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influence of the Holy Ghost shed abroad in the soul ; thus is it cherished there ; and thus are all the graces and virtues, which it is its province to bestow, acquired. Let us not then say, that we do not quench the Spirit of God, while we neglect any of his ordinances.'
To warn the wicked, to denounce the wrath of God from heaven against all uprighteousness and ungodliness of men, is the duty of a Christian Minister; a duty in which, we fear, many who sustain the office are deficient. Let us hear Mr. Wayland. . • My dear hearers! it is to you that I address myself, to you who are here present, and who are perhaps listening to me as to one, who is repeating an idle tale, in which you have no concern, Ah! do not suppose that you can or will escape the scrutiny of your Judge, or his condemnation if you are found wanting. I should mourn your fate if you were only to suffer annihilation after the dream of folly and sin was past ;-but do not flatter yourselves that death will put an end to your existence, and therefore you may live as your fancy directs you, till the grave swallows up all. You must live for ever. Yes if the word of God be true (and “ He is not a man that He “ should lie”) you must live for ever, in happiness or misery, indes. cribable and inconceivable. There is not a man in this church today, who is a drunkard, or a fornicator, or a swearer, or a covetous man, or a defrauder, or a calumniator; who will not, unless he repent and forsake his sins, lift up his eyes in torment, and cry in vain for a drop of water, to mitigate the fury of his burning. There is not a man in this church to day, who neglects his duty to God, though he be regular in his outward conduct, and respectable in the eyes of men ; who will not, unless he repent and turn to him from whom he has revolted, be ranged on the left hand of his Judge, and hear the dreadful sentence, Depart ye cursed. In short, there is not in this church to-day, a man, who does not embrace the doctrines of the Gospel as his only refuge, and form his conduct upon its precepts, there is not a man unrenewed in the spirit of his mind that will be saved. If you believe your Bibles you must believe these truths ; and if
you do believe them, what madness is in the conduct of some here!' p. 161, 162.
We are unwilling to omit the passage which occurs p. 221, in the eleventh Sermon, “ On a candid Attention to the Gospel :" it suggests considerations of great importance.
• It is to be feared that many, even of those who are anxious concerning their eternal welfare, do not peruse the Scriptures, with that deep conviction of their importance, of their being the only standard of faith and practice to the Christian, which they should have. They put it too much on a level with other books, calculated to inform the mind, to regulate the temper, and to ameliorate the heart. They almost identify it with compositions merely human. This they do perhaps unintentionally ; but it is a great and dangerous error. It often leads them to prefer books, which, at the same time that they
excite devotional feeling, gratify their imaginations with the charm of novelty. By degrees they neglect the word of God, for treatises which at best are only deduced from it, and are often mingled with mistakes and misrepresentations. Thus systems are gradually established, in which true religion has but little share ; and on one hand are formed the delusions of fanaticism ; on the other, the garbled and imperfect exibition of religious belief, which is little better than infidelity
The twelfth Sermon, On the Preparation requisite before the Lord's Supper, relates to a subject of great moment, than which scarcely any doctrine or ordinance of Christianity has been so much abused within the pale of Secular Establishments of religion. In the practice of Protestant Churches, as well as in the Church of Rome, it has been the grand viaticum for heaven! The hoary sinner and the profligate of fewer years, have had the holy wafer, or the consecrated bread and wine put into their quivering lips, to complete the greatest and most wretched of all delusions--that external communion with a Church, and a participation in its rites, seals the title of the dying sinner to the heavenly bliss ! · Taking the Sacrament,' is, with thousands, the substitute for renovation of heart, and for all the causes by which it is produced. If any persons need admonition conveyed in the clearest and strongest form, to guard them against a delusion as fatal as it gross, it is the attendants in parish churches, and at Popish altars. We are truly glad in finding Mr. Wayland so attentive to this part of his duty, in the discharge of which we doubt not he felt himself urged by motives strong and affecting. After expressing his fears that, in too many cases, self-examination will be delayed, till the conviction of guilt and of its consequences, force itself upon some of his hearers with instantaneous quickness,-that the interests of earth will still appear all substantial, and those of eternity but dreams and shadows, till the solemn hour, when that which is now visible shall pass away,
and the upseen world be disclosed in its terrible and appalling reality,—the Author proceeds as follows:
• When so many mistakes prevail in the world respecting the sacrament of the Lord's Supper; the first point, in which self-examination seems necessary, is, whether we have proper ideas of its nature.
