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mulate the ostentation of human nature. few honoured me with their names, or even condescended to answer my application, that I abandoned the scheme; remarking the coldness of men to all real acts of philanthropy, and receiving a lesson in the knowledge of mankind which I shall not soon forget. “ Here,” said I to myself, “ are five hundred town and country 'squires and gentry, who rattle to plays and balls, figure at bible societies, throw away their money on cards, and purchase up any trash that may be recommended by an interested critic, and not twenty of them will give a few shillings to encourage friendless genius, struggling industry, and unfortunate talent.” You must not infer that I regard myself as entitled to the character I have here drawn; but I assume that these gentlemen, by liberality on this occasion to a very moderate extent, might have drawn forth genius and talent from obscurity.

I shall pause here to recommend two things strongly to your most serious consideration : first, never place your money in a private bank when you can get public security ; secondly, never expect much from the public, or from mankind, until you have first served them.

Look at history: what does it teach and show? Warriors bleeding, statesmen suffering, authors pining, and poets starving: then read on a few pages, or ramble through Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's, and you will find the mouldering remains, the unconscious dust of these unfortunates honoured with monuments, one hundredth part of the expense of which would have rendered them happy in life!

Finding that Ireland would not do, I imitated Paddy of Cork, who buttoned his coat behind, and turned my back on my country, while I looked upon

her sweet face more in sorrow than in anger. In short, I did what I recommend every author to do. I applied to a publisher in London. The noble-spirited booksellers of that metropolis are the great and true patrons of literature; and though they gain largely when a work is successful, surely they have a right to the high profits of adventurous speculation. I received a favourable answer; and I assure you I never experienced more pleasure than when I was enabled to make my poor Emma a handsome present from the fruit of my labour.

To the house with which I first published I shall


ever feel most grateful, as the medium by which I was brought forward; as also for their subsequent liberality, in meeting most generously certain arrangements with another house for my benefit. However, as you care little about this, I shall

pass Let it suffice to say, that, some time after, I was called upon most unexpectedly to go over on manuscript business.

Accordingly, after four years' residence in the country, where almost constant solitude had been my portion, I secured the box seat, and reached Dublin without any thing very remarkable. It was there I observed the spirit which retirement imparts to life. When I had been last in this fine city, and long accustomed to the great world, I viewed every thing without much curiosity; but now I found great interest in all, from the force with which it struck me. This is the effect of strong contrast. As I lay awake next morning, amused with the hum of commencing bustle, the noise of carts, and people flocking to market, my heart was much affected by the mournful cries of the chimney-sweepers, as they performed their morning patrol in search of employment. The deep bass of the old sweeps, and the high piercing treble of the young ones, uttered as though they were under the affliction of cold and pain, brought to my mind most forcibly the picture of this unhappy class of men. “ Good God !” thought I,

surely machinery might be substituted for human labour in this case with more effect than in many others. Then should we not have the melancholy sight of squalid, naked wretches, crawling about in the dawning of December like devils, or inhabitants of the regions of soot. Who can look upon their ghastly features, their red eyes, and their supplicating gestures, and reflect on the tender ages at which they are devoted to this abominable trade, without feeling a pang of sorrow!"

The feeling, however, vanished from my mind as I turned down Dame-street, in the course of the day, and saw the stream of fashion and business flowing in all directions. There is a sharpness of feature imparted to the human countenance by constant excitement, which strikes any one from the country with great force: its full effect was felt by me, and I derived great amusement from gazing at the keen-eyed people of the city as they passed.

From this gay scene of grandeur I passed to one of gloom and depression ; for, wishing to show some civility and affection to a relation who had been confined in the Marshalsea for nearly two years, I walked up Thomas-street, turned down the narrow lane, at the bottom of which that prisonpile stands, and soon found myself stopped at its massy entrance by a shabby-looking turnkey, who seemed to say with his sharp stare—“ Are you an attorney, that you dash forward with such independence ?” “O!" said I, stopping, to be sure, when I was forced to do so,“ perhaps you can tell me where the gentleman is I want to see?” “ Not till you

have told me what his name is," answered the gruff-looking fellow, with a sly look, and a laugh, as though he had been witty at my expense. Forward I went, as directed, and passing through the first yard, in which a great many prisoners, of different appearances, were sitting on forms, enjoying the same fine December day, which had brought the ladies into College-green like butterflies, I met my relation. His changed manner, dress, and whole display nearly brought a tear to my eye. He had been a gay young man, lived too

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