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appearance of supplication is dropped, and the style of thanksgiving is adopted, do we hear the lively and natural tones of that genuine gratitude which grows upon genuine humility, ani which receives a bigher animation from the suppressed desire of yet further benefits? Rather, is not Antinomian thanksgiving, with the change of some terms, very much the vapid" Lord I “thank thee," of the complacent Pharisee? In truth, if the bending knee still mocks the Majesty of Heaven, the only sentiment which survives the blasting of this miserable delusion, is this gratulation : “I am not as other men."
There are not wanting, however, altogether consistent professors of Antinomianism. In the day in which we live, there are to be found men, who, pretending to receive the Bible under the character to which it lays claims, in the face of injunctions, directions, encouragements, examples, a thousand times repeated, centering in this conclusion, that “men ought always to pray " and not to faint,” openly avow their having cast off the fear of God's most holy word and “ restrained prayer before him," announcing that they have attained to a state beyond the need of prayer, or the other appointed means of grace. We would not have it imagined that we are such novices in the history of human nature, as to think of addressing the language of expostulation to the unhappy individuals who have advanced to this stage of terrific impiety; or that we imagine any thing previous to the tremendous revelations of the world to come, is likely to awaken them from the infatuation to which they are abandoned. But, in these perilous times, many simple souls, to whom prayer is yet precious, are in extreme danger of being led away by the error of the wicked. They would not, we are confident, against all the delights of time, exchange one happy closet hour; let them then pause and contemplate the end of that course upon which they have perhaps already made some steps. They may imagine they shall never proceed to this extreme; but let them inquire if they cannot even now trace in their incipient initiation, a tendency to the same result. Has not the unqualified, unconstrained surrendering of the soul to the current of holy desire, already yielded in some degree to a counteracting influence ? Has not, at times, the sudden recollection of their new principles fallen upon the heart, like the very hand of Death ? May they not find room for regret, in looking down from that cold, silent, giddy height to which these principles would conduct them, upon the plain below? There they have left all the warmth of their feelings, all their child-like simplicity and humbleness of mind, all their genuine comfort, all the happy opportunities of shewing forth the love of their hearts. There is the Tabernacle of the Lord; there, the Mercy Seat; there, the Ark of the Testimony. From this elevation, indeed, they fancy
they can scan all the valley through, even to the bounds of the Everlasting Hills: but was it not better with them when they were content to follow the leadings of the Cloud by day, and of the Fire by night?
We must advert to one other point in which the Antinomian System exhibits the uniformity of its construction with the view of withdrawing the mind from the direct line of genuine sentiment, evading the sense of responsibility, and securing a state of selfish abstraction. We refer to the view which it gives of the condition of unregenerate men, and the conduct incumbent upon Christians as the lights of the world.
Even were the Christian altogether exempt from the inquietudes that spring out of his own evil heart, and were be able at all times to rejoice in an unclouded assurance, so long as he lives in an ungodly world, he must, like his Divine Master, be a man of sorrows. Can be look round with composure upon the sharers with bimself in sin and immortality, who are living without hope, and without God in the world? Can be bless himself, and rest in bis own security? No; apathy, selfishness, and unnatural abstraction, are not the foundations of that Peace which the Lord bequeathed to his followers. Besides, He who declares that “ He has no pleasure in the death of the wicked, “ but that the wicked turn from his way, and live," has charged his servants, to the extent of their opportunities, with the immortal interests of those who care not for themselves. But independently of his responsibility, the Christian loves his fellow men. As Christ loved sinners, and died for them, so he, in his degree, loves sinners, and is ready to expend the mite of his personal ease, so that he might by any means save some. These, we are bold to say, are Scriptural sentiments. Thus Paul felt, thus he acted. That he might announce Redemption to as many as were afar off, he dragged a body enfeebled by toil, privation, and tortures, again and again, from boundary to boundary of the Roman world. If a systematized theology which checks the energies, mocks at meaos, neutralizes the sense of responsibility, and quenches the compassions of the soul, is a good thing, it is unquestionably one in which Paul was deficient; it must be reckoned among the number of those perfections to which he did not count himself to have attained. But Paul was a Man; he had a heart, and a tongue; he had hands, and feet. His knowledge in the mystery of Christ, his abundant revelations, taught him nothing that could abate the ardour with which he prosecuted the end through the means. How perfectly unlike was he to the ghastly apparition which affrights us at once by its likeness to humanity, and by its insubordination to the laws of this lower world !
It is a case, not, we believe, of very rare occurrence, for men
whose hearts are warmed with a truly apostolic zeal for the salvation of their fellow men, to suffer much in their comfort, consistency, and usefulness, from the influence of ill-directed attempts to bring the free, frank, unsolicitous character of revealed truth, under the training of scientific forms. Such persons are in part to be pitied, in as much as they are perfectly well-intentioned : but they are also to be blamed. Why do they not commence with the principle, that there must be a fallacy, however it may elude the grasp of their understandings, in that reasoning which induces feelings, and tends to practices, which are in manifest contrariety to the feelings and practices of the Apostles ? But neither this pity, nor this blame, belongs to the thorough Antinomian. While the unsophisticated Christian is ready to wish bimself “ accursed from Christ" for the sake of his brethren of mankind, and while the honest, but mistaken theorist, is distracted by meeting on every side some perplexing and preposterous consequence of his crude assunptions, rending his system if he moves, and reading his conscience if he rests, the Antinomian suffers under no embarrassment, he betrays no hesitation, he is disturbed by no compunctions. In having severed himself from all conceroment with his own real interests, be is of course removed from all contact of causation with the well being of others. He is his own universe; and that universe is contained in the compass of a point, even in an invariable and indivisible perception of the mind.