• Do we then consider it as a kind of mysterious charm sufficient of itself to extenuate the guilt
of sin? Do we make it a substitute for the essential requisites of Salvation; repentance, faith, and universal obedience? Do we think, that however careless or abandoned our lives may have been, if we receive it on our death-beds, though we have despised or neglected it before, it will be to us a passport to heaven? Do we, at least, consider it a highly meritorious observance, with whatever disposition of heart it may have been performed ; and imagine that it will atone for many of the errors and vices of our past conduct? If we indulge any of these flattering surmises, we deccive ourselves : we speak peace to our souls, when there is no "peace.” The God whose servants we are, is a Spirit ; and requires a spiritual worship. With him, forms are nothing; except as they conduce to important realities; to renovation of heart, and to amend. ment of life.' p. 241.
To persons of another description, they who have a notion that they must by their own efforts attain soine superior degree of holiness, before they venture to approach the sacred table,' Mr. Wayland addresses the following considerations.
• They do not reflect that the Lord's Supper was instituted, in remembrance of the sacrifice offered for sin and sinners: that it was intended, not for the upright, not for the self-rigliteons, not for the proud and the secure; but for the contrite, for the humble, for the meek in spirit, for the lowly in heart. To such, it is one of the noblest means of spiritual improvement; fostering the graces after which they aspire, elevating their thoughts, correcting their tempers, purifying their de sires, and regulating their lives ; producing, in short, the character, which others seek without obtaining, because they seek it not in the way and by the means, which God has appointed.' p. 243.
Our extracts are fair specimens of the contents of this volume of discourses, and they are sufficient to enable our readers to appreciate its value. Art. VII. An Address to the Nation and People of the God of Abraham.
By the Rev. Melville Horne, Curate of St. Stephen's Salford,
Manchester. 8vo. pp. 51. 1816. WE
E can assure at least our Christian readers, that they
will read this address altogether with a great deal of pleasure. We have no disposition on such an occasion to descend to minute criticism. There is eloquence in many passages, and much of warm, honest, hearty feeling throughout.
Calculating, so far as we are competent, upon the probable impression of these pages on the minds of the people to whom they are immediately addressed, we wish the vituperative style of some sentences had been considerably softened. Of scolding, as a suasive means, we have, in fact, a very poor opinion in any case. Where the mind of the subject is already inflated with self-importance, and wounded with the consciousness of aggravated injury, this manner seems peculiarly inappropriate. We only wish that every Jew who may read Mr. Horne's painphlet, could know as well as we do, how very little of bitterness or malignity there is in the swellings and breathings of liis wrath, This tract has been, or is to be translated for dissemination on the Contient. The foreign. Jews, more particularly those of Germany and Poland, are, generally speaking, superior in their. moral condition, and consequently in their delicacy of feeling, to their English brethren. We would hiot the propriety of a few
emendations on this ground, The Jew, it is undeniable, is sunk into the very dust; he lies under the feet of all nations ; but there is a dignity-a delicacy which belongs to bim as an Oriental, --a dignity and a delicacy which are derived to him from the consciousness of the antiquity, the religious greatness, and the distinguished destiny of his nation. In our opinion, when Christians address Jews, they should never lose sight of the fact, that the feelings of that people are much akin tu those of a dispossessed and degraded nobility; and, in truth such they are: their fathers were princes, their sons shall be princes, and they shall rule the nations.
