The Judicial Reform Act: Hearings, Ninety-first Congress, First Session. June 2 and 4, 1969

Considers S. 1506 and ten related bills, to reform the administrative mechanisms of the Judiciary and to establish a permanent Commission on Judicial Disabilities and Tenure. Focuses on constitutional problems of providing mechanisms for judicial self-review.

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Sida 228 - Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the Constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consistent with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, are constitutional.
Sida 228 - ... on this account, their plan would have been inexcusably defective, if it had wanted this important feature of good government. The experience of Great Britain affords an illustrious comment on the excellence of the institution.
Sida 36 - ... personally and substantially as a Government officer or employee, through decision, approval, disapproval, recommendation, the rendering of advice, investigation, or otherwise, in a judicial or other proceeding, application, request for a ruling or other determination, contract, claim, controversy, charge, accusation, arrest, or other particular matter in which, to his knowledge, he, his spouse, minor child...
Sida 227 - ... disqualified for holding any other. This is the only provision on the point, which is consistent with the necessary independence of the judicial character ; and is the only one which we find in our own constitution in respect to our own judges.
Sida 228 - If then the courts of justice are to be considered as the bulwarks of a limited constitution, against legislative encroachments, this consideration will afford a strong argument for the permanent tenure of judicial offices, since nothing will contribute so much as this to that independent spirit in the judges, which must be essential to the faithful performance of so arduous a duty.
Sida 97 - ... particular matter in which, to his knowledge, he, his spouse, minor child, partner, organization in which he Is serving as officer, director, trustee, partner or employee. or any person or organization with whom he is negotiating or has any arrangement concerning prospective employment, has a financial interest — Shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.
Sida 237 - ... wilful misconduct in office, wilful and persistent failure to perform his duties, habitual intemperance, or conduct prejudicial to the administration of justice that brings the judicial office into disrepute.
Sida 223 - If any person or persons shall, directly or indirectly, give any sum or sums of money, or any other bribe, present or reward, or any promise, contract, obligation or security, for the payment or delivery of any money, present...
Sida 182 - Impeachment, of which an account has already been given, is the heaviest piece of artillery in the congressional arsenal, but because it is so heavy it is unfit for ordinary use. It is like a hundred-ton gun which needs complex machinery to bring it into position, an enormous charge of powder to fire it, and a large mark to aim at.
Sida 184 - Made responsible under the Constitution for the effective enforcement of the law, the President needs as an indispensable aid to meet it the disciplinary influence upon those who act under him of a reserve power of removal.

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