Sidor som bilder
PDF
ePub

Exercises.

7 Let each Verb and Participle in the following exercises be pointed out, and its Class and Modification given. I wrote.

Joining the multitude. Retire.
Thou art reading. Accustomed to study. Let us alone.
James may recite. Willing to be taught.

Permit me to pass. Mary can study. Having seen the Teacher. Let me go.

It is pleasant to ride in a sail-boat.
We are all fond of singing.
Some are accustomed to sing by rote.
The young ladies ought to have attended the lecture.
By teaching others, we improve ourselves.
Being accustomed to study, we can learn that lesson easily.
Having been censured for idleness, John has resolved to be

diligent.
By endeavoring to please all, we fail to please any.
“ To be, or not to be—that is the question."

“Spirit! I feel that thou
Wilt soon depart-
This body is too weak longer to hold
The immortal part.
The ties of earth are loosening,
They soon will break;
And thou, even as a joyous bird,
Thy flight wilt take

To the eternal world."
Truth crushed to earth will rise again,
The eternal years of God are hers:
But Error, wounded, writhes in pain,

And dies amid her worshipers."
Crushed.. ....is [a Participle, from the verb crush;] used here to de-

scribe a condition of “Truth;" hence, a verbal Adjective. Will rise, .... asserts an act of “ Truth;" hence, a Verb.

has no object; hence, Intransitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.
denotes time future; hence, Future Tense.
.asserts being of "years;" hence, a Verb.
has no object; hence, Intransitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.
denotes time present; hence, Present Tense.

Are..

$6

Wounded .....is (a Participle, from the verb wound;] used here to see

scribe a condition of “Error;' hence, verbal Adjective. Writhes ......asserts an act of “Error;" hence, a Verb.

has no object; hence, Intransitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.

denotes time present; hence, Present Tense.
“ The surging billows and the gamboling storms

Come crouching to his feet.”
Surging .. is (a Participle, from the verb surge.]

used here to describe “billows;" hence, a verbal Adjective, .Gamboling...is [a Participle, from the verb gambol.]

used here to describe “storms;" hence, a verbal Adjective. Come ........ asserts an act of " billows” and “storms;" hence, a Verb

has no object; hence, Intransitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.

denotes time present; hence, Present Tense. Crouching....is [a Participle, from the verb crouch.)

used here to modify the act expressed by “come;"

(it declares the manner of coming ;) hence, an Adverb “In the beginning God created the heaven and the eart:." Beginning. .is (a Participle, from the verb begin.]

used here as the name of an event; hence, a verbal Noun. Created ....

asserts an act of “God;" hence, a Verb.
act passes to objects (heaven and earth); hence, Transitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.
denotes a particular time past; hence, Past Terse

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW.

What is a Verb?
What is the first distinction of Verbs ?
What is a Transitive Verb ? Intransitive ?
What is a Neuter Verb ?
What are the Modifications of Verbs?
When is a Verb in the Active Voice ?
When is a Verb in the Passive Voice?
How is the Passive Voice of a Verb formed ?
What Verbs take the Passive form ?
What is denoted by the term Mode?
What are the Modes?
When is a Verb in the Indicative Mode ?
When in the Polential ?--the Subjunctive ?
When in the Imperative ?—the Infinitive?
What is a Participle ?

1

How are Participles distinguished ?
What is a Present Participle ?—how formed?
What is a Past Participle ?-how formed ?
What is a Compound Participle ?--how formed ?
To what "Parts of Speech” do Participles belong ?
What Participles must be Transitive ?
What Participles may be Transitive ?
What Participles must be Intransitive ?

CONJUGATION OF VERBS. Ren.-We have seen that most verbs are varied in form to denote different modes and times of action or being.

They are also varied to correspond with their subjects in Person anc
Number.
The regular arrangement of the various forms of a verb, is called its

Conjugation. Def. 94. A Verb which may be conjugated by one regular method of variation, to indicate its different Modes and Tenses, and to correspond with its Subjects in Person and Number, is called

A Regular Verb. OBS.-A Regular Verb forms its Past Tense Definite and Passive Participle, by adding d or ed to the root of the verb.

