The Literary and Scientific Class Book: Embracing the Leading Facts and Principles of Science. Illustrated by Engravings, with Many Difficult Words Explained at the Heads of the Lessons, and Questions Annexed for Examination; Designed as Exercises for the Reading and Study of the Higher Classes in Common Schools. Selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and Scientific Class Book, and from Verious Other Sources, and Adapted to the Wants and Condition of Youth in the United States

Framsida
J. & J.W. Prentiss, 1830 - 320 sidor
 

Så tycker andra - Skriv en recension

Vi kunde inte hitta några recensioner.

Innehåll

Compound Motion The Pendulum
19
Mechanical Powers The Lever
20
The Pulley Wheel and Axle and Inclined Plane
21
The Wedge and Screw Friction
44
The Laws of Fluids Pressure of Fluids
47
Specific Gravity of Bodies Archimedes
50
Hydraulics Syphon Common Pump Forcing Pump
53
The Diving Bell and Steam Engine
54
Nature and Properties of Air The Air Pump
56
The Barometer Uses of 29 Sound Velocity of Sound Echo
61
Nature of Musical Sounds Musical Barometer
64
Different kinds of Lenses Burning Glass
69
Mirrors Convex Reflectors
72
Colours The Prism
73
The Rainbow Halo and Parhelia
75
Structure of the Eye Angle of Vision 37 Optical Instruments Spectacles Microscop 38 Microscopic Discoveries
83
The Telescope and Telegraph
86
Astronomy Progress of this Science 41 The Solar System Galileo
91
The Sun a magnificent habitable globe 43 Mercury and Venus
95
The Earth Ecliptic and Zodiac Celestial Lati tude and Longitude
98
Day and Night causes of
100
Changes of the Seasons
102
The Moon Harvest Moon
104
The Tides explanation of
107
Eclipses of the Moon and Sun
108
Mars Vesta Juno Pallas and Ceres
111
Jupiter his Belts Satellites c
113
Saturn and Uranus Saturns Ring
114
Comets Pope Callixtus
117
The Constellations Hymn to the North Star
119
Forms and Divisions of Time Equation of Time
122
The Planetary System
125
Chemistry Importance and Use of
127
General Principles of Chemistry Chemical Af finity
128
Caloric Thermometer 61 Atmospheric Air Composition of Oxygen Nitro gen
133
Water Composition of Hydrogen Gas
135
The Earths and Alkalies Uses of Lime
137
Acids and Salts Mountains of Salt
140
Magnetical Experiments Amusing Deceptions
164
Aërostation Air Balloons Parachute Death of Rozier
168
Natural Historyits Objects
169
Mineralogy Characters of Minerals
173
Classification of Minerals The Diamond
174
Gold its remarkable ductility
176
Silver and Mercury Plating with Silver Quick silver Mine
178
Copper and Lead Brass White Lead
180
Iron and Tin Importance of Iron Use of Tin Pewter
183
Study of Geologyits objects and uses
185
Geology Stratification Sacred History confirmed
186
Relative Situation of Rocks Decomposition of Rocks
189
Biographical Sketch of Linnæus
191
Study of Botany a Source of Mental Improve ment
194
Texture of Vegetables Bark Wood Pith Age of Trees 196 89 Sap and Secretions Flowing of the Sap Sugar
198
Process of Vegetation
200
Roots Stems Buds and Leaves Effect of Light upon Plants
204
Flower and Fruit
205
Classification of Vegetables its Importance and Use
207
Flowers Insects in Flowers
210
Animal Kingdom Study of Zoology advanta geous to the Young
212
First Class of Animals Mammalia Orders of
213
Birdstheir Division into Orders Moulting
217
Reptiles and Fishes Electrical Fishes
219
Structure and Transformation of Insects
221
Orders of Insects The Gossamer
225
Crustaceous and Molluscous Animals Shells
228
Property unequal Distribution of
235
Moneyits abundance not the cause but the con
242
Constitution of the United States Sketch of
248
Ages
257
Structure of the Ear
264
Sculpture Statuary Casting in Plaster of Paris
270
Account of the Principal Heathen Goddesses
278
130
281
Art of Making Pins
284
Optics Reflection and Refraction of Light 60
295

Andra upplagor - Visa alla

Vanliga ord och fraser

Populära avsnitt

Sida 272 - TO him who in the love of nature holds Communion with her visible forms, she speaks A various language; for his gayer hours She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty, and she glides Into his darker musings, with a mild And healing sympathy, that steals away Their sharpness, ere he is aware.
Sida 272 - A man of a polite imagination is let into a great many pleasures that the vulgar are not capable of receiving. He can converse with a picture, and find an agreeable companion in a statue. He meets with a secret refreshment in a description, and often feels a greater satisfaction in the prospect of fields and meadows, than another does in the possession.
Sida 274 - THESE, as they change, ALMIGHTY FATHER, these Are but the varied God. The rolling year Is full of THEE. Forth in the pleasing Spring THY beauty walks, THY tenderness and love. Wide flush the fields ; the softening air is balm ; Echo the mountains round ; the forest smiles ; And every sense, and every heart is joy. Then comes THY glory in the Summer months, With light and heat refulgent. Then THY sun...
Sida 77 - O'er mountain, tower, and town, Or, mirrored in the ocean vast, A thousand fathoms down ! As fresh in yon horizon dark, As young thy beauties seem. As when the eagle from the ark First sported in thy beam. For, faithful to its sacred page, Heaven still rebuilds thy span • Nor lets the type grow pale with age That first spoke peace to man.
Sida 76 - And yet, fair bow, no fabling dreams, But words of the Most High, Have told why first thy robe of beams Was woven in the sky.
Sida 20 - The world is full of poetry — the air Is living with its spirit ; and the waves Dance to the music of its melodies, And sparkle in its brightness. Earth is veiled, And mantled with its beauty; and the walls That close the universe with crystal in, Are eloquent with voices, that proclaim The unseen glories of immensity, In harmonies, too perfect, and too high, For aught but beings of celestial mould, And speak to man in one eternal hymn, Unfading beauty, and unyielding power.
Sida 55 - ... stupendous alike for its force and its flexibility, — for the prodigious power which it can exert, and the ease, and precision, and ductility, with which it can be varied, distributed, and applied. The trunk of an elephant, that can pick up a pin, or rend an oak, is as nothing to it.
Sida 121 - Day, too, hath many a star To grace his gorgeous reign, as bright as they : Through the blue fields afar, Unseen, they follow in his flaming way : Many a bright lingerer, as the eve grows dim, Tells what a radiant troop arose and set with him.
Sida 251 - As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; Men, who their duties know, But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain...
Sida 122 - ... gaze, And steers, undoubting, to the friendly coast ; And they who stray in perilous wastes, by night, Are glad when thou dost shine to guide their footsteps right. And, therefore, bards of old, Sages, and hermits of the solemn wood, Did in thy beams behold A beauteous type of that unchanging good, That bright eternal beacon, by whose ray The voyager of time should shape his heedful way.

Bibliografisk information