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Jesus appears to two disciples as they go to Emmaus,
the soldiers to testify a lie, the most to his dishononr of any that
15 culous tale, which brought men to testify what was done while
they were asleep.
Christ appears to the two disciples on their way to Emmaus, and, having opened the scriptures to them, makes himself known in breaking of bread. Luke XXIV. 13–33.−
j. LUKE XXIV. 13. o - E are now to give some farther account of Aod. .
Luke that fact which was hinted at in the close saune Xxiv. 13. - of
And enters into conversation with them as a stranger.
same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
15 And it came to pass, that whic they communed together, and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
16 But their eyes were holden, that they should not know him.
of the preceding section, of our Lord's appear-
case was this. Behold (for it is a very observable Luke story), two of them were travelling that very day XXIV.
on which Jesus rose from the dead to a village 13
called Emmaus, which was about sixty furlongs,
But that they might not presently discover 16
who he was, and be prevented by this means
And as they walked along, they dis-14
And it came to pass, that as they 15
a Argued the point together.] The word ww.goslav (as Mr. West observes) signifies to discuss, eramine, or inquire together; and it appears from the connection, that as they were discoursing on the sufferings, and death, and resurrection of Jesus, the scope of their inquiry was how to reconcile these events with what had becn foretold concerning the Messiah, which, by the message that the women had but just before brought from the angels, they were particularly called to remember. (Compare Luke xxiv. 6, 7, p. 447, and xviii. 31–33, p. 132.) Accordingly when Jesus had inquired, ver, 17, What arguments are these that ye are debating one with another 2 (for so Mr. West would render it) this is the point he took occasion to illustrate and explain (ver. 26, 27.) by shewing them it was necessary, in accomplishment of
what was foretold, that the Messiah should
They tell him the concern they were under about Jesus,
And he joined himself to them, as it were by accident, and, after the usual salutation, said to
Luke them, May I inquire what are these matters xxiv. which you are conferring upon between yourselves,
20 several months and years.
17 as you walk, and about which you seem to be so
much concerned for I perceive you to be very
19 And he said to them, What are those things that
you refer to And they said to him, Those that
17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye bave one to another, as ye walk, and are sad 2
18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering, said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in thesc days?
19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet, mighty in deed and word before God, and all the people :
21 between two robbers 2
c One of the two chose name was Cleopas.] It has already been observed that Cleopas was the same with Alpheus, the father of James the less and Judas, who were two of the apostles ; (Luke vi. 15, 16.) See notee on John xiv. 22, p. 309, and note b on John xix. 25, p. 413.-Some suppose that the other was Luke; but Dr. Lightfoot endeavours to prove it was
20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him :
21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redecimed Isracl: and be . side
Peter: (see note f on Mat. xxviii. 15,
Who had been crucified, and was now reported to be alive.
ide, all hio, today is and have established the long-expected kingdom
the third day since these things were done.
of God among us : but now we are ready to
give up all our hopes; for we have seen him on
us intimations of his rising again on the third
22 Yea, and certain womcn also of our company made us astonishca, which were early at the sepulchre:
and crucified, and we have not yet received any
he was laid, with an intent to embalm him ;
23 And when they
found not his body, in hast they came, saying. *W*Y " hote that they had also
seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. 24 And certain of then which were with us, went to the sepul
chre, and found it even so as the women had
e And say that they saw also a vision of angels.] According to the order in which the story is digested in the preceding section the women did not come to the disciples with the report of what they had seen between the appearance of the angels and that of Christ to them ; but had first scen both, and therefore must undoubtedly imave mentioned both : it may however be concluded, that (as Luke says on their relating what they had seen, ver, 11, their words seemed to them as an idle tale, and they believed them not) these travellers might apprehend that what the women took for an appear. ance of Christ was at most but a vision of angels (as some imagined with respect to Peter, Acts xii. 15); and what is added in the neat verse, with relation to the men there spoken of [but him they did not see], may perhaps imply that the women pretended also to have seen Jesus himself — But I am now inclined to acquicsce in Mr. West's solution of this difficulty, who supposes it was Joanna, and the other women with her, who only saw the angels and did not see Jesus, that came with this report to the disciples; who, though the appearance of the angels to them at the sepulchre was after the two Maries and Salome were gone from thence, yet brought the news of it to the disciples before Mary Magdalene, and those to whom Jesus appeared, arrived with the account that they had seen the Lord. Vol. v. 11.
