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royal favour, nor popular applause, fall protect the guilty.

I have now only to beg pardon for having employed so much of your lordships' time, and I am sorry a bill, fraught with so many good consequences, has not met with an abler advocate : but I doubt not your lordships' determination will convince the world, that a bill, calculated to contribute fo much to the equal distribution of justice as the present, requires with your lord ships but very little support.

SECTION V.

An Address to young Perfons. I INTEND, in this address, to show you the importance of beginning early to give serious attention to your conduct. As soon as you are capable of reflection, you must perceive that there is a right and a wrong in human actions. You see, that those who are born with the same advantages of fortune, are not all equally prosperous in the course of life. While some of them, by wife and steady conduct, attain distinction in the worid, and pass their days with comfort and honour; others, of the same rank, by mean and vicious behaviour, forfeit the advantages of their birth ; involve themselves in much misery ; and end in being a disgrace to their friends, and a burden on fo. ciety. Early, then, may you learn, that it is not on the external condition in which you find yourselves placed, but on the

which you are to act, that your welfare or unhappiness, your honour or infamy, depends. Now, when beginning to act that part, what can be of greater moment, than to regulate your plan of conduct with the most serious attention, before you have yet committed any fatal or irretrievable errors? If, instead of exerting reflection for this valuable purpose, you deliver yourselves up, at so critical a time, to floth and pleasures; if you refuse to listen to any counsellor but humour, or to attend to any pursuit except that of amusement ; if you allow yourselves to float loose and careless on the tide of life, ready to receive any direction which the current of fathion may chance to give you ; what can you expect to follow from such beginnings? While so many around you are undergoing the fad consequences of a like indiscretion, for what reason thall not those consequences extend to you ? Shall you attain success withoui that preparation, and escape dangers withIt that precaucion, which are required of other - - Shall hap. piness grow up to you, of its own accord, and folicit

part

your acceptance, when, to the rest of mankind, it is the fruit of long cultivation, and the acquisition of labour and care ? Deceive not yourselves with those arrogant hopes. Whatever be your rank, Providence will not, for your fake, reverse its established order. The Author of your being hath en. joined you to “take heed to your ways; to ponder the paths of your feet ; to remember your Creator in the days of your youth.” He hath decreed, that they only "who seek after wisdom, shall find it ; that fools shall be afflicted, because of their tranfgreflions; and that whoever refuseth instruction, thall destroy his own soul.” By listening to these admonitions, and tempering the vivacity of youth with a proper mixture of serious thought, you may ensure cheerfulness for the rest of life ; but by delivering your. selves up at present to giddiness and levity, you lay the foundation of lalting heaviness of heart.

When you look forward to those plans of life, which either your circumstances have suggested, or your friends have proposed, you will not hesitate to acknowledge, that in order to pursue them with advantage, fome previous discipline. is requisite. Be assured, that whatever is to be your profession, no education is more necessary to your success, than the acquirement of virtuous dispositions and habits. This is the universal preparation for every char. acter, and every station in life. Bad as the world is, Tefpect is always paid to virtue. In the usual course of human affairs, it will be found, that a plain understanding, joined with acknowledged worth, contributes more to prolperity, than the brightest parts without probity or honour. Whether science, or business, or public life, be your aim, virtue ftill'enters, for a principal thare, into all thore great departments of society. It is connected with eminence, in every liberal art ; with reputation, in every branch of fair and useful business ; with distinction, in every public Itation. The vigour which it gives the mind, and the weight which it adds to character ; the generous sentiments which it breathes ; the undaunted spirit which it inspires ; the ardour of diligence which it quickens; the freedom which it procures from pernicious and dithonourable advocations ; and the foundations of all that is highly honourable, or kreatly fütcessful among rnen.

Whatever ornamental or engaging endowments you now boileis, virtue is a necest-ry requilite, in order to their thin ing with proper lustre. Feeble are the attractions of the fairelt form, if it be suspected tha: nothing within correfponds to the pleasing appearance without. Short are the triumphs of wit, when it is supposed to be the vehicle of malice. By whatever means you may at first attract the attention, you can hold the esteem, and secure the hearts of others, only by amiable dispositions, and the accomplishments of the mind. These are the qualities whose influence will last, when the lustre of all that once sparkled and dazzled has passed away.

Let not then the seaton of youth be barren of improvements, fo essential to your future felicity and honour. Now is the feed-time of life ; and according to " what you fow, you shall reap."

