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TEMPERANCE.

THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT.

(From an American Paper.) It should be a source of much thankfulness and gratitude to Almighty God, that the temperance reform is extending its benign and purifying influence to a greater or less extent throughout the world.

While there remains a vast amount of labour yet to be performed by the friends and advocates of total abstinence before this reform can do its perfect work, every friend of humanity cannot but rejoice that its advances are steady and rapid, far and wide. The great value of the reformation is now felt and acknowledged by all classes ; even those who do not practically yield to its requirements give it their verbal approbation. Its happy and salutary influence is exhibited in the harvest fields and the workshops of the nation. Our cities and villages, unhappily, are still great sufferers from the traffic in intoxicating liquors ; and the estimate of these immense evils cannot be too frequently placed before the community through the press.

The Hon. B. F. Butler, late at. torney-general of the United States, after a most careful investigation of the evils resulting from the use of ardent spirits, found that the yearly loss to the state of New York is eighteen millions of dollars, and to the United States one hundred and fifty millions of dollars. Could it be possible to save all this enormous waste of property by the universal adoption of the principle of abstinence, it would, according to Mr. Butler's estimate, (founded on ardent spirits alone,) enable the state of New York to sustain a debt, at five per cent. interest, of about three hundred and fifty millions of dollars, for any rational public improvement, and the nation a debt of twenty-eight hundred millions of dollars, at the same rate of interest. The state could make with this eighteen millions, heretofore wasted in rum,above fourteen hundred miles of railroad

yearly, at the rate of twelve thousand five hundred dollars per mile ; and the nation, for the one hundred and forty millions wasted, above eleven thousand five hundred miles of railroad yearly, at the same cost.

These estimates may appear ex. travagant, but, taking the Union now at twenty millions, and esti. mating three cents as the average cost of strong drink to each person per day, it would amount to the enormous sum of two hundred and nineteen millions of dollars yearly.

The pecuniary loss is a small consideration in view of the moral blight which the sale and use of intoxicating liquors inflict upon the community. The debt of Great Britain is not quite £1,000,000,000 sterling. In ten years, taking the population at thirty millions, and the use of strong drink at 3d. sterling per day to each, it would amount to £1,368,750,000 sterling, €368,750,000 more than the whole national debt. There could be but little doubt, would the people of Great Britain abstain entirely for ten years from the use of all intoxicating liquors, the saving to the whole nation would be equal to their present debt in capital alone. Why will not political economists look into these estimates ?

Should not these considerations have weight with all classes, in the higher as well as in the more humble walks of life, and induce every indi. vidual not only to abandon the traffic in intoxicating liquors, but also their use as a beverage? Let the people of any civilized nation uni. versally adopt the principle and practice of abstinence, and it is al. most impossible to begin to estimate the vast advantages that would accrue to that nation in a moral, phy. sical, and pecuniary view.

The foregoing remarks and estimates have been elicited by the late interesting intelligence from Ger. many.

“All the German societies at Hamburg have adopted the pledge; 800 German physicians, in addition to a large number pledged, have ex

pressed themselves in favour of ab. stinence. The Rev. Mr. Seeling, an efficient friend of the cause, has preached, within eighteen months, in 70 Catholic churches; in consequence of which 80,000 men, more than 20,000 women, and upwards of 20,000 scholars, took the pledge. The number of societies in Germany increased within eighteen months from 450 up to 730, and probably yet more, not including in this estimate Upper Silesia and Posna. In Upper Silesia, where the evil was not less great than formerly in Ireland, Father Stephen Bezazawski began a temperance movement; and already 300,000 men and women have taken the pledge, partly through him, and partly through other clergymen.

“ By Upper Silesia the grand dukedom of Posna has been so electrified, that there the entire Catholic clergy rose for it like one man, preaching from all pulpits total ahstinence, and already 100,000 have given their pledge.”

cribe the constant attendance of the means of grace, which, we trust, has been followed by the outpouring of the Spirit of God from time to time; so that our church members have increased to about 900; and it is a very rare circumstance that we have had to pass censures for even the use of spirits, wine, or beer. Our people are very strict, healthy, industrious, and cheerful. Next to religion, we ascribe the whole to the effects of sobriety. We have, properly speaking, no temperance society. Of course, my example, and that of my two sons and the rest of my family, has had a great effect, and that is the principle upon which I have acted, and still hope to act. As to my own health, it could not have been better for the use of any quantity of either spirits, wine, or beer; on the contrary, I believe my health would have been quite different, even with a moderate use of either of the above beverages.

