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clxxiii.

ine.

Christ is the way, the Truth, and the Life.

303 as we are now united in so dear a friendship, SECT.

you also after a short separation, may be where 4 And whither I go I am and may dwell for ever with me.

And

John ye know, and the way surely I may say in the general, after all the xiv. t. ye know.

instructions I have given vou, that you know
whither I am going ; and you know the way
that leads thither, and by which you may safe-
ly follow me ; which I exhort you

therefore
that you would resolutely keep.
5 Thomas saith un. But such was still the expectation that his 5
to him, Lord, we know disciples had of bis erecting a temporal king-
anil how can we know dom, that Thomas, upon hearing this, says to him,
the way?

Lord, thou hast never yet informed us of the
place, and we know not so much as whither thou

art going, and how then can we possibly know
6 Jesus saith unto the way thither ? Jesus says to him, I have al- 6
him, I am the Way, ready intiinated to you I am going to the Fa-
Life: no man cometh ther; and did you but consider this, vou would
unto the Father but by soon see that I am myself the Way, and the

Truth, and the Life'; that I am to guide, in-
struct, and animale my followers in their passage
to eternal glory, and that their progress will be
sure and vigorous in proportion to the steadi-
ness of their faith in me, and the constancy of
their regards to me: and this indeed is the true
and only wav you can take ; for no man cometh
to the knowledge or enjoyment of the Father, to
whom I am returning, but by means of me,

whose proper office it is to introduce sinful crea-
1 Il ye had known tures to his presence and favour. If, therefore, 7
known my Father al- you had known me aright, you would surely have
so: and irom hence. known my Father also k, in whose glory my mi-
forth ye know him, and nistrations so evidently centre; and such indeed
bave seen him.

are the discoveries that I have made of bim,
and such the manifestations of the Divine per-
fections which you have seen in me, that in ef-
fect it may be said that from henceforth you know

him, and have as it were already seen him. 8 Philip saith unto

Then Philip, one of the apostles, hearing these 8 him, Lord, shew us the Father,' and it suf- words, says to him, with a pious ardour becomficeth us. ing his character, Lord, do but shew us the Fa.

ther

now.

h We know not whilher thou art going.) 83), that it might well have been ex. It is probable Thomas mi.ht think that pected they should have understood bim Chrisi intended to remove to some splen. did palace on earth, to set up his court k If you had known me, you would have there for a while, before he received his known my Father also.] This is a most impeuple to the celestial glory.

portant truth; but it does not determine to il am thway, &c.] Our Lord had so what degree he must be explicitly known, in Jately delivered the same sentiment in order to receive saving benefits by him. language much like this (Jobn x. 9, p.

1 Lord

Ixxii.

He that hath seen me,

304

He is in the Father, and the Father in hiin. SCECT. ther, and bring us to the sight and enjoyment of

him', and it is happiness enough for us; we de

sire John

no more, and resign every other hope in xiv. 9. comparison of this. Jesus says to him, Have I 9 Jesus saith unto

been with you then so long a time, and conversed him, Have I been so
among you in so familiar a manner for succes: anii yet hast thou not
sive years, and hast thou not yet known me, Phi- known me, Philip
lip? 'if thou hadst well considered who I am, hath seen the Father
thou mightest have better understood what I and how sayest thou
have now been saving ; for he that has seen me, then, Shew us the Fa-
has in effect seen ihe Father, as I am the bright, ther?
ness of his glory, and the express image of his
person (Heb. 1. 3): And how (thenj dost thou
say, after all that has passed between us, Shew

us the Father? 10 Dost thou not then believe, though I have be 10 Believest thou not

fore affirmed it so expressly (John X. 38, p. 91), that I am in the Fathat I [am] in the Father, and the Father is in me? The words that I me, by so intimate an union as to warrant such speak unto you, I speak language as this m? The words which I speak to not of myself: bui the you from time to time, in which I discover and Father that dwelleth in

me, he doth the works. inculcate this important truth, I speak not mere. ly of myself; but it is really the Father who dwells in me that gives me my instructions thus to speak; and it is he that operates together with me, and performs the miraculous works that you have so often seen, which are sufficient to demonstrate the truth of this assertion, myste

rious as it is, and incredible as it might other-
11 wise seem. Believe me therefore in what I have 11 Believe me that

