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Past. brought.. ...built,

burnt, R
.burst
bought.

cast ..caught.. ..chid. ..chose.. ...cleaved, clave. ...clove, cleft. ..clung

..clothed. ...came.

cost crew, R .crept

Past Part. . brought ..built, R .burnt, a .burst

. bought ....cast

..caught ..chidden, chid ..chosen ...cleaved ....cloven, cleft ...clung

.clad, R come cost crowed .crept cut

..cut..

..dared

Present. Bring Build. Burn Burst Buy. Cast Catch Chide Choose Cleave Cleave Cling Clothe.. Come Cost Crow Creep Cut Dare Deal Dig Do... Draw Dream Drive Drink Dwell Eat Fall. Feed Feel Fight Find Flee. Fling Fly Forbear Forget Forsake Freeze Get Gild Gird Give. Go.. Grave.... Grind.. Grow Have Hang Hear. Heave.

...

.durst, R..
.dealt..
dug, R..
.did...
..drew....
..dreamt, R.

drove
..drank
.dwelt, R.
.ate, eat.
fell
fed
. felt..
fought..
found
fled..
Aung

flew.
..forbore.
.forgot, forgat
. forsook
.froze..
got, gat.

.gilt, R. ... girt, R. · gave.

went. .graved ..ground.. grew ... had.. .hung. .. heard ... hove, R.

.dealt .dug, R .done .drawn .dreamt, R .driven .drank, drunk .dwelt, R ..eaten . fallen .fed .felt .fought .found fied Aung flown .forborne .forgotten .forsaken . frozen got, gotten .gilt, a .girt, R .given

gone -graven, graved

ground grown had .hung

heard ..hoven, B

Present. Hew. Hide

Hit.....

Past. hewed.. .hid... ..hit

.held. ..hurt.. ... kept..

knelt, R. ..knit.. knew. .laded ..laid.. ...led ...left..

.lent... ... let ..lay. ..lit, R ....... .. lost

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...made

...meant

....met.. .......mowed..

. paid...

put.... quit, R....

.made .......meant

......met .......mown, R

..paid
.put
.quit
.read

rent
.rid
.rode, ridden
rung

...read.

Hold Hurt Keep. Kneel. Knit Know Lade. Lay. Lead Leave Lend. Let... Lie... Light Loose. Make. Mean. Meet. Mow. Pay. Put.... Quit... Read Rend Rid. Ride. Ring Rise.. Rive. Rot Run.. Saw Say See.. Seek. Sell. Send Set... Shake Shape Shave Shear... Shed. Shine Show Shoe.. Shoot Shrink Shred

rent

..rid

..risen

..rode.
.rang, rung.

rose ...rived

..rotted ...ran, run.

..sawed ...said...

..saw

..sought. ..sold

sent

set.

...shook. ..shaped .shaved sheared, R.

..riven, rived ..rotten, R run sawn, R .said

..shed....

..shone, R .showed .. ...shod

seen
..sought

sold
sent
set
.shaken
.shapen, R

shaven, R
.shorn, sheared
..shed
..shone,
.shown, showed
shod
shot
.shrunk
.shred

shot.. shrunk. shred.

sat..

kביים..

Present.
Shut..
Sing.
Sink..
Sit..
Slay
Sleep.
Slide
Sling.
Slink,
Slit...
Smite.
Sow.
Speak
Speed.
Spell.
Spend
Spill..
Spin
Spit...
Split.
Spread
Spring
Stand..
Steal
Stick
Sting.
Stride.
Strike
String
Strive
Strow, strew
Swear..
Sweat....
Sweep.
Swell
Swim.
Swung.
Take.

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Pest.

Past Part.

..shut .sung, sang

.sung

.sunk sat

sat .slew

..slain .sept

..slept slid

..slidden, slid ....ang

.slung .slunk..

..slunk suit, R

.slit, r smote

.smitten, smit . Jwed

. Sown, R .spoke, spake

.spoken .sed..

.sped spelt, R..

.spelt ent.

spent spilt..

.spilt srun.

.spun spit, spat.

.spit snit.

.split .spread.

.spreau .sprung, sprang. .sprung .. Jod

.stood stole

.stolen stuck.

.stuck .. stung.

.stung ..strode, strid.

..stridden .struck..

.struck, stricken strung.

.strung ... Scrove..

