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burnt the fat, and the two kidnies, with the caul, upon the altar. The flesh of the bullock, bis skin and dung, were burnt with fire without the camp. This sacrifice was a figure of Christ, as substituted in the room and stead of bis people. Aaron and his sous laying or putting on their hands on the head of the bullock, was in effect laying their sin thereon; it pointed out the Lord's laying on Christ the iniquities of us all. The killing the bullock before the Lord was expressive of the violence of Christ's death, and also that it was by divine appointment. The blood put upon the horns of the altar, pointed out the blood of Christ as the only reinedy for purging away sin, and that it affords an effectual plea for us before God, and when applied by the Spirit of God unto our minds, speaks and proclaims peace. The pouring all the blood at the bottoin of the altar, shewed how Christ would pour out his soul unto death, and thereby obtain eternal redemption for us. The burning the inwards, fat, and kidnies on the altar, shewed how the heart and inward feelings and affections of his soul, were towards his people, and how he would have his whole soul engaged in offering up himself as a sacrifice for sin. The remaining part of the sin-offering, with its skin, and dung, carried forth and burnt without the camp, shewed how Christ would suffer without the gate; it was also expressive of his dolors and smart, with the contempt which would be cast on him in his sufferings. This sin-offering, though its blood was not carried within the vail, yet Aaron and his sons eat not of it, to shew they could make no atonement for their own sin, but must look to Christ alone, and rest on him as their true and only sacrifice and propitiation. This sin-offering pointed out Christ, who was made sin for us, though he himself knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

This sacrifice being offered, Moses, who was at Aaron's consecration the officiating priest, took the ram, and Aaron and his sons put their hands on the head of it. This shewed that the animal was substituted in their room and stead. It was a figure of Christ, who took the place of his people, and became their sacrifice for sin. They laid their hands on its head, to point out how their sins were in a figure transferred from them to the sacrifice. The animal was slain, its blood sprinkled round about the altar; it was cut into pieces; the inwards and legs were washed; then it was so laid on the altar as to figure out Christ upon the cross; it was burnt with fire upon the altar. This was the burnt-offering, so called, because wholly consumed by fire. A figure of Christ, as made a curse, and sustaining the wrath of his divine Father, due to the sins of his church and people. The washing the sacrifice, denoted the immaculate purity of Christ's oblation. It being cut into its parts, shewed how every faculty, sense, and member of Christ's soul and body, endured the whole curse and punishment due to sin. The sprinkling the blood round about the altar, pointed out the reconciliation and sanctification of all the elect by the blood of Christ; and also that the Godhead of Christ, which bore up his humanity, when he made his soul an offering for sin, gave everlasting virtue to his most precious blood-shedding, so that it cleanseth from all sin. The sacrifice being a sweet savour unto the Lord, shewed the fragrancy and odour of the sacrifice of Immanuel, which would be offered in the flames of everlasting love, to satisfy the Father's law and justice. This being finished, Moses brought the other ram, and this was the offering for consecration; Aaron and his sons put their hands on the head of it; then Moses killed it, and took of its blood, and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkled the blood upon the altar round about.' Then he took the blood which had been placed on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkled it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon

garments; and thus they and their garments were hallowed.


This was the sacrifice of the ram of consecration; its blood thus put on the ears, toes, and thumbs of Aaron and his sons, and put by command on their right ones, pointed out the cleansing and sanctifying these members, which were instead of the whole body, to the service of God. The ear was sanctified to hear the word of God; the' hand, that their work and administration of God's service, might be acceptable unto the Lord; the foot, to denote that their conversation ought to be such as becometh the gospel of Christ; the sacrificial blood, taken from the altar, pointed out Christ, whose Godhead gives an infinite virtue and efficacy to his most precious blood-shedding : this blood with oil mixed with it, and sprinkled on Aaron's and his sons' garments, pointed out that these persons and their garments could be completely sanctified only by the blood and death of Christ, and the grace of the Holy Ghost.

After this was finished, then Moses took some parts of the ram of consecration, viz. the breast and shoulder, with one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread, these he put into the hands of Aaron and his sons, and they waved and heaved them before the Lord. The waveoffering, or moving these offerings to and fro round about, signified, as Ainsworth thinks, the trials and afflictions of God's ministring servants. sin, which is clearly and fully expressed in these words, in the fortieth psalm,“ Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire-mine ears hast thou opened; burnt-offerings and sin-offerings hast thou not required. Then said I,--LO! 1 come: in the volume of the book it is written of me. I delight to do thy will, O! my God; yea, thy law is within my heart."

Our Lord Jesus Christ, according to his cové nant engagements with his co-equal Father, became incarnate, and freely substituted himself in the room of the law sacrifices, and answered the whole end, and fulfilled the whole design of them, by purging away sin by the oblation of his body and soul, in union with his divine person, and thus he removed sin out of the sight of God, and before bim, and from his people, so that they are freed from the imputation of it. The psalmist expresses the perfection of our Lord's removing sin thus ; " As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us,” Psalm ciji. 12.

All the sacrifices were memorials of Christ's oblation, as well as this. The one offering of Immanuel, was the ground and foundation of them. His was the substance, these were the shadows; but his was so infinitely perfect, that the virtue and efficacy of it, could not be fully conceived by one sacrifice; therefore burntofferings, sin-offerings, peace-offerings, meat and

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