Sidor som bilder
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....cast

bought.

cast ......caught...

....chid. .....chose..

...cleaved, clave. ..clove, cleft. ..clung ..clothed.

came cost crew,

R ..crept

..cut..

Present. Bring Build. Burn Burst Buy. Cast Catch Chide Choose Cleave Cleave Cling Clothe. Come Cost Crow Creep Cut Dare Deal Dig Do.. Draw Dream Drive Drink Dwell Eat Fall. Feed Feel Fight Find Flee. Fling Fly Forbear Forget Forsake Freeze Get Gild Gird Give. Go... Grave... Grind.. Grow Have Hang Hear. Heave.

.durst, R.. .dealt.. .dug, R.. .did....

drew .... .dreamt, r

drove ..drank .dwelt, R. .ate, eat.

fell
fed
felt..
fought..
found

.caught chidden, chid ..chosen

..cleaved .... cloven, cleft ....clung

.clad, R come cost crowed .crept ..cut .dared .dealt .dug, R .. done .drawn .dreamt, R .driven .drank, drunk ..dwelt, R .. eaten ..fallen .fed . felt . fought found .fled .Aung flown . forborne forgotten . forsaken .frozen ·got, gotten gilt, R .girt, R .given ·gone · graven, graved .ground grown

fied..

flung

flew ..forbore. .forgot, forgat . forsook ..froze..

got, gat..

.gilt, R.. ....girt, R.

...gave. ....went.

..graved
...ground.

grew
had..
..hung.
... heard
.hove, R.

had

.hung. .heard .. hoven, B

Present.
Hew..
Hide
Hit..
Hold
Hurt
Keep.
Kneel.
Knit
Know
Lade.
Lay:
Lead,
Leave
Lend.
Let...
Lie.
Light
Loose.
Make.
Mean.
Meet..
Mow.
Pay.
Put....
Quit.
Read.

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Rend.....

...rent

..rid

Rid.. Ride Ring Rise. Rive.,

.... risen

..rode. ..rang, rung

. rose ...rived

.rotted .ran, run. ..sawed

Rot

riven, rived rotten, R

unין.

Run.
Saw
Say
See.
Seek.

..said....

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saw .sought. .sold

Sell....

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....sent ...set.

Send Set.. Shake Shape Shave Shear. Shed. Shine Show Shoe. Shoot Shrink Shred

..shook. ..shaped ..shaved ..sheared, R ...shed.. ....shone, R ...

..showed

..seen

.sought ...sold

..sent ...set .. shaken ..shapen, R ...shaven, R ...shorn, sheared ...shed

..shone, a ..shown, showed ..shod ..shot ..shrunk .. shred

....shod

..shot.. ..shrunk,

shred.....

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Present. Shut. Sing. Sink. Sit.. Slay Sleep. Slide Sling Slink. Slit. Smite. Sow. Speak Speed. Spell.. Spend Spill. Spin Spit... Split.. Spread Spring Stand.. Steal Stick. Sting Stride. Strike String Strive Strow, strew Swear Sweat.... Sweep. Swell Swim. Swung. Take. Teach. Tear Tell.. Think. Thrive. Throw.. Thrust

.sat .slew sept ..slid sung • .slunk.. .sut, R. smote

Jwed
.spoke, spake.

& ed... .spelt, R..

Sent. .spilt.

sran.. .spit, spat. .snit.. .spread. .sprung, sprang. food stole .stick.

stung. .strode, strid. ..struck.... .. strung. . Strove strowed, strewed.

Swore .sweat, R.... .Iwept

swelled .Lwum, swam . swung.

Past Part.
..shut
sung
sunk

sat
..slain
..slept
..slidden, slid

.slung ..slunk .slit, r smitten, smit sown, R .spoken .sped .spelt . spent .spilt .spun ..spit .split .spreau sprung stood .stolen .stuck .stung .stridden .struck, stricken . strung

striven ...strown, strewn, e ...sworn ..sweat .swept .swollen, R ...Swum .swung

taken
. taught

torn
..told
.thought
..thriven
.thrown
.. thrust
: trodden, trod
waxen, R
worn
woven, wove
wept
wet
won

took ...

t'ught.

tore....