.striven .strowed, strewed.... .strown, strewn, R . swore

sworn .sweat, R..

...sweat ..wept

.swept ..swelled

.swollen, R ...wum, swam.

..swum .swung..

.swung

.taken t'ught.

.taught tore.

torn ..tld..

..told thought..

.thought ..(nrived, throve.... ...thriven .threw

.thrown thrust.

... thrust tod.

i trodden, trod

waxen, R more.

worn wove.

woven, wove wept.

..

took ....

Teach....

Tear
Tell..
Think.
Thrive.
Throw..
Thrust
Tread.
Wax.
Wear.
Weave

waxed ....

Weep.

. wept

wet ...,won

Wet
Win.

wet.....
WON...

1

wrote

Present.
Past.

Past Part.
Wind
wound....

wound Work

. worked, wrought. .worked, wrought Wring ... wrung, R....

..wrung, R Writo

.. written, writ OBS. 1.--Words in the above list marked R, are sometimes used as Regular Verbs. Those written in Italics are not much used by modern writers.

Obs. 2.-A Verb often has a Preposition or other prefix placed before it; the Conjugation, however, remains the same.

EXAMPLES.
Take..
.. took ..

.. taken.
Mistake,.. ..mistook

.. mistaken. Overtake..... .overtook... ........overtaken. Rem.-The class should repeat this list in concert-prefixing to each verb one of the Personal Pronouns. For the Third Person a Noun way be used-thus:

[ write ........ I wrote.... I have written...... having written.
You tread.

you have trod...... having trod.
..he has swept.

... having swept.
John dees. ..John did.. ...John has done ......having done.
Men sit........men sat. ....men have sat. ..having sat.
Some hear
.....some heard.

some are heard.....having heard. They see....... they saw ......

.. they are seen.... .. being seen. To the Transitive Verbs, Objects may be attached-thus: We saw wood ......

we sawed wood...... we have sawn wood. Birds build nests. .....birds built nests. ..birds have built nests.

Other variations in these concert exercises may be profitable—such as placing the words now, to-day, &c., after the Present--ycslerday, &c., after the Past Tense--and heretofore, recently, &c., after the Prior Present. ThusI begin to-day ........I began yesterday.....I have begun recently. The wind blows now..the wind blew then....the wind has blown often.

· you trod.

He sweeps..

he swept.

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UNIPERSONAL VERBS. Def. 98. A Verb used only as the predicate of the Indefinite Pronoun “it,is called

A Onipersonal Verb.

EXAMPLES.
It snows,

It becomes,
It rains,

It behoves,
It seems,

It is evident.
Methinks is an anomalous form of the verb think.

.

ADVERBS.

Rem. -As actions are modified by circumstances, and as qualities vary in degre, so words expressing actions, and words denoting qualities, are modified by other words, denoting time, place, degree, manner, cause, doc. Hence,

Def. 99. A word used to modify the signification of a Verb, an Adjective, or another modifier, is

An Adverb: Obs. 1.-Adverbs are of great utility in rendering the language concise and spirited. They are commonly substituted for Phrases.

EXAMPLES.

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“ Brilliantly”....for....“ With a brilliant appearance.”
“Solemnly" .for. « In a solemn manner.

Vainly" for.. In a vain attempt.”
· Here"

for...." In this place.”
“ Now" .. for...." At this time.”
Brilliantly the glassy waters mirror back his smiles."
Solemnly he took the earthly state."
Vainly we offer each ample oblation."

Here sleeps he now.' Obs. 2.-An Adverb is often used as a representative for the sentence or phrase to which it belongs. EXAMPLES" While there we visited the Prison."

"While we were al Auburn we visited the Prison."
“ Since then we have been friends."

"Since that time we have been friends." Obs. 3.-An Adverb often modifies a Phrase. EXAMPLES—We went almost to Boston.

Wilkes sailed quite AROUND THE WORLD.

“ Engraved expressly FOR THE Ladies' GARLAND.” Obs. 4.-Adverbs may consist of Words, Phrases, and Sentences.

1. A Word—The very best men sometimes commit faults. 2. A Phrase"In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth." 3. A Sentences 'They kneeled before they fought.NOTE.—Some Sentences are properly Adverbial, when they perform the office of an Adverb—although in strict construction, they may be Principas Sentences.

There comes, methinks, amid the deafʼning roar, a still, small voice. Equivalent—there comes, apparently, a still, small voice.

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