Your character is now, under Divine afbitance, of your own forming ; your fate is, in some measure, put into your own hands. Your nature is as yet pliant and soft. Habits have not established their domin. ion. Prejudices have not pre-occupied your understanding. The world has not had time to contract and debafe your affections. All your powers are more vigorous, disembarrassed, and free, than they will be at any future period. Whatever impulse you now give to your desires and pasfions, the direction is likely to continue. It will form the channel in which your life is to run ; nay, it may determine its everlasting iffue. Consider then the employment of this important period, as the highest trust which shall ever be committed to you; as, in a great measure, deci. five of your happiness, in time, and in eternity. As in the fucceflion of the seafons, each, by the invariable laws of nature, affects the productions of what is next in course ; fo, in human life, every period of our age, according as it is well or ill spent, influences the happiness of that which is to follow. Virtuous youth gradually brings forward accomplished and fourishing manhood ; and such manhood passes of itself, without uneasiness, into respectable and tranquil old age. But when nature is turned out of its regular course, disorder takes place in the moral, just as in the veg. etable world. If the spring put forth no blossoms, in fum. mer there will be no beauty, and in autumn, no fruit : fo if youth be trifled away without improvement, manhood will probably be contemptible, and old age miserable. If the beginnings of life have been s vanity,” its latter end can fearcely be any other than "vexation of spirit.”

I shall finish this address, with calling your attention to that dependence on the blessing of Heaven, which, amidst all your endeavours after improvement, you ought continually to preserve. It is too common with the young, even when they resolve to tread the path of virtue and honour, to set out with presumptuous confidence in themselves. Trusting to their own abilities for carrying them successful. ly through life, they are careless of applying to God, or of deriving any affistance from what they are apt to reckon the gloomy discipline of religion. Alas ! how little do they know the dangers which await them ? Neither human wisdom, nor human virtue, unfupported by religion, is equal to the trying situations which often occur in life. By the shock of temptation, how frequently have the most virtuous intentions been overthrown? Under the pressure of disaster, how often has the greatest constancy funk! Every good, and every perfect gift, is from above." Wisdom and virtue, as well as “ riches and honour, come from God." Destitute of his favour, you are in no better situation, with all your boasted abilities, than orphans left to wander in a trackless desert, without any guide to conduct them, or any shelter to cover them from the gathering storm. Correct, then, this ill-founded arrogance. Expect not, that your happiness can be independent of Him who made you. By faith and repentance, apply to the Redeemer of the world. By piety and prayer, seek the protection of the God of heaven. I conclude with the folemn words, in which a great prince delivered his dying charge to his fon; words which every young person ought to consider as addressed to himself, and to engrave deeply on his heart :-“ Solomon, my son, know thou the God of thy fathers ; and serve him with a perfect heart; and with a willing mind. For the Lord fearcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts. If thou leek him, he will be found of thee ; but if thou forfake him, he will cast thee off forever.”

BLAIR.

CHAP. IX.
PROMISCUOUS PIECES.

SECTION I.
Earthquake at Calabria, in the rear 1638.
An account of this dreadful earıhquake is given by the
belebrated father Kircher. It happened whilst he was

on his journey to visit Mount Ætna, and the rest of the wonders that lie towards the south of Italy. Kircher is confidered, by scholars, as one of the greatest prodigies of learning.

Having hired a boat, in company with four more, (two friars of the order of St. Francis, and iwo seculars,) we launched from the harbour of Mellina, in Sicily; and arrived the same day, at the promontory of Pelorus. Our deitination was for the city of Euphæmia, in Calabria ; where we had some business to tranfact ; and where we de. signed to tarry for some time. However, Providence feemed willing to cross our design ; for we were obliged to continue three days at Pelorus on account of the weather ; and though we often put out to fea, yet we were as often driven back. At length, wearied with the delay, we re. folved to prosecute our voyage ; and, although the sea appeared to be uncommonly agitated, we ventured forward. The gulf of Charybdis, which we approached, seemed whirled round in such a manner, as to form d vait hollow, verging to a point in the centre. Proceeding onward, and turning my eyes to Ætna, I saw it cast forth large volumes of smoke, of mountainous sizes, which entirely covered the island, and blotted out the very shores from my view. This, together with the dreadful noise, and the fulphurous stench which was strongly perceived, filled me with apprehenfions, that some more dreadful calamity was impending. The sea itself seemed to wear a very unusual appearance ; they who have seen a lake, in a violent shower of rain, cov. ered all over with bubbles, will conceive some idea of its agitations. My surprise was still increated by the calniness and ferenity of the weather ; not a breeze, not a cloud, which might be supposed to put all nature thus into motion. I therefore warned my companions, that an earthquake was approaching ; and, after some time making for the shore with all poflible diligence, we landed at Tropæa, happy and thankful for having escaped the 'threatening dangers of the fea.

“ But our triumphs at land were of short duration ; for we had

rcely arrived at the Jesuit's Coilege, in that city, when our ears were Itunned with a horrid found, resembling that of an infinite number of chariots, driven fiercely for. ward ; the wheels rattling, and the thongs cracking. Soon after this, a moft dreadíul earthquake ensued ; to that the whole tract upon which we stood seemed to vibrate, as it

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