The late Dr. Van Der-Kemp was a tee-totaler from his infancy to his death. I was nearly so for upwards of twenty-five years after I came to Africa, and have been a thorough one for now fifteen years. I thank God, and very many others have to thank him also, that this has been the case.

J. READ, SEN.

AFRICA. (Extracts from a letter the Rev.

James Sherman.)

Kat River, South Africa. MY DEAR MR. SHERMAN,-Never, never, have I forgotten the pleasure I had in spending a day with you at your house among teetotal friends, and attending two or three meetings at your chapel. You, my dear sir, are brought again fresh to my mind by seeing your name in a temperance publication. I was rejoiced to find you still faithful to the cause; it is a blessed cause; God has evidently blessed it, and will bless it. By his blessing it still continues unchanged in this settlement. “We have under our charge here, perhaps, 4000 persons, old and young; but such is the effect of temperate habits, that we are not aware of more than three or four families who take any kind of intoxicating drinks; hundreds of our young people, I may say, are growing up, without seeing, tasting, or smelling any kind of intoxicating liquors. May this state of things remain. To this we as

Cork. - This city contains one hundred thousand inhabitants. One half of this number have taken the pledge of Father Mathew. The change already wrought in the condition of the whole people of Ireland, through his labours, is almost miraculous; and the cause is still advancing. 5,487,395 souls have received the pledge from him, and “ still they come.

IRELAND. — Father Mathew, in the course of an address delivered lately, stated that if all the money expended in Ireland, in the manufacture and storing of whisky, wine, porter, and other drinks, was spent in the manufacture of clothes, cotton, or in iron, and other factories, there would not be a hungry stomach or an idle hand in all “ the Emerald

Isle."

MEDITATIONS FOR OCTOBER.

“Be not weary.”—Prov. ii. 11. Jesus hath died for you!

What can his love withstand ? Believe, hold fast your shield,and who

Shall pluck you from his hand ?

Believers, go on; your last step will be on the head of the old serpent, but crush it, and spring from it into glory.-Mason.

fail before me, and the souls which I have made." God is like the musician; he will not stretch the strings of his lute too hard, lest they break. " Light is sown for the righteous." A saint's comfort may be bid as seed under the clods, but at last it will spring up into an harvest of joy.Watson.

“My Lord and my God."

John XX. 28. Let earth no more my heart divide; With Christ may I be crucified

To thee with my whole soul aspire; Dead to the world and all its toys, Its idle pomp, and fading joys, Be thou alone my one desire !

Christ I must have to teach me, to justify and sanctify memnone else can do-on him all my help is laid. How shall I go to a communion table without him ? How will I go to death without him ? How will i go to a judgment-seat without him? Lord, my case is desperate without thee, wherefore I accept of thy offer, I believe thy love, I trust in thy merits, I apply thy blood, I appropriate thy purchase. And though clouds arise, and thou shalt threaten even to slay me, yet I will trust in thee, as one that “ loved me, and gave himself for me.''-Willison.

“I have a message from God unto

thee."- JUDGES iii. 20. Jesus, thy servants bless,

Who, sent by thee, proclaim The peace, and joy, and righteousness

Experienced in thy name: The kingdom of our God,

Which thy great Spirit imparts, The power of thy victorious blood,

Which reigns in faithful hearts !

Beware of critical hearing of sermons preached by good men. It is an awful thing to be occupied in balancing the merits of a preacher, instead of the demerits of yourself

. Consider every opportunity of hearing as a message sent you from hea

For all the sermons you have heard, you will have to render an account at the last day.-L. Richmond.

ven.

a

“Be not high-minded, but fear."

Rom. xi. 20.
I want a principle within

Of jealous, godly fear ;
A sensibility of sin-

A pain to feel it near.
I want the first approach to feel

Of pride, or fond desire;
To catch the wand'ring of my will,

And quench the kindling fire. Never are men more unfit than when they think themselves most fit, and best prepared for their duty; never more fit, than when most humbled and ashamed under a sense of their own unfitness.-Luther.

