« FöregåendeFortsätt »
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES
BY THE CHART.
EXERCISES ON THE CHART
The following exercises will exhibit the proper method of using the Chart in Etymological parsing.
If the large Chart is used, the attention of the whole class should be directed to it--one of the students using a “pointer” as he repeats the construction of each word, according to the formulæ given below.
It is well for beginners in Etymological parsing to have the sentence to be parsed, first placed in Diagram on the black-board.
In the following exercises, the words or parts of words which are printed in capitals, may be found on the Chart.
1. Animals run. Animals... Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJEST— Word
-NOUN-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD
Person-Puur. (plural) Number--NOMINATIVE Case. Run.. ... Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART- PREDICATE- VERE
- INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense.
2. Mary is reading. Mary ........ Part of the _PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT WORD
-NouN-PR : R--Fr.. (feminine) Gender--- THIRD Per
son-Sing. (sli ular) Number-Nominative Case. Is reading .... Part of the SENTENCE - PRINCIPAL PART — PREDICATE
VERB and Part. (participle) — Verb is in the IndiCATIVE
Mode--PRESENT Tense. Reading ......Part of the SENTENCE--Principal Part—used in PREDI
CAT. ( predication) with “is.”
3. He might have been respected. He......... ..Part of the SENTENCE -- PRINCIPAL Part — SUBJECT
WORD — PRON. (pronoun) - Pers. (personal) – Mas, (masculine) Gender-Third Person-Sing. (singular) Number-NOMINATIVE Case.
Might have Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PARTFREDICATEbeen respected }(two VERBS and two Part. ( participles)— Verb is in the
POTENTIAS. Mode—Prior Past Tense.
4. His palsied hand waxed strong. His...... Part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD-AD
JECTIVE-SPec. (specifying)-Posses. ( possessive.)
Part of ine SENTENCE - PRINCIPAL Part -SUBJECT WORD-NOUN - Com. (common)-Neut. (neuter) Gender—THRD Person-Sing. (singular) Number-Nom.
NATIVE Case. Waxed strong.. Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PREDICATE
(VERB ard Ads. (udjective)— VERB is in the INDICATIVE
Mode-Past Tense. Strong..... Part of the SENTENCE-ADJ. (adjective)-used in Pre
DICAT. (predicalion) with “waxed.” 5. That good men sometimes commit faults cannot be denied. That good men is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL Part-SUBsometimes
SENTENCE - SUBSTANTIVE SIMPLE-TRANS. commit faults (transilive.) Cannot be denied... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PRE
DICATS-(two VERBS and a Part. (partici ole)-Verb
is in the POTENTIAL Mode-PRESENT Ter se. Not....
.is a part of the SENTENCE - ADJUNCT-PRIMARY
-WORD-ADVERB—of Negation. 6. He hears the thunder ere the tempest lowers. He
is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT -WORD-PRON. (pronoun)--Pers. (personal)--MAS. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-SING. (singular)
Number-NOMINATIVE Case. Hears.... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PREDI
CATEVERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. The.... is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD
-Adj. (odjective)-Spec. (specifying)—PURE. Thunder is a part of the SentencEPRINCIPAL PART-OBJECT
-WORD--Noux-Com. (common)-NEUT. (neuter) Gender-THIRD Person-SING. (singular) Number-OBJECT
IVE Case. Ere the
is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-SENtempest lowers ) TENCE-Avv. (adrerbial) - SIMP. (simple) -- INTRANS
(intransitive.) 7. Too low they build who build beneath the stars. Too ....v...is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT—SECONDARY WORD -ADVERB-of degree.
Low ..... is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD
ADVERB-of Place. They........ is a part of the SENTENCE- PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT
WORD-Pron. (pronoun)-Pers. (personal)--Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-PLUR. (plural) Number
NOMINATIVE Case. Build..... .is a part of the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL PART-PREDICATE
- VERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. Who build beneath the
is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-SENTENCE
-ADJECT. (adjective)—Simple—INTRANS. (intransitive.) Who .is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT
Word-Pron, (pronoun)-Rel. (relative) — Mas. (mascu line) Gender-THIRD Person-Plur. (plural) Namber
NOMINATIVE Case. Build..... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PREDICATE
VERBINDICATIVe Mode-PRESENT Tense. Beneath... is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-SECONDARY-PHRASE the stars.. S-Adv. (adverbial)--Prep. (prepositional)--INTRAN. (intransitive.)