said, that I [am] thus in the Father, and the Fa. I am in the Father,
ther is in me'; or if what you have so long known and the Father in me:
of my general character and veracity will not the very works' sake.
engage you to take it merely on my single tes-
timony, at least believe me on account of those
works in which you have so frequently beheld
the Father acting with me, and which indeed
afford so obvious an argument of it, that one
migbt imagine the sight of a few of them might

convince one that was before a stranger to me.
12 And yet verily, verily, I say unto you, That 12 Verily, verily, I

you

say

| Lord, shew us the Father.) The expli. m I am in the Father, and the Father is in cation given in the paraphrase seems to me me.] It is remarkable that Philo, speaking a more probable sense than that in which of the Logos, has this expression, that he is Mr. Fleming understands it; as if Philip walce Oix sy w doceiiclar, the Father's bad said, “ Let us have a vision of the house in which he dweils; which is nearly Father in a corporeal form, to testify the parallel to what the apostle says of Christ, necessity of thy removal from us." (See Col. ii. 9, that in him dwells all the fullness Fleming's Christoloky, Vol. 11. p. 202.) I of the Golded bodily. Scc Dr. Scott's cannot apprehend that the apostles thought Christian Life, Vol. III. p. 559, note 2. the Father visible.,

D He

Whatever they ask in his name Christ will do it.

305 say unto you, he that you shall have, if possible, a yet stronger evi. SECT. believeth on me, the dence than what you have already received: for

clxxiii. he do also: and greater he that believes in me", that is, many of my dis

John works than these shall ciples in these early ages, and each of you in Xiv.12. he do; because I go particular, shall receive such an abundant comunto my Father.

munication of the Spirit, that the miraculous
works which I perform, he shall perform also ;
yea, works in some respect greater than these
shall he perform ; because I go to my Father,
who has thought fit to reserve the most amazing
gifts of the Spirit to honour my return into
glory; in consequence of which you shall be
enabled to speak with all foreign tongues, to
give the Spirit by the imposition of your hands,
and to propagate the gospel with such amazing
success, as to make more converts in one day
than I have done in the whole course of my

ministry.
13 And whatsoever And, in a word, you may depend upon it, that 13
ye shalla task in any

, whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, under the that the Father may be influence of that Spirit, and subservient to the glorified in the Son. great end of vour life and ministryo, I will cere

tainly do it, that so the Father may still be glori-
fied in the Son ; who, when he is ascended up to
heaven, will from thence be able to hear and an-
swer prayer, and even in his most exalted state
will continue to act with that faithful regard to

his Father's honour which he hath shewn in his 14 If ye shall ask humiliation on earth. And in this confidence 14 any thing in my name, I repeat it again, for the encouragement of your I will do it.

faith and hope, that I will be as affectionate and
constant a friend to you in heaven as I have ever
been upon earth; and if you shall ask any thing
in my name, I will not fail to do [it].

IMPROVEMENT.

As we see in the beginning of this section that care of Christ Luke over his servants which mav engage us cheerfully to trust him for xxii, providential supplies, when emploved in his work, so we see in 35, 38 the remainder of this, and in the following discourses, the most affectionate discoveries of the very heart of our blessed Redeemer,

over

n He that believes in me.] It is most general requires some such limitation as is evident, in fact, that though this promise here given in the paraphrase, so the conbe expressed in such indefinite language, clusion of the verse plainly implies it; for it must be limited as in the paraphrase. it was only by the grant of such petitions

o Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that the Father could be glorified in the under the influence, &c.] As reason in Son.

p With

306

Reflections on the benefits we have by Christ. SECT. overflowing in every sentence with the kindest concern, not only elxxiii. for the safety but the comfort of his people. We see a lively

image of that tenderness with which he will another day wipe away all tears from their eyes : (Rev. vij. 17.) Surely when he

uttered these words he was also solicitous that our hearts might John not be troubled : and therefore has provided a noble cordial, the xiv. 1. strength of which shall continue to the remotest ages, even faith

in his father, and in him. Oh may that blessed principle be confirmed by what we have now been reading!

Let us observe with what a holy familiarity our Lord speaks of the regions of glory; not, as his servants do, like one dạzzled and

overwhelmed with the brightness of the idea ; but as accustomed 2 and familiarized to it by his high birth p. In my father's house are many mansions ; (delightful and reviving thought!) and many inhabitants in them, whoin we hope through grace will be our companions there, and every one of them increase and multiply

the joy.

