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nøt but thank you for, but I am dent, wbich drew forth a proof of not easily taught that lesson. I his admirable self-possession in the confess it is the wiser way to trust sudden prospect of death. He bad nobody; but there is so much of the taken the water at the Savoy stairs, fool in my nature as carries me in company with his brother Sir rather to the other extreme, to Ellis, his lady, and some others, trust every body. Yet I will en- and was on his way to Lambeth, deavour to take the best courses I when, owing to some mismanagecan in that little business you write ment, the boat was in imminent of. It is true there is a lawful, yea danger of going to the bottom. a needful, diligence in such things : While the rest of the party were but, alas ! how poor are they to the pale with terror, and most of them portion of believers, wbere our crying out, Leighton never for a treasure is.

moment lost his accustomed seren· That little that was in Mr. E.'s ity. To some, who afterwards hands hath failed me; but I shall expressed their astonishment at bis either have no need of it, or be calmness, be replied ; Why, what supplied some other way. And harm would it have been, if we had this is the relief of my rolling all been safe landed on the other thoughts, that while I am writing side ?' In the babit of dying daily, this, this moment is passing away, and of daily conversing with the and all the hazards of want and world of spirits, he could never sickness shall be at an end. My be surprised or disconcerted by a mother writes to me, and presses

summons to depart out of the my coming up. I know not yet if body. that can be; but I intend, God • Another anecdote of him, which willing, so soon as I can conve- bears witness to his devout equapiently, if I come not, to take some niinity on perilous occasions, becourse that things be done as if I longs to this period of his history. were there. I hope you will bave During the civil wars, when the patience in the mean time. Re- royalist army was lying in Scotland, member my love: to my sisters. Leighton was anxious to visit his The Lord be with you, and lead brother, who bore arms in the king's you in his ways.

service, before

engagement Being in England sometime which was daily expected should afterwards, his recent loss was take place.

On his way to the touched upon by Mr. Lightmaker, camp he was benighted in the midst who regretted that he had so sadly of a vast thicket; and having devimisplaced his confidence.

• Oh!

ated from the path, he sought in no more of that,' cried Leighton; vain for an outlet. Almost spent the good man has escaped from with fatigue and hunger, he began the care and vexation of that busi- to think his situation desperate, and ness.' What, is that all you make dismounting, he spread his cloak of the matter ?' rejoined his bro- upon the ground, and knelt down ther-in-law with surprise. Truly,' to pray. With implicit devotion answered the other, if the Duke he resigned his soul to God; enof Newcastle, after losing nineteen treating, however, that if it were times as much of yearly income, not the divine pleasure for him then can dance and sing, wbile the solid to conclude his days, some way of hopes of Christianity will not avail deliverance might be opened. Then to support us, we had better be as remounting bis horse, he threw the the world.'

reins upon its neck; and the animal Somewhere about this time, left to itself, or rather to the confor the date cannot be assigned with duct of an Almighty providence, certainty--there happened an acci- made straight into the bigh road,


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threading all the mazes of the bended within the immediate circle wood with unerring certainty.' of bis duties, a principal of austerer

Mr. Leighton resigned his situa- dignity, or of inferior zeal, might tion at Newbottle in 1652, eleven not have condescended. Observing years after his appointment to the that the collegians made little way

and in the following year he in the higher branches of science was chosen principal of the Univer- and literature, he searched into the sity of Edinburgh.

cause of their deficiency, and quickly • In this situation he was emi. found it in the want of a sound nently, useful. One of his earliest rudimental education. For the cure measures was to revive the obsolete of this evil he proposed, that grampractice of delivering, once in the mar schools should be founded in week, a Latin lecture on some the- the several presbyteries, and be ological subject. These prelections, suitably endowed ; and he advised which are fortunately preserved, that Cromwell should be solicited attracted such general adıniration, to assign the funds requisite for that the public hall in which he pro

out of the concealed nounced them, used to be thronged revenues of the Kirk rents.” . He with auditors, who were all en- further recemmended that some chanted with the purity of his style elementary grammar, part English and with his animated delivery.* To and part Latin, should be compiled the students under his care he was for the use of these seminaries ; indefatigably attentive, instructing and in order to take immediate them singly as well as collectively: advantage of the Protector's bounty, and to many youths of capacity should be graciously accede to their and distinction his wise and affec- petition, he moved that instructions tionate exhortations were lastingly be issued forthwith to magistrates, beneficial.

ministers, and masters of families, Of his proceedings, while he held enjoining them to set about obtainthis academical post, some particu- ing a Locality' for the proposed lars are extant, which bespeak him establishments. gifted with talents for active busi

• In the same year he offered to ness. Two years after his appoint- preach in the college hall to the ment, he was deputed by the Pro- scholars, once on the sabbath of vost and Council, to apply to the every third or fourth week, taking Protector in London for an aug- turns with the professors; an offer mentation of the revenues of the which appears to have been accepCollege. A minute of the Town

ted by the Town Council.' Council Register indicates that his Mr. Leighton continued princi. mission was successful.

