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those that the prophet Ezekiel saw, and were designed to answer the same purpose with the model of them in the tabernacle and temple, which appears to have been so well known in Moses's time, that the workmen made them without any direction, except that they were to be beaten out of the same piece of gold whereof the propitiatory, or mercy-seat, was made.
How long the exhibition of the divine glory in the cherubims set up at the east of Eden was continued, one cannot say, but it is most probable the copies of them were made, and kept by the ancient believers, hence their figure and uses were so well known, that Moses only receives a command to make them,
As the tabernacle represented Christ's body, so the sacrifices were memorials of his blood, sbedding and death.
Out of the tabernacle, from the mercy-seat between the cherubims, in the holy of holies, the Lord spake to Moses, concerping the ordinances of sacrifices and services, which it was his will and good pleasure that his church, under the old testament dispensation, should attend upto. This chapter informs us, that the Lord called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle, saying, " Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, if any man of you. bring an offering unto the Lord, ye shall offer your offering of the cattle, even of the herd and
of the flock." It was the Lord alone who could prescribe the offerings he would be pleased with; as they were wholly of his appointment, so they were most exactly suited to express and answer the particular end designed. The lambs and sbeep, the bulls and goats, the doves and pigeons, the meat and drink-offerings, the burnt-offerings, the sin-offerings, the peace-offerings, the trespass-offerings, the anniversary-offerings, the freewill-offerings, the consecrations, the sacrifices and services on the great day of atonement, were all most divinely and properly siguificant and expressive of Christ, and his complete and all-sufficient sacrifice.
It was Jehovah Jesus who spake to Moses out of the tabernacle. The voice came from the holy of holies, from between the cherubims, who covered the mercy-seat. This pointed out God as reconciled upon the view and consideration of the propitiation Christ was to make by the offering of himself in the fulness of time. God speaks to his church by his Son; he, as Mediator, is the Father's way to us, and our way of access to him.
Moses was a type of Christ. He received all God's commands concerning divine ordinances; and Christ received the whole of his office, and the commands and ordinances he was to deliver to his church, as the great Head and
Mediator thereof, from his Father. The Lord speaking to Moses, verse 3, says, “ If his offering be a burnt-offering of the herd, let him offer it a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord.” The burnt-offering was so called because it was wholly consumed by fire. It was very expressive of the wrath of God, comparable to fire falling on Christ, our surety, who was made a curse for us. The sacrifices were all of them to be withoạt blemish, to point out the purity of our Lord's person and oblation. The sacrifice mentioned in the text before us was to be a male, pointing out Messiah's sex; it was to be a voluntary offering. The will of the offerer was to be in it. This shewed how the will of Christ would be in the whole of his mediatorial and sacrificial work ; it was the good pleasure of his will; his very heart and soul were in it, to become a sinoffering for his people; it was to be offered before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to shew that Christ's sacrifice was of the Lord's ordaiping, the one public atonement for the whole church of God.
Verse 4. “And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering : and it shall be accepted for him, to make an atonement for him.” The offerer laying bis hand on the head of the
burnt-offering, was expressive of his sin being put thereon. The acceptance of the offering, shewed how Christ would substitute himself in the room and stead of his people, and make his soul an offering for sin. Its being wholly cotisumed by fire, shewed how perfectly sin would be abolished by Christ.
Verse 5. "And he shall kill the bullock before the Lord: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar, that is, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation." A bul: lock being a strong animal, served to shadow forth the strength of Christ to bear the sins of all his people, and also the fire of divine wrath. Its being killed before the Lord, was to point out the violence of Christ's death; and also that it was pre-ordained of God. The blood being sprinkled round about the altar, pointed out from whence the blood of Christ received its efficacy; namely, from his eternal Godhead, the altar which sanctified the offering of his man. hood. Its being done publicly by the priest, pointed out the application of it by our Lord, who sends his Spirit with his word to reveal and make known the virtue and efficacy of it to the souls of such as are brought to feel their need thereof.
Verse 6. “ And he shall-slay the burnt-offering, and cut it into its pieces.” Thus there was
hereby a solemn exhibition of the sufferings of our Lord Jesus Christ. And thus being come to my text, contained in verses 7, 8, and 9, I will read it, and then proceed to preach and explain it. “ And the sons of Aaron, the priest, shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire. And the priests, Aaron's sous, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood, that is, upon the fire which is upon the altar. But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire of a sweet savour unto the Lord.”
In discoursing on these words, I will endeavour to shew how all these services, and sacrificial actions, as also the sacrifices, were memorials of Christ, and his sufferings and salvation.
In the prosecution of my design, I will, first, speak of the burnt-offering, as a memorial of Christ's oblation,
Secondly, I will explain the services and sacrificial actions, and shew how Christ was thereby set forth as crucified.
Thirdly, that the sacrifice of the burnt-offering was a sweet savour unto the Lord.
I propose, first, to speak of the burnt-offering as a memorial of Christ's oblation.