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But to this rule there are exceptions.
"How vain are all these glories, all our pains,
UNLESS good sense preserve what beauty gains."-Pope.
OBS. 12. Many Conjunctions correspond to Adverbs, to Prepositions, and to other Conjunctions.
"As is the mother so is the daughter."
Mary is not so cheerful as usual."
"Both good and bad were gathered in one group."
"He called so loud that all the hollow deep."
If you will take the right, then I will go to the left." Not only..but also..." She was not only vain, but also extremely ignorant." Though...yet "Though man live a hundred years, yet is his life as vanity."
Because...therefore..." Therefore doth my father love me, because I lay down my life."
Rem.-The Antecedent corresponding word is sometimes expletive.
But words of the Most High
Have told why first thy robe of beams
OBS. 14.—But they may not be used when one of them would fully express the connection.
EXAMPLE "There would be no doubt but that they would remain." The word "but" is unnecessary and improper.
Rule 14. Exclamations have no dependent con
OBS-Exclamations may be followed by Words, Phrases, or
EXAMPLES- O Scotia! my dear, my native soil!
Wo! Wo! to the riders that trample thee down."
"O that I could again recall
My early joys, companions, all!"
Prin.--Words of Euphony are in their offices chiefly rhetorical.
Rem.-The principles of Euphony are much required in the structure of all languages. For Euphony, words are altered in form, position, and office-and they are for Euphony created or omitted.
1. The transposition of words in a Sentence. EXAMPLE" From peak to peak the rattling crags AMONG Leaps the live thunder."
2. The omission of a letter or syllable.
EXAMPLE" Hark! 'tis the breeze of twilight calling." 3. The substitution of one letter for another.
4. The addition of a letter, syllable, or word. EXAMPLE" It was his bounden duty thus to act."
5. A word to be separated into parts, and another word in serted between them.
EXAMPLE "How MUCH soever we may feel their force."
6. A word to be used not in its ordinary office.
EXAMPLES " And there lay the steed with his nostrii ALL wide." "THE more I see of this method, THE better I like it."
OBS. 2.-Words of Euphony should be placed in their appropriate connection.
In the following examples, this principle is violated:
"To think of others, and not only of himself.”
Here "only" is used to render "himself” emphatic. A better position would be- and not of himself only."
"Joyous Youth and manly Strength and stooping Age are even here." Better-Joyous Youth and manly Strength and even STOOPING AGE are
"When our hatred is violent, it sinks us even beneath those we hate.' Better.... it sinks us beneath even THOSE WE HATE.
"Even IN THEIR ASHES live their wonted fires."
OBS. 3.-A word repeated in the same connection, is to be regarded as a word of Euphony.
EXAMPLES "Down! down! the tempest plunges on the sea." "For life! for life! their flight they ply."
1. In constructing a Sentence, such words should be chosen as will most clearly convey the sense intended-regard being had also to variety and other principles of taste.
2. In expressing Complex ideas, judgment and taste are to be exercised in the use of Phrases and Sentences, when they may equally convey the sense-regard being had 1st, to the sense-2d, to good taste, &c.
3. That Modification of words should be adopted, which is in accordance with the most reputable usage.
4. The relative Position of Words, Phrases, and Sentences, should be such as to leave no obscurity in the sense.
5. Involved Complex Sentences should not be used, when Simple or Independent Sentences would better convey the sense.
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW.
What is the office of a Preposition?
The object of a Preposition may consist of what?
How are we to determine what word is the antecedent term of a relation?
When may doubie Prepositions be used?
When may Prepositions be used in Predication?
What is the proper position of a Preposition?
How are we to determine what Preposition to use in a given Phrase? When the Antecedent and Consequent are related by comparison, what Preposition is used?
What is the office of Conjunctions?
Wherein does the office of a Conjunction differ from that of a Preposition ?
When may the Conjunction be omitted?
What other words are used to introduce sentences?
What secondary office do some Conjunctions perform?
Wherein must words connected by a Conjunction agree?
What is the proper position of a Conjunction?
What peculiarity of position in complex sentences?
What is an Exclamation?
What relation have they to other words in a Sentence?
WORDS OF EUPHONY.
What is the office of a Word of Euphony?
Principles of Euphony allow what deviations from the crdinary struc ture of Words, Phrases, and Sentences?
"For the angel of death spread his wings on the blast,
RULE." The Subject of a sentence must be in the
RULE." Adjectives belong to Nouns and Pronouns which they describe."
..introduces a Phrase, showing a
relatior of "death" to "angel." Hence..a Preposition. RULE." A Preposition shows a relation of its object to the word which its phrase qualifies."
RULE." The object of an action or relation must be in the Objective Case."
Spread ........asserts an act...
act passes to an object.
Predicate of "angel".
. Hence.. Indicative Mode. ..Hence.. Past Tense.
Hence Singular Number.
RULE." A Verb must agree with its subject in Per
son and Number."
describes by specifying.
Hence.. an Adjective.
specifies by denoting possession Hence.. Possessive.
RULE." Adjectives belong to Nouns and Pronouns
which they describe."
Wings...... is a name....
name of a class of things..
. Hence..a Noun.
Hence.. Third Person.
Hence.. Singular Number
RULE. —“ The object of an action or relation must be
in the Objective Case."