Now let the reader observe, under its deterinined consistency of aim, the complete doctrinal incoherence of Antinomianism in this matter. That the believer may be effectually relieved from all burden, care, responsibility, endeavour, or regret, on the score of the unbelieving world, except just so much of either as it may please him freely to resume, he is taught to hold, that moral obligation is co-extensive with moral ability; in other words, that man is bound, just so far as he wills; that he alone is obliged to holiness, who is willing to be holy; and its corpanion maxim, The more wicked, the less guilty. If we overJook the ahsurdity and impiety of asserting condemnation without obligation, this doctrine so far answers, completely its end, in nullifying the reason of suasive means, and in destroying horror at sin, and active pity towards the persons of sinners. But the terms of this doctrine are susceptible of no imaginable explications ; indeed, they mean really nothing, unless the converse proposition be true, namely, that where there is moral ability, there is obligation; at least, that there are such things somewhere as obligation, holiness, and a will to holiness. Bat admissions such as these are even less compatible with the design of the system, than the position to wbose intelligibility they are essential. We are not, it seems, to concern ourselves with men in a state of unbelief, or urge them to be reconciled
hot' tó venture any further to the Daniell's Voyage round Great Britain. 419 with their adversary while they are yet in the way, not only because we do not knone that they are elect, but because, as they are not willing to believe and repent, they are not obliged to believe and repeat; not withstanding that God does command men every where to repent. But then, when men do believe, they are not obliged, because there is no such thing as obligation! While sinners, men are excused because they cannot will to be holy; when they become saints, they are excused because there is in reality neither law, nor rule, nor holiness!
In the case of persons wholly illiterate, and whose minds are altogether unaccustomed to the operation of thinking, we should certainly deem it right to descend to explanations, with the view of pointing out the absurdity of such positions ; but were we face to face with men who have passed through a College, we think our feelings would hardly permit us to go so far towards flatly charging them with dishonesty, as to make a reference of any kind to these gross contradictions.
Are we guilty of an uncharitable surmise in supposing that the secret consciousness of this, and many such like bald solecisms in their doctrine, is the real influence which maintains certain teachers in their resolution to avoid the fiery ordeal of the Press?
But to this topic we may have occasion again to advert, among the remarks which we have further to offer on the subject of Antinonianism.
(To be continued.) Art. II. A Voyage round Great Britain, undertaken in the Summer
of the Year 1813, and commencing from the Land's End, Cornwall : by Richard Ayton. With a Series of Views, illustrative of the Character and prominent Features of the Coast, drawn and engraved by William Daniell, A.R.A. Imperial 4to. Vols. 1. and II. pp. 440. Price half-bound, £15. 1814, 15, 16. (Fifty-five Views, coloured, and a Vignette.].
(Corcluded from page 330.) FROM Harlech, where the only object to detain attention, is
that exceedingly commanding antiquity, its castle, the explorers went across, without seeing Afr. Madocks's grand embankment at the Traeth Díawr, to the peninsula of Llyn, which forms the great northera horn of Cardigan Bay. The plenty anil luxury which at Pwilbeli was sufficient for coarse excess and drunken riot, would seem to have been brought thither at the expense of the whole extensive tract below this town. The south, on pain of encountering all the iuconveniences of a state of utter barbarism. The adventure, however, was to be made, and a very poor and ill-favoured tract they had to traverse.
"The 'south-ivestern half of Llyn lies like an outcast district, not communicating with any of the frequented roads of the country, and containing very little within itself to tempt the intrusion of strangen. Its inhabitants are therefore left without disturbance in a little world of their own, where they quietly rest under the despotism of ignorance and prejudice, entirely shut out from all the common stimulants to exertion and improvement. They have no fear of being surprised in an undress by company, and sink into sloth and slovenliness, with the same comfortable apology transmitted from generation to generation
there is nobody here but ourselves' Such a state as our Author describes, may justly excite commiseration for the people ; but as to himself, he must not have much licence to complain. His whole enterprise had for its final object the descriptive portion of a picturesque hook; and it was worth while to undergo some privations and disgusts for the sake of liaving to relate how, at one village, a company of what looked like half-savages, rushed out of their 'wigwams, to gaze with wonder on the two foreigners, to examine, with inquisitive experiments, that to them utterly strange article, an umbrella; and at the departure of the tourists with their umbrellas over their heads, to follow thein some distance with • as much interest and curiosity as if they had been going off in
a balloon.' And since he has no dislike to giving, in much breadth and detail, delineations in the style of Hogarth, he could not think bimself in any great degree unfortunate in finding at Aberdaron no other inn than that which gave occasion for the following description of the dormitory.
• As we entered by a dim light, we could just perceive that it was crowded with lumber, and had to grope our way to our bed through rows of wooden stools and spinning-wheels. After what I have said regarding the general state of the household, it is unnecessary to mention the style of the beds: sleep was necessary, and we were fortunately quite prepared by fatigue to sink into immediate uncon. sciousness of all external circumstances. I awoke in the night, and, with some surprise, found that the room was alive in every corner ; on the return of light I discovered that the whole family had shared it with us, (seven or eight persons apparently.] It may be expected, perhaps, that there was some little hesitation as to who should get up first, but there was no such thing: the landlord woke first, and with prodigious yawn, which roused the whole room, jumped out of bed, followed in a moment by the women and children, who all bustled into their clothes in a few seconds, and then left us to ourselves.'
He complains loudly and justly that it should be the women always in this and other parts of Wales, that go without shoes and stockings, a habit in which they have not the men for an example.
From the extreme and elevated point of the peninsula, they had a near and commanding view of the island of Bardsey, the