Had we room, we might extract many passages written with considerable force and feeling. • The end of time is coming upon us, and what your
Fathers eighteen hundred years ago, ye are this day; only, with this difference. Lately cast down from their proud pre eminence, they were high-spirited, indignant, restless, turbulent, seditious, and ready to follow every pretender to the name of Messiah, in the most desperate enterprise. Broken down by long afflictions, spiritless, hopeless, sunk in apathy, you have forgotten Messiah, and all your god-like progenitors. Mere muck-worms, you crawl on the dunghill, and your only concern is to amass wealth. Mixt in with all nations, you assimilate to none; but hate and distrust all, and are hated and distrusted by them. True Christians only are your cordial friends, for Christ's sake. They respect you, as his Brethren according to the flesh; as descended from Abraham, the friend of God; and miraculously preserved, as chosen instruments of Providence, for the noblest purposes. While they commiserate your external circumstances, the hopelessness of your spiritual state produces the strongest feeling : and when they consider your welfare, as identified with that of Christianity, and your conversion, as connected with the universal spread of the Gospel, they break out in this animated language: • For Zion's sake, I will not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and her salvation as a lamp that burneth'. Indeed, could you
hear the prayers and see the tears, with which they make intercession for you, or observe the cheerfulness with which they contribute their mite to serve you, you could not but feel some touch of brotherly kindness. They cannot brook to see you perish, while no man careth for your soul. They strengthen themselves in their God, and boldly attempt what he alone can effect. pp. 17-18.
Mr. Horne has fallen into a single error, which, we dare say, he has by this time himself detected. If he will refer to his Hebrew Bible he will see, that, in the 110th Psalm, it is not as he states it p. 32.“ Jehovah said unto my Jehovah; but 66 Jehovah said unto my
נאם יהיה לאדני
Art. VIII. The Narrative of a Mission to Nova-Scotia, New Bruns.
wick, and the Somer's Islands; with a Tour to Lake Ontario. To which is added, The Mission, an original Poem, with copious Notes. Also a brief Account of Missionary Societies, and much interesting information on Missions in general. By Joshua Marsden, late Missionary to Nova-Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Bermudas.
8vo. pp. 289. Price 8s. 1816. THE HE Author of this Narrative appears to be a man of good
sense and warm piety, under few obligations to learning or books for the preparation with which he entered on tbe service of a Missionary, or for the qualifications which he discovered in the prosecution of its duties. He does not, however, attach a value to his work above its real worth, satisfying himself with its pretensions to be considered as a useful manual of Missionary informa- tion; and to this commendation it is well entitled. The following description might, we apprehend, serve as a suitable delineation of the Author himself.
“ A Missionary to a foreign land should rather be a diligent than a contemplative man; his object should be more to save souls than gain knowledge. Activity is the soul of a mission! I would rather see a Missionary travel ten miles to preach to a dozen solitary souls in a thicket of trees, than descant never so beautifully on polite learning, A diligent man may glean much rare and profitable knowledge while in the prosecution of his duty; and I would have him not to let any thing interesting escape his observation, but make minutes in his pocket memorandum book of all useful and lively incidents. I have often in a log-cottage heard the most singular and striking occurrences : fragments of such conversations as I have noticed in the solitary wilderness; details of curious adventures and experiences from many who live in the bosom of the forest, would agreeably and beau. tifully adorn the pages of a narrative, or the numbers of a magazine. The Moravian Missionaries have filled their journals with many simple, beautiful, and interesting details, hereby affording an excellent model to all who go upon this blessed errand. Crantz's history of the mission at Greenland, is full of these interesting and heart touching details.” p. 76.
Instances, we believe, might be furnished of candidates for missionary service, being excited and stimulated to the work by glowing descriptions of the beauties and luxuries of the scenes and situations to which they were invited. Representations of this kind, were the place of destination a paradise, might well be spared in an appeal to Christian missionaries. The zeal which under the direction of sound wisdom is prompted to action only by the purest motives, can neither be impelled nor deterred by considerations of the attractive or repulsive forms in which pature may be arrayed. Of this spirit of Christian enterprise, Mr. Marsden appears to have possessed no inconsiderable portion. The scene of his labours was not, our readers may believe, a para