..qld..

thought. .Inrived, throve. .threw ..thrust. ..tad.

Tread ....

waxed ....

Wax Wear Weave Weep. Wet Win.

more.. wove. wept.

wet............. ..., WON........

wound

wrote

Present.
Past.

Past Part.
Wind

wound...
Work

worked, wrought. worked, wrought
Wring
wrung, R...

..wrung, R
Write

written, writ OBS. 1.--Words in the above list marked R, are sometimes used as Regular Verbs. Those written in Italics are not much used by modern writers.

Obs. 2.-A Verb often has a Preposition or other prefix placed before it; the Conjugation, however, remains the same.

EXAMPLES
Take..
..took ..

..taken.
Mistake,
..mistook.

.. mistaken.
Overtake...

overtook..

..overtaken. Rem.—The class should repeat this list in concert-prefixing to each verb one of the Personal Pronouns. For the Third Person a Noun nay be used-thus:

I write ..... ..I wrote ..I have written. ..having written. You tread.

· you have trod.

..having trod. He sweeps.

..he has swept.

. having swept. John does. ..John did.... ...John has done.

...having done. Men sit.

....men sat. men have sat. .having sat. Some hear .....some heard....some are heard....

..having heard. They see....... .they saw... .they are seen.. .. being seen. To the Transitive Verbs, Objects may be attached—thus: We saw wood... we sawed wood...... we have sawn wood. Birds build nests ......birds built nests ..... .birds have built nests.

Other variations in these concert exercises may be profitable-such as placing the words now, to-day, &c., after the Present--yesterday, &c., after the Past Tense-and heretofore, recently, &c., after the Prior Present. ThusI begin to-day..... I began yesterday.....I have begun recently. The wind blows now.. the wind blew then.... the wind has blown often.

· you trod.

..he swept.

UNIPERSONAL VERBS. Def. 98. A Verb used only as the predicate of the Indefinite Pronoun“ it,” is called

A Unipersonal Verb.

EXAMPLES
It snows,

It becomes,
It rains,

It behoves,
It seems,

It is evident.
Methinks is an anomalous form of the verb think.

.

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ADVERBS.

Rem. -As actions are modified by circumstances, and as qualities vary in degree, so words expressing actions, and words denoting qualities, are modified by other words, denoting time, place, degree, manner, cause, foc. Hence,

Def. 99. A word used to modify the signification of a Verb, an Adjective, or another modifier, is

An Adverb: Obs. 1.--Adverbs are of great utility in rendering the language concise and spirited. They are commonly substituted for Phrases.

EXAMPLES.

for ....

“Brilliantly” for...." With a brilliant appearance.”
“Solemnly" for In a solemn manner.”
“ Vainly"

“In a vain attempt.”
“ Here”

.for. " In this place."
" Now”.

for...." At this time.”
Brilliantly the glassy waters mirror back his smiles.”
"Solemnly he took the earthly state."
Vainly we offer each ample oblation.”

Here sleeps he now." Obs. 2.- An Adverb is often used as a representative for the sentence or phrase to which it belongs. EXAMPLES—" While there we visited the Prison.”

" While we were at Auburn we visited the Prison."
“ Since then we have been friends."

“Since that time we have been friends." Obs. 3.-An Adverb often modifies a Phrase. EXAMPLES—We went almost to Boston.

Wilkes sailed quite AROUND THE WORLD.

Engraved expressly FOR THE Ladies' GARLAND.OBS. 4.-Adverbs may consist of Words, Phrases, and Sentences.

1. A Word–The very best men sometimes commit faults. 2. A Phrase"In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth." 3. A Sentence—" They kneeled before they fought.Note.--Some Sentences are properly Adverbial, when they perform the office of an Adverb--although in strict construction, they may be Principas Sentences.

There comes, methinks, amid the deafʼning roar, a still, small voice. Equivalent—there comes, apparently, a still, small voice.

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