It was not for the apostles alone that Christ went to prepare a place : he is entered into heaven as our Forerunner (Heb. vi. 20); and we, if we are believers indeed, may be said, by virtue of our

union with him, to sit together in heavenly places in him. (Eph. ii. John

6.) Let us continually be tending thither, in more affectionate xiv. 4, 6. desires, and more ardent pursuits. We know the way; we hear

the truth; oh may we also feel the life ! By Christ, as the true and living way, may we come to the Father ; that we may bave eternal life, in knowing him, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom he has sent! (John xvii. 3.) In Christ may we see him, and have our eyes and our hearts open to those beams of the Divine glory which are reflected from the face of his only begotten Son, who is full of grace and truth! (John i. 14.) Has he been thus discovered to 8 us, as our Father, and our God, let it suffice us. Let it diffuse a sacred and lasting pleasure over our souls, though other desirable objects may be veiled or removed ; and engage us to maintain a continual fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. (1 John i. 3.)

To

9

p With what a holy familiarity our Lord the weight of the subject: (compare Rom. op of the regions of glory, ac] This vui. 18, 19; 1 Cor. ii. 9 ; xv. 50, & seq. is the remark of the pious archbishop of 2 Cor. iv. 17, 18; v. 1-9; xii. 2–4; Cambruy, in his incomparable Dialogues on and 1 John iii. 2.) But Christ speaks of Eloquence (which may God put it into the it with a familiar ease and freedom; just as hearts of our preachers often and attentive. a prince, who had been educated in a splen. ly to real); and is much illustrated by ob- did court, would speak with ease of many serving how the apostles, when describing magnificent things, at the sudden view of the heavenly state, employ the most pomp- which a peasant would be swallowed up in ous and energetic language, and seem in. astonishment, and would find himself deed to labour for words, and to be almost greatly embarrassed in an attempt to exe dazzled with the lustre and oppressed with plain them to his equals at home.

a Thus

clxxiii.

Christ promises the Spirit as a Comforter.

307 To this we are invited by every declaration of his readiness to SECT: hear and answer our prayers : and though those miraculous powers of the Spirit are ceased, whereby the apostles were enabled to Ver. equal, or even to exceed, the works of their Master, yet as we have 13, 14 so many important errands to the throne of grace, in which the 12 glory of God and the salvation of our souls is concerned, let us come with a holy boldness to it, in dependance on Jesus, that great High priest over the house of God, who is passed into the heavens, and amidst all the grandeur of that exalted state regards his hum. ble followers on earth, and ever appears under the character of their advocate and their Friend.

SECT. CLXXIV.

Christ proceeds in his discourse with his disciples, recommending a

regard to his commandments as the best proof of their love to him, promising his Spirit, and declaring his readiness to meet his approaching sufferings. John XIV. 15, to the end.

JOHN XIV. 15.

John XIV. 15. I'mycomendments

. OUR Lord went on with his discourse to his electro

apostles on this solemn occasion, and ob- clxxiv. serving the lively flow of their affection to bim

John in this tender conjuncture of circumstances, he xiv. 15 added, If you do indeed love me, express that love by a constant care to keep my commandments; for that will be a surer test, and more acceptable expression of your regard to me,

than all your trouble and concern at parting 16 And I will pray with me. And thus you may depend on the 16 the Father, and he shall give you another correspondent expressions of my friendship to Comforter, he you*: and particularly that I will ask the Famay abide with you ther, and he will give you another Comforter, for ever;

that he may more than supply the want of my

bodily presence, and abide with you, not for a 17 Even the Spirit season only, as I have done, but for ever; [Even] 17

the

that

of

a Thus you may depend on the corres, this being a consolatory discourse, I chose to pondent expressions of my friendship use the former, as our translators have you.] The connection may possibly inti- done.Toland says it is by no contemptimate that they might hope for an abun ble criticism that the Mahometans (instead dant degree of the Spirit's communication, of wcpenanlov) read w epoxid vlov, that is, the in proportion to the prevalency of their love illustrious, which answers to Mahommed in to Christ.

the Arabic language, and so urge this as a He will give you another Comforter.] It prophery of him. (Tol. Nazaren. p. 13.) is well known that the word wooaxan16 Yet he would probably have thought this mav signify a comforter, an advocate, or a criticism very contemptible in any but the monitor; and it is evident the blessed Spirit enemies of Christiunity. sustained each of these characters : but Vol. VII.

. I will

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