African Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories and Mitigation Options: Forestry, Land-Use Change, and Agriculture: Forestry, Land-Use Change, and Agriculture
John F. Fitzgerald, Barbara V. Braatz, Sandra Brown, Augustine O. Isichei, Eric O. Odada, Robert J. Scholes
Springer Science & Business Media, 1995 - 220 sidor
As atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases continue to increase, so does the potential for atmospheric warming and associated climate change. In an effort to address the threat of global climate change, 155 countries signed the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. As of the first session of the Conference of the Parties, 128 nations had ratified the Convention. Among their other commitments, Parties to the Convention must develop and periodically update national inventories of net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions using comparable methodologies, and must develop and implement national programs to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
To further the development of emission inventories and mitigation options within the African context, 64 governmental and non-governmental scientists and policy analysts from 23 nations gathered at a workshop near Johannesburg, South Africa from 29 May to 2 June 1995. The workshop focused on forestry, land-use change, and agriculture, because these sectors not only are responsible for the majority of emissions from the continent and provide promising opportunities for emissions mitigation, but also are a vital component of African economic growth and development.
This book presents the workshop's major conclusions and findings, as well as individual papers that were prepared for the workshop, each of which was peer-reviewed and accepted for publication as part of the workshop process. The papers cover four areas: (1) issues are associated with data collection and emission factor determination; (2) problems associated with applying the IPCC inventory methodologies in Africa; (3) results of national inventory assessments in Africa; and (4) possible emissions mitigation options and methods for evaluating their potential viability.
As the first book dedicated solely to greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options in Africa, this will be an invaluable resource to scientists, policymakers, and development specialists interested in global climate change and Africa.
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Forestry LandUse Change and Agriculture
Scientific Aspects of the Framework Convention on Climate Change and National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Selected International Efforts to Address Climate Change
Application to Tropical Africa
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Vegetation Fires In Southern Africa
Methods and Results
Setting the Scene with Global Integrated Assessment Models
Assessing National Livestock Populations for the Production of Methane Emissions Inventories
When Is It Sustainable
Implications for Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigations Strategies
CarbontoNitrogen Ration in Agricultural Residues
Fuel Characteristics and Emissions from Biomass Burning and LandUse Change in Nigeria
Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory for Senegal
Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Agriculture LandUse Change and Forestry in the Gambia
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forestry LandUse Changes and Agriculture in Tanzania
List of Participants
Carbon Storage in Eucalyptus and Pine Plantations in South Africa
aboveground biomass aerosol African countries agricultural Andreae annual anthropogenic area burned Assessment atmosphere biofuel biomass burning Botswana calculated carbon charcoal Climate Change combustion Convention on Climate crop residues Crutzen Delmas ecosystems emission factors emission ratios energy Environment Environmental forestry Framework Convention fuel load fuelwood fuelwood consumption Gaborone Gambia GHG emissions global grassland greenhouse gas emissions Greenhouse Gas Inventories Guidelines for National households impacts Intergovernmental Panel International Energy Agency inventory teams IPCC Guidelines Isichei Kgathi Lacaux land land-cover land-use change livestock livestock populations measurements methane method methodology mitigation options National Greenhouse Gas Nigeria NMHC Panel on Climate pastoralist plantations population density potential biomass density production programs regional sample savanna burning savanna fires Scholes sector Senegal soil sources South Africa storage Table Tanzania total C released trace gas trace gases UNEP United Nations vegetation woodfuel woodlands Zimbabwe zones