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POLITICAL laws, wisely framed, have made the United States powerful and wealthy to a degree unexampled in modern times; and I have thought that a book of facts, recording the public services of our National law-malzers, from the foundation of the Government, would be a deserved tribute to them, and, at the same time, be generally useful. The record has been made in each case as correct and concise as possible. Of many men more might have been written, but that was not deemed expedient in a work of this kind; and where not enough has been said, the fault must be attributed to the indifference of the persons mostly interested, or to the neglect of their friends. Not being a politician, it has given me but little trouble to be impartial. My intention has been to express no opinions of living men, and but seldom to echo public opinion in regard to the dead. My leading object has been to prepare a kind of labor-saving machine, for the benefit of all who feel an interest in the political history and future prosperity of the Republic; and, in the Appendix, I have endeavored to bring together, from the Government archives, a mass of Legislative and Executive information, calculated to be of service to Members of Congress, while engaged in their public duties, and especially in their examination of the Public Documents.

WASHINGTON, January, 1864.


Abbott, Amos.-Born at Andover, 1 pointed a general in the army. He was Massachusetts, September 10, 1786. He elected a Representative in Congress, was educated at a district school, but from Kentucky, from 1831 to 1833, and spent the most of his life as a trader and was a member of the Committee on merchant. During the years 1835, 1836, Military Affairs. He died at Harrodsand 1842, he was a Representative in the burg, May 19, 1840. Massachusetts Legislature; and from 1840 to 1842 a member of the State Se- Adams, Benjamin.-Born at nate. He represented his native State in Worcester, Massachusetts; was a memCongress from 1843 to 1849, and was a ber of the Legislature, as Representamember of the Committees on the Mili- tive, from 1809 to 1814, and as Senator, tia, and on Manufactures.

in 1814 and 1815; and from 1822 to

1825; and was a Representative in ConAbbott, Joel.-Was born in Fair- gress from his native State, from 1816 field, Connecticut, emigrated to Georgia, to 1821, and was a member of the Comand was elected a Representative in Con- mittees on Revolutionary Pensions and gress, from Wilkes County, in that State, Public Expenditures. He died at Uxfrom 1817 to 1825, serving as a member bridge, Massachusetts, in April, 1837. of the Committees on Commerce and the Slave-Trade. Died November 19, 1826. Adams, Charles F.-Born in Bos

ton, August 18, 1807; spent the most of Abbott, Nehemiah. Born in Sid- his boyhood in St. Petersburg and Lonney, Maine, March 29, 1806. He is a don, whilst his father was Minister to lawyer by profession; was a member of Russia and England; he graduated at the House of Representatives, in the Harvard University in 1825; studied Maine Legislature, in 1842 and 1843, and law, and was admitted to the bar in 1828; was elected to the Thirty-fifth Congress, served three years in the Lower House, serving as a member of the Committee

and two years in the Upper House of on Revolutionary Pensions.

the Massachusetts Legislature; in 1848

he was the candidate for Vice-President Abercrombie, James. He was on the ticket with Mr. Van Buren; and born in Georgia, and, removing to Ala- he was elected a Representative from bama, was a Representative in Congress, Massachusetts to the Thirty-sixth Confrom that State, from 1851 to 1855. gress, serving as Chairman of the Com

mittee on Manufactures. He was at one. Adair, John.--He was born in time the editor of a paper called the 1758; was a Senator of the United States, Boston Whig," has been a contributor from Kentucky, during the years 1805 to the North American Review, was the and 1806; commanded the Kentucky | editor of the well-known Adams Lettroops at the battle of New Orleans, ters, and is the author of the standard under General Jackson; and was ap- | Biography of John Adams. Re-elected.

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