to acquaint us with it ; and be
sides this they say, that they also saw a vision, or
For notwithstanding it is certain that Mary Magdalene on Christ's appearing to her went and acquainted the disciples with it (Mark xvi. 10, and John xx. 18), yet, as they might be now assembled together by Peter and John at a different place from that where she met with Peter before, it is no way improbable that by Mary's going to Peter's lodgings, who was now gone to meet the disciples elsewhere, or by some other accident unknown to us, Joanna and those with her might get thither first with the report of their having seen a vision of angels, who had declared that Jesus was alive. Immediately on hearing which, some men (of whom it is probable Peter might be the first) went away to the sepulchre, and found things in the same order as the tromen said, but had no sight of Jesus. On whose return these two disciples that were going to Emmaus left the company ; and though as they were setting out some might inform them that a report was brought by Mary Magdalene and some other women that they had seen the Lord, they might be as backward to believe it, and as ready to impute it to the power of itnagination, as those in whose presence the report was made.— I am obliged to Mr. West for this view of the matter, which represents it in a clearer light than any other scheme proposed before. (See West's Observ, p. 106, 107.)
And, not having found his body there, they came 23
Nay, and some men 24
He opens what the scriptures had foretold of Christ;
so laid in order there; but him they did not see :
though we are informed that since we left the
xxiv. affirm that he has actually appeared to them
2 himself, and declared that he was risen, and
would shew himself to his disciples: but still we
25 And upon this our Lord, without discovering
who he was, said to them with some warmth, O
26 would have prevented this surprise Was it
not necessary, in order to accomplish those sacred
And hereupon beginning from the writings of Moses, and supporting his discourse with the authority of all the prophets o, he interpreted to them, in a much clearer light than they had ever seen them in before, the principal things which
had said ; but
25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believc all that the prophets have spoken 1
26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
f 0 thoughtless creatures, &c.] The word aroslot is by no means of so bad a sound as that of fools, by which we translate it: (see note in on Mat. v. 22, Vol. VI. p. 208.) Yet, as Dr. Bullock justly observes (in his Windication of Christ's Resurrection, p. 174), if the prophecies of the Old Testament had been (as Mr. Colins pretends) only allegorical, there could not have been room for such a heavy charge of stupidity against these disciples for not understanding them. It is, by the way, very weak in Mr. Collins, and some other deists, to urge the slotoness of Christ's friends to believe his resurrection, as an argument that the proofs of it were defective: on the contrary, as Bishop Chandler well replies (in his Windcation of Christianity, p. 45, 46), their believing afterwards carries the greater wcight ; for it removes all suspicion of a
collusion between Christ and them in his
life-time; and also implies an impartial
27. And beginning
phets.] It is no way necessary (with Mr. Mede in his ingenious discourse on these words) to suppose that Christ's sufferings, resurrection, and eraltation, are each of them distinctly foretold in each of those parts of the sacred writings which are mentioned here. It is enough, if Moses gives some intimations concerning him, which succeeding prophets carry on; and if, when all their testimonies are taken together, all these events are expressed by some one cr other of them. It was very unbecoming the character of an honest writer to represent our Lord as here attempting to prove his resurrection from scripture; which Mr. Collins pretends to have been the case. The precise point in view plainly was to convince them that there was no reason to be scandalized at the death of one whom they took to be the Messiah; nor in general to look on the report of his resurrection as a monstrous and incredible tale, But that he was actually risen was to be proved another wav; which accordingly our Lord immediately used by discovering himself to them.