Sidor som bilder
PDF
ePub

ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES

BY THE CHART.

EXERCISES ON THE CHART

The following exercises will exhibit the proper method of using the Chart in Etymological parsing.

If the large Chart is used, the attention of the whole class should be directed to it--one of the students using a “pointer” as he repeats the construction of each word, according to the formulæ given below.

It is well for beginners in Etymological parsing to have the sentence to be parsed, first placed in Diagram on the black-board.

In the following exercises, the words or parts of words which are printed in capitals, may be found on the Chart.

1. Animals run. Animals... Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJEST — WORD

-Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD

Person-Puur. (plural) Number-NOMINATIVE Case. Run .. Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART- PREDICATE-VERK

-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense.

2. Mary is reading. Mary ........ Part of the

PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT— WORD -Noun-PR : R--FE... (feminine) Gender--- Third Per

son-SING. (sutyular) Number-NOMINATIVE Case. Is reading ....Part of the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL PART — PREDICATE

VERB and Part. (participle)-Verb is in the IndicatIVE

Mode--PRESENT Tense. Reading .Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-used in PREDI.

CAT. ( predication) with “is.”

3. He might have been respected. He....... .. Part of the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL Part -SUBJECT

WORD - Pron. (pronoun) - Pers. (personal) – Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-Sing. (singular) Number. NOMINATIVE Case.

His .........

JECT

Might have Part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART FREDICATEbeen respected ) (two VERBs and two Part. (participles)— Verb is in the

POTENTIAL. Mode--PRIOR Past Tense.

4. His palsied hand waxed strong.
Part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD-AD-

JECTIVE-Spec. (specifying)-Posses. ( possessive.)
Palsied

Part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD-AD

JECTIVE-VERBAL-INTRAN. (intransilive.) Hand

Part of the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT WORD-NOUN Com. (cominon)-Neut. (neuter) Gender-THIRD Person-SING. (singular) Number-Nom.

NATIVE Case. Waxed strong.. Part the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART~Predicate

(VERB ar.d Ads. (udjective)— Verb is in the INDICATIVE

Mode-Past Tense. Strong...... Part of the SENTENCE-Adj. (adjective)—used in Pre

DICAT. (predication) with “waxed!” 5. That good men sometimes commit faults cannot be denied. Thal good men is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBsometimes

SENTENCE - SUBSTANTIVE SIMPLE-TRANS. commit faults

(transilive.). Cannot be denied... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PRE

DICATE-two VERBS and a Part. (partici ple)-Verb

is in the POTENTIAL Mode-PRESENT Ter se. Not......

.is a part of the SENTENCE ADJUNCT --PRIMARY

-WORD-ADVERB-of Negation. 6. He hears the thunder ere the tempest lowers. He

is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT -WORD-Pron. (pronoun)-PERS. (personal)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-Sint. (singular)

Number-NOMINATIVE Case. Hears.... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PREDI.

-VERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. The....: is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD

-Adj. (odjective)—Spec. (specifying)—PURE. Thunder ..is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-OBJECT

-WORD--Noun-Com. (common)-Neut. (neuter) Gen. der-THIRD Person-SING. (singular) Number-OBJECT

IVE Case. Ere the

is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-SENtempest lowers } TENCE-Avv. (adrerbial) - SIMP. (simole) – INTRANS

(intransitive.) 7. Too low they build who build beneath the stars. Too ..... is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-SECONDARY – WORD -ADVERB-of degree.

CATE

Low .... .. is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-WORD

ADVERB-of Place. They........ is a part of the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL Part—SUBJECT

WORD--Pron. (pronoun)--Pers. (personal)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-- THIRD Person-PLUR. (plural) Number

NOMINATIVE Case. Build.... . is a part of the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL PART-PREDICATE

-VERB-INDICATIVE Mode—PRESENT Tense. Who build beneath the

is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY-SENTENCE

-ADJECT. (adjective)—SIMPLE—INTRANS. (intransitive.) stars Who . is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT

WORD-PRON. (pronoun)-REL. (relative) — Mas. (mascu line) Gender-THIRD Person—PLUR. (plural) Namber

NOMINATIVE Case. Buildi.... is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-PREDICATE

VERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. Beneath... is a part of the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-SECONDARY-PHRASE the stars..

sitive.)

[ocr errors]

8. "Scaling yonder peak, I saw an eagle, wheeling near its brow." Scaling yon der is a part of the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT_PRIMARYpeak. ša PHRASE-ADJECT. (adjective)-Part. (participial)

TRANS. (transitive.) I.....

