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and most accurately written in a hand of the 10th century: and a great variety of other valuable transcripts of the dif, ferent biblical books, written in the 10th, 11th, and 12th centuries.
Cabbalas, Talmuds, and Talmudical books, Targums, Expositions, Glosses, and Commentaries on the Pentateuch, and other books of the Old Testament, in Hebrew, Chaldee, and other languages, compiled by the most celebrated Rabbins. Amongst these are, a very fine copy of Maimonides de Lege, in Hebrew, and without points, written in 1472, by. Salomon Ben Alzuk; and the Sepher a Misvot of Rabbi Moses Ben Jacob de Cosi; written in the beginning of the 15th century. A
A very beautiful transcript of Maimonides's Moreb Nebnchim, in Hebrew, written in small characters by a Spanish hand, and finely illuminated. R. Levi's He. brew commentary on Job, written in the 14th century. Sundry very elegant and ancient copies of the liturgies of the German and other Jews; particularly a liturgy, &c. of the German Jews, written in the 13th century. The Ma. chazor, or office of prayers, composed for their greater feasts, differing from the common printed liturgy, and written in the 14th century. The order of prayer, in which the Rubrics are more ample than in the printed books. Transcripts of R. Jacob Ben Asher, and R. Ben Ezra's four orders; containing all the rites, customs, and ceremonies, as used by the Jews in their present dispersion.
Near 200 volumes of the Writings of the Fathers : parti, cularly a copy of part of the works of St. Hilary, written in the sth century, and formerly belonging to the church of St. Mary and St. Nicholas of Arenstein. A fine transcript of St. Augustine's sermons on the gospel and first epistle of Si. John, written in the 12th century, belonging to the same monastery: A beautiful exemplar of the same father's discourses on the book of Genesis, written in the 12th century: and another, containing his books “De Civitate Dei, et de Trinitate," written in the 13th century. St. Chrysostom's Greek homilies on the epistle to Timothy, written in the 13th century. The works of St. Athanasius in Greek, of the 14th century. The homilies of St. Basil, Ephraim Cyrus, and John Chrysostom, in Greek, written in the 14th century; and another copy of the same, with St. Gregory's encomium on St. George and St. Marina, likewise of the same age. As also ancient councils, canons and constitutions ecclesiastical, great variety of annotations, commentaries, expositions, harmonies of the four gospels, paraphrases, hiss
tories of the Old and New Testament, &c. with a umltitude of theological treatises, many of which are highly worthy to be consulted.
Liturgies and Liturgical books; as the liturgies of SS. Chrysostom, Basil, and Nazianzen, of which there are in this collection two very fair copies in Greek, one with the prayers and evangelical and epistolical lessons, written in the 11th century, and the other written in the 14th century. The liturgy of the church of Syria. Two fair volumes, containing the Samaritan liturgy. The Russian liturgy. The liturgies of the Roman and Greek churches; particularly a most valuable exemplar of that of the latter; wherein the several offices, chants, hymns, and antiphones, are marked with Greek musical notes, according to the present usage of that church. A curious liturgy, adorned with beautiful paintings and illuminations; which, from the calendar of German saints inserted in it, is supposed to have formerly belonged to some church in Germany.
Missals, Breviaries, and Hours of the Holy Virgin, according to the use of the Roman, English, and Gallican churches; rituals, ordinals, books of offices, procesxionals and graduals; many of them curiously illuninated, and richly adorned with fine historical paintings; among these is, the missal of the church of Toul, in Lorrain, which, besides its exquisite paintings, is remarkable for having in the litany of saints, after the three holy archangels, one to the angel Uriel; notwithstanding several councils had strictly forbidden the invocation of more than the three first. A missal adorned with exquisite paintings, wherein the figures are represented of a larger size than usual; and to which is added a calendar, ornaniented with several curious miniatures, wherein the several labours of the farm and vineyard throughout the year are curiously delineated. Two breviaries, painted in a most exquisite manner; to each of which is prefixed a calendar finely decorated with miniatures of saints, country sports, and employments, &c. As also many
others. Ancient Evangelisteria and Lectionaries; amongst which are, an evangelisterium, written in Greek capitals in the 9th century. An evangelisterium, in Greek capitals, written in the year 995, by Constantine, Presbyter: the first page thereof, and the references to the chapters, are in letters of gold. Another evangelisterium, adorned with pictures of the four evangelists finely painted, and the rubric written in letters of gold. At the end is a certificate, signed on the 10th of March 1699, by Laurence Alexander Zacagnius,
principal librarian of the Vatican, testifying that this MS. was then upwards of 700 years old. Three evangelisteria, written in the 11th century; one of which is remarkable for being written on parchment, from whence the words of some other book have been erased. Also an elegant illuminated transcript of “ Wickliff's Gospelis and Epistolis of all the festis in the yeer by ordre as thei ben red in the messe book after the use of Salisbery."
Store of Menologies, Martyrologies, and Lives of Saints; which, though they are to be read with great caution, yet. furnish genuine matter of good note, and not readily to be met with elsewhere.
