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stress, and under the present Admonitions of Pro-' a vidence, to separate what they have of their own

paternal Inheritance, from what they have gotten I unjustly by the Church, and to restore to the

Church, or to the Poor, what they have so long used as their own, contrary to the express Laws of Christianity. If the present Clergy of London, as Bishop Sherlock, like a Christian Bishop, charges upon them, Letter, Pag. 12, 13. are to awaken the

People, to call them from the Lethargy, in which . they have too long lived, and make them see

their own Danger, to speak to them to persuade them, as knowing the Terror of the Lord

to speak to their Hearts and Consciences, with • such Plainness, as becomes the Ministers of the

Gospel, to tell them, in Season and out of Season, • that unless they repent they must perish.' With what Advantage may all this be done, if once the Bishop himself, and the rest of his Brethren and superior Clergy, many of which reside in great Part in his Diocese, in the same City of London, will heartily comply with this well-meant Admonition? Which I earnestly beg they will not take

ampiss at my Hands. And on the contrary, how e Night and


will all these Exhortations appear among the Laity, if it be rejected? And so much shall fuffice for an Account of those heavy Enormities, which now lie upon us, as Breaches of the everlasting Covenant of God, or the Ten Commandments.

But now, it may not be improper to enquire here, what are those particular Judgment, which N 2


the foregoing Signs suppose to be foon, very foods coming upon the Jews and Christians at least, if not on the rest of the World also? And which the horrid Crimes already specified most juftly deserve. And 'tis the more necessary for me to specify them, as far as I am able, because I have not observed, that among the terrible Threatnings or Denunciations in the Prophecies relating to these Times, and appearing above, even such as are to destroy the Wicked, that is the greatest Part of Mankind, I have not taken Notice, that the particular Sorts of those Judgments are distinctly mention'd. And because in my Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, of Jan. 23d, 1747-8, already set down, Pag. 405, 406, 407. I intimated my Knowledge, of at least some of them, in the Words following: . If our thirteen Times in a Year • cursing the Eufebians or Primitive Christi• ans, by publick Authority in the Athanafian « Creed, were once corrected, our Manners in · Court and Country throughly amended, and

our Prayers, on all such Occasions, were more so• lemn and serious than they now are, we might

hope that God Almighty would pity us, and our

poor dumb Creatures, and procure both them a < Release from this Distemper, and ourselves a De« liverance from the Effects of it, and from those • other great and amazing Judgments, which I

fully and suddenly expect as a Consequence of « what is already begun ; and this upon the most « authentick Evidence ; [I meant of Scripture Propbecies.']


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Now as to that particular Judgment, I mean the Murrain, upon the horn's Cattle, which this Letter was especially concern'd about; we know that all which has been done by the Publick of a religious Nature, has been the bare ordering a single Col. lect to be added within the Bills of Mortality, in the publick Worship, without any farther Attempt for a through Reformation in the other Instances there mention'd. And that this is in Reality, One of those Judgments intended by God Almighty, at this critical Time, appears by its large Spreading, and long Continuance, notwithstanding all the medical and political Means for its Stopage, made Use of till this very Day. · Nay, by its still spreading farther and farther, in some Places, at this very Time. But that Almighty God has not been satisfied with that poor and mean Thing, of the Addition of a single Collect, is evident, not only by this spreading of the Contagion ever since it has been used, but by the latest. Storms and Earthquakes as Signals of the Divine Displeasure, continuing against us, particularly in or near Italy, and in England, and its Plantations, and the Borders of France and Spain ; which Countries have been greatly subject of late to those terrible Judgments. And indeed, the Crimes above-mention'd are vastly too great to be aton'd after sogrilling a Manner. Shall I not visit for these Things, faith the Lord? Shall not my Soul be avenged on such a Nation as this? [Jer. V, 29.) Nay, when these two latest Earthquakes had greatly alarm'd the Citizens of London, and requir'd the most importunate and


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solemn Prayers and Humiliations; I hear not that 10 the Publick has done any Thing more, when somewhat was to be done for Form's Sake, than h the Appointment of that single, tho' very good Collect, to be used in Lent only, through that City and within the Bills of Mortality, but no farther ; surely, this is affronting God Almighty, instead of propitiating him, and appeasing his Anger, which is for certain very great already, and if not regarded, will for certain be much greater against us. As I know the Diffenters in general have long had weekly an appointed Place and Time of publick Supplication at London, on Purpose to deprecate the Displeasure of Almighty God, as to the Murrain among the Cattle; and in which, they do not now forget the Earthquakes and other Marks of God's Anger against

so I reckon this Murrain among the Cattle as the first of those terrible Judgments already come upon us, and upon Europe, for our heinous Offences. The Hand of the Lord has certainly been upon the horned Part of our Cattle, [Exod. ix. 3.] as it was upon the Horses, and upon the Afes, upon the Camels, upon the Oxen, and upon the Sheep, in the Days of Pharoah King of Egypt, even a very grievous Murrain. However, Pharoah's Heart, (v. 7.] like that of many of ours, espe , cially of our Courtiers now, was harden'd, and did not let the People of Israel go. Whether, if we still harden our Hearts under our present partial Murrain, we may not thereby provoke God to make it universal as to the other Cattle ; nay, as to a Plague

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on ourselves also, will deserve to be feriously consider'd by us. · For if we do, in the Words of Bi

shop Sherlock, [Serm. Pag. 5.] ever fall into • such a Condition as to call down such Judgments ! on our Heads, who can deliver us from the Hand • of the living God?'

The second of those Judgments, I efteem the Locusts, twice mention`d as such a Judgment in Deuteronomy; [Deut. xxviii. 38, 42.] which Locusts, as they have more than once ravaged many Parts of Germany and Poland of late, so may they, it is to be fear'd, come over to us in England if not this Year, yet in some Year foon after it. Now, whereever they come, they will do still, in some Degree, as they did of old in Egypt, in a greater ; I mean they will cover the Face of the Earth, that one can. not be able to see the Earth; and they will eat the Residue of that wbich is escaped, which remaineth and will eat every Tree which groweth for us out of ibe Field. [Exod. x. 5.] - And as the Locusts went up of old over all the Lands of Egypt, and rested on all the Coasts of Egypt, very grievous were they, [v. 14, 15.] as they cover'd the Face of the wbole Earth; fo that the Land was darken'd, and they did eat every Herb of the Land, and all the Fruit of the Trees, which was left, and tbere remain'd not any green Thing in the Trees, or in the Herb of the Field, tbro' all the Land of Egypt; so will they be with us, if they come hither. Nor is it unworthy of our Notice, that when God was pleased to describe the four barbarous and tyrannical Monarchies, by the Prophet foel; under four fmall Animals, as he had

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