pal of the University of Edinburgh, The year following, be called

till the year 1662, when he was the attention of the magistratęs to very unexpectedly called upon to a report of some suspicious houses

resign it. Charles II. on his restohaving been detected in the neigh- ration to the Throne of his ancesbourhood of the college; and effec

tors, was exceedingly desirous to tual measures were set on foot, at

restore episcopacy to Scotland his instigation, for extirpating the and Sir Ellis Leighton, Mr. Leighsance.

ton's younger brother, being secre· Neither was he regardless of tary to the Duke of York, recomthose subordinate establishments, mended his brother so strongly to to which, as they were not compre- Lord Aubigny, one of the King's

most intimate companions, that * An Edition of these Prelections

Mr. Leighton was appointed to the has been recently published by the Rev, James Scholefield, M. A. Regius Professor

See of Dumblane, at the same time of Greek in the University of Cambridge.*** that Sharp was nominated to the


primacy, and Fairfowl, Hamilton, selves in taking my silence and and A. Bennett, to other vacant their zeals to have been consent and sees.

participation ; which, how great a Leighton was very averse from mistake it is, few know better or his own promotion, and his reluct- so well as yourself. And the truth ance to acquiesce was only over- is, I did see approaching an inevitcome by a peremptory order of the able necessity to strain with them court, requiring him to accept it, in divers practices, in what station unless he thought in his con- soever remaining in Britain ; and science that the episcopal office to have escaped further off (which was unlawful. Unable to screen hath been in my thoughts) would bimself behind this opinion, which have been the greatest scandal of he was far from entertaining, he

all. And what will

you say,

if surrendered at length to the royal there be in this thing somewhat of instances, that he might not incur that you mention, and would allow the guilt of contumacy towards the of reconciling the devout on diffeKing; or of shrinking from a ser- rent sides, and of enlarging those vice, to which a greater Potentate good souls you meet with from seemed to summon him.'

their little fetters, though possibly In writing to a friend about this with little success? Yet the design period, who appears to have expos. is commendable, pardonable at tulated with him on account of his least. However, one comfort I accepting this important office, Mr. have, that in what is pressed on Leighton observes

me there is the least of my own I have received from you the choice, yea on the contrary the kindest letter that ever you writ strongest aversion that ever I had me; and that you may know I to any thing in all my life: the take it so, I return you the free difficulty in short lies in a necessity and friendly advice, never to judge of either owning a scruple which I any man before you hear him, nor have not, or the rudest disobedience any business by one side of it. to authority that may be. The Were you here to see the other, I truth is, I am yet importuning and am confident your thoughts and struggling for a liberation, and look mine would be the same. You upward for it: but whatsoever be the have both too much knowledge of issue, I look beyond it, and this me, and too much charity to think, weary, weary wretched life, through that either such little contemptible which the hand I have resigned to scraps of honour or riches sought I trust will lead me in the path of in that part of the world, with so his own choosing ; add so I may much reproach, or any human com- please him I am satisfied. I hope placency in the world, will be ad. if ever we meet you shall find me mitted to decide so grave a ques

in the love of solitude and a devout tion, or that I would sell (to speak life. no higher) the very sensual plea- Your unalter'd Brother and sure of my retirement for a rattle,

Friend, far less deliberately do any thing

R. L.' that I judge offends God. For the offence of good people in cases • When I set pen to paper, I inindifferent in themselves, but not tended not to exceed half a dozen accounted so by tbem, whatsoever lines, but slid on insensibly thus you do or do not, you shall offend far; but though I should fill the some good people on the one side

paper on all sides, still the right or other : and for those with you, view of this business would be nethe great fallacy in this business is, cessarily suspended till meeting. that they have misreckoned them. Meanwhile hope well of me, and

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pray for me. This word I will add, affecting the interests of religion that as there has been nothing of were in agitation; and to this resomy choice in the thing, so I un- lution he steadily adhered. dergo it, if it must be, as a morti- • His first appearance in parliafication, and that greater than a ment was on the question respectcell and haircloth: and whether any ing the oath of supremacy. This will believe this or no I am not oath was so worded as to carry on careful.'