A variety of other books of Religion and Devotion; particularly a very fine copy of the Passio Christi secundum Evangelistas, with prayers to God and several saints, neatly written in Saxon characters, and in the 8th century. A book of prayers, benedictions, and exorcisms, in Latin, written in the 10th century. Wickliff's summary of the books of the Old and New Testament, with their authority and use to Christian men. His postils; and his notes on the PaterNoster, with sundry other discourses. A book in the Armenian tongue, containing the Apostles Creed, a history of the bible, and a forın of proper confession to be used before taking the holy sacrament. A translation into Persic of the history of our Saviour; written originally in the Portuguese tongue by Father Jerome Xaver. Ethiopic prayers. Several transcripts of the Alcoran, in Arabic, Persic, and other languages; and commentaries thereon. A collection of Mohammedan prayers, written in the Persic and Turkish tongues. The Nadham, or connection of sentences containea in the Alcoran; with the apophthegms of Mahommed. Three books of prayers in Arabic, two of them written in the African character. Together with other tracts on the Mohammedan religion,
An amazing number of curious and authentic manuscripts, relative as well to the Topographical Description and Antiquities of Britain, as to the Civil and Ecclesiastical History of the Kingdom; its laws, constitution, and government: this mine appears inexhąustible, and every veir. full of the richest stores,
First, For the Topographical part; histories and surveys of several counties, and the customs of their inhabitants; memorials of the founding and incorporation of cities, towns, boroughs, and villages, with the most remarkable events that have happened to each; their antiquities, and other curio. sities. Accounts of the erections of temples, castles and
other buildings; and of the remains (if any) of such as have been destroyed. The establishment and endowment of parishes, foundations of religious houses, books of ancient tenures, inquisitions post mortem, escheats, customaries, terriers of manors, perambulations of forests,,, accounts of ancient coin, monumental inscriptions, forts, camps, roads, military ways, and other antiquities, which have been casually discovered in particular places. Notes concerning the most remarkable rivers, mountains, mines, minerals, and other curiosities. A variety of tracts, and memoranda, relating to particular parts of England, as well in its pristine state, when separated into petty kingdoms, provinces, and principalities, during the times of the Britains, Romans, and Saxons, as subsequently, when under the dominion of one monarch, divided into counties, ridings, rapes, wapentakes, &c. As also the laborious collections made by Sir Simonds D’Ewes, John Fox, the martyrologist, Mr. Erdeswick, honest John Stow, Mr. Charles, Lancaster herald, and others.
Secondly, For the Civil and Ecclesiastical History; valuable copies of our ancient historians and chroniclers, as Gildas, Nennius, Asserius Menevensis, Ælfred of Beverly, Abbot Benedict, Castoreus or John Beaver, J. Brompton, Raulf Boun, Douglass, Monk of Glastonbury, Edmerus, Florence, of Worcester, Robert of Gloucester, William Giseburn, R. Hoveden, Henry Huntingdon, Peter de Ickham, John Joselyne, R. Higden, Peter Langtoft, J. Lewis, Adam Murimuth, Geoffery of Monmouth, Robertus Montensis, John Pyke, Sir Walter Raleigh, Robert de Reading, Thomas Rudburne, Simeon of Durham, Richard Sporte, Nicholas Trivett, John Wallingford, Thomas Walsingham, Walter of Coventry, Gotselinus de Sancto Bertino, and sundry anonymous authors of good value. A finely illuminated copy of John Harding's chronicle, much more perfect than the edition published by Grafton, and containing the letter of defiance sent to King Henry the IV. by the old Earl of Northumberland, Henry Hotspur, his son, and the Earl of Worcester, his brother, before the battle of Shrewsbury; some discourses of the same old Earl, touching John of Gaunt; a map of Scotland, from Carlisle to the water of Tay; and another, from thence to Sutherland and Cathness; with sundry other matters omitted likewise by Grafton. A transcript of John de Trevisa's translation of Higden's Polychronicon, differing from the account given of that work by Bale and Pitts; together with several other translations and compositions of Trevisa, not to be met with in any other
book. No less than four ancient copies of the Polycratica Temporum of Roger Cestrensis; froni whence R. Higden stole his Polychronicon. The famous and very ancient copy of William Malmsbury's elaborate treatise de Gestis Regum Anglorum, which was formerly preserved with great religious care at Rochester. An exemplar of his four books, de Gestis Pontificum, written in the 12th century; and several transcripts of the Dunstable Chronicle, one whereof is most beautifully illuminated; and another adorned with the blazon of the arms of divers emperors and kings.
Chronicles and histories of abbeys, and other religious houses; as those of Abingdon, St. Alban’s, Alnewick, Bermondsey, St. Edmond's Bury, St. David's, Hales, Litchfield, Ely, St. Paul's London, and Peterborough.
III. Lives of particular kings, and histories of their reigns. As of Edward the Confessor; king Harold, of whose life and miracles here is a very fair copy, written in the 12th century: Henry I. Richard I. Henry III. Edward I. Edward II. and Edward III. The History of Richard II. written by Fran. de Marque, a French gentleman, attendant on the court in the queen's service; adorned with sixteen admirable paintings, wherein the principal persons and habits of those times are most accurately represented. As also those of Henry IV. Henry V. Henry VI. and Edward IV.
Many original instructions to ambassadors, and letters which passed between them and the chief ministers of their courts; together with authentic copies of an immense number of others,
Letters to and from foreign princes and states, negotiations, alliances, leagues, truces, and treaties of peace, com, merce, and navigation,
Summons to parliament from the 49th of Henry III. to the 21st year of the reign of King Henry VIII. in many places larger and more correct than the work published under that title, by Sir William Dugdale. Transcripts of the rolls, journals and memoranda of parliament; particularly a copy of the parliament rolls, beginning at the 4th year of King Edward II. and continued to the end of the last parliament of King Henry VIII. in thirty volumes; amongst which are the parliament rolls of the 5th, Sth, and 9th years of King Edward II. which are, with others, omitted by Sir Robert Cotton, in his abridgment of the Tower records, and by him supposed to have been lost. Journals of the House of Lords, from the first year of Henry VIII. to the end of the year 1740, 69 volumes. As also 111 other volumes, containing the Jouryals of the House of Commons, from the