8. "Scaling yonder peak, I saw an eagle, wheeling near its brow." Scaling yon ler / is a part of the SenTENCE-an ADJUNCT- Primary
Trans. (transitive.) I....
is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL Part-SUBJECT
-WORD-Pron. (pronoun)— Pers. ( personal)—Mas. (masculine) Gender --First Person — SING. (singular)
CATE-VERB - INDICATIVE Mode - Past Tense.
- Word-Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-Sing. (singular) Number—0B
JECTIVE Case. Wheeling near / is a part of the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT-PRIMARYits brow .... } PHRASE —— ADJECT. (adjective)-Part. ( participial)-IN
TRAN. (intransitive.) Near its brow... is a part of the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT-SECONDARY
PHRASE - Adv. (adverbial) — PREP. (prepositional) –
Intran. (intransitive.) Rem.-In the Analysis of a Complex Sentence (see Def. 33] an Auxiliary Sentence is found to perform an individual office, and accordingly it is parsed as one Etymological element of the Principal Sentence. After it has been thus parsed, it may itself be analyzed, and the words
Ha Phase -- ADIECT: Tadjectives.Part. (participial)
and phı ases of which it is composed be parsed according to their respective offices. The same Remark is applicable to Phrases. (See Exercise 7, above, and 2, below.)
ANALYSIS OF PHRASES BY THE CHART.
1. In the beginning [a Prepositional Phrase).
In....... . is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—the LEADER-a
Prep. (preposition.) The ...... is a part of the Phrase—an ADJUNCT--WORD--ADJ.(adjective.) Beginning.. is a part of the Phrase—PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSEQUENT
2. “Scaling yonder peak” [a Participial Phrase]. Scaling.. is a part of the PhraSE-PRINCIPAL Part-the LEADER—a Part.
(participle)-Trans. (transitive.) Yonder... is a part of the PHRASE-an ADJUNCT-WORD--Adj. (adjective.) Peak.. . is a part of the PHRASE— PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSEQUENT
3. “The time having arrived” [an Independent Phrase). The..... is a part of the Phrase~an ADJUNCT-WORD-ADJ.
(adjective.) Time.... .is a part of the PHRASE_PRINCIPAL Part—the LEADER
-a NOUN-INDEPENDENT Case. Having arrived..is a part of the Phrase— PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSE
QUENT-a Part. (participle)-INTRAN. (intransitive.)
4. To bestow many favors [an Infinitive Phrase]. To...... is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL PART—the LEADER-a PREP.
(preposition.) Bestow.. is a part of the PHRASE— PRINCIPAL PART-a part of the SUBSE
QUENT—a VERB-Infin. (infinitive) Mode-TRANS. (transitive.) Many... is a part of the PHRASE-an ADJUNCT-ADJ. (adjective.) Favors.. is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—a part of the SUBSE
QUENT-OBJECT-WORD-Noun. Rem.-Exercises like the above are well calculated to prepare the student for Exercises in Syntax; and when he shall have learned the Rules of Syntax, he should combine the above Exercises with the application of those Rules.
THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE.
Rule 1. The Subject of a Sentence must be in the Nominative Case.
Obs. 1.—The Subject of a Sentence may be a Noun, Pronoun,
2. A Pronoun “He plants his footsteps in the sea."
not be denied. OBs. 2.—The subject of an imperative verb is commonly understood. EXAMPLE--'[ ] Take each man's censure, but [ ] reserve thy judg,
ment." OBS. 3.-It is often expressed. EXAMPLE—"Go ye into all the world.” OBS. 4.-It is sometimes accompanied by an explanatory word. EXAMPLE" Ye rapid Floons, give way." [See “Independent Case."]
POSITION OF THE NOMINATIVE. Note I. In position, the nominative commonly precedes the verb. EXAMPLES—Animals run. Resources are developed.
Obs. 1.-In Interrogative Sentences, it is placed after the verb, when the verb constitutes a complete predicate. EXAMPLE—Hecds he not the burstiņg anguish ?"
Obs. 2.- When the predicate consists of two verbs, or a verb and participle, adjective, noun, &c., the Nominative is placed after the first word of the predicate.
EXAMPLES—Is he injured ? Is siis kind? Is he a scholar? Must I leave thee?
Obs. 3.—The Interrogatives who, which, and what, used as
"What can compensate for loss of character.**