the face of it no demand beyond Some difficulties arose in conse- what the presbyterians were willing quence of Sheldon, then Bishop of to admit, namely, that the king London, insisting that Sharp and should be recognised for civil head Leighton should receive ordination of the church as well as of the as deacons and priests from the state. Yet there was something English Bishops prior to their con- in the phraseology so equivocal as secration. This was considered by to warrant a suspicion, that it was

a virtual denial of their artfully contrived for a handle by former 'ordination. Such however wbich the sovereign might interwas not the view entertained by fere, at pleasure and with absolute Leighton; he considered that the authority, in the internal regulation re-ordaining of a priest ordained in of the church. In England such another church imported no more explanations were given, when the but that they received him into oath was tendered, as brought it orders according to their own within the compass of a presbyte. rules, and did not infer the annul- rian conscience. But when it was ling the orders he had former- required by the Earl of Cassilis, ly received. A very different view and by other stout covenanters in however of this subject was taken the parliament of Scotland, that the by others, who contended that the necessary qualification for reconhonour and interest of the Scot- ciling its provisions to their scruples tish church were compromised by should be inserted into the body of Leighton's concession.

the act, or at least be subjoined to On the 12th of December, 1661, their subscriptions, the High Comthe newly appointed Scottish bishops missioner would not listen to the received consecration in London, demand. Leighton now stepped and early in the following year

forward the fearless champion, the proceeded in the same coach to eloquent advocate, of moderation Edinburgh. The Bishop of Dum- and charity. He maintained that blane however quitted his compa- trammelling men's consciences with nions on the road, and arrived at so many rigorous oaths, could only Edinburgh privately, while they produce laxity of moral principle, entered the Scottish capital with or unchristian bigotry and party considerable pomp, which called feeling. With respect to the oath forth from the spectators many

itself, he would not dissemble his severe observations.

opinion that it was susceptible of a * Shortly after their arrival in bad sense; and therefore the tenEdinburgh, the Bishops were for- derness of conscience, which refusmally invited to take their seats in ed to take it without guarding parliament: not that any invitation against an evil construction, ought was requisite to authorize their not to be derided. The English attendance, but it was deemed a papists had obtained this indulproper token of respect. By all, gence ; and it was strange indeed except the Bishop of Dumblane, the if protestants were to be more call was obeyed. He resolved from hardly dealt by. When, in reply to the beginning never to mix in this spirited remonstrance, it was parliament, unless

matter contended by Sharp, that the com


plaining party, in the day of its would thereby become liable to the ascendency, had been little tender penalties of disloyalty. One cannot of the consciences of those who without pain admit an opinion, that revolted at the Solemn League and bears so hard upon the probity and Covenant, Leighton exclaimed at humanity of the royal party. Yet the unworthiness of retaliating by this is not a solitary.instance of an measures which had been so justly oath being artfully shaped to entrap reprobated; and he emphatically persons, whom state policy has pointed out the nobler course of marked for its victims. Leighton heaping coals upon the heads of ad- used to observe, with some referversaries, by the contrast of episco- ence no doubt to this transaction, pal mildness with presbyterian seve- that a consolidation of the episcority. For them to practise, for the pal and presbyterian platforms, had base

purpose of quitting scores, the it been judiciously and sincerely same rigour against which they attempted at the outset, might have had. vehemently protested when been accomplished: but there were themselves were the victims of it, some evil spirits at work,

or whose would be a foul blot on their chris- device it was plainly again to scatter tian character, and would justify the us; and the terms of comprehension sarcasm, that the world goes mad by were made so strait, in order to turns. However solid these argu- keep men out.”

It was a transacnients were, they made no impres- tion, however, that gave an illussion on the Earl of Middleton and trious prominence to his own extrahis creatures, whose project it was ordinary virtues, to his enlightened to have the oath of that ambiguous charity, his inflexible honesty, and cast, which should deter the stiffer

his generous courage.' covenanters from taking it, who

1 CORINTHIANS VI. 19, 20. "And ye are not your own ; For ye are bought with a price : therefore glorify God in

your body and in your spirit, which are God's."
Try hands created me, O Lord; But more, far more than all beside,

From Thee my soul existence drew; When all was forfeited and lost,
My being, at thy powerful word, A Saviour to redeem us died,
And sense, and thought, and reason, And paid th' inestimable cost !

That Saviour too, thine only Son,
And what at first thy hands had made, Thine own ineffable delight,

Thy power continues to sustain : Thy choice, elect, and Holy One, I cease to be, without thine aid,

Ănd Partner* of thy Sovereign right! And into nothing fall again.

'Twas He who came from realms of love, Each noble faculty of mind,

Us to redeem from endless woe, Each wonderful corporeal power, And raise to those bright realms above, From Thee support continual find ;

Whence He vouchsafed to sink so low. Not self-sustained one single hour.

Thus are we Thine by every right, And more; whate'er our nature needs By each divine prerogative,

Thy bounteous providence supplies : Creating power, preserving might, Thy hand each living creature feeds; Or rich redeeming love, can give. From Thee do all our blessings rise.

May we then yield ourselves to Thee ! Thine earth we tread; thine air we Live we as Thine, and not our own; breathie,

Our bodies thy pure temple be, Thy light we see, thy works admire; And our meek hearts Thy holy throne! Life, but for Thee, would still be death,

K. Void of delight, nor worth desire.

* “ The Man that is my Fellow.

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