.is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-SUBJECT

-WORD-Pron. (pronoun) — Pers. ( personal)-Mas. (masculine) Gender - First Person — SING. (singular)

Number-NOMINATIVE Case. Saw..

is a part of the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL PART_PREDI

CATE-- VERB — INDICATIVE Mode Past Tense. An.... . is a part of the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT-PRIMARY

Word-ADJECTIVE-Spec. (specifying)-Pure. Eagle ....... . is a part of the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL PART-OBJECT

Word-Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-Sing. (singular) Number OB

JECTIVE Case. Wheeling near ? is a part of the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT_PRIMARYits brow.. PHRASE-- ADJECT. (adjective)-Part. ( participial)-IN

TRAN. (intransitive.) Near its brow... is a part of the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT-SECONDARY

PHRASE - Adv. (adverbial) — PŘEP. (prepositional)

INTRAN. (intransitive.) Rem.-In the Analysis of a Complex Sentence (see Def. 33) an Auxiliary Sentence is found to perform an individual office, and accordingly it is parsed as one Etymological element of the Principal Sentence. After it has been thus parsed, it may itself be analyzed, and the words

and phrases of which it is composed be parsed according to their respective offices. The same Remark is applicable to Phrases. (See Exercise 7, above, and 2, below.]

ANALYSIS OF PHRASES BY THE CHART.

Exercises.

1. In the beginning [a Prepositional Phrase).

In.......... is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—the LEADER-a

PREP. ( preposition.) The ...... is a part of the Phrase—an ADJUNCT--Word--ADJ.(adjective.) Beginning.. is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSEQUENT

-a WORD-NOUN-OBJECT.

2. “Scaling yonder peak” [a Participial Phrase]. Scaling.. is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—the LEADER-a Part.

(participle)-Trans. (transitive.) Yonder... is a part of the Phrase-an ADJUNCT-WORD--ADJ. (adjective.) Peak.. is a part of the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSEQUENT

a WORD-NOUN-OBJECT.

3. "The time having arrived” (an Independent Phrase]. The.... is a part of the Phrase-an ADJUNCT-WORD-ADJ.

(adjective.) Time..... is a part of the PHRASE_PRINCIPAL PART-the LEADER

-a NouN_INDEPENDENT Case. Having arrived..is a part of the PurasE-PRINCIPAL Part—the SUBSE

QUENT—a Part. (participle)-Intran. (intransitive.)

4. To bestow many favors (an Infinitive Phrase]. To...... is a part of the PhrasE-PRINCIPAL Part—the LEADER-a PREP.

(preposition.) Bestow.. is a part of the Phrase- PRINCIPAL Part-a part of the SUBSE

QUENT-a VERB-Infin. (infinitive) Mode-TRANS. (transitive.) Many... is a part of the PHRASE-an ADJUNCT-Adj. (adjective.) Favors.. is a part of the Phrase-Principal Part-a part of the SUBSE

QUENT-OBJECT-WORD-NOUN. Rem.-Exercises like the above are well calculated to prepare the student for Exercises in Syntax; and when he shall have learned the Rules of Syntax, he should combine the above Exercises with the application of those Rules.

THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE. Rule 1. The Subject of a Sentence must be in the Nominative Case.

SUBJECT

Obs. 1.—The Subject of a Sentence may be a Noun, Pronoun,
Phrase, or Sentence.
EXAMPLES-1. A Noun... Virtue secures happiness.

2. A Pronoun He plants his footsteps in the sea.”
3. A Phrase ...."To be able to read well, is a valuable aco

complishment."
4. A Sentence.. That good men sometimes commit faults, can-

not be denied. Obs. 2. —The subject of an imperative verb is commonly understood. EXAMPLE="[ ] Take each man's censure, but [ ] reserve thy judge

ment." OBs. 3.—It is often expressed. EXAMPLE_"Go ye into all the world." Obs. 4.—It is sometimes accompanied by an explanatory word. EXAMPLE—" Ye rapid Floons, give way.” [See “ Independent Case."]

POSITION OF THE NOMINATIVE. Note I. In position, the nominative commonly precedes the verb.

EXAMPLES—Animals run. Resources are developed.

Obs. 1.-In Interrogative Sentences, it is placed after the verb, when the verb constitutes a complete predicate. EXAMPLE—"Heeds he not the bursting anguish ?"

Obs. 2.- When the predicate consists of two verbs, or a verb and participle, adjective, noun, &c., the Nominative is placed after the first word of the predicate.

EXAMPLES--Is he injured ? Is sie kind? Is he a scholar? Must I leave thee?

OBs. 3.-The Interrogatives who, which, and what, used as
Subjects, precede their verbs.
EXAMPLES—"Who will show us any good ?

“What can compensate for loss of character."
• Which shall be taken first ?".

« FöregåendeFortsätt »