“In a little wrath I hid my face

from thee for a moment: but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee.”—Isaiah liv. 8. Credence to his word I give;

My Saviour in distresses past Will not now his servant leave,

But bring me through at last. The sun may hide itself in a cloud, but it is not out of the firmament; God may hide his face, but he is not out of covenant: “ I will not be always wroth; for the spirit should

FOSTER, PRINTER, KIRKBY LONSDALE.

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“I WILL tell you what I think, sir,” said a poor cottager, in reply to a Christian minister who had been talking to him about the concerns of his soul : “I think God is too merciful to take much notice of what we poor creatures do. May be he will reckon with those who are learned and rich, and who know better than we who are not scholars; but I do think, if I can only ask him to save me when I come to die, that I shall fare very well in the other world, if there be one." I endeavoured, said the minister, to show himn that though God has made a difference among his creatures in the distribution he has made of his bounty, yet, as sinners, we are on a level in his sight; that he notices alike the conduct of every rational creature; that he has given us a revelation of his will, which shows us the way of salvation by his Son, the Lord Jesus Christ; and that this way of recovery from our perishing state as sinners is so plain, that even the most unlearned may understand it; and that if he refused to listen to the truth when he had an opportunity of doing so, he would act as wickedly as if he really knew it.

be so, sir, perhaps ; but I only mean to take care of the main chance, as we country folk say, till I am going to die; and then it may be time enough to see about the other world.”

And so," said I, “you really think that taking care of your temporal interest, and obtaining food and clothing, is the principal thing which man has to do in the present world ?” * I think so, and so does a power of other people.” “If you had a box,” I asked, “ which contained a thousand guineas, which would it be best to take care of; the box, which was decaying, or the money ?” “Oh, the money to be sure !" And if you have a soul which must live for ever and ever, and a body in which it lives only for a little while, and will then decay, which should you care for most ?” that is all very good, I dare say, but we must take care of the body now, that is certain ; and the soul must be thought of by and by.” I could make no impression on his mind, bat retired, pray

M

“ It may

« Ah! sir, his room ;

ing that He, who wept over the impenitent sinners of Jerusalem, would be pleased to show this man his folly, and lead him to seek that salvation, without the possessions of which no man can be saved from the wrath to come.

Several years passed away, when I was one day informed that a man, in breathless haste, had come to say that John Wilkins was dying, and that I must immediately go to see him. I hastened to the cottage, where I found the poor old man with whom I had the conversation I have repeated. He had met with an accident while engaged in his labour, and had just been informed by his doctor, that he could not survive it many days.

“ O sir!" said he, the moment he saw me enter

“O sir! my soul is lost! my soul is lost! Save me, oh save me ! I am dying ; I cannot live ; you must save me! O sir! do save me!”

He was in unutterable distress; nor was it without cause. He had neglected the great concerns of immortality through life, and how could it be expected that he would be happy in the prospect of death. He had neglected the service of that Being who requires us to seek his favour as soon as we have heard of his requirements; and how then could he expect to be favoured with joy in the prospect of appearing at his bar ! “I cannot save you, John," I replied ; you have been an awful sinner for many years ; you have broken the law of God; you have long refused to hear how he could save you; no man or angel could save you; nor can anything short of the infinite grace of the Almighty God save you from endless misery." He cried out, “I know it, I know it; but what can I do? Will God any how have mercy on me now ?”

I sat down, and endeavoured, in the plainest and simplest manner, to explain the way of salvation, by Christ's dying for our sins, to him. I showed him how we had all failed to obey the holy and righteous law of God; that we had done many things which we ought not to have done, and had left undone many things which God had commanded us to perform ; that as the effect of our sins, we had drawn on ourselves the anger of God, who has said, Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them,” (Deut. xxvii. 26.) and that therefore we could not by any means make atonement to his justice for the sins we had committed. I then told him that so great was the love of God to poor sinners, that he sent his only Son into the world to publish the holy law, and to die, that sinners by him might be saved ; and I assured him

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