, and the succeeding black and bloody day, were, no doubt, attentively viewed: the agony of the garden, the traiterous kiss of Judas, the cowardly flight of all the other apostles, the insults of his seemly victorious and successful enemies, the clamorous accusations, the insolent buffetings, the scourges, the thorns, the nails, the cross and all that he was to endure upon it from the hand of God and men. Yet behold, with all these in his view, he goes on with a holy alacrity, and

this sun of righteousness, rejoiceth as a champion to run his race ! 15 (Psal. xix. 5.) Yea, when he is sitting down to the paschal sup

per (though there!n was exhibited, in a most lively emblem, the bitterness of his own sufferings,) he utters these gracious and emphatical Words, With desire I have desired to eat this passover

with you before I suffer. John So justly might it be said of him, as we see it is, that having xiii. 1. loved his own, which were in the world, he loved them to the end.

() blessed Jesus, may the ardour, the courage, and the permanency of our love to thee, bear at least some little proportion to that wherewith thou hast condescended to love us ! May we long, from time to time, to celebrate with thee that Christian passover

which thou hast ordained to succeed the Jewish, as the memorial Luke of thy sacrifice! Yea, may we long for the last solemnity of this xxii.

kind, which will ere long come, after which we shall no more drink with thee of the fruit of the vine, till it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God! In the mean time may we be cheered with thy love, which is indeed far better than wine, (Cant. i. 3.) and, thus suppported with those reviving cordials which thy gospel administers, may we keep ourselves in the love of God, and in the patient expectation of thy final, most glorious, and welcome appearance ! (2 Thess. iii. 5. and Jude, ver. 21.)

16, 18


The disciples at supper contend who should be greatest.



Christ rebukes the ambition which his disciples most unseasonably

expressed as they were sitting down to supper, by washing their feet, and adding several excellent admonitions to the exercise of humility, immediately before the eating of the paschal lamb. Luke XXII. 24–27. John XIII. 2–3–17.

SECT. clxix.

JoHN XUI. 2.

John XIII. 2.AND supper being ended, Now when our Lord had thus sate down to

eat the passover with his disciples (as was said before,) supper being come, a and the ante.

John past or introduction to it having been dispatch-XII. 2. LUKE XXII. 24.- ed, as above : Just in the interval between that There was also a strice and the serving up the paschal lamb, there was XXI1.24 among them, which of

them a most unseasonable contention among them b,



a Supner being come.] The reasons gerojeyns, when day was come ; and Acts brought by Bishop Kidder (in bis Demon xxi. 50. Goyes yeyptyns when silence was stration of the Messiah, part in. chap. 3, p. made ; in all which places, and in many 60, 61,) by Dr. Lightfoot (Hor. Heb. on more that might easily be collected from Mat. xxvi. 6,) and since by Dr. Whitby the Greek writers, it would be absurd to (in bis notes on this place,) to prove that translate the word ended. Nay, Luke iv. this supper was not the passover, but ano 42. yeyofasing ampeepers, signifies when the day ther supper at Bethany a night or two was coming on. (Compare Mark i. 35. before, I have briefly obviated in the note f, Vol. VI. p. 196.) It is indeed paraphrase or notes on the places on which an ambiguous term; but the rendering they are grounded; and therefore cannot above is here to be preferred, (1.) Because think it material to trouble the reader with it was much more natural to wash the feet a particular detail of them. The chief of guests before than after supper. (2.) reasons which determine me to the con Because it is expressly said, in ver. 1. to trary opinion (besides some others, of have been done before the passover, which, which a good summary is given in Dr. if the preceding reason be admitted, deGuyse's valuable Note on this place) are termines the point. (3.) Because part of these : such a disposition of the story best the discourse, which John mentions as suits several of the circumstances of the happening after the feel uere washed, is menpuschal supper, (particularly the contention tioned by the other evangelists as passing about superiority, and the inquiry about Ju- at supper; nay, John himself, when he das, both which must, on the other hypo- speaks, in ver. 26. of Christ's dipping thesis, have been superseded ;) and the the sop, and giving it to Judus after this, propriety of it is especially evinced from plainly shews that supper was not ended. John xiii. 38. where our Lord says to As the latter part of this 2d verse comes Peter, The cock shall not crow till thou hust in by way of parenthesis, I have transposdenied me thrice ; which must be spoken ed that clause, and inserted it afterwards the very night Jesus was betrayed, and yet in ver. 21. to introduce what relates to isso connected with this story of washing Judas in the next section ; a freedom which the disciples' fect by ver. 21. and ver. 31. will, I hope, be easily excused. that'they cannot without great violence be b There was a contention among them.] separated: and it is certain, Jolin xiii. 1. If the reasoning above be allowed, we must will have a peculiar energy according to certainly transpose Luke's account of this this plan ; whiclitherefore most critics have contention about superiority ; for none can followed. - The reader will observe here imagine it should follow immediately after that I have rendered 8:1798 ysvogetto sup Christ had been giving them so affecting a per being come, which is the sense in which lesson of humility. But Luke less the word is often used elsewhere : thus exact in the order of this story than a John Xxi. 4. σριιας γενομένης is alien morn other evangelists ; and particularly reales ing was come ; Acts xü. 18. xvi, 35. 14egas what passed conceruing the person that

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