EXAMPLES.
Past.
Loved.

...Filled..

.....Recited.

Present.

Participle.
Love...

Loved.
Fill.

Filled.
Recite

Recited Def. 95. A Verb whose conjugation is not according to the regular formula, is called

An Irregular Verb.
Def. 96. A Verb that is not used in all of the
Modes and Tenses, is called

A Defective Verb.
Present. Past.

Present. Past.
Can, Could.

Shall, Should
LEST. May, Might. Will, Would.
Must.

Ought, Ought

Quoth.

Def. 97. A Verb that is prefixed to another verb, or to a Participle, to distinguish the Voice, Mode, or Tense, of the principal verb, is

An Auxiliary Verb.
Pres. Past.

Pres. Past.
Can, Could. Always Shall,

Always Shall, Should..
LIST.

Auxiliary. Must.
May, Might.
Have, Had.

Sometimes s Do, Did.
Will, Would. S Principal. Be, Am, Was.
OBS.—When used as Auxiliary Verbs-

Can, may, must, shall (used to command); and will

(signifying volition), are the signs of the Present,

Potential.
Could, might, should and would, are the signs of the

Past Tense, Potential.
Have is the sign of the Prior Present Tense, Indica-

tive.
Shall have is the sign of the Prior Future, Indicative.
May have

Prior Present Tense,

Potential.
Might have

Prior Past, Potential.
Had

Prior Past, Indicative.
Shall

Future (First Person). Will

(Second and Third

Persons)
Do*

Present Indicative (in

tensive form). Did

Past Tense, Indicative. Be

Passive Voice, and is used

in all the Modes and Tenses.

66

[ocr errors]

6

66

[ocr errors]

. Do, with its variations, often has a very extensive signification--as, “I think as you do." “ Edward studies more diligently than we do.

In such instances, do adopts the signification of the previous verb.

“I think as you think." “Edward studies more diligently than we study."

{You

We

nou

}

Ye

[ocr errors]

FORMULÆ OF REGULAR VERBS
Intransitive Verb, WALK.

Walk.
PRESENT INDICATIVE.

Simple formel

Compound -I am Walking.
Past.

Simple

Walked.
Compound - I was Walking.
DECLENSION.
INDICATIVE Mode.—(Give the Definition.)
Singular.

Plural.

walk 1 Person We walk PRESENT TENSE. Thou walkest

Ye

walk

2 (Give Definition.) You walk

walk He walks 3

They

walk walked 1

walked Pašt. Thou walkedste

walked

2 (Give Def.) You

walked

You

walked He walked 3

They

walked have walked 1

We have walked PRIOR PRESENT. Thou hast walked

Ye have walked

2 (Give Def.) You have walked

You have walked He has walked 3

They have walked I had walked 1

had walked PRIOR PAST. Thou hadst walked ?

Ye had walked

2 (Give Def.) You had walked He had walked 3

They had walked I shall walk 1

We shall walk FUTURE. Thou wilt walk

Ye 2

will walk (Give De

You will
walk)

You will walk will walk 3

They will walk
I shall have walked 1 We shall have walked
PRIOR Thou will have walkcd )

S Ye

will have walked

2 FUTURE.

You will have walked
He will have walked 3 They will have walked

POTENTIAL MODE.
Singular.

Plural.
may* walk 1 Person We
PRESENT.

Ye
Thou mayest walk

2
walk

You
He
may
walk 3

They may walk mightt wal 1

We might walk Past.

{ Ye

might walk might )

You might walk He might walk 3 They might walk Can or must.

+ Could, would, or should.

We

{ You had walked

[ocr errors]

| He

[ocr errors]

may walk may walk may walk

You may

[ocr errors]

Thou mightest walke} :

